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SHSAT: Language of the Test – 100 Words

scramble

bring into random order

Because in these places, all of the usual categories by which we organize our lives—like race and class—get scrambled.Salon (Feb 24, 2016)
arrange

put into a proper or systematic order

All of the books are arranged cover out, rather than spine out, in the belief that it makes browsing more friendly.New York Times (Mar 10, 2016)
create

make or cause to be or to become

“Cows will help get the seed in the ground. Just by walking, they dig and create a better land.”Washington Times (Mar 19, 2016)
remaining

not used up

And that’s with four of the seven declaring they had sent none, and two of the remaining three sending all of two texts each.Washington Times (Mar 11, 2016)
random

lacking any definite plan or order or purpose

Now pick up a pen, close your eyes and put dots on the paper at random.Time (Mar 14, 2016)
organized

formed into a structured or coherent whole

An enormous line of more than 200 voters will be organized alphabetically.New York Times (Feb 23, 2016)
logical

marked by an orderly and coherent relation of parts

Perhaps the logical conclusion of everyone looking the same was everyone thinking the same.Uglies
grammatical

of or pertaining to the rules that structure language

Writers of real grammars do not class mere spelling mistakes as grammatical errors.The Guardian (Mar 4, 2016)
paragraph

one of several distinct subdivisions of a text

This story has been corrected to say pore, not pour in the first paragraph.US News (Mar 11, 2016)
satisfied

filled with contentment

But after the first round of the search, the commissioners decided they were not satisfied with the choices presented and extended the hunt.New York Times (Mar 17, 2016)
information

a collection of facts from which conclusions may be drawn

Additional information and resources help people understand their connection to us and the country.Time (Mar 18, 2016)
base

use as a foundation for; establish or found on

She was basing the number on the guess that every pony year is equal to 3-4 human years.Washington Times (Mar 19, 2016)
caution

judiciousness in avoiding harm or danger

But it would be just as dangerous to ignore history’s cautions unless one is bent on repeating its follies.Salon (Mar 10, 2016)
necessarily

in such a manner as could not be otherwise

This conversation can be very simple, although that doesn’t necessarily mean easy.The Verge (Mar 19, 2016)
apply

be relevant to, as to an analysis

There are cautions, though, about applying the study to human Alzheimer’s patients.US News (Mar 18, 2016)
passage

a section of text, particularly a section of medium length

In many iBooks, you can also share notes and selected passages with your friends on Facebook, Twitter or by Messages or Mail.New York Times (Mar 15, 2016)
contain

hold or have within

At Cal, a report prepared by the university and released on Tuesday contained a trove of ugly details that needed to be explained.New York Times (Mar 16, 2016)
according

as reported or stated by

According to the Guinness World Records, the longest paddle board journey on record is an eight-day, 345-mile trek up the Florida coast in 2007.Washington Times (Mar 20, 2016)
author

someone who originates or causes or initiates something

The authors will turn you into a vegan by proving you can turn anything into a taco.Los Angeles Times (Mar 19, 2016)
topic

the subject matter of a conversation or discussion

There has to be fun, and there have to be little acts that show you’re paying attention even when the topic isn’t weighty and deep.The Verge (Mar 12, 2016)
fact

a statement of information about something that is the case

Here they offer a show focusing on some truths that are stranger than fiction, like the fact that butterflies have taste sensors on their feet.New York Times (Mar 17, 2016)
situation

a condition or position in which you find yourself

“In a situation like that, what can a parent do?” said Julia, the pain raw in her voice.Washington Times (Mar 20, 2016)
purpose

what something is used for

The one thing they did give us a lot of was rolls of toilet paper, which served many purposes.MSNBC (Mar 20, 2016)
significance

the quality of being important

The significance of the number 27 comes from the number of years Nelson Mandela spent in prison.BBC (Feb 15, 2016)
role

what something is used for

Mr Gething said the system had played a significant role in encouraging businesses to improve food hygiene standards.BBC (Mar 19, 2016)
theory

a well-substantiated explanation of some aspect of the world

One theory of autism is that there is an imbalance in the brain’s connections, making some mental tasks confusing and difficult, and others enormously easy.Washington Post (Mar 17, 2016)
opinion

a message expressing a belief about something

Mr Ravtaray is of the opinion that books have to reach India’s “remote corners if we are to prosper as a society”.BBC (Mar 18, 2016)
context

the set of facts or circumstances that surround a situation

With that context we see the delightful art from “Knuffle Bunny” in a more poignant and serious light.New York Times (Mar 17, 2016)
evidence

means by which an alleged matter is established or disproved

New evidence supports the theory that King Tut’s tomb has a hidden chamber, according to experts.National Geographic
phrase

an expression consisting of one or more words

Schools are notorious for talking about finding children who are “a good fit,” a phrase that fills parents with anxiety and confusion.Los Angeles Times (Mar 18, 2016)
notion

a general inclusive concept

This notion — that life is getting better, often in ways we are barely measuring — is fairly common in tech circles.New York Times (Mar 4, 2016)
example

an item of information that is typical of a class or group

For example, the deaf use “train gone” to express mock pity; it’s the sign language equivalent of “you missed it.”Washington Times (Mar 18, 2016)
support

provide with evidence or authority or make more certain

I have no evidence to support the previous sentence, but I say it with no fear it could be wrong.Salon (Mar 18, 2016)
establish

show the validity of something, as by example or explanation

Mr. Ra said it was impossible to establish the exact sequence of events that led to Mr. Jang’s downfall.New York Times (Mar 12, 2016)
prove

establish the validity of something

While the study found an association between rats in the neighborhood and depression, it wasn’t designed to prove a cause-and-effect link between those factors.US News (Mar 17, 2016)
provide

give something useful or necessary to

The school system promised to provide bottled water for all 190 of its buildings until those buildings could be renovated or replaced.Washington Post (Mar 18, 2016)
undermine

weaken or impair, especially gradually

“Such rhetoric undermines who we are as a country and the example we set for the rest of the world,” she said.MSNBC (Mar 8, 2016)
argue

present reasons to support one’s views

Because of this, the study authors argue that genetic testing should not be used as a tool for improving people’s health.The Verge (Mar 15, 2016)
explain

make plain and comprehensible

“I recommend showering and washing your hair after being outside. Hair is a pollen magnet,” he explained.US News (Mar 20, 2016)
express

communicate beliefs or opinions

Being able to think and express yourself in a linear way is important, so when you lose that ability, you lose your sense of self.New York Times (Mar 17, 2016)
convey

make known; pass on, of information

That is all part of the museum’s mission to convey the magic of math to everyone.New York Times (Feb 1, 2016)
state

express in words

Voters directly elect 54 of the 71 delegates, and the loyalty of delegates isn’t plainly stated on the ballot.New York Times (Mar 19, 2016)
mention

make reference to

In fact, “The Encyclopedia of New York City” made no mention of 1625 in its entry on Manhattan.New York Times (Mar 13, 2016)
suggest

imply as a possibility

Although this study focused on adolescents between ages 12 and 15, other research suggests that a troubled sibling relationship might have repercussions well into adulthood.Time (Mar 17, 2016)
imply

express or state indirectly

Though it wasn’t said, the high price seems to imply that this would include debt.Wall Street Journal (Mar 10, 2016)
inference

drawing a conclusion on the basis of circumstantial evidence

As a species, one of our greatest strengths is our ability to find meaningful patterns in the world around us and to make causal inferences.Scientific American (Jul 27, 2015)
prefer

like better; value more highly

Eighty percent of those I have surveyed prefer spending time with their friends in person rather than on the phone or online.The Guardian (Mar 19, 2016)
intend

have in mind as a purpose

It is possible to walk around the space and imagine what its architects intended.BBC (Mar 18, 2016)
interpret

make sense of; assign a meaning to

Other countries interpreted the same luxury goods category to include such things as snowmobiles and certain makes of snow groomers.Washington Times (Mar 17, 2016)
predict

tell in advance

There were signs that an eruption was coming, but no one predicted how big it would be.National Geographic (Mar 20, 2016)
concern

something that interests you because it is important

“Safety should be the primary concern, but there needs to be something set in place so that there could be competition.”Washington Times (Mar 19, 2016)
denote

have as a meaning

They were just four words, but they denoted something that led to a wonderful swerve in world history.Washington Post (Mar 7, 2016)
depict

give a description of

The new guidelines depict high schools as hotbeds of extremism, where dangers lurk in every corner.Salon (Mar 6, 2016)
describe

give an account or representation of in words

“No one considers the little people,” said Gou, a petite woman who described her hands as small.Los Angeles Times (Mar 20, 2016)
demonstrate

provide evidence for

It demonstrates the grit and determination of these laborers, who put in 10-hour days, seven days a week, no matter what, all season long.New York Times (Jan 7, 1465)
illustrate

clarify by giving an example of

In a 1975 paper called “The Meaning of ‘Meaning,’” Professor Putnam further illustrated his argument with a famous thought experiment called Twin Earth.New York Times (Mar 17, 2016)
indicate

give evidence of

Both tests indicated the bear had been cut up by a human about 12,500 years ago.The Guardian (Mar 20, 2016)
reveal

make known to the public information previously kept secret

Here, in order of coolness—insanely cool down to only slightly less cool—are the top five craziest things the papers reveal about Pluto.Time (Mar 18, 2016)
include

have as a part, be made up out of

Fun features include a basketball half-court, a putting green and a secret room with a hidden passage and a thumbprint entry system.Los Angeles Times (Mar 19, 2016)
examine

consider in detail in order to discover essential features

The film examines some of the world’s earliest known paintings, which cover the walls of the Chauvet-Pont-d’Arc Cave, in France.The New Yorker (Jan 12, 2016)
emphasize

stress or single out as important

It emphasized the importance of recognizing, not erasing, school history.MSNBC (Mar 15, 2016)
summarize

present the main points in a concise form

DuBois was given a daunting task: help summarize African-American life at the turn of the century for a curious world audience gathering at the exposition.Time (Feb 17, 2016)
require

have need of

Paragraph by paragraph, it unspooled and required as little effort as watching a movie.The New Yorker (Mar 21, 2016)
develop

cause to grow and differentiate

He grew up helping her in the kitchen — stirring sauces, reading recipes, measuring ingredients — all of which helped to develop his reading and math skills.Washington Times (Mar 19, 2016)
characteristic

typical or distinctive

The fungus invades the skin of the bats and causes characteristic white markings on the face and wings.BBC (Mar 9, 2016)
cause

any entity that produces an effect

However, while the study found an association between growing up in a poor neighborhood and later obesity, it did not prove a cause-and-effect relationship.US News (Mar 18, 2016)
effect

a phenomenon that is caused by some previous phenomenon

Recent policies to improve air quality in the areas of New York City where the study participants live, for example, are already having an effect.Time (Mar 17, 2016)
origin

the source of something’s existence or from which it derives

It’s a kind of origin story for painted eggs, chocolate animals, the Easter bunny.Los Angeles Times (Mar 18, 2016)
function

serve a purpose or role

Confusion here functions as a sign of comprehension, since the baby would only be thrown off if he understood that something weird had taken place.Slate (Mar 21, 2016)
contradict

prove negative; show to be false

“When we had information we made it public, but then sometimes we had to go back and say, we have new information that contradicts it.”New York Times (Mar 9, 2016)
contrast

the opposition or dissimilarity of things that are compared

“Respect” is the choice word, the defining principle — a sharp contrast with “imperialism,” the term associated with the United States for more than 50 years.New York Times (Mar 20, 2016)
comparison

relation based on similarities and differences

In contrast, human Go experts have their experience to rely on, but it is fuzzy by comparison.New York Times (Mar 12, 2016)
consistent

in agreement or reliable

Some biographical details in the forms are not consistent with known information.The Guardian (Mar 10, 2016)
parallel

duplicate, correspond to, or match

The wig fashions of England in the 17th and 18th centuries paralleled those of the French court.Time (Mar 14, 2016)
aspect

a characteristic to be considered

Amid the scramble to attract more students, other aspects of the admission process are changing, too.Washington Times (Mar 21, 2016)
feature

a prominent attribute or aspect of something

Even though the dinosaurs’ bones were clearly tyrannosaur-like, certain features were unusual.The Verge (Mar 14, 2016)
factor

anything that contributes causally to a result

There was no immediate information on the cause, although some news reports suggested weather could have been a factor.US News (Mar 18, 2016)
influence

have and exert an effect

The Dalai Lama also reflected on how positive change could be made, starting with one person who can influence others.Washington Times (Mar 10, 2016)
contribute

be conducive to

The goal is to find and fix household problems that contribute to childhood asthma.Washington Times (Mar 20, 2016)
accurate

characterized by perfect conformity to fact or truth

Then we can test how right or wrong we were and adjust later predictions to make them more accurate.Washington Post (Feb 12, 2016)
precisely

in a sharply exact manner

As a number, it as approximately equal to 3.14159—approximately, because to pin it down precisely, the decimals would have to go on forever.Slate (Mar 14, 2016)
apparent

clearly revealed to the mind or the senses or judgment

Gross says the smell typically doesn’t become apparent as winter nears its end because there’s normally more snow on the ground.Washington Times (Feb 19, 2016)
possible

capable of happening or existing

Our growing understanding of the human genome makes it possible to come up with precisely targeted therapies for many diseases, not just cancer.US News (Mar 21, 2016)
likely

with considerable certainty; without much doubt

It likely leached into the schools’ water through lead pipes or other building fixtures made of lead or lead solder.US News (Mar 17, 2016)
essential

of the greatest importance

One of the essential responsibilities of our time—for everyone—is to exit ourselves sufficiently to enter “the Other” for the sake of understanding.Salon (Mar 20, 2016)
primary

of first rank or importance or value

That’s the primary reason the world’s top computer scientists engage in these games—it helps drive major breakthroughs in technology, which in turn benefits society.Time (Mar 21, 2016)
principal

main or most important

“I think it’s very impressive,” says Murray Campbell, an IBM research scientist who was one of the principal creators of Deep Blue.The Verge (Mar 8, 2016)
refer

be relevant to

The Age of Exploration refers to a period between the mid-15th and 17th centuries when European countries sought out global maritime trade routes.National Geographic (Mar 14, 2016)
determine

find out or learn with certainty, as by making an inquiry

She said elementary and middle school students were challenged to first have their robot approach the alien to determine if it was friend or foe.Washington Times (Mar 19, 2016)
additional

further or extra

Some admissions committees will determine scholarship awards based on your application materials, while others may request additional materials.US News (Mar 16, 2016)
similar

having the same or nearly the same characteristics

Similar temperatures during spring and fall allow plants like kale, arugula and carrots to be planted during both times.Washington Times (Mar 12, 2016)
relationship

a state of connectedness between people

“You develop a relationship with your work sometimes, and it makes you do strange things, think strange things.”Washington Times (Mar 20, 2016)
consecutive

one after the other

For the sixth consecutive year, the Honda Odyssey won Best Minivan for Families, the longest streak in the awards’ history.US News (Mar 9, 2016)
symbol

something visible that represents something invisible

If there’s a single symbol that represents the Internet Age, it’s the “@” sign.Time (Mar 7, 2016)
represent

take the place of or be parallel or equivalent to

A large white circle with a red center represents the “O” for Ohio.New York Times (Mar 15, 2016)
strategy

an elaborate and systematic plan of action

As you update your test-taking strategies, also consider the circumstances in which you would retake the SAT.US News (Mar 21, 2016)
definitely

without question and beyond doubt

“If the city doesn’t have enough money to hire teachers and pay them well, it will definitely impact how students learn,” Aldeman says.US News (Mar 18, 2016)
probably

with considerable certainty; without much doubt

“Definitely, we have contrasting styles, and whoever is able to impose their will of their style will probably have an easier game.”Washington Times (Mar 18, 2016)
valid

well grounded in logic or truth or having legal force

But, “How much is too much?” is a valid question.The Verge (Mar 1, 2016)
conclusion

the proposition arrived at by logical reasoning

“That being said, until we know what is going to be there, we really can’t jump to conclusions.”Washington Times (Mar 14, 2016)

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