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The New SAT: Language of the Test – List #1 – 25 Words

context

discourse that surrounds and helps explain a word or passage

argument

an assertion offered as evidence that something is true

claim

an assertion that something is true or factual

counterargument

an opinion offered in opposition to another position

evidence

means by which an alleged matter is established or disproved

rhetorical

relating to using language effectively

appeal

earnest or urgent request

data

a collection of facts from which conclusions may be drawn

graph

a visual representation of the relations between quantities

table

a set of data arranged in rows and columns

author

a person who writes professionally

narrator

someone who tells a story

perspective

a way of regarding situations or topics

explicit

precisely and clearly expressed or readily observable

implicit

suggested though not directly expressed

allude

make an indirect reference to

imply

express or state indirectly

infer

conclude by reasoning

foreshadow

indicate by signs

hypothesis

a tentative insight that is not yet verified or tested

capture

succeed in representing or expressing something intangible

characterize

describe or portray the qualities or peculiarities of

item

a distinct part that can be specified separately in a group

summarize

present the main points in a concise form

analyze

break down into components or essential features
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