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A BIG List of Suffixes and Their Meanings

Suffixes A suffix is a letter or a group of letters that is usually attached to the end of a word to form a new word, as well as alter the way it functions grammatically. Depending on whether it is a noun, verb, adjective or adverb, a different suffix would be required. For example, the verb read can be altered to become the noun reader by adding the suffix ­-er. The same verb can also be turned into the adjective readable by adding the suffix –able. It is just as important to understand the definitions of suffixes as prefixes, because they too help us to deduce the meanings of any new words that we learn. I have listed some of the most common suffixes below: -able able to be excitable, portable, preventable -ac pertaining to cardiac, hemophiliac, maniac -acity (-ocity) quality of perspicacity, sagacity, velocity -ade  act, action or process, product blockade, cavalcade, promenade, -age action or process passage, pilgrimage, voyage -aholic (-oholic) one with an obsession for workaholic, shopaholic, alcoholic -al relating to bacterial, theatrical, natural -algia pain neuralgia, nostalgia, -an (-ian) relating to, belonging to Italian, urban, African -ance state or quality of brilliance, defiance, annoyance -ant a person who applicant, immigrant, servant -ant inclined…

Words that end in en

plainclothesmana detective who wears civilian clothes on duty coastguardsmana member of a coastguard newspaperwomana journalist employed to provide news stories for newspapers or broadcast media committeewomana woman who is a member of a committee acetaminophenan analgesic for mild pain but not for inflammation underclassmanan undergraduate who is not yet a senior businesswomana female businessperson congresswomana member of the United States House of Representatives grandchilda child of your son or daughter brainchilda product of your creative thinking and work kindergartena preschool for children to prepare them for primary school delicatessena shop selling ready-to-eat food products hallucinogena psychoactive drug that induces hallucinations or altered sensory experiences churchwardenan officer in the Episcopal church who helps a parish priest with secular matters agglutinogenany substance that acts as an antigen to cause agglutinin production spiegeleisenpig iron containing manganese artillerymana serviceman in the artillery frontiersmana man who lives on the frontier backwoodsmana man who lives on the frontier newspapermana journalist employed to provide news stories for newspapers or broadcast media countrywomana woman from your own country stepchilda child of your spouse by a former marriage ghostwritewrite for someone else underwriteprotect by insurance committeemana man who is a member of committee longshoremana laborer who loads and unloads…

Words that end in emia

-emia or -hemia also -aemia or -haemia suffix Blood: leukemia. Origin of -emia New Latin from Greek -aimiā from haima blood hyperlipidemiapresence of excess lipids in the blood hyperglycemiaabnormally high blood sugar usually associated with diabetes hypercalcemiathe presence of abnormally high levels of calcium in the blood; usually the result of excessive bone resorption in hyperparathyroidism or Paget's disease hypoglycemiaabnormally low blood sugar usually resulting from excessive insulin or a poor diet hypocalcemiaabnormally low level of calcium in the blood polycythemiaa disorder characterized by an abnormal increase in the number of red blood cells in the blood hyperlipemiapresence of excess lipids in the blood galactosemiaa genetic disease (autosomal recessive) in which an enzyme needed to metabolize galactose is deficient or absent; typically develops shortly after birth thalassaemiaan inherited form of anemia caused by faulty synthesis of hemoglobin hypokalemiaabnormally low level of potassium in the circulating blood leading to weakness and heart abnormalities; associated with adrenal tumors or starvation or taking diuretics thalassemiaan inherited form of anemia caused by faulty synthesis of hemoglobin bacteremiatransient presence of bacteria in the blood septicemiainvasion of the bloodstream by virulent microorganisms from a focus of infection leukaemiamalignant neoplasm of blood-forming tissues tularemiaa highly infectious disease of rodents (especially rabbits and squirrels) and sometimes transmitted to humans by…

Words that end in eer

-eer suffix One associated with, concerned with, or engaged in: balladeer. Origin of -eer French -ier from Old French from Latin -ārius -ary conventionthe act of meeting formally mountaineersomeone who climbs mountains pamphleta small book usually having a paper cover electionvote to select the winner of a position or political office auctioneeran agent who conducts a public sale to the highest bidder commandeertake arbitrarily or by force chariota two-wheeled, horse-drawn vehicle scrutinythe act of examining something closely, as for mistakes carabineera soldier who is armed with a carbine volunteera person who performs work done by choice racketeersomeone who commits crimes for profit buccaneersomeone who robs at sea or plunders the land from the sea puppeteerone who operates dolls or marionettes privateera privately owned warship commissioned to prey on the commercial shipping or warships of an enemy nation gazettea newspaper or official journal ballada narrative poem of popular origin profitthe advantageous quality of being beneficial musketa muzzle-loading shoulder gun with a long barrel cannona large artillery gun that is usually on wheels sonneta verse form of 14 lines with a fixed rhyme scheme bandoleera broad cartridge belt worn over the shoulder by soldiers gadgeta device or control that is very useful for a particular job junketdessert made of sweetened…

Words that end in ee

-ee suffix a. One that receives or benefits from a specified action: addressee. b. One that possesses a specified thing: mortgagee. One that performs a specified action: absentee. Origin of -ee Middle English from Old French -e, -ee past participle suff. from Latin -ātus ; see -ateUsage Note: The suffix -ee has its origins in the French passive participle ending -é (feminine -ée ). It was first used in English to refer to indirect objects and then to direct objects of transitive verbs, particularly in legal contexts (as in donee, lessee, or trustee) and in military and political jargon ( draftee, trainee, or nominee ). Typically the action of the verb happens to the person being described by the noun—a draftee is a person who is drafted, not a person who drafts other people. Beginning around the mid-19th century, primarily in American English, the -ee suffix was extended to denote the subject of an intransitive verb, as in standee (“a person who stands”) and returnee (“a person who returns”). The coining of new words ending in -ee continues to be common. A number of these coinages, such as honoree, deportee, and escapee, have become widely accepted. But many others are created on an ad-hoc basis and tend to have a comic effect. Thus, a firee is one who is fired from a job, a jokee is one who is the subject of a joke, and a roastee is one who is ridiculed at a roast. On…

Words that end in ed

-ed suffix Used to form the past tense of regular verbs: tasted. Origin of -ed Middle English -ede from Old English -ade, -ede, -ode -ed suffix Used to form the past participle of regular verbs: absorbed. Origin of -ed Middle English from Old English -ad, -ed, -od -ed suffix Having; characterized by; resembling: redheaded; strong-minded. Origin of -ed Middle English -ede, -de from Old English -ed, -od underprivilegedlacking the advantages of other members of society unsubstantiatedunsupported by other evidence sophisticatedhaving worldly knowledge and refinement polyunsaturatedhaving many unsaturated bonds distinguishedstanding above others in character or attainment monounsaturatedsaturated except for one multiple bond unreconstructedadhering to an attitude or position widely held to be outmoded counterweighta weight that balances another weight overcompensatemake up for shortcomings or a feeling of inferiority by exaggerating good qualities interpenetratepenetrate mutually or be interlocked photosensitizemake (an organism or substance) sensitive to the influence of radiant energy and especially light hypersensitizedhaving an allergy or peculiar or excessive susceptibility overspecializebecome overly specialized territorializeorganize as a territory overgeneralizedraw too general a conclusion overcapitalizecapitalize beyond what the business or the profit-making prospects warrant sentimentalizeact in a sentimental way or indulge in sentimental thoughts or expression circumnavigatetravel completely around something hyperventilatebreathe excessively hard and fast misappropriatedtaken for your own use in violation of a trust discombobulatedhaving self-possession…

Words that end in ectomy

-ectomy suffix Surgical removal: tonsillectomy. Origin of -ectomy New Latin -ectomia Greek ek- out ; see ecto- . -tomiā -tomy cholecystectomysurgical removal of the gall bladder endarterectomysurgical removal of the inner lining of an artery that is clogged with atherosclerosis clitoridectomyexcision of the clitoris pancreatectomysurgical removal of part or all of the pancreas hypophysectomysurgical removal of the pituitary gland appendicectomysurgical removal of the vermiform appendix tonsillectomysurgical removal of the palatine tonsils prostatectomysurgical removal of part or all of the prostate gland mastoidectomysurgical removal of some or all of the mastoid process thyroidectomysurgical removal of the thyroid gland adrenalectomysurgical removal of one or both adrenal glands pneumonectomysurgical removal of a lung (usually to treat lung cancer) sympathectomysurgical interruption of a nerve pathway in the sympathetic nervous system hysterectomysurgical removal of the uterus appendectomysurgical removal of the vermiform appendix laryngectomysurgical removal of part or all of the larynx oophorectomysurgical removal of one of both ovaries stapedectomysurgical removal of the stapes of the middle ear gastrectomysurgical removal of all or part of the stomach splenectomysurgical removal of the spleen nephrectomysurgical removal of a kidney embolectomysurgical removal of an embolus (usually from an artery) ovariectomysurgical removal of one of both ovaries mastectomysurgical removal of a breast to remove a malignant tumor lumpectomysurgical removal of…

Words that end in dom

-dom suffix State; condition: stardom. a. Domain; position; rank: dukedom. b. Those that collectively have a specified position, office, or character: officialdom. Origin of -dom Middle English from Old English -dōm ; see dhē- in Indo-European roots. officialdompeople elected or appointed to administer a government subkingdoma taxonomic group comprising a major division of a kingdom martyrdomdeath because of a person's adherence of a faith or cause princedomthe dignity or rank or position of a prince sheikhdomthe domain ruled by a sheik thralldomthe state of being under the control of another person nonrandomnot random whoredomoffering sexual intercourse for pay sheikdomthe domain ruled by a sheik thraldomthe state of being under the control of another person kingdomthe domain ruled by a monarch freedomthe condition of being free boredomthe feeling of being tired of something tedious stardomthe status of being acknowledged as a star fiefdomthe domain controlled by a feudal lord earldomthe dignity or rank or position of an earl or countess filmdomthe personnel of the film industry dukedomthe dignity or rank or position of a duke serfdomthe state of a serf randomlacking any definite plan or order or purpose wisdomaccumulated knowledge or erudition or enlightenment seldomnot often condomcontraceptive device consisting of a sheath of thin rubber or latex that is worn over the…

Words that end in cycle

cycle Suffix circle, wheel Origin of  cycleFrom Ancient Greek κύκλος (kuklos, “circle”). The definition of a cycle is a period of time or complete set of events that repeat. An example of a cycle is the earth's rotation around the sun. motorcycle a motor vehicle with two wheels and a strong frame exercycle an exercise device resembling a stationary bike hemicycle a plane figure with the shape of half a circle megacycle one million periods per second gigacycle 1,000,000,000 periods per second kilocycle one thousand periods per second monocycle a vehicle with a single wheel that is driven by pedals tricycle a vehicle with three wheels that is moved by foot pedals unicycle a vehicle with a single wheel that is driven by pedals epicycle a circle that rolls around another circle bicycle a vehicle that has two wheels and is moved by foot pedals recycle use again after processing cycle a periodically repeated sequence of events

Words that end in cy

-cy suffix State; condition; quality: bankruptcy. Rank; office: baronetcy. Origin of -cy Middle English -cie from Old French -cie, -tie from Latin -cia, -tia Greek -kiā, -keia, -tiā, -teia mutually reliant inconsistencythe quality of lacking a harmonious uniformity among parts insufficientof a quantity not able to fulfill a need or requirement indeterminacythe quality of being vague and poorly defined intermittentstopping and starting at irregular intervals transcendentexceeding or surpassing usual limits recalcitrantstubbornly resistant to authority or control constituencythe body of voters who elect a representative for their area transparencythe quality of being clear inefficientnot producing desired results; wasteful illegitimacyunlawfulness by virtue of not being authorized by or in accordance with law incompetentnot qualified or suited for a purpose independentfree from external control and constraint belligerentcharacteristic of an enemy or one eager to fight gerontocracya political system governed by old people incontinentnot having control over urination and defecation extravagantrecklessly wasteful preoccupiedhaving excessive or compulsive concern with something precipitantdone with very great haste and without due deliberation inadvertenthappening by chance or unexpectedly or unintentionally impermanentnot lasting inexpediencythe quality of being unsuited to the end in view translucentallowing light to pass through diffusely resplendenthaving great beauty consistencya harmonious uniformity or agreement among things or parts consultancythe practice of giving expert advice within a field bureaucracya…

Words that end in cule

-cule suffix The definition of cule is small. An example of the suffix cule is molecule.   any very large complex molecule crepusculethe time of day immediately following sunset animalculemicroscopic organism such as an amoeba or paramecium minusculevery small minisculevery small graticulea network of fine lines, dots, cross hairs, or wires in the focal plane of the eyepiece of an optical instrument fasciculean installment of a printed work majusculeone of the large alphabetic characters used as the first letter in writing or printing proper names and sometimes for emphasis moleculethe simplest structural unit of an element or compound ridiculelanguage or behavior intended to mock or humiliate reticulea network of lines in the eyepiece of an optical instrument flocculea small loosely aggregated mass of flocculent material suspended in or precipitated from a liquid basculea structure or device in which one end is counterbalanced by the other (on the principle of the seesaw) sacculea small sac or pouch spiculesmall pointed structure serving as a skeletal element in various marine and freshwater invertebrates e.g. sponges and corals maculea patch of skin that is discolored but not usually elevated loculea small cavity or space within an organ or in a plant or animal

Words that end in crat

-crat suffix Use -crat in a sentence The definition of crat is a supporter of a specific type of government. An example of crat used as a suffix is in the word democrat which means a member of the Democratic political party or someone who believes in equality and majority rule.   a member of the nobility bureaucrata nonelective government official technocratan advocate of technocracy plutocratsomeone who exercises power by virtue of wealth democratan advocate of rule by and for the people autocrata cruel and oppressive dictator

Words that end in cracy

-cracy suffix Government; rule: meritocracy. Origin of -cracy French -cratie from Old French from Late Latin -cratia from Greek -kratiā from kratos strength, power ; see kar- in Indo-European roots. a political system governed by old people bureaucracya government administered primarily by nonelective officials aristocracya privileged class holding hereditary titles meritocracya social system in which power goes to superior intellects technocracya form of government in which scientists and technical experts are in control stratocracygovernment by the military and an army gynecocracya political system governed by a woman plutocracya political system governed by the wealthy people ochlocracya political system in which a mob is the source of control democracythe orientation of those who favor government by the people autocracya theory favoring unlimited authority by an individual theocracya political unit governed by a deity mobocracya political system in which a mob is the source of control monocracya form of government in which the ruler is an absolute dictator (not restricted by a constitution or laws or opposition etc.)

Words that end in cide

-cide suffix The definition of cide is a killer or a killing. An example of cide used as a suffix is fungicide, which is a substance that kills fungus or spores.   a chemical used to kill bugs infanticidemurdering an infant bactericideany drug that destroys bacteria or inhibits their growth tyrannicidekilling a tyrant fratricidethe murder of your sibling spermicidea contraceptive agent that kills spermatozoa pesticidea chemical used to kill destructive insects or animals herbicidea chemical agent that destroys plants or inhibits their growth fungicideany agent that destroys or prevents the growth of fungi parricidethe murder of your own father or mother larvicidea chemical used to kill larval pests matricidethe murder of one's own mother germicidean agent (as heat or radiation or a chemical) that destroys microorganisms that might carry disease patricidethe murder of your father acaricidea chemical agent used to kill mites uxoricidethe murder of a wife by her husband vermicidean agent that kills worms coincidehappen simultaneously homicidethe killing of a human being by another human being genocidesystematic killing of a racial or cultural group silicideany of various compounds of silicon with a more electropositive element or radical regicidethe act of killing a king virucidean agent that inactivates or destroys…

Words that end in ative

-ative suffix The definition of ative is relating to or serving to. An example of ative used as a suffix is in the word informative, which means relating to give information   not inclined to talk or give information or express opinions demonstrativea pronoun that points out an intended referent electronegativehaving a negative charge incommunicativenot inclined to talk or give information or express opinions prognosticativeof or relating to prediction neoconservativea conservative who subscribes to neoconservatism representativeserving to typify interpretativeproviding explanation multiplicativetending or having the power to multiply or increase in number or quantity or degree discriminativecapable of making fine distinctions appreciativehaving or showing a favorable critical judgment or opinion substantiativeserving to support or corroborate disintegrativetending to cause breakup into constituent elements or parts rehabilitativehelping to restore to good condition administrativeresponsible for managing the affairs of a group of people authoritativeof recognized power or excellence investigativedesigned to find information or ascertain facts commemorativeintended to honor the memory of someone or something communicativeable or tending to transmit a message contemplativedeeply or seriously thoughtful postoperativehappening or done after a surgical operation argumentativegiven to or characterized by a tendency to dispute cooperativeinvolving the joint activity of two or more imaginativemarked by independence and creativity…

Words that end in ation

-ation suffix a. Action or process: strangulation. b. The result of an action or process: acculturation. State, condition, or quality of: eburnation. Origin of -ation Middle English -acioun from Old French -ation from Latin -ātiō -ātiōn- n. suff. -ā- stem vowel of verbs in -āre-tiō -tiōn- abstract n. suff a discrimination between things as distinct instrumentationthe act of providing or using the instruments needed for some implementation experimentationthe testing of an idea rationalizationthe process of making something consistent with reason indemnificationcompensation for loss or damage or for trouble and annoyance hospitalizationplacing in medical care in a hospital discontinuationthe act of discontinuing or breaking off; an interruption personificationattributing human characteristics to abstract ideas desertificationa gradual transformation into arid, uninhabitable land excommunicationcutting a person off from a religious society transfigurationa striking change in appearance or character vascularizationthe organic process whereby body tissue becomes vascular and develops capillaries exemplificationshowing by example acclimatizationadaptation to a new climate complementation(linguistics) a distribution of related speech sounds or forms in such a way that they only appear in different contexts decarboxylationthe process of removing a carboxyl group from a chemical compound (usually replacing it with hydrogen) indeterminationthe quality of being vague and poorly defined redeterminationdetermining again decontaminationthe removal of contaminants procrastinationputting off or delaying an action to a later time insubordinationdefiance of authority underestimationan estimation that…

Words that end in ate

-ate Use -ate in a sentence suffix The definition of ate as a suffix is to indicate the salt of an acid, or is used to show offices, functions, institutions or leaders. An example of ate used to form the name of an acid's salt is in the word nitrate. An example of ate used as a suffix is in the word "senate," which means the collection of senators.   used of competition between colleges or universities organophosphatean insecticide that interferes with an insect's nervous system methylphenidatecentral nervous system stimulant (trade name Ritalin) used in the treatment of narcolepsy in adults and attention deficit disorder in children antepenultimatethird from last circumstantiategive circumstantial evidence for dedifferentiatelose specialization in form or function compassionateshowing or having sympathy for another's suffering indiscriminatefailing to make or recognize distinctions circumnavigatetravel completely around something misappropriatetake possession of fraudulently for one's own use overcompensatemake up for shortcomings or a feeling of inferiority by exaggerating good qualities incommensuratenot corresponding in size or degree or extent hyperventilatebreathe excessively hard and fast dinoflagellatechiefly marine protozoa having two flagella interpenetratepenetrate mutually or be interlocked contraindicatesuggest that something (e.g., a treatment) is inadvisable discombobulatecause to be confused emotionally dimenhydrinateantihistamine and antiemetic used to treat motion…

Words that end in ary

-ary suffix Of or relating to: bacillary. One that relates to or is connected with: boundary. Origin of -ary Middle English -arie from Old French from Latin -ārius adj. and n. suff of or pertaining to or affecting both the heart and the lungs and their functions plenipotentiary a diplomat with full powers to take action or make decisions complimentary expressing praise and admiration unparliamentary so rude and abusive as to be unsuitable for parliament quatercentenary the 400th anniversary (or the celebration of it) interplanetary between or among planets undersecretary a secretary immediately subordinate to the head of a department of government stagflationary characteristic of or promoting stagflation consuetudinary a manual describing the customs of a particular group extraordinary highly unusual or exceptional or remarkable revolutionary markedly new or introducing radical change complementary acting as a part that completes another part discretionary having the ability to act according to your own judgment geostationary of or having a geosynchronous orbit such that the position in such an orbit is fixed with respect to the earth confectionary a confectioner's shop genitourinary of or related to the genital and urinary organs or their functions supernumerary more than is needed, desired, or required quincentenary the 500th anniversary (or the celebration of it) integumentary…

Words that end in orium

-orium suffix A place or device containing or associated with: planetarium. Origin of -orium Latin neuter of -ārius -ary   radioactive isotope of thorium with mass number 228 archesporiumprimitive cell or group of cells from which a mother cell develops crematoriuma furnace where a corpse can be burned and reduced to ashes scriptoriuma room in a monastery that is set aside for writing or copying manuscripts ostensorium(Roman Catholic Church) a vessel (usually of gold or silver) in which the consecrated Host is exposed for adoration auditoriumthe area of a theater or hall where the audience sits moratoriumsuspension of an ongoing activity sanatoriuma hospital for recuperation or for the treatment of chronic diseases natatoriumpool that provides a facility for swimming sudatoriuma bathhouse for hot air baths or steam baths haustoriuma root-like attachment in parasitic plants that penetrates and obtains food from the host sensoriumthe areas of the brain that process and register incoming sensory information and make possible the conscious awareness of the world tentorium(anatomy) a fold of dura mater that covers the cerebellum and supports the occipital lobes of the cerebrum emporiuma large retail store offering a variety of merchandise thoriuma soft silvery-white tetravalent radioactive metallic element; isotope 232 is used as a power…

Words that end in arium

-arium suffix A place or device containing or associated with: planetarium. Origin of -arium Latin neuter of -ārius -ary planetarium an apparatus or model for representing the solar systems columbarium a sepulchral vault or other structure having recesses in the walls to receive cinerary urns honorarium a fee paid for a nominally free service sanitarium a hospital for recuperation or for treating chronic diseases cinerarium a niche for a funeral urn containing the ashes of the cremated dead herbarium a collection of dried plants that are mounted and classified terrarium transparent container in which plants and animals are kept aquarium a tank or pool filled with water for keeping live fish solarium a room enclosed largely with glass to allow sunlight in vivarium an indoor enclosure for keeping and raising living animals and plants and observing them under natural conditions samarium a grey lustrous metallic element of the rare earth group barium a soft silvery metallic element of the alkali earth group