Geography, Grades 1-5 – 187 Words


Africa

the second largest continent

agriculture

the practice of cultivating the land or raising stock

airport

an airfield equipped with control tower and hangars as well as accommodations for passengers and cargo

Alaska

a state in northwestern North America

America

North America and South America and Central America

Antarctic Circle

a line of latitude north of the south pole

Appalachian Mountains

a mountain range in the eastern United States extending from Quebec to the Gulf of Mexico; a historic barrier to early westward expansion of the United States

area

the extent of a two-dimensional surface within a boundary

Arizona

a state in southwestern United States

Asia

the largest continent with 60% of the earth’s population

atmosphere

the envelope of gases surrounding any celestial body

barrier

a structure or object that impedes free movement

body of water

the part of the earth’s surface covered with water

boundary

the line indicating the limit or extent of something

California

a state in the western United States on the Pacific

Canada

a nation in northern North America

capital

a large alphabetic character used in writing or printing

chart

a visual display of information

city

a large and densely populated urban area

city center

the central part of a city

climate

the weather in some location averaged over a period of time

climate change

a change in the world’s climate

coast

the shore of a sea or ocean

community

a group of people living in a particular local area

construction

the act of building something

continent

one of the large landmasses of the earth

country

the territory occupied by a nation

county

the largest administrative district within a state

creek

a natural stream of water smaller than a river

crop

a cultivated plant that is grown commercially

crop failure

the failure of crops to produce a marketable surplus

culture

all the knowledge and values shared by a society

custom

accepted or habitual practice

dam

a barrier constructed to contain the flow of water

desert

leave someone who needs or counts on you; leave in the lurch

direction

a line leading to a place or point

discovery

the act of finding something

distance

the property created by the space between two objects

Dominican Republic

a republic in the West Indies

downtown

the central area or commercial center of a town or city

downwind

towards the side away from the wind

drought

a shortage of rainfall

earthquake

vibration from underground movement along a fault plane

East Coast

the eastern seaboard of the United States

elevation

distance of something above a reference point

England

a division of the United Kingdom

environment

the totality of surrounding conditions

equator

an imaginary line around the Earth forming a great circle

erosion

the process of wearing or grinding something down

Europe

the 2nd smallest continent

expansion

the act of increasing in size or volume or quantity or scope

exploration

travel for the purpose of discovery

famine

a severe shortage of food resulting in starvation and death

farming

the practice of cultivating the land or raising stock

farmland

a rural area where farming is practiced

flash flood

a sudden local flood of great volume and short duration

flood

the rising of a body of water and its overflowing onto land

food chain

community of organisms where each member is eaten by another

food web

community of organisms with several interrelated food chains

forest

a large, densely wooded area filled with trees and plants

forest fire

an uncontrolled fire in a wooded area

forestry

the science of planting and caring for forests and the management of growing timber

fossil fuel

fuel consisting of the remains of organisms preserved in rocks in the earth’s crust with high carbon and hydrogen content

France

a republic in western Europe

fuel

a substance that can be consumed to produce energy

ghost town

a deserted settlement (especially in western United States)

globe

an object with a spherical shape

graph

a visual representation of the relations between quantities

grassland

land where grass or grasslike vegetation grows and is the dominant form of plant life

harbor

a sheltered port where ships can take on or discharge cargo

highway

a major road for any form of motor transport

hill

a local and well-defined elevation of the land

home

where you live at a particular time

hospital

a medical institution where sick or injured people are given medical or surgical care

hotel

a building where travelers can pay for lodging and meals and other services

housing

structures collectively in which people are housed

Indian Ocean

the 3rd largest ocean

International Date Line

an imaginary line on the surface of the earth following (approximately) the 180th meridian

irrigation

the act of supplying dry land with water by artificial means

Japan

a constitutional monarchy occupying the Japanese Archipelago

kilometer

a metric unit of length equal to 1000 meters

lake

a body of (usually fresh) water surrounded by land

land

the solid part of the earth’s surface

landmark

a prominent or well-known object in a particular place

landscape

an expanse of scenery that can be seen in a single view

latitude

an imaginary line around the Earth parallel to the equator

legend

a story about mythical or supernatural beings or events

life cycle

a series of stages through which an organism passes between recurrences of a primary stage

life expectancy

an expected time to live as calculated on the basis of statistical probabilities

lifestyle

a manner of living that reflects one’s values and attitudes

location

the act of putting something in a certain place

logging

the work of cutting down trees for timber

longitude

the angular distance from the prime meridian at Greenwich

Louisiana

a state in southern United States on the Gulf of Mexico

manufacturing plant

a plant consisting of one or more buildings with facilities for manufacturing

map projection

a projection of the globe onto a flat map using a grid of lines of latitude and longitude

marketplace

an area in a town where a public mercantile establishment is set up

Mexico

a republic in southern North America

mile

a unit of length equal to 1,760 yards or 5,280 feet

mining

the act of extracting ores or coal from the earth

Mississippi River

a major North American river and the chief river of the United States; rises in northern Minnesota and flows southward into the Gulf of Mexico

monsoon

a seasonal wind in southern Asia

mountain

a land mass that projects well above its surroundings

mountain pass

the location in a range of mountains of a geological formation that is lower than the surrounding peaks

mountain range

a series of hills or mountains

nation

a politically organized body of people under a government

national capital

the capital city of a nation

neighborhood

an area within a city or town that has distinctive features

New Jersey

a Mid-Atlantic state on the Atlantic

North America

a continent (the third largest) in the western hemisphere connected to South America by the Isthmus of Panama

North Pole

the northernmost point of the Earth’s axis

ocean

a large body of water that is part of the hydrosphere

ocean current

the steady flow of surface ocean water in a prevailing direction

parallel

being everywhere equidistant and not intersecting

park

a piece of open land for recreational use in an urban area

Pennsylvania

a Mid-Atlantic state; one of the original 13 colonies

pipeline

a pipe used to transport liquids or gases

place

a point located with respect to surface features of a region

place of origin

where something originated or was nurtured in its early existence

plain

simple

plantation

an estate where cash crops are grown on a large scale

plateau

a relatively flat highland

plot

a small area of ground covered by specific vegetation

pollution

contamination of the natural environment

population

the people who inhabit a territory or state

port

where people and merchandise can enter or leave a country

position

the particular part of space occupied by something

precinct

an administrative district of a city or town

precipitation

the falling to earth of any form of water

preservation

the activity of protecting something from loss or danger

projection

the act of expelling or ejecting

province

the territory in an administrative district of a nation

railroad

a line of track providing a runway for wheels

rain forest

a forest with heavy annual rainfall

rainfall

water falling in drops from vapor condensed in the atmosphere

recycling

the act of processing used or abandoned materials for use in creating new products

region

the extended spatial location of something

reusable

capable of being used again

river

a large natural stream of water (larger than a creek)

Riyadh

joint capital of Saudi Arabia located in the central oasis

road

an open way (generally public) for travel or transportation

Ruhr

a tributary of the Rhine

Russia

a federation in northeastern Europe and northern Asia

scale

an ordered reference standard

section

one of several parts or pieces that fit with others

settlement

the act of colonizing; the establishment of colonies

shelter

covering that provides protection from the weather

shopping center

mercantile establishment consisting of a carefully landscaped complex of shops representing leading merchandisers; usually includes restaurants and a convenient parking area; a modern version of the traditional marketplace

site

the piece of land on which something is located

situation

physical position in relation to the surroundings

smog

air pollution by a mixture of smoke and fog

society

an extended group having a distinctive cultural organization

soil

material in the top layer of the surface of the earth

soil conservation

protection of soil against erosion or deterioration

solar energy

energy from the sun that is converted into thermal or electrical energy

South

the region of the United States lying to the south of the Mason-Dixon line

South America

a continent in the western hemisphere connected to North America by the Isthmus of Panama

South Pole

the southernmost point of the Earth’s axis

Spain

a parliamentary monarchy in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula; a former colonial power

sports stadium

a large structure for open-air sports or entertainments

state

the way something is with respect to its main attributes

storage

the act of keeping something for future use

stream

a natural body of water flowing on or under the earth

suburban area

a residential district located on the outskirts of a city

territory

a region marked off for administrative or other purposes

Texas

the second largest state

timber

the wood of trees prepared for use as building material

time zone

any of the 24 regions of the globe (loosely divided by longitude) throughout which the same standard time is used

tornado

a violently destructive windstorm occurring over land

town

an urban area with a fixed boundary that is smaller than a city

township

an administrative division of a county

trade route

a route followed by traders (usually in caravans)

trade wind

steady winds blowing from east to west above and below the equator

transportation

the act of moving something from one location to another

transportation system

a facility consisting of the means and equipment necessary for the movement of passengers or goods

United States

North American republic containing 50 states – 48 conterminous states in North America plus Alaska in northwest North America and the Hawaiian Islands in the Pacific Ocean; achieved independence in 1776

urban area

a geographical area constituting a city or town

vegetation

the process of growth in plants

village

a settlement smaller than a town

volcano

a fissure in the earth’s crust through which gases erupt

volume

the property of something that is great in magnitude

waterway

a navigable body of water

weather

atmospheric conditions such as temperature and precipitation

West Coast

the western seaboard of the United States from Washington to southern California

wetland

a low area where the land is saturated with water

wildlife

all living things (except people) that are undomesticated

windward

the direction from which the wind is coming


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