English Words Derived from Yiddish – 15 Words

schmaltz

(Yiddish) excessive sentimentality in art or music

The schmaltz and sentimentality that often clog this concerto were largely cleared away.
—New York Times Jan 10, 2013
pastrami

a highly seasoned cut of smoked beef

This is a nice, normal plate of fettuccine, except that it tastes exactly like a Katz’s pastrami on rye with mustard.
—New York Times Jul 9, 2013
pogrom

organized persecution of an ethnic group, especially Jews

The Jewish people faced persecution for millenniums: the 1190 massacre of the Jews at York, the pogroms of tsarist Russia, the Dreyfus affair of France.
—The Guardian Jul 20, 2014
dreck

merchandise that is shoddy or inferior

But it’s also true that interesting movies of all kinds still manage to fight through the dreck — to be produced, seen and appreciated.
—New York Times Mar 11, 2011
glitch

a fault or defect in a computer program, system, or machine

One big stumble came last month when a computer glitch sent invalid licenses to hundreds of those who thought they had navigated the difficult process.
—Los Angeles Times Oct 17, 2014
mensch

a decent responsible person with admirable characteristics

Mencken described a mensch this way: “an upright, honorable, decent person” and “someone of consequence.”
—Time Aug 13, 2014
shtick

(Yiddish) a prank or piece of clowning

They’ve all been encouraged to show off their goofiest shtick like so many peacocks spreading their tails for public admiration.
—New York Times Sep 28, 2014
schlock

merchandise that is shoddy or inferior

The movie is exploitative schlock; both its stars — particularly Meester, who has something, although she herself has perhaps not yet figured out what — deserve better.
—Time Feb 7, 2011
kvetch

express complaints, discontent, displeasure, or unhappiness

Twitter has long been the kvetching board of the Internet, with users constantly complaining about everything from geopolitics to One Direction fans.
—Time Sep 3, 2013
schlep

pull along heavily, like a heavy load against a resistance

Then he had to stand in line, waiting for up to a further three hours to be seen, before finally making another two-hour schlep home.
—The Guardian Oct 27, 2014
zaftig

(of a female body) healthily plump and vigorous

We’ve learned enough not to call the fat lady “fat” in her own hearing, but when she’s merely zaftig, it seems, she’s fair game.
—Washington Post June 5, 2014
glitz

tasteless showiness

People think “Cosmos” and picture glitz, glamour, and grandiose.
—The Guardian Oct 21, 2014
nebbish

(Yiddish) a timid unfortunate simpleton

Kerry himself was labeled “ nebbish,” a Yiddish word for a timid, ineffectual individual.
—US News Jul 29, 2014
schmooze

talk idly or casually and in a friendly way

Instead of buying ads based on fancy presentations and schmoozing from ad executives, brands are increasingly buying ads based on automated data.
—Forbes Oct 9, 2014
schlemiel

(Yiddish) a dolt who is a habitual bungler

Now they were fascinated with the idea that comedians were what they called “ schlemiel children,” kids who’d become class clowns because of stressful home lives.
—Slate Apr 2, 2014

بازی یادگیری زبان انگلیسی