Write On!: Graph and Gram – 25 Words

autobiography

a book or account of your own life

He did learn to write, and recounted his life story in an autobiography.Sugar Changed the World: A Story of Magic, Spice, Slavery, Freedom, and Science
autograph

a person’s own signature

Wherever they went, townspeople surrounded them, asking for autographs as if they were movie stars.The Boys in the Boat: Nine Americans and Their Epic Quest for Gold at the 1936 Berlin Olympics
bibliography

a list of writings with time and place of publication

And yet they contain only highlights from a bibliography that comprises poetry, translations, and a lot more wonderful fiction and nonfiction.Washington Post (Oct 3, 2016)
biography

an account of the series of events making up a person’s life

I began reading their biographies to find out what, if anything, in their lives had influenced their music.Kaffir Boy: An Autobiography
calligraphy

beautiful handwriting

The exhibition will showcase different styles of calligraphy and illumination.US News (Jun 21, 2016)
cartography

the making of maps and charts

He also pioneered the methods of modern cartography, describing how to draft both flat and spherical projections of his universal map.Circumference
cryptography

the science of analyzing and deciphering codes and ciphers and cryptograms

He felt cryptography – the study of sending secret messages – was of practical use only to spies and criminals.BBC (Apr 23, 2017)
diagram

a drawing intended to explain how something works

I stared as if it were a diagram in a book I was trying to understand.The Name of the Wind
epigram

a witty saying

The Duke of Wellington never uttered the epigram attributed to him: “Next to a battle lost, the greatest misery is a battle gained.”Economist (May 21, 2015)
epigraph

a quotation at the beginning of some piece of writing

The collection features an epigraph from the poet James Schuyler: “Poetry, like music, is not just song.”The New Yorker (Oct 17, 2016)
grammar

the branch of linguistics that deals with sentence structure

They laid the foundations for formal grammar by dividing all Greek words into classes—nouns, verbs, conjunctions, and so on.Circumference
graphic

written or drawn or engraved

“The pictorial, graphic element is not part of the design of the cheerleader’s uniform; it’s superimposed on it,” she said.New York Times (Oct 31, 2016)
graphology

the study of handwriting

And that’s where graphology gets very tricky, since it’s used in such pivotal decisions as hiring personnel.US News (Jan 28, 2013)
holograph

handwritten book or document

The catalogues of dealers are constantly presenting them, and most public libraries possess examples, either in the original holograph or in some form of reproduction.Blackburn, Douglas
lexicographer

a compiler or writer of a dictionary

“You know, Samuel Johnson was a reference book editor. He defined a lexicographer, a compiler of dictionaries, as a harmless drudge.”Washington Post
lithography

a method of printing from a metal or stone surface

The image was drawn on a large piece of limestone and was printed in an old technique called lithography.Washington Times (Mar 27, 2016)
monogram

a graphic symbol consisting of 2 or more letters combined

During the process, which removed a layer of varnish, an artist’s monogram was discovered in the upper left corner that reads “RF.”Los Angeles Times (May 5, 2016)
monograph

a detailed and documented treatise on a particular subject

The trouble is, this is supposed to be a novel, and the excruciating detail of the indictment is more appropriate to a scholarly monograph.Washington Post (Jun 22, 2015)
orthography

representing the sounds of a language by written symbols

Icelandic law requires names to comply with Icelandic grammar and orthography.BBC (Dec 19, 2013)
paragraph

one of several distinct subdivisions of a text

Adam drew a deep full breath and held it while he read the paragraph again.East of Eden
photograph

a representation of a person or scene in the form of a print

Below the initials, pressed into the crease between the pages, someone stuck an upside-down photograph.Thirteen Reasons Why
pictograph

a graphic character used in picture writing

Viewing an old emoji, our culture critic writes, “feels a bit like trying to read pictographs from an ancient civilization.”New York Times (Oct 27, 2016)
stenography

the act or art of writing in shorthand

At the time, stenography was a growing profession, one that opened up to women as the Civil War removed many men from the work force.New York Times (Feb 13, 2015)
telegram

a message transmitted by telegraph

I knew she was hoping that there’d be a telegram, telling us that all was well and he’d see us for sure on the twentieth.Homesick
telegraph

apparatus used to communicate at a distance over a wire

The telegraph gave way to telephones, which stepped aside for cellphones.Slate (Sep 1, 2016)

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