100 SAT Words Beginning with “G” – 100 Words

gaffe

a socially awkward or tactless act

Later, Mr. Perry made a minor gaffe by misstating the voting age, which is 18.New York Times (Nov 30, 2011)
gallant

unflinching in battle or action

Now straining up steep ascents, and now swimming deep rivers, the fearless and gallant band pressed forward.Headley, Joel Tyler
galvanize

stimulate to action

“It’s going to galvanize people” and inspire more to attend today’s events, he said by telephone.
gamut

a complete extent or range

The program spans the entire cultural gamut, encompassing fine art, sculpture, dance, music, cinema, literature and theater.New York Times (Jan 24, 2011)
garb

provide with clothes or put clothes on

Some are garbed in burgundy monks’ robes, others in jeans and trucker hats.New York Times (Jan 28, 2012)
garish

tastelessly showy

The garish colors, fabrics, trim and gaudy interior looks like it was done by a 12 year old.
garment

an article of clothing

He and two of his sisters work at a nearby tailoring shop, cutting off loose threads from nearly finished garments.New York Times (Dec 2, 2011)
garnish

something added to a dish for flavor or decoration

Lemon, hard-boiled egg and capers may also be used as garnish for chicken salad.Richards, Lenore
garrulous

full of trivial conversation

He was not in the best of spirits, for the drink was dying out of him; but his garrulous, inconsequent talk amused me mightily.Bullen, Frank T.
gastronomy

the art and practice of preparing and eating good food

Cooking is there esteemed a service of especial merit, hence France ranks all nations in gastronomy.Ronald, Mary
gaudy

tastelessly showy

In fact, he seemed incapable of using any colors but gaudy or resplendent ones, and is nothing if not exaggerated, and using heaps of words.Mitchell, Donald G.
gaunt

very thin especially from disease or hunger or cold

Gaunt, starved, and ragged, the men marched northwards, leaving the Touat country upon their left hand.Mason, A. E. W. (Alfred Edward Woodley)
gender

the biological or cultural traits associated with one sex

Once strict gender roles softened and sexual mores loosened, the notion of a proposing woman began to seem less patently ridiculous.Slate (Feb 28, 2012)
genealogy

the study or investigation of ancestry and family history

The genealogies and family histories are excellent, and many particulars are given of the lives and works of authors not easily found elsewhere.Various
generalization

the process of abstracting common properties of instances

With this purpose in view he has kept closely to concrete statement and above all has tried to avoid vagueness and loose generalization.Kelly, Edmond
generation

all the people living at the same time or of the same age

There they are, staring from photographic portraits on the entrance wall, looking much like ancestral grandfather and the family’s new generation.New York Times (Mar 26, 2012)
generic

applicable to an entire class or group

But rather than asking a generic question like “Are you happy here?” inquire about things that matter to your loved one.
genetic

of a segment of DNA involved in producing polypeptide chains

DNA testing confirmed that the patient carried the genetic abnormality behind the disease.New York Times (Mar 2, 2012)
genial

diffusing warmth and friendliness

Perhaps there is nothing that prolongs life more than genial, hearty laughter.McCarty, Louis Philippe
genre

an expressive style of music

Over the years, the series has featured just about every genre of American arts and music, including pop, country, jazz, blues, theater and dance.Seattle Times (Feb 16, 2012)
genteel

marked by refinement in taste and manners

“Mrs. D.,” said he, turning on me like a tiger, “are you going to teach me polite breeding and genteel manners?”Lever, Charles James
gentility

elegance by virtue of fineness of manner and expression

Obviously, that level of gentility and decorum is difficult to maintain at regular tour events.New York Times (Mar 27, 2010)
gentry

the most powerful members of a society

In my young days the people with means were the landed gentry and the nobility.Hine, Muriel
genuflect

bend the knees and bow before a religious superior or image

When you enter, bless yourself with holy water and go quietly to your seat, genuflect on your right knee and enter the pew.Anonymous
genuine

not fake or counterfeit

While partial relief may be obtained through other channels, real, genuine, and lasting redress can only be obtained by organized action at the polls.Cloud, D. C.
germane

relevant and appropriate

But such questions are not germane to my central theme, and so I pass them over lightly.Coit, Stanton
germinal

containing seeds of later development

The most valuable means of securing this all-important growth is “play,” which Froebel said contained the germinal leaves of all later life.Nearing, Scott
germinate

cause to grow or sprout

Nothing might come of it just then, but Elmer hoped the seed would find lodging, and perhaps later on germinate.Douglas, Alan
gerrymander

divide voting districts unfairly and to one’s advantage

In practice, though, officials in both parties often try to gerrymander districts to help themselves and their parties win more elections.New York Times (Sep 7, 2010)
gestate

be pregnant with

In her womb they were gestated and formed.Burroughs, John
gesticulation

a deliberate and vigorous motion of the hands or body

Then the clapping and gesticulations broke forth with increased violence.Mudge, Zachariah Atwell
gesture

motion of hands or body to emphasize a thought or feeling

At that, one of the younger men lifted a hand–a quick, nervous gesture, denoting at once surprise and consternation.Gilson, Charles
ghastly

shockingly repellent; inspiring horror

From here events build up to highly shocking climaxes, including a ghastly murder.Bradley, Marion Zimmer
gibberish

unintelligible talking

But the answer was a gurgling gibberish that made no sense at all!Various
gibe

an aggressive remark directed at a person like a missile

When nothing but charred end-logs and glowing coals remained, Kent’s men tramped off through the deep snows shouting gibes and taunts at their enemies.Chisholm, A. M. (Arthur Murray)
giddy

lacking seriousness; given to frivolity

Another party of giddy, laughing girls, chatter away in a different strain.Anonymous
gingerly

in a manner marked by extreme care or delicacy

Newman got hurt during practice Wednesday, walking gingerly off the field after getting tangled with a receiver during pass coverage drills.Washington Post (Aug 4, 2011)
gird

prepare oneself for action or a confrontation

In this semantic skirmish, the White House, bolstered by the momentum of victory and allies old and new, is girded for combat.
girder

a beam used as a main support in a structure

The 130-year-old stone cathedral stands broken and deconsecrated, with stained-glass windows shattered and the west wall propped up by girders.
girth

the distance around something, especially a person’s body

Others posted messages saying they were looking for “a fat guy called Ai”– a reference to the artist’s impressive girth.
gist

the choicest or most vital part of some idea or experience

To sum up the gist of Anglo-American relations in half a dozen pages, as Mr. Ayres does here, is surely a remarkable achievement.Ayres, Harry Morgan
glacial

relating to or derived from a slowly moving mass of ice

But no mammoth remains have been found around the White Sea; it was still covered with glacial ice when mammoths died out in Europe.Scientific American (Nov 22, 2011)
glean

gather, as of natural products

A group of men and boys stood round awestruck, anxious to glean every bit of information that could be given.Reynolds, Mrs. Baillie
glib

marked by lack of intellectual depth

The other sort of engineer understands that glib comparisons between computers and humans don’t do justice to the complexities of either.
glimmer

shine brightly, like a star or a light

The leaves were black overhead, but the white birch trunks round me glimmered like pale ghosts.Weyman, Stanley J.
gloat

dwell on with satisfaction

Vixetta was in high spirits; she and her familiars hatched mischief together, and gloated over their evil doings in fiendish glee.Harrison, Constance Cary
globalization

growth to a worldwide scale

Stock markets around the world have grown more correlated, thanks to the effects of globalization.New York Times (Jun 12, 2010)
glower

look angry or sullen as if to signal disapproval

Nils was glowering, and Erik saw the scolding in his eyes.Brandeis, Madeline
glum

moody and melancholic

The music stayed somber and steadfast, determinedly maintaining its glum tone.New York Times (Apr 22, 2010)
glut

an overabundant or excessive supply

While mining companies may be making more money than ever, the shipping companies are contending with a glut rather than shortages.
glutinous

having the sticky properties of an adhesive

The young were very little larger, and had a glutinous surface, which caused them to adhere together on being taken from the water.Various
glutton

a person who is devoted to eating and drinking to excess

He was a glutton, and stuffed himself so at meals that he did little but choke and wheeze through the latter half of them.Rives, Hallie Erminie
gluttony

habitual eating to excess

Moderation in eating was advised at all times, and any serious excess set down as gluttony, one of the seven deadly sins.Walsh, James J. (James Joseph)
gnarled

old and twisted and covered in lines

She was about forty years old, with stooping shoulders, and hands gnarled and twisted by hard work.Sage, William
goad

stab or urge on as if with a pointed stick

With oaths and savage lashings they were goaded on through deep, new-fallen snow.Williamson, A. M. (Alice Muriel)
gorge

overeat or eat immodestly

True, he lay moaning and groaning all night, but next morning would be quite ready to gorge an equal meal.Strang, Herbert
gorgeous

dazzlingly beautiful

The leaves had assumed their gorgeous autumnal tints, and the masses of timber, variegated in colour, presented an inexpressibly beautiful appearance.Ainsworth, William Harrison
gory

covered with blood

And then they showed Denver’s pistol; the one he had borrowed from Bunker, all gory with hair and blood.Coolidge, Dane
gossamer

characterized by unusual lightness and delicacy

After an atmospheric episode, the piece broke into a spiraling dance, sometimes crazed, sometimes delicate with gossamer textures.New York Times (Apr 16, 2011)
gouge

make a groove in

The door was massive, hand-hewn timber that was liberally scratched and gouged, and Joe frowned as he looked at it.Kjelgaard, James Arthur
gourmand

a person who is devoted to eating and drinking to excess

With ravenous appetites they partook of a feast which any gourmand might covet.Abbott, John S. C. (John Stevens Cabot)
gourmet

a person devoted to and knowledgeable about fine food

Prince Koltsoff had enjoyed his luncheon, as only an exacting gourmet whose every canon of taste has been satisfied, can.McFall, J. V.
govern

exercise authority over, as of nations

Saying they do not want to govern, the generals are due to hand power to an elected president by mid-year.
governance

the act of exercising authority

He explained that an interim government would immediately take over to provide day-to-day governance and keep order, the Associated Press news agency reports.
grading

evaluation of performance by assigning a score

Each commissioner’s smock came adorned with a bright blue “A” rating, a nod to the city’s new grading system for restaurant cleanliness.New York Times (Mar 23, 2012)
graduated

marked with or divided into degrees

Latterly he took to using paper scales graduated to millimeters.Darwin, Charles
graduation

the successful completion of a program of study

People who have earned advanced degrees are “hooded” as part of the graduation ceremony.Slate (Mar 22, 2012)
graft

tissue or organ transplanted from a donor to a recipient

UPS already has a good business ensuring that organs and skin grafts get to hospitals in good time.
granary

a storehouse for threshed grain or animal feed

Here is where he does his husking, and the “clear corn” produced is stored away in some underground granary till It is needed.Seton, Ernest Thompson
grandeur

the quality of being magnificent or splendid

Honest Jack was perfectly astounded at seeing so much beauty and grandeur where he expected to find nothing except solitude and savage desert.Garibaldi, Giuseppe
grandiloquent

puffed up with vanity

There was something theatrical and grandiloquent about him, and he seemed to pose like an actor who attracts admiration.Gautier, Théophile
grandiose

impressive because of unnecessary largeness or magnificence

Even in a state known for grandiose real estate deals, the proposed development has set new standards for ambition or, depending on one’s view, recklessness.New York Times (Feb 18, 2012)
graphic

written or drawn or engraved

Unlike in the West, where graphic novels are accepted, the Iranian comic book is struggling to make headway.New York Times (Apr 12, 2012)
grapple

work hard to come to terms with or deal with something

Spanish borrowing costs have fared better than Italy’s as both nations grapple with the debt crisis.
gratify

make happy or satisfied

This matter was engineered through so handsomely by Mr. Applegate, that Dr. White expressed himself highly gratified and pleased.Gray, William Henry
gratitude

a feeling of thankfulness and appreciation

He has saved my life, and I owe him much gratitude.Allen, Grant
gratuitous

unnecessary and unwarranted

The reader is treated to pedantic little footnotes, and given a good deal of information which is either gratuitous or uninteresting.Hay, Ian
gratuity

a small, extra gift of money for services rendered

Room service is supplied by the nearby Park Avenue Bistro, with a $3.50 surcharge for each plate, plus a 25 percent gratuity.New York Times (Jun 18, 2010)
graze

let feed in a field or pasture or meadow

As soon as haymaking was over, the meadows became common grazing land for horses, cows, and oxen.Reilly, S. A.
gregarious

temperamentally seeking and enjoying the company of others

The Bison is gregarious, associating in herds many hundreds strong.Various
grievance

a complaint about a wrong that causes resentment

In the open letter, Students & Scholars Against Corporate Misbehaviour, listed grievances cited by employees at Apple suppliers, including “poverty wages” and excessive and forced overtime.Chicago Tribune (Mar 27, 2012)
grievous

shockingly brutal or cruel

He was convicted of recklessly causing grievous bodily harm to Cowley, who sustained fractures to his jaw, eye socket, cheekbone and nose.Seattle Times (Mar 18, 2012)
grim

harshly uninviting or formidable in manner or appearance

As he lay awake through the small hours, the sinister truth grew clear that grim forces were closing upon him again.Snaith, J. C.
grimace

contort the face to indicate a certain mental state

As people squinted, frowned, glared, grinned, grimaced, snarled and other ways looked at the screens, their pictures were snapped, silently.New York Times (Jul 20, 2011)
gripe

complain

The night drivers come in griping about drunken passengers, bad tippers and unfair summonses.New York Times (Mar 24, 2012)
grisly

shockingly repellent; inspiring horror

Television video showed a heavily damaged building and a grisly scene inside, with clothing and prayer mats scattered across a blood-splattered floor.New York Times (Aug 19, 2011)
groan

indicate pain, discomfort, or displeasure

The wounded man’s eyes were open, and he was moving his head uneasily and slowly, groaning deeply every now and then.Reynolds, Mrs. Baillie
groggy

stunned or confused and slow to react

Narcotics dulled the pain but left him groggy and nauseous.Seattle Times (Dec 12, 2011)
groom

give a neat appearance to

The deep green, meticulously groomed, Wimbledon-like front lawn is undeniably attractive.
grovel

show submission or fear

The two young men who drove them had fallen flat and were grovelling and wailing for mercy.Mitford, Bertram
grudging

petty or reluctant in giving or spending

Toyota’s slow response—doubt, grudging acceptance, and then surrender—prompted Toyota owners to pick their heads up.
grueling

characterized by effort to the point of exhaustion

Afterward, a dejected Seraphin admitted to being physically and mentally fatigued from the Wizards’ grueling schedule and his increased playing load.Washington Post (Apr 9, 2012)
gruff

brusque and surly and forbidding

Mr. Napier’s formidable jaw, gruff demeanor and growling bass voice lent themselves to rugged parts.New York Times (Oct 7, 2011)
guild

a formal association of people with similar interests

More than 50 permanently disabled jockeys receive assistance from the Jockeys’ Guild, he said.New York Times (Mar 24, 2012)
guile

the use of tricks to deceive someone

He was subtle, ambitious, designing, crafty—dishonorably resorting to guile, where he dared not venture on overt acts of hostility.Various
guileless

innocent and free of deceit

There was nothing alarming in this apparently simple and guileless missive.Bolderwood, Rolf
guise

an artful or simulated semblance

But more broadly, 30 years of near total rule by one man under the guise of democracy has stunted the country’s political development.
gullible

naive and easily deceived or tricked

The people were gullible; they might be made to believe that the senators of Rome were their best friends.Morris, Charles
gumption

fortitude and determination

But he said the fact that he kept running for higher office showed admirable gumption.New York Times (Sep 9, 2011)
gustatory

of or relating to the sense of taste

By gastronomical tests, we mean dishes of so delicious a flavor that their very appearance excites the gustatory organs of every healthy man.Robinson, Fayette

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