100 SAT words Beginning with “R” – 100 Words

raconteur

a person skilled in telling anecdotes

He was an excellent raconteur, and his stories had a stamp of their own which would have made them always and everywhere acceptable.Huxley, Leonard
radical

a person who has revolutionary ideas or opinions

In New York his society was composed of free elements altogether, come-outers, reformers, radicals of every description.Frothingham, Octavius Brooks
rambunctious

noisy and lacking in restraint or discipline

Once, long ago, award ceremonies were rather unruly and rambunctious affairs.
ramification

a consequence, especially one that causes complications

Certainly when one gave the hideous experiment full thought, its possible angles of development, its many potential ramifications, were astounding in the extreme.Various
rampant

occurring or increasing in an unrestrained way

Poverty is rampant — much of the population lives on just a few dollars each day, according to recent estimates — and unemployment remains high.New York Times (Nov 4, 2011)
rancor

a feeling of deep and bitter anger and ill-will

They strove with heart and soul to establish the teachings by which divergent people might be brought together and no strife, rancor or hatred prevail.`Abdu’l-Bahá
rapport

a relationship of mutual understanding between people

Ms. Tindall, 48, did not work for Mr. Stevens, but several people said they had a strong mutual respect and a warm rapport.New York Times (Aug 12, 2010)
rarefied

of high moral or intellectual value

It is hard to imagine many casual park visitors being captivated by the conceptual systems that gave rise to such rarefied abstractions.New York Times (Aug 19, 2011)
rationalization

a defense mechanism explaining actions in non-threateningly

The people, she said in an e-mail message, “are tired of the same old rationalizations and excuses.”New York Times (Jun 9, 2010)
ravage

cause extensive destruction or ruin utterly

The heaviest flooding in 50 years ravaged farms, automotive and electronics plants and is thought to have taken 800 lives.
ravenous

extremely hungry

You know that makes them ravenous, and they’d eat him out of house and home in time.Doyle, A. Conan
realm

a domain in which something is dominant

Such questions are generally considered not to belong to the realm of positive physical science, but will before long be annexed to its domain.Martin, Thomas Commerford
reap

get or derive

Every new plaza the city opens, like the recent one on Gansevoort Street, instantly fills up; local shop owners reap the benefits.New York Times (Dec 2, 2011)
rebellious

resisting control or authority

Their founders also tend to be rebellious types who enjoy challenging authority.
rebuke

an act or expression of criticism and censure

But analysts at banks and brokerages noted that Putin, known for his sharp rebukes of tycoons, avoided direct criticism of the company’s owners.
rebuttal

the speech act of refuting by offering a contrary argument

If one candidate specifically criticizes another in an answer, the victimized candidate is generally given rebuttal time.Seattle Times (Nov 22, 2011)
recalcitrant

stubbornly resistant to authority or control

The officials of the state banks especially proved recalcitrant and refused to surrender Government moneys.Various
recant

formally reject or disavow a formerly held belief

But he quickly recanted and later denied having made the statement at all.
recapitulate

summarize briefly

He then recapitulated, with rapid but accurate detail, the principal circumstances of my story, bestowing some brief comment on each as he went.Lever, Charles James
recidivism

habitual relapse into crime

So successful is Buffalo’s Veterans Court that it boasts a zero recidivism rate — none of the participants have been rearrested and returned.
recipient

a person who is sent something

The society left open the possibility of transplanting hearts into patients over age 70, as long as recipients were otherwise in very good health.New York Times (Apr 23, 2012)
reciprocate

act, feel, or give mutually or in return

He took some pains, moreover, to reciprocate the civilities he had received, by entertaining his hosts in return.Prescott, William Hickling
recluse

one who lives in solitude

He must not continue to withdraw himself from their society, they urged, and live the life of a recluse and hermit.Sudermann, Hermann
recoil

draw back, as with fear or pain

The Reverend Mr. Prattleton literally recoiled at the words, and staggered back a few steps in his dismay.Wood, Mrs. Henry
recommence

begin again

He was released under the first declaration of indulgence; but as he instantly recommenced his preaching, he was arrested again.Froude, James Anthony
recompense

payment or reward, as for service rendered

In 1830, the United States government made a large grant of lands to his heirs as a further recompense for his military services.Various
reconcile

bring into consonance or accord

They split up two weeks later, then reconciled, then split up again.New York Times (Apr 24, 2012)
recondite

difficult to penetrate

On both sides of Lamb, however, there lie literatures more difficult, more recondite.Bennett, Arnold
reconnaissance

the act of scouting

This 38 metre-long remotely operated airship is designed to carry communications and monitoring equipment for intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance missions.
recrimination

mutual accusations

But despite calls for national unity to face this challenge, Mexico’s politicians keep slinging mud and trading mutual recriminations over who is to blame.
rectitude

righteousness as a consequence of being honorable and honest

You must be morally upright and of steadfast rectitude.
redoubtable

inspiring fear

Then implacable and dangerous pursuits, redoubtable struggles, were the order of their days and nights.Allain, Marcel
redress

act of correcting an error or a fault or an evil

Some efforts at redress were made; but the remedy proved ineffectual, and the discontent of the Indians increased with every year.Parkman, Francis
refined

cultivated and genteel

You have seen him becoming more refined and careful day by day, more carefully dressed, less clumsy in the ways and methods of social life.Wells, H. G. (Herbert George)
refulgent

radiating or as if radiating light

Through the same clear mirror La Fayette saw the sun of freedom reflecting its refulgent rays over Columbia’s prolific land.Judson, L. Carroll
refurbish

improve the appearance or functionality of

She said Kimpton had refurbished many guest rooms to include bigger desks with improved lighting and an ergonomic rolling chair, rather than an armchair.New York Times (Nov 15, 2011)
refutation

the act of determining that something is false

Whatever falsehoods the counsel for the Crown may advance, and the witnesses swear to, shall meet neither denial nor refutation from me.Lever, Charles James
regime

the governing authority of a political unit

“Today in the world there is no place for authoritarian administrations, one-party rule, closed regimes,” he said.New York Times (Apr 10, 2012)
regress

get worse or fall back to a previous condition

Instead of getting better, the team has regressed.Seattle Times (Oct 12, 2010)
reiterate

say, state, or perform again

He reiterated the previous rules but added an extra rule related to screen size, measured in inches.New York Times (Apr 4, 2012)
rejuvenate

return to life; get or give new life or energy

Refresh, renew, rejuvenate yourself by play and pleasant recreation.Marden, Orison Swett
relapse

a failure to maintain a higher state

With no cure in hand, the goal for most patients with multiple myeloma is to keep treating relapses as long as treatments are available.New York Times (Apr 12, 2010)
relegate

assign to a lower position

Far from basking in a starring role, New York is relegated once again to the bleachers.New York Times (Apr 24, 2012)
relent

give in, as to influence or pressure

Mr. Ponomaryov said he initially resisted the inclusion of nationalist leaders, but relented when members agreed to sign a pact denouncing xenophobia and racism.New York Times (Jan 29, 2012)
relentless

never-ceasing

“It’s just been relentless, just nonstop,” city spokesman Allen Marquette said Monday.Washington Post (Jan 10, 2012)
relevance

the relation of something to the matter at hand

Our hypothesis is that kids will be more interested in science and technology when they see its relevance to their own lives.New York Times (Jul 7, 2010)
relevant

having a bearing on or connection with the subject at issue

Clinton earns two Pinocchios: He relied on selective data that would support his case while ignoring other relevant numbers.Washington Post (Sep 22, 2011)
relinquish

turn away from; give up

Emerson’s son and biographer some time ago relinquished his medical practice in Concord, and has since devoted himself to art.Wolfe, Theodore F. (Theodore Frelinghuysen)
relish

spicy or savory condiment

But relish gets no such respect in the food world, Mr. Levine said: “I think sweet relish has become the forgotten condiment.”New York Times (Apr 4, 2012)
remediate

set straight or right

“We have made clear that losses associated with improperly executed foreclosures will not be eligible for loss-share arrangements until problems are appropriately remediated,” she said.Washington Post (Oct 26, 2010)
reminiscent

serving to bring to mind

Major deals were completed in Turkey last year and new funds are emerging on a scale reminiscent of the boom times of 2007.New York Times (Mar 14, 2012)
remorse

a feeling of deep regret, usually for some misdeed

“Defendant has never expressed doubt or regret or remorse,” she said.New York Times (Feb 16, 2012)
remote

inaccessible and sparsely populated

In remote and isolated Manipur, blockades ensure that what little commercial life there is gets choked off.New York Times (Nov 15, 2011)
remunerate

make payment to; compensate

The annuals, it turned out, did not pay annually, but remunerated their contributors at uncertain periods, varying from two years to ten.Martin, Frederick
renegade

someone who rebels and becomes an outlaw

This community seemed to be composed of renegades and outlaws from several other communities.Barrows, David Prescott
renege

fail to fulfill a promise or obligation

But companies often reneged on contracts, German says, and the promised jobs never materialized.Nature (Jun 22, 2011)
renounce

turn away from; give up

Because my father having renounced his faith, and my mother being uncertain of hers, they had no particular creed to hold us to.Antin, Mary
renowned

widely known and esteemed

This Mr. Jones was a preacher of extraordinary power, renowned and respected throughout Wales.Sikes, Wirt
renunciation

the act of sacrificing or giving up or surrendering

In all the stories, however, the virtue of self-sacrifice and of renunciation is strongly painted.Edwards, Clayton
repent

feel sorry for; be contrite about

There he repented of his errors, was contrite, and reformed himself.Wilson, Epiphanius
repercussion

a remote or indirect consequence of some action

There’s no doubt that there can be grave repercussions to living thoughtlessly and recklessly online, from endangering college admissions to potential job opportunities.New York Times (Aug 18, 2010)
repertoire

the range of skills in a particular field or occupation

In Connecticut, Nelson expanded his repertoire, working on his technique and stamina.Seattle Times (May 29, 2011)
replenish

fill something that had previously been emptied

They arrived at the Cape late in May, and stopped there for thirty-eight days, refitting, replenishing provisions, and refreshing the worn-out crew.Whymper, Frederick
reprehensible

bringing or deserving severe rebuke or censure

Normally, punitive damages are awarded only when the conduct in question is malicious, unusually reckless, or otherwise reprehensible.Education, United States Department of
repress

block the action of

Rutherford was manly in his feelings, but he could not repress his starting tears.Roe, Azel Stevens
reprove

reprimand, scold, or express dissatisfaction with

If he continue to offend his neighbor, the next time he shall be openly reproved and admonished before the Congregation when met together.Berens, Lewis Henry
repudiate

reject as untrue, unfounded, or unjust

Repudiating the king’s claim to unconditional obedience, they declared the Regulating Act unconstitutional, and called on all officers under it to resign their places.French, Allen
repugnant

offensive to the mind

Such accusations, when made by minors, are generally full of disgusting details, which would be repugnant to any adult.Lombroso, Gina
reputable

held in high esteem and honor

Youngsters, who might be expected to embrace new ways of doing things, must therefore publish in existing, reputable journals if they want recognition and promotion.
resolute

firm in purpose or belief

Her performance is purposeful and resolute, but she knows when to let Victoria’s softness show, too.
resonate

evoke or suggest a strong meaning or belief

He says that message is increasingly resonating throughout Iowa, particularly in the rural northwest, where his campaign began to catch fire.Washington Post (Jan 1, 2012)
restitution

a sum of money paid in compensation for loss or injury

Authorities have said in court filings they are looking into using the book proceeds to help repay a $23 million restitution order to his victims.Seattle Times (Nov 7, 2011)
restive

impatient especially under restriction or delay

The king kept her away from all active warfare, and she grew restive and impatient with her life of inaction.Horne, Charles F. (Charles Francis)
resurgence

bringing again into activity and prominence

The controversy, however, was by no means ended, and around 1704 it flared again in a resurgence of attacks upon the stage.Anonymous
resuscitate

cause to regain consciousness

The baby, he said, needed to be resuscitated twice because his heart had stopped beating.New York Times (Mar 21, 2011)
retaliate

make a counterattack and return like for like

He said, generally speaking, those who sue him are ” retaliating” for lawsuits he filed against them.
reticent

cool and formal in manner

He was reserved and very reticent, cold in manner and not sympathetic.Various
retort

answer back

“Ay, the men see to that!” retorted the good lady, getting the last word and going away delighted.Weyman, Stanley John
retract

formally reject or disavow

But no clear motive was ever established, and Mr. Kovalyov later retracted his confession, saying it was extracted under torture.New York Times (Mar 18, 2012)
retrench

make a reduction, as in one’s workforce

Is it, like Channel 4, retrenching into TV programming, cutting back any online project not related to core TV programming?
retribution

the act of taking revenge

Whatever may be the retribution for individuals beyond the grave, justice on nations must be done in this world; and here it will be done.Various
revelation

an enlightening or astonishing disclosure

Then, as revelations of gamblers’ dealings with local players became public, L.I.U. lost four consecutive games, all on the road.New York Times (Mar 15, 2012)
revelry

unrestrained merrymaking

But all this revelry — dancing, drinks, exuberant youth — can be hard to manage.New York Times (Jun 4, 2010)
reverberate

ring or echo with sound

Thunder reverberating through the mountains awakened hoarse echoes on every side.Morgan, Louisa
revere

love unquestioningly and uncritically or to excess

Have not his countrymen loved, admired, revered, rewarded, nay, almost adored him?Stark, James H.
revile

spread negative information about

Acosta will continue working in Venezuela’s foreign service despite, he added, saying she remained an honorable professional despite being “verbally attacked, reviled, demonized.”Washington Post (Jan 11, 2012)
revoke

cancel officially

On average, the agency revokes or denies renewal of 110 licenses annually, records show.Washington Post (Oct 26, 2010)
revolutionize

change radically

“He revolutionized the way of seeing nature and as a result completely changed how other artists approached landscape painting.”New York Times (Jun 15, 2010)
revulsion

intense aversion

A sick disgust clutched at Rose as she watched—an utter revulsion from the whole loathly business.Crosby, Raymond Moreau
rhetorical

relating to using language effectively

Of course no two men could possibly be more unlike in the manner of speaking, but the rhetorical vernacular of both has a considerable resemblance.McCarthy, Justin
rigorous

demanding strict attention to rules and procedures

Consumer advocates pushed for more rigorous regulation, saying that the institutions responsible for wrecking the economy need strict supervision.Washington Post (Dec 12, 2009)
riveting

capable of arousing and holding the attention

It’s formally fascinating — the 14 dancers sometimes subdivide into five, six or seven sections, with different movements — and it’s dramatically riveting.New York Times (Sep 27, 2010)
robust

sturdy and strong in form, constitution, or construction

Despite the good news, many economists caution that continued deep declines in the unemployment rate will require more robust economic growth.Washington Post (Apr 5, 2012)
rousing

capable of stirring enthusiasm or excitement

Still, he played with beautiful colorings and articulate touch, especially in the rousing, high-spirited finale.New York Times (Aug 18, 2011)
rudimentary

being in the earliest stages of development

The simpler processes must, from their earliest rudimentary beginnings, have been leading up to the later and more complex.Kenealy, Arabella
ruminate

reflect deeply on a subject

He seemed to ruminate on this thought as if it gave him special cause for reflection.Mulford, Stockton
rural

living in or characteristic of farming or country life

Graceful farms with white picket fences and horses grazing dot the rural landscape, as do hunting shacks.New York Times (Jan 25, 2012)
ruse

a deceptive maneuver, especially to avoid capture

I made believe I was flying away, and the Frenchman was deceived by my ruse and came after me, over our positions.Boelcke, Oswald
rustic

characteristic of rural life

Beautiful high-resolution photographs of farm animals on a rustic background, which produce their respective noises when prodded.
ruthless

without mercy or pity

He was not naturally cruel; but he was ruthless if it served his purpose, and could take pitiless vengeance for an insult or a wrong.Horne, Charles F. (Charles Francis)

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