100 SAT Words Beginning with “E” – 100 Words

ebullient

joyously unrestrained

The piece opened with ebullient bursts of energy and color that scampered over harmonica drones played by one or more members.New York Times (May 10, 2010)
eclectic

selecting what seems best of various styles or ideas

A former student of fine art, Mr Scruff’s eclectic selections are accompanied by animations of the trademark “potato people” who humorously narrate his musical journey.
edible

suitable for use as food

Nevertheless, hunger increased so much that many ventured out into woods along the river seeking edible roots, and with some success.Spears, John R.
edify

make understand

Then Miss Fairbairn held one of her little discourses, with which now and then she endeavoured to edify her pupils.Warner, Susan
efface

remove by or as if by rubbing or erasing

Her rich beauty was wiped out as an acid-soaked sponge might efface a portrait.Terhune, Albert Payson
effervescent

marked by high spirits or excitement

When he ran for president, Barack Obama’s effervescent campaign was about hope, optimism, national unity, and, above all, the future.Newsweek (May 17, 2010)
effulgent

radiating or as if radiating light

Ere another year be passed, we hope to see its effulgent rays light up all the dark corners of our land.Cutter, Orlando P.
egalitarian

favoring social equality

“We are living in an egalitarian society where everyone is equal,” he said.
egotistical

having an inflated idea of one’s own importance

I have lived an entirely egotistical life, for myself alone.
egregious

conspicuously and outrageously bad or reprehensible

“His comments were so egregious, naturally advertisers will have doubts about being associated with Limbaugh’s brand of hate,” Mr. Boehlert said in an e-mail message.New York Times (Mar 5, 2012)
elated

full of high-spirited delight

Young Barry returned from his parting walk with his brother in high spirits, elated with hope, and better both in mind and body.Cobbold, Richard
eloquent

expressing yourself readily, clearly, effectively

But, so far as the best selection of words, the clearest style, the most coherent and convincing argument can constitute eloquence, Mill’s speeches are eloquent.McCarthy, Justin
elucidate

make clear and comprehensible

Improving the understanding of why tissues in bar-headed geese are so adept at taking up oxygen might elucidate human respiration as well.Scientific American (Nov 5, 2011)
elude

escape, either physically or mentally

Gregory Standifer was arrested at the scene after allegedly attempting to elude police by jumping out of a window, police said.
elusive

skillful at evading capture

They are an elusive lot and Don Ramon would soon wear out his troops hunting them in the bush.Bindloss, Harold
emancipate

free from slavery or servitude

The Civil War came to an end, leaving the slave not only emancipated but endowed with the full dignity of citizenship.Elliott, Maud Howe
embellish

make more attractive, as by adding ornament or color

At Saks, reedy shapes and flared minis, and more vanguard looks like Marc Jacobs’s sports-inspired skirts embellished with a racing stripe, are projected best sellers.New York Times (Mar 21, 2012)
embody

represent in bodily form

He was a can-do optimist who, despite many years in the environs of Hollywood, identified with and embodied American values.New York Times (Jan 29, 2012)
embryonic

of an organism prior to birth or hatching

Human embryonic stem cells typically come from fertilized eggs.Scientific American (Nov 4, 2011)
eminent

standing above others in quality or position

The daring aviator was heartily congratulated again by the President and other eminent men who thronged about him.Galbreath, C. B. (Charles Burleigh)
emphatic

forceful and definite in expression or action

Miss Penny repeated my question in her loud, emphatic voice.Huxley, Aldous
empirical

derived from experiment and observation rather than theory

“So far, no one has reported empirical evidence from real city-traffic data that the transition Kerner predicted actually occurs,” Davis pointed out.
emulate

strive to equal or match, especially by imitating

People in the technology field described Mr. Jobs as someone they could only look up to — and try to emulate.New York Times (Oct 6, 2011)
enamor

attract

Not long ago I fell in love, But unreturned is my affection— The girl that I’m enamored of Pays little heed in my direction.Morley, Christopher
encumber

hold back, impede, or weigh down

Two others were making slower progress for the reason that each was encumbered by supporting a disabled man.Westerman, Percy F. (Percy Francis)
endearing

lovable especially in a childlike or naive way

“They have goofy and lovable personalities that are incredibly endearing,” she said.New York Times (Nov 23, 2011)
endeavor

attempt by employing effort

A few men endeavored to win popularity by pursuing a few others, and thus far they have been conspicuous failures.Ingersoll, Robert Green
endemic

of a disease constantly present in a particular locality

An endemic disease, due to local causes and spreading by intercommunication.Various
enigma

something that baffles understanding and cannot be explained

Tails are often an enigma; many creatures have them, but scientists know little about their function, particularly for extinct species.
enmity

a state of deep-seated ill-will

He looked at the young man with enmity, while his face every day grew harder, more angry, and stern, like iron.Lathrop, George Parsons
ennui

the feeling of being bored by something tedious

“You are in the Land of Pleasure, and in yonder castle lives a horrid Giant called Ennui, who bores everybody he catches to death.”Taylor, Bert Leston
enthrall

hold spellbound

But despite the bottomless spate of new “Housewives” series that Bravo keeps trotting out, the “Real Housewives” franchise still fascinates and enthralls me.
entice

provoke someone to do something through persuasion

My new acquisition, “Boy,” insisted on being petted, and his winning and enticing ways are irresistible.Bird, Isabella L. (Isabella Lucy)
entomology

the branch of zoology that studies insects

From the department of entomology you expect to learn something about the troublesome insects, which are so universal an annoyance.Latham, A. W.
entreat

ask for or request earnestly

“Let me go now, please,” she entreated, her eyes unable to meet his any longer.Hope, Anthony
entrepreneur

someone who organizes a business venture

Mr. Boehner said it would be “good news for entrepreneurs and aspiring small businesspeople struggling to overcome government barriers to job creation.”New York Times (Apr 6, 2012)
enumerate

determine the number or amount of

The houses in this street are not enumerated beyond forty-five, all told. Allbut, Robert
enunciate

express or state clearly

On the second floor, kindergarten children stand together in a circle, clapping while learning how to enunciate different words.New York Times (Dec 31, 2011)
ephemeral

anything short-lived, as an insect that lives only for a day

Such larger political structures as the tyrants of Syracuse built up by the subjugation of other cities were purely ephemeral, barely outliving their founders.Boak, Arthur Edward Romilly
epiphany

a divine manifestation

But at least he’s acting as the father of his child, and that, rather than any epiphany or miraculous transformation, is the point.
epitome

a standard or typical example

Ms. Netrebko, in particular, riveted all eyes and ears, the epitome of star-crossed glamour in her black bob and sick-rose-red cocktail dress.New York Times (Dec 26, 2010)
epoch

a period marked by distinctive character

The best authorities put the climax of the last glacial epoch between twenty-five and thirty thousand years ago.Huntington, Ellsworth
equestrian

of or relating to or featuring horseback riding

While some racehorses peak in their younger years and move on to breeding, equestrian horses tend to be older and require complex training.Seattle Times (Jan 20, 2012)
equitable

fair to all parties as dictated by reason and conscience

I suggested, as a more equitable adjustment, an equal division of profits; and to that Mr. Gye at last agreed.Mapleson, James H.
equivocate

be deliberately ambiguous or unclear

Beaten in the open field, the church began to equivocate, to evade, and to give new meanings to inspired words.Ingersoll, Robert Green
eradicate

kill in large numbers

Some people are misusing poisonous chemicals in a desperate bid to eradicate the pests, federal officials said Thursday.New York Times (Sep 23, 2011)
erode

become ground down or deteriorate

Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi lost his absolute majority in the Italian parliament in a vote today on last year’s budget, further eroding his authority.
erratic

liable to sudden unpredictable change

The U.S. officials stressed that North Korea’s past behavior has been notoriously erratic, making predictions about its intentions difficult.Washington Post (Dec 19, 2011)
erudite

having or showing profound knowledge

In countless deft, darting, erudite essays, it has enabled him to explain the unexpected continuities and awkward breaks of literary history.
eschew

avoid and stay away from deliberately

Vegans eschew all animal products, including dairy and eggs, so their iodine sources may be few.
esoteric

understandable only by an enlightened inner circle

But researchers can get lost in their genius, drilling into ever more esoteric questions.Scientific American (Feb 7, 2012)
etymology

a history of a word

Its “suggested” etymology or word origin is Latin serpens meaning “a snake” and French sortir meaning “come out of, to leave.”New York Times (May 17, 2010)
euphemism

an inoffensive expression substituted for an offensive one

It is an oddly polite term—a euphemism—that conceals varying degrees of fear, loathing, and admiration.New York Times (Mar 30, 2010)
euphoria

a feeling of great elation

Popular euphoria and joy at their leaders’ departure has given way to frustration, grievance and fear.
evanescent

tending to vanish like vapor

Time seems stopped but it is moving on, and every glimmer of light is evanescent, flitting.
evasive

deliberately vague or ambiguous

I anticipated finding them deceitful and evasive: furtive people, wandering in devious ways and disappearing into mysterious houses, at dead of night.Street, Julian
evince

give expression to

Together, the performers evince an easy, humorous energy, like affectionate but mischievous siblings.New York Times (Mar 16, 2012)
evoke

call forth, as an emotion, feeling, or response

Tropical fish tanks in restaurants, hospitals and homes evoke feelings of tranquility and beauty.Scientific American (Apr 6, 2012)
evolve

undergo development

In its 166+ year history, Scientific American has changed and evolved in different directions many times.Scientific American (Apr 2, 2012)
exacerbate

make worse

Politicians have argued that further austerity will only exacerbate the country’s economic death spiral by deepening its worse than expected recession.
exalt

fill with sublime emotion

But this woman’s beauty was glorified by eyes that spoke of exalted thoughts, passionate longings, lofty emotions.Hocking, Joseph
excavate

recover through digging

With many of Caligula’s monuments destroyed after he was killed by his Praetorian guard at 28, archaeologists are eager to excavate for his remains.
excoriate

express strong disapproval of

The landlord had another excoriating remark, which he might have flung at the young man and finished him up, but he magnanimously forbore.Bouton, John Bell
exculpate

pronounce not guilty of criminal charges

Stepan did not try to exculpate himself, and bore patiently his sentence which was three days in the punishment-cell, and after that solitary confinement.Tolstoy, Leo, graf
execrate

curse or declare to be evil or anathema

Even the crimes of monsters, whom we execrate, are to be traced to madness and intoxication, more than to natural fierceness and wickedness.Lord, John
exemplify

clarify by giving an illustration of

He brought up reality television — specifically, the garish sort of reality exemplified by Bravo’s “Real Housewives” steamroller.New York Times (Aug 27, 2011)
exhort

force or impel in an indicated direction

A proclamation was put up on shore, exhorting the people to keep quiet, attend to their avocations, and bring in presents as obedient subjects.Lindley, Augustus F.
existential

relating to or dealing with the state of being

Jindal, by contrast, has treated the spill as an existential threat, saying repeatedly that what’s at stake “is a way of life for us.”Washington Post (May 18, 2010)
exodus

a journey by a group to escape from a hostile environment

It said the flight of Christians to other parts of Iraq and abroad has become “a slow but steady exodus”.
exonerate

pronounce not guilty of criminal charges

“He was, if not exonerated, never proven guilty,” Elizabeth Hecht said in an interview on Thursday.New York Times (Feb 10, 2012)
exorbitant

greatly exceeding bounds of reason or moderation

Rents are exorbitant; but ordinary living and bad liquors are cheap.Whymper, Frederick
expatiate

add details, as to an account or idea

He then expatiated on his own miseries, which he detailed at full length.Manzoni, Alessandro
expatriate

a person who is voluntarily absent from home or country

She and Jack Hemingway, also known as Bumby, were toddlers at the time, living with their expatriate American parents in Paris.New York Times (Mar 31, 2012)
expectation

anticipating with confidence of fulfillment

Every plan had proved abortive, every expectation been disappointed.Headley, Joel Tyler
expectorate

discharge from the lungs and out of the mouth

No, they don’t care to go, expectorating the tobacco juice from their mouths into the fire at the same time.Various
expedient

a means to an end

In his youth he had apparently settled the problem once for all; but the solution then found was scarcely more than a temporary expedient.Chinard, Gilbert
expedite

process fast and efficiently

First-class customers generally have access to priority check-in and boarding, expedited baggage service and faster security lines at some airports.
expenditure

money paid out; an amount spent

Unless income also rises — which isn’t happening for many people now — higher fuel costs will eventually displace other expenditures.New York Times (Mar 3, 2012)
expiate

make amends for

Yes, I was so far guilty, and I make the confession in hopes that some portion of my errors may be expiated by repentance.Various
explicit

precisely and clearly expressed or readily observable

Just as medical researchers once uncovered the link between cigarettes and lung cancer, researchers are now making the explicit connection between air pollution and asthma.
exploitation

an act that victimizes someone

But this profit rested on intensive exploitation and domination: whole families worked in the mills, including children.
expository

serving to expound or set forth

“Several characters are required to make long expository speeches in which the play’s themes are clumsily disclosed.”
expulsion

the act of forcing out someone or something

“She is very near expulsion, not suspension,” said the principal, gravely.Morrison, Gertrude W.
expunge

remove by erasing or crossing out or as if by drawing a line

If he stays out of a trouble for a year the incident will be expunged from his record.Seattle Times (Aug 4, 2010)
exquisite

delicately beautiful

Constance lifted up her exquisite voice untiringly, weaving her magic spell about her eager listeners.Lester, Pauline
extant

still in existence; not extinct or destroyed or lost

She then wrote her last will, which is still extant, and consists of four pages, closely written, in a neat, firm hand.Goodrich, Samuel G. (Samuel Griswold)
extemporaneous

with little or no preparation or forethought

His friends sometimes held an extemporaneous concert in his room, without preparation, programme, or audience.Various
extend

stretch out over a distance, space, time, or scope

One map showed a runway system extending across 140 square meters and including 12 underground burrows.Martin, Edwin P.
extension

a delay in the date set for the completion of something

Chalk River’s license expired last year, but it was given a single five-year extension; the Dutch reactor’s lifetime is less certain but also limited.New York Times (Feb 7, 2012)
extirpate

destroy completely, as if down to the roots

The last wolf was killed in Great Britain two hundred years ago, and the bear was extirpated from that island still earlier.Marsh, George P.
extol

praise, glorify, or honor

How I praised the duck at that first dinner, and extolled Madame’s skill in cookery!Warren, Arthur
extort

obtain by coercion or intimidation

An instrument of torture for the leg, formerly used to extort confessions, particularly in Scotland.Webster, Noah
extraneous

not pertinent to the matter under consideration

As a general rule, he explained, rulings other than the one being honored had been removed as extraneous.Slate (Feb 22, 2012)
extrapolate

draw from specific cases for more general cases

Earlier studies, extrapolating from recessions in the 1970s and 1980s, found larger effects.
extricate

release from entanglement or difficulty

There was a prickly pear on top, the thorns of which caught him so that at first he could not extricate himself.Reed, Helen Leah
extrinsic

not forming an essential part of a thing

There are no external or extrinsic influences—resulting from weariness or interruption.Hamilton, Clayton Meeker
extrovert

a person directed toward others as opposed to the self

The extrovert is the typical active; always leaning out of the window and setting up contacts with the outside world.Underhill, Evelyn
exuberant

joyously unrestrained

All these prose works were marked by an exuberant, vivid, poetic, impassioned style.Lowell, James Russell
exude

make apparent by one’s mood or behavior

Rizzo said many prospects exude outward confidence but lack it inwardly.New York Times (Mar 3, 2012)
exult

feel extreme happiness or elation

Like a soldier going into battle, exulted and fired by a high and lofty purpose, his heart sang within him.Standish, Burt L.

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