Common Senses: Opsis – 15 Words

Cyclops

(Greek mythology) one of a race of giants having a single eye in the middle of their forehead

“In some ways, it’s a Cyclops stabbing itself in the eye,” said Joshua M. Landis, a Syria expert at the University of Oklahoma.Washington Post (Nov 29, 2012)
triceratops

huge ceratopsian dinosaur having three horns and the neck heavily armored with a very solid frill

But Triceratops had a three-horned face, one horn over each eye to protect it in battle and one over the nose.Chaffee, Allen
optical

relating to or using sight

But it’s really not the number of people, because eyeballs are not the greatest optical sensor.New York Times (Mar 11, 2014)
panoptic

including everything visible in one view

His fantasy of the camera as an all-seeing panoptic tool anticipates our age of total surveillance.New York Times (Apr 9, 2011)
optician

a worker who makes glasses for remedying defects of vision

Opticians say people are so addicted to smartphones they may be increasing their risk of eye damage.BBC (Mar 28, 2014)
optometrist

a person skilled in testing for defects of vision

Even if your eyes look and feel fine, a periodic exam by an optometrist or ophthalmologist is important.Washington Post (Feb 24, 2014)
ophthalmologist

a doctor who diagnoses and treats diseases of the eye

And soon your selfie may be able to warn your doctor about a serious problem with your eyes, without a trip to the ophthalmologist.Scientific American (Mar 14, 2014)
amblyopia

visual impairment without apparent organic pathology

An estimated one in 50 children has lazy eye, known medically as amblyopia.BBC (Apr 22, 2013)
diplopia

visual impairment in which an object is seen as two objects

Then there were those charges and theories of overstrained eyes, diplopia, and defective focussing, to say nothing of other suggestions.Wicks, Mark
myopia

eyesight abnormality in which distant objects appear blurred

Meanwhile, Bulls coach suffers from basketball myopia and never looks ahead more than one possession, let alone to Game 7.Chicago Tribune (May 9, 2012)
autopsy

an examination and dissection of a dead body

From there they are moved to the autopsy room where examiners take fingerprints, look for signs of dental work and identifying marks such as tattoos.Time (Apr 3, 2014)
biopsy

the removal and examination of tissue from a living body

Typically the initial positive test is followed by additional screenings or a more invasive biopsy to look for cancer.Reuters (Apr 21, 2014)
necropsy

an examination of a dead body to determine cause of death

Later, McCay and his colleagues performed necropsies and found that the cartilage of the old rats looked more youthful than it would have otherwise.Seattle Times (May 5, 2014)
synopsis

a sketchy summary of the main points of an argument

New York was vital to the nation’s infancy and yet, in schoolhouse synopses of the war, the city is largely overlooked.New York Times (Apr 4, 2014)
rhodopsin

a red photopigment in the retinal rods of vertebrates

Basically, it uses a channel rhodopsin, which is a channel in a membrane that can be activated by light.Scientific American (Oct 22, 2012)

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