100 SAT words Beginning with “C” – 100 Words

cacophonous

having an unpleasant sound

Shoppers mingle, traders peddle their wares and children play in the street, all to a cacophonous backdrop of roaring motorbikes and honking cars.
cadaverous

of or relating to a corpse

These dreary, cadaverous corpses are supported in the positions which they are made to assume by means of steel wires hidden beneath their scanty robes.Ballou, Maturin Murray
calamity

an event resulting in great loss and misfortune

In that memorable calamity seventeen lives were lost and forty persons seriously injured.Hungerford, Edward
callow

young and inexperienced

“Marston,” he began, “drifted into the Paris ateliers from your country, callow, morbid, painfully young and totally inexperienced.Buck, Charles Neville
candid

openly straightforward and direct without secretiveness

Mr. Obama, in an unusually candid public discussion of the Central Intelligence Agency’s covert program, said the drone strikes had not inflicted huge civilian casualties.New York Times (Jan 31, 2012)
capitulate

surrender under agreed conditions

“Alas, no,” said Bergfeld, mournfully, “the day after the battle our brave soldiers were surrounded by overwhelming forces and obliged to capitulate.”Meding, Johann Ferdinand Martin Oskar
capricious

determined by chance or impulse rather than by necessity

She remained remote and wild, suddenly breaking off our talks and displaying, where I was concerned, the most capricious and inexplicable moods.Leblanc, Maurice
caricature

represent a person with comic exaggeration

Mrs. Strong subsequently caricatured our progress by representing me very tall with an extremely tight waistband, and Stevenson looking upward from his diminutive steed.Child-Villiers, Margaret Elizabeth Leigh
cartographer

a person who makes maps

This monk was an excellent cartographer, or map-maker, and Christopher wished to talk with him about the western lands.Byne, Mildred Stapley
castigate

censure severely

In particular, Kucinich castigated Obama for pursuing military intervention in Libya without congressional authorization: President Obama moved forward without Congress approving.
catharsis

purging of emotional tensions

Not enough people use evenings out as an opportunity for catharsis.
caustic

capable of destroying or eating away by chemical action

Though the mud only came up to ankle height, its caustic ingredients continue to eat away the foundations.
cease

put an end to a state or an activity

The firing ceased; the smoke slowly cleared away, revealing the two fleets commingled, shattered, and torn, and strewed with dead.Headley, Joel Tyler
cede

relinquish possession or control over

He ceded some of his powers to elected officials, while keeping the final say on issues of defense, national security and religion.
chagrin

strong feelings of embarrassment

He watched his chance, and, at length, escaped, much to his enemies’ chagrin.Stratemeyer, Edward
charisma

personal attractiveness that enables you to influence others

Egypt’s al-Zawahri likely to succeed bin Laden For years, Osama bin Laden’s charisma kept al-Qaida’s ranks filled with zealous recruits.
charlatan

a flamboyant deceiver

Like most charlatans who find it necessary to deceive the world, the physician tried to cover up his shortcomings by noisy bluster.Hornblow, Arthur
chastise

censure severely

Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton recently chastised China in a speech she gave in which she decried Internet censorship.New York Times (Feb 2, 2010)
chimerical

produced by a wildly fanciful imagination

Indeed during his wild and chimerical attempts for finding out a golden country, it is not improbable that this brave adventurer visited many different places.Hewatt, Alexander
chronic

long-lasting or characterized by long suffering

Howard is expected to remain out until at least June, while Utley, battling chronic knee injuries, may not return until May.Washington Post (Apr 3, 2012)
circuitous

deviating from a straight course

It has taken five hours to get here from Cairo via a circuitous route to avoid the Egyptian police checkpoints.
circumlocution

an indirect way of expressing something

He got his message out bunglingly, with embarrassed circumlocution and repetition; but this was what it came to in the end.Howells, William Dean
circumspect

careful to consider potential consequences and avoid risk

As Kaufman writes: On the strategy front, some of these groups are becoming more circumspect in campaigning against global warming, mindful of mixed public sentiment.
clandestine

conducted with or marked by hidden aims or methods

“All of this is done in a very clandestine way,” said Paddick, who said he had never personally seen money being exchanged.Seattle Times (Jul 7, 2011)
clemency

leniency and compassion shown toward offenders

Then on Tuesday, his last day in office, he granted clemency or suspended sentences to more than 200 other convicts.
clique

an exclusive circle of people with a common purpose

This little clique, this group admired her and instinctively adopted the tone which she set.Couperus, Louis
coercion

using force to cause something to occur

Authorities are still trying to determine whether Savannah was forced to run by physical coercion or by verbal commands.Time (Feb 23, 2012)
cogent

powerfully persuasive

The supposition is so very probable, that nothing short of very cogent reasons could induce us to abandon it.Hengstenberg, Ernst Wilhelm
cognizant

having or showing knowledge or understanding or realization

“You have to be cognizant of the evidence out there and learn from what has been published.New York Times (Jan 4, 2011)
colloquial

characteristic of informal spoken language or conversation

Perhaps not elegant classical Latin, but good, everyday, useful, colloquial stuff.”Fenn, George Manville
collusion

secret agreement

Then, unless there were collusion on the part of the sentries, he must have slipped through some window, said Davies to himself.Cox, C. B.
colossal

so great in size or force or extent as to elicit awe

In the galleries are colossal figures of dragons, gods, goddesses, and heroes, groups being often carved out of one gigantic monolith.Child-Villiers, Margaret Elizabeth Leigh
commence

set in motion, cause to start

Reaching this just at evening, he encamped there all night, and the next morning commenced crossing.Headley, Joel Tyler
commiserate

feel or express sympathy or compassion

We had spent countless hours together drinking wine and commiserating about child-rearing, long Wisconsin winters and interrupted sleep.New York Times (Mar 24, 2011)
commodious

large and roomy

When done their building was quite commodious, being twenty-two feet by fourteen.Mudge, Zachariah Atwell
compelling

driving or forcing

The South African site has some compelling advantages: construction costs are lower, and it sits at a higher altitude.Scientific American (Mar 12, 2012)
compensation

something given or received as payment or reparation

The Home Office is understood to have paid more than £1m in compensation to 40 children wrongly held in adult detention centres while seeking asylum.
complacent

contented to a fault with oneself or one’s actions

He added: “Like being a pioneer in anything, I suppose, you get complacent…We’re waking up to the fact that we are lagging behind.”
compliant

disposed to act in accordance with someone’s wishes

Romar said the freshmen are “such a compliant group” and “willing learner” more than any other incoming class he’s had at Washington.Seattle Times (Oct 19, 2011)
composure

steadiness of mind under stress

His heart was beating furiously under his waistcoat, but, taken aback as he was, he maintained outward composure.Weyman, Stanley J.
compulsory

required by rule

While military service is compulsory on all Mohammedans over eighteen years of age, there are some exemptions, and substitution is allowed.Alden, John B.
concede

admit or acknowledge, often reluctantly

He spent months defending his televised “Decision,” before finally conceding that it might not have been the greatest idea.New York Times (Dec 31, 2011)
conceited

having an exaggerated sense of self-importance

What wonder, then, that he thought of them as conceited, vain, full of pride, without merit?Morris, Clara
concentric

having a common center

The inner bark consists of numerous concentric layers of fibers, which interlace in all directions, and thus present a great resemblance to lace.Saunders, William
conciliatory

making or willing to make concessions

Mr. Cox was conciliatory at other moments, but politely stood firm on the basics of the bureau’s economic model.New York Times (Apr 9, 2011)
concise

expressing much in few words

For some purposes, concise, exactly worded definitions are needed; for other purposes, more extended descriptions are required.Pag?, Victor Wilfred
conclave

a confidential or secret meeting

“The door is closed now, and we’re in secret conclave.”Fenn, George Manville
concord

a harmonious state of things and of their properties

“I take it, then, that we are working in unison,—at least, in concord?”Wells, Carolyn
concurrent

occurring or operating at the same time

St. Croix river being the boundary line between two states, the Wisconsin authorities claimed concurrent jurisdiction.Folsom, William Henry Carman
condone

excuse, overlook, or make allowances for

Many frown on the mixing of the sexes, refusing to shake hands with women let alone condoning any sort of political activity by them.New York Times (Dec 3, 2011)
confine

place limits on

Work in synthetic biology is still confined to laboratories, but researchers see potential for advances in energy production, medicine and other fields.Washington Post (Mar 14, 2012)
conflagration

a very intense and uncontrolled fire

We view Europe as covering at present a smothered fire, which may shortly burst forth and produce general conflagration.Chinard, Gilbert
conflate

mix together different elements

Cain said his rivals were wrongly attempting to conflate his plan with existing state sales taxes, saying it was like comparing apples and oranges.
confluence

a place where things merge or flow together

Memphis is situated at the confluence of the Mississippi and Ohio rivers.Kennard, Nina H.
conformity

correspondence in form, type, or appearance

Heretics were frightened into conformity or punished; some were driven out of the country, a few were burned to death.Sedgwick, Henry Dwight
confound

mistake one thing for another

He is apt to denominate, however, his whole gain, profit, and thus confounds rent with profit, at least in common language.Garnier, Germain
conglomerate

a group of diverse companies under common ownership

During his time in office, the conglomerates have added more subsidiaries and expanded into sectors usually occupied by smaller companies, like food and retail.New York Times (Feb 6, 2012)
conjecture

a hypothesis that has been formed by speculating

He guessed how Elbel was occupied, and his conjecture was confirmed by Samba, who at once resumed his scouting work.Strang, Herbert
connotation

an idea that is implied or suggested

“Expand” is a word with potentially positive connotations, but also virtually an infinite number of negative connotations, including violence and aggression.New York Times (Aug 9, 2010)
consensus

agreement in the judgment reached by a group as a whole

Mr. Farmer had originally hoped to form a consensus, but later announced that he was prepared to cast the tie-breaking vote.New York Times (Dec 24, 2011)
conserve

use cautiously and frugally

But by not making body parts they don’t need, parasites conserve energy, which they can invest in other efforts like reproduction.Scientific American (Jan 16, 2012)
consolation

the act of giving relief in affliction

Words of consolation are but empty sounds, for to time alone it belongs to wear out the tears of affliction.Marshall, Florence A. Thomas
consolidate

bring together into a single whole or system

The Chinese government is now trying to consolidate dozens of small rare earth mining companies into three state-owned giants.New York Times (Mar 9, 2012)
conspicuous

obvious to the eye or mind

Their clothes are never conspicuous; they detract rather than attract attention.Bok, Edward W.
consternation

sudden shock or dismay that causes confusion

He lifted himself up on his right elbow; to his horror and consternation, there were two or three spots of blood upon the white sheet.Jones, P.
consummate

having or revealing supreme mastery or skill

Recipes are all thoroughly tested in consummate Cook’s Illustrated style, which means you won’t be wasting time with any duds.Seattle Times (Dec 18, 2010)
contaminate

make impure

Some wells and springs are still contaminated with uranium and other toxic heavy metals, a legacy of 40 years of mining.New York Times (Apr 6, 2012)
contemplate

consider as a possibility

He had never liked him in the old days, but he was far too good-natured to contemplate any serious bloodshed.Heyer, Georgette
contemporaneous

occurring in the same period of time

In all cases, these materials have been introduced into the cave at some period subsequent to, or contemporaneous with, the formation of the cave.Nicholson, Henry Alleyne
contrite

feeling or expressing pain or sorrow for sins or offenses

At his death he was very contrite for the sins that he had committed against God before and after his baptism.Robertson, James Alexander
contrived

showing effects of planning or manipulation

Here, team spirit feels neither corny nor contrived.New York Times (Nov 5, 2011)
controversial

marked by or capable of arousing disagreement

Both are taking staunchly conservative positions on controversial science issues: they are against regulating carbon emissions and oppose embryonic stem-cell research.
conundrum

a difficult problem

This could solve a conundrum for beekeepers – how to tackle the mites without damaging the bees they live so intimately with.BBC (Dec 22, 2010)
converse

carry on a discussion

They conversed in French, but the snake made no movement.Various
convivial

occupied with or fond of the pleasures of good company

Large family groups and neighborhood regulars fill the dining room and the long, convivial bar.New York Times (Jul 25, 2010)
copious

large in number or quantity

During hot dry summers especially, copious waterings should be given.Weathers, John
cordial

politely warm and friendly

My personal relations with Mr. Taft had of course always been most cordial and agreeable.Straus, Oscar S.
correlation

a statistical relation between two or more variables

The analysis did not prove that sleeping pills cause death, critics noted, only that there may be a correlation between the two.New York Times (Mar 12, 2012)
corroborate

support with evidence or authority or make more certain

Such resemblances can prove little or nothing unless they are corroborated by evidence based on historical grounds.Nicholson, Reynold
countenance

the appearance conveyed by a person’s face

On looking on the countenance of Mr. Barry at this moment, Mrs. Palmer was surprised to see it deadly pale.Cobbold, Richard
coup

a sudden and decisive change of government by force

Ex-president Mohamed Nasheed says he has been forced out in a coup.
covert

secret or hidden

Covert channels are used to transfer sensitive information outside of the enterprise without being detected by gateway security solutions.Forbes (Dec 23, 2011)
coveted

greatly desired

Among other things of Chinese provenance earnestly coveted by us, perhaps the most desired were books.Hara, Katsuro
cower

show submission or fear

And there, in one corner, frightened, with guilt writ plain all over her, cowered Lady.Terhune, Albert Payson
craven

lacking even the rudiments of courage; abjectly fearful

Was it for them to follow the craven footsteps of a cowardly generation?Robinson, Victor
credence

the mental attitude that something is believable

“I am surprised that plaintiffs’ hyperbolic allegations and inflated damage claims are given any credence,” said the bank’s top lawyer, Gary Lynch.New York Times (Aug 26, 2011)
credible

appearing to merit belief or acceptance

So far, no credible studies have linked exposure to radio waves to cancer.Forbes (Nov 16, 2011)
crestfallen

brought low in spirit

Week after week, he roamed the streets of New York, looking for work, and every night returned to Hoboken, crestfallen and disappointed.Gilson, Charles
criterion

the ideal in terms of which something can be judged

Each has promised to limit child-directed advertising of its least-healthy products, focusing instead on healthier options meeting nutritional criteria that each company established independently.
cryptic

having a secret or hidden meaning

“Lost” represented his most intricate, steadfastly cryptic mystery box, a drawn-out tease during which questions multiplied twice as fast as answers.New York Times (May 29, 2011)
culminate

end, especially to reach a final or climactic stage

Following Nevada, there are five nomination contests in February, including caucuses in Maine that started this weekend and will culminate later next week.
culpable

deserving blame or censure as being wrong or injurious

May even the culpable be pardoned; they are punished sufficiently by remorse.Garibaldi, Giuseppe
cultivate

prepare for crops

A farmer living in rural Ethiopia, for example, will often cultivate all of the food his family needs, selling only if there is a surplus.Scientific American (Apr 6, 2012)
cultivated

marked by refinement in taste and manners

Dorothy admired Mrs. Faulkner’s lovely gracious disposition, and her clever cultivated mind.Wells, Carolyn
cumbersome

difficult to handle or use because of size or weight

Shabby infrastructure, cumbersome bureaucracy, a meandering tax regime and a nascent local supplier base are holding back industrial growth and more foreign investment.
cumulative

increasing by successive addition

The unemployment rate has declined for four straight months, falling a cumulative 0.6 percentage point.
cursory

hasty and without attention to detail; not thorough

He also said department examinations were often cursory, even though widely accepted protocols recommend detailed testing.New York Times (Jul 13, 2010)
curtail

terminate or abbreviate before its intended or proper end

Deep-rooted corruption was curtailing justice in Pakistan, he added.New York Times (Jan 23, 2012)
cyclical

recurring in a repeated sequence of events

“These things are cyclical, there are some years that are happier than others,” he said.New York Times (May 15, 2011)
cynical

believing the worst of human nature and motives

He tried not to become jaded or cynical, he said, and retained hope that people who had made mistakes could turn their lives around.New York Times (Oct 7, 2011)

بازی یادگیری زبان انگلیسی