Keystone Exams: English Composition Glossary – 78 Words

active

voice in which a sentence’s subject functions as an agent

adjective

the word class that qualifies nouns

adverb

a word that modifies something other than a noun

antecedent

the referent of an anaphor

argument

an assertion offered as evidence that something is true

audience

the part of the general public interested in something

cause

events that provide the generative force of something

effect

a phenomenon that is caused by some previous phenomenon

claim

an assertion that something is true or factual

clarity

the quality of being coherent and easily understood

clause

an expression including a subject and predicate

cohesive

well integrated

confuse

mistake one thing for another

compare

examine and note the similarities or differences of

contrast

put in opposition to show or emphasize differences

conclusion

the last section of a communication

conjunction

a function word that serves to conjoin words or phrases

content

what a communication that is about something is about

meaning

the message that is intended or expressed or signified

convention

something regarded as a normative example

counterargument

an opinion offered in opposition to another position

dangle

hang freely

modifier

a content word that qualifies the meaning of a noun or verb

edit

prepare for publication or presentation by revising

exposition

a systematic interpretation or explanation of a topic

expository

serving to expound or set forth

focus

maximum clarity or distinctness of an idea

fragment

an incomplete piece

gerund

a noun formed from a verb

grammar

the branch of linguistics that deals with sentence structure

infinitive

the uninflected form of the verb

informative

tending to increase knowledge or dissipate ignorance

introduction

the first section of a communication

irregular

contrary to rule or accepted order or general practice

irrelevant

having no bearing on or connection with the subject at issue

misplace

put in the wrong position

auxiliary

functioning in a supporting capacity

organization

a planned structure for arranging or classifying

strategy

an elaborate and systematic plan of action

structure

the building of something and the arrangement of its parts

parallel

duplicate, correspond to, or match

participle

a form of the verb used as an adjective

passive

when the subject of a sentence is the patient of the action

persuasion

communication intended to induce belief or action

persuasive

intended or having the power to induce action or belief

phrase

an expression consisting of one or more words

precise

sharply exact or accurate or delimited

predicate

the constituent of a sentence containing the verb

preposition

a word before a noun or pronoun connecting to another word

process

a particular course of action intended to achieve a result

analysis

an investigation of the component parts of a whole

problem

a question raised for consideration or solution

solution

a method for solving a problem

pronoun

a function word that is used in place of a noun

purpose

an anticipated outcome that guides your planned actions

redundancy

the attribute of being superfluous and unneeded

relevant

having a bearing on or connection with the subject at issue

revise

reorganize, especially for the purpose of improving

sentence

a string of words satisfying grammatical rules of a language

simple

having few parts; not complex or complicated or involved

compound

consisting of two or more substances or elements or parts

complex

complicated in structure

variety

a difference that is usually pleasant

style

a mode of expression typical of a person, group, or period

technique

a practical method or art applied to some particular task

syntax

the grammatical arrangement of words in sentences

subject

one of the two main constituents of a sentence

verb

a word denoting an action, occurrence, or state of existence

agreement

in grammar, the correspondence between two words

task

a specific piece of work required to be done

thesis

an unproved statement advanced as a premise in an argument

tone

a quality that reveals the attitudes of the author

topic

the subject matter of a conversation or discussion

transitional

of or relating to change from one state to another

expression

a word or phrase that people use in particular situations

unity

an undivided or unbroken completeness with nothing wanting

usage

the customary manner in which language is spoken or written

verbal

of a content word denoting an action, occurrence, or state
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