“Simon’s Saga,” Vocabulary from Episode 20 – 20 Words

transpire

come about, happen, or occur

All of this transpired so quickly that Simon was hardly cognizant of it.
cognizant

having or showing knowledge or understanding or realization

All of this transpired so quickly that Simon was hardly cognizant of it.
fundamental

serving as an essential component

The conversation in the outside world continued, though deep inside Simon something fundamental had changed.
iota

a tiny or scarcely detectable amount

He shrugged, but looked like a person whose deepest secrets had just been revealed—and didn’t care one iota.
clairvoyant

perceiving things beyond the natural range of the senses

It’s like she’s clairvoyant. She seems to practically read my thoughts, my feelings.
abstract

not representing or imitating external reality

“Well, it’s kind of abstract,” Simon said.
corroborating evidence

additional evidence or evidence of different kind that supports a proof already offered in a proceeding

Dr. Robinson says they have very interesting data, but they need more corroborating evidence before they can publish their conclusions.
spurious

plausible but false

If there’s any spurious data, he wants to know about it.
controversial

marked by or capable of arousing disagreement

The subject is so controversial, he wants to be really careful.
altruistic

showing unselfish concern for the welfare of others

If there weren’t people altruistic enough to sacrifice their personal interests for the objective truth, a species … I mean, the species, couldn’t advance.
objective

undistorted by emotion or personal bias

If there weren’t people altruistic enough to sacrifice their personal interests for the objective truth, a species … I mean, the species, couldn’t advance.
contravene

go against, as of rules and laws

He published his findings that confirmed the Copernican theory of the solar system—the theory that the planets revolve around the Sun—even though it contravened the dogma of the Church.
dogma

a doctrine or code of beliefs accepted as authoritative

He published his findings that confirmed the Copernican theory of the solar system—the theory that the planets revolve around the Sun—even though it contravened the dogma of the Church.
censure

rebuke formally

I mean, he was quite aware of the fact that he would probably be tried by the Inquisition and censured.
irrefutable

impossible to deny or disprove

She thinks the evidence for it is irrefutable.
vestigial

not fully developed in mature animals

Right now, she’s trying to build a case for her thesis that ESP is a vestigial ability that for some reason fell into disuse as mankind evolved.
suppress

put out of one’s consciousness

She thinks that maybe for language to evolve this method of communication had to be suppressed.
dormant

inactive but capable of becoming active

“So people—at least some people—could have ESP abilities that are dormant?”
phenomenon

any state or process known through the senses

“Why do you think Jasmine is so interested in ESP phenomena?”
motif

a recurrent element in a literary or artistic work

But maybe there is some sort of a motif to what she studies. I can’t put my finger on it, but it seems like she’s looking for something—a common denominator, I guess—in myths, religions, dreams, science … many things.

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