Tier 2 Words for the SBAC ELA Items – 68 Words


take to be the case or to be true

The Fed’s forecasts assume that a tightening labour market will soon translate into higher inflation.Economist (Dec 16, 2015)

recognize as being

But they say their guidelines are intentionally broad so schools have an easier time identifying behavior that can lead to fights and online bullying.Washington Times (Jan 13, 2016)

decide by reasoning

Still, candy makers have concluded that widespread changes in farming are essential to keeping up with rising long-term global demand.Wall Street Journal (Jan 14, 2016)

one of a number of things from which only one can be chosen

If you can’t eliminate them completely, find alternatives that contain less sugar, but be sure to skip any artificial sweeteners.US News (Jan 13, 2016)

be composed of

Eventually, their centaur-style robot will consist of a quadruped locomotion platform and a pair of arms.Reuters (Jan 11, 2016)

be conducive to

But the persistence of very low interest rates contributes to that systemic risk and to the possibility of economic instability.Wall Street Journal (Jan 13, 2016)

precise; explicit and clearly defined

They say that can be a lengthy process, and there is no definite timetable for when that part of the investigation might be completed.Washington Times (Jan 11, 2016)

constituting a separate entity or part

In evolutionary terms, the totoaba is quite distinct: it is the only species in its genus and the largest fish in the family of Sciaenidae.The Guardian (Jan 11, 2016)

clearly revealed to the mind or the senses or judgment

The ideological and political divide among the nine justices was evident throughout Monday’s argument.Los Angeles Times (Jan 11, 2016)

become larger in size or volume or quantity

That was just three years after the venue was expanded to accommodate the Chargers and attract Super Bowls.Washington Times (Jan 12, 2016)

give evidence of

The sand sheets indicate large tsunamis had hit frequently — in geologic time.US News (Jan 13, 2016)

being or characteristic of a single thing or person

The worlds start with training and qualifying on Thursday, followed by the two-day individual competition, and will be concluded by the team event on Sunday.US News (Jan 13, 2016)

occurring at the beginning

After initial setbacks, reforms of the energy sector and education seem to be progressing.Economist (Jan 9, 2016)

possessing a distinctive feature to a heightened degree

Both Hotez and Vasilakis recommend intense surveillance to stop the disease from spreading within the US, and that a vaccine should be developed.The Guardian (Jan 13, 2016)

of greater importance or stature or rank

The second major area of presidential power is foreign policy.US News (Jan 14, 2016)

a way of doing something, especially a systematic way

Using an extraction method known as hydraulic fracturing, or fracking, the companies made the United States the world’s leading producer of oil and natural gas.New York Times (Jan 13, 2016)

put into print

Transcripts of the conversations were published Wednesday in Mexico City’s Milenio newspaper, and confirmed by Mexican officials as authentic.Wall Street Journal (Jan 14, 2016)

a complex entity made of many parts

During this time we go from a fertilised egg to a structure called a blastocyst, containing 200-300 cells.BBC (Jan 13, 2016)

stress or single out as important

He declared his love for our state and emphasized the need for us all – including legislators – to work together for the good of Louisiana.Washington Times (Jan 13, 2016)

clarify by giving an example of

While the new data illustrate that Google’s cars aren’t perfect, the number of disengagements has been steadily decreasing over time.Time (Jan 13, 2016)

enlarge beyond bounds or the truth

“But you kept saying—” “Yeah, I might have exaggerated a little, just to make the trip sound more interesting, you know?”Uglies

not quite exact or correct

In this image, red outlines show the approximate locations of active burning, and fields generally appear brown.The Guardian (Dec 23, 2015)

make more complex, intricate, or richer

When a synthetic creature can be loaded with the organic, emotional information of a person, it complicates the issue of what is or isn’t human.Los Angeles Times (Jan 11, 2016)

cause to change; make different

The drought prompted the coffee federation to modify export standards in October as nearly half the country’s growing regions are affected by drought.Reuters (Dec 30, 2015)

an inherited pattern of thought or action

Our traditions and values form the bedrock on which future generations stand.We Were Liars

send from one person or place to another

That data is then transmitted to the robot which maneuvers accordingly.Reuters (Jan 13, 2016)

place limits on

The plan, modeled after restrictions in Congress, would restrict a lawmaker’s outside income to 15 percent of the legislative salary, currently $79,500.Washington Times (Jan 13, 2016)

characterized by denial or opposition or resistance

Drivers who accumulate too many negative reviews will get a warning and could be suspended if they fail to scrub up.Reuters (Jan 11, 2016)

change the nature, purpose, or function of something

A metal that poses health risks, mercury can be converted into a gas during industrial activities as well as such natural events as volcanic eruptions.Reuters (Jan 13, 2016)

break down into components or essential features

The technology analyzes huge amounts of data to precisely calculate what it will cost hospitals to provide tests, surgeries and other services.Washington Times (Jan 11, 2016)

following or accompanying as a result

Like many cities in the Midwest, St Louis suffered from the decline of manufacturing and the consequent flight of residents to the suburbs.Economist (Dec 16, 2015)

a forceful consequence; a strong effect

Abu Dhabi, one of the Persian Gulf’s main oil exporters, is currently coping with the impact of low oil prices.Wall Street Journal (Jan 13, 2016)

existing in possibility

The Dodgers’ potential deal with Sierra was first reported by Yahoo Sports.Los Angeles Times (Jan 12, 2016)

sharply exact or accurate or delimited

The system uses precise 3-D measurements and imaging to compare the vehicles and buildings in the area of the crash.Washington Times (Jan 8, 2016)

define clearly

Authorities said they had recovered some money but did not specify how much.Reuters (Jan 10, 2016)

a practical method or art applied to some particular task

There they learn the ancient technique of grafting new plants onto old ones to speed growth.Wall Street Journal (Jan 14, 2016)

make amends for

The rare victories would more than compensate for the frequent losses.Slate (Jan 13, 2016)

based on or subject to individual discretion or preference

Critics of the federal government say it often oversteps its authority and exercises arbitrary power over land use without sufficient accountability.Reuters (Jan 3, 2016)

lacking any definite plan or order or purpose

This illustrates an overlooked fact about lottery drawings: the numbers that win lotteries are 100 percent random.Washington Post (Jan 12, 2016)

be adequate, either in quality or quantity

Convinced that the status quo is no longer viable, the board has determined that nothing short of a corporate, cultural and managerial overhaul will suffice.Washington Post (Sep 4, 2015)

confirm the truth of

They put her through a rigorous and insulting process designed to verify that she was in fact the creator of the work.The Guardian (Dec 31, 2015)

a way of regarding situations or topics

But the main thrust of this book is written from and about a historian’s perspective.Los Angeles Times (Jan 3, 2016)

having precise or logical relevance to the matter at hand

You can also share images, videos and files that are pertinent to your business as well as plain text messages.New York Times (Aug 12, 2015)

estimate the nature, quality, ability or significance of

The first step in evaluating an answer choice, therefore, is to ask whether the answer choice actually describes something that occurs in the argument.US News (Jan 11, 2016)

capable of being done with means at hand

Creating reusable rockets is important for lowering the cost of space travel, which could make space tourism and a trip to Mars more feasible.MSNBC (Dec 22, 2015)

lacking in energy or will

At a relatively early age, I felt the urgency to be a protagonist, rather than a passive recipient, in my own life.The Guardian (Dec 31, 2015)

occurring or operating at the same time

Attendees also will be connected to simultaneous conferences taking place in other parts of the world using technology from Skype.Washington Times (Oct 7, 2015)

one of the individual parts making up a larger entity

Methane, the primary component of natural gas, is 84 times more potent as a greenhouse gas than carbon dioxide over two decades.National Geographic (Jan 13, 2016)

come up with after a mental effort

“While formulating this law, we referred to the laws of other countries, including the United States,” he said, pointing to the U.S.Reuters (Dec 23, 2015)

relative importance

And news outlets including National Geographic often use the factoid to introduce the magnitude of the microbiome, the world of microbes that call us home.National Geographic (Jan 13, 2016)

control in a fraudulent manner

Ms. Rousseff is accused of manipulating the numbers of her government’s budget to illegally disguise its poor fiscal performance.Wall Street Journal (Dec 13, 2015)

furthest or highest in degree or order; utmost or extreme

“Most of us think that winning the lottery is the ultimate fulfillment.Time (Jan 12, 2016)

the ideal in terms of which something can be judged

There should be two main criteria for granting home loans: ability to repay a loan and ability and willingness to take care of a property.Washington Post (Jan 6, 2016)

a tentative insight that is not yet verified or tested

While the data has yet to be formally analyzed, early observations back the hypothesis that the sharks like being around one another.New York Times (Jan 11, 2016)

move or sway in a rising and falling or wavelike pattern

That means Jimbo’s blood sugar can fluctuate wildly depending on the time of day.Washington Times (Dec 13, 2015)

the act of starting something for the first time

And some auto industry executives are open about their need to partner with firms that are on the front lines of innovation.Washington Post (Jan 11, 2016)

considered individually

But both Nigeria and China are the most populous countries and biggest economies in their respective continents, making them ripe for comparison.BBC (Nov 30, 2015)

following in time or order

They said an explosion occurred and subsequent fire that could be seen for miles.Washington Times (Dec 18, 2015)

showing or motivated by sympathy and understanding

He later evolved into a beloved and even benevolent grandfather who motivated players 40 years his junior into champions.New York Times (Jan 2, 2016)

speak unfavorably about

Twitter, long maligned for being less cooperative than other companies such as Facebook, updated its policies last week to explicitly prohibit “hateful conduct.”Reuters (Jan 8, 2016)

the process of formulating general concepts

Abstraction involves the hiding of unnecessary details, so that the important work can be done at the proper level.Slate (Dec 21, 2015)

marked by an orderly and consistent relation of parts

This approach works well in Mr. Sullivan’s writing, which ties together a lot of different strands into a coherent narrative.New York Times (Oct 1, 2015)

proceed or issue forth, as from a source

And then, suddenly, the sparks emanating from the cauldron were extinguished.Harry Potter And The Goblet Of Fire

not admitting of passage or capable of being affected

This means their illness is impervious to the two strongest first-line antibiotics typically used.US News (Nov 11, 2015)

consent reluctantly

Given that cloned animals share the same genes, they have even higher risks of succumbing when diseases strike.The Guardian (Dec 5, 2015)

lasting a very short time

In short, are these economic problems transitory, or are we glimpsing the beginnings of a grimmer future?New York Times (May 15, 2015)

derived from experiment and observation rather than theory

Replication allows us to ensure empirical findings are reliable and refines our understanding of when a finding occurs.Time (Aug 27, 2015)

that which is perceived to have its own distinct existence

Better yet, the General Assembly should merge the two entities into one transportation planning organization.Washington Post (Dec 10, 2015)

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