Body Parts: Neuron – 13 Words


a cell that is specialized to conduct nerve impulses

Hawking was diagnosed with a motor neuron disease when he was 21 and has been confined to a wheelchair for decades.Time (Jun 5, 2015)

of or relating to the nervous system

A couple of months ago, it was a color-changing dress that blew out the neural circuits of the Internet.New York Times (Apr 14, 2015)

acute spasmodic pain along the course of one or more nerves

One draught of deep, hearty laughter has been known to effect an immediate cure of such nervous disorders, especially neuralgia, hysteria, and insomnia.Conwell, Russell Herman

inflammation of a nerve accompanied by pain and sometimes loss of function

In a certain number of cases traumatic neuritis has resulted in serious disability of the limb.Miles, Alexander

a mental illness that makes you behave in an unusual way

Ouija boards and black cats are way down the list of neuroses I suffer from.How I Live Now

affected with emotional disorder

It assessed the Nazi leader to be a neurotic psychopath, and correctly predicted he would never capitulate, choosing instead to commit suicide.Forbes (Feb 6, 2015)

nervous breakdown (not in technical use)

They easily become victims of insomnia, neurasthenia, hypochondria, neuroticism, hysteria, or insanity.Talbot, Eugene S.

(neurology) the branch of medicine that deals with the nervous system and its disorders

But they don’t help enhance cognition in everyone and might worsen it in some, according to the American Academy of Neurology.Washington Post (Jun 1, 2015)

the branch of biology that deals with the anatomy and physiology and pathology of the nervous system

Our experience of loving touch is also deeply influenced by neurobiology.Slate (Feb 12, 2015)

the anatomy of the nervous system

Conventional neuroanatomy approaches also paid off with the completion of BigBrain, the first fine-scale, three-dimensional atlas of a human brain.Nature (Dec 18, 2013)

a neurochemical that transmits nerve impulses across a synapse

For example, the gut microbiota influences the body’s level of the potent neurotransmitter serotonin, which regulates feelings of happiness.Scientific American (May 1, 2015)

any toxin that affects neural tissues

Our environment is full of neurotoxins that can interfere with the genes, proteins and small molecules that build and maintain our brains.The Guardian (Oct 12, 2014)

(of a virus, toxin, or chemical) tending to attack or affect the nervous system preferentially

In animal studies, exercise improved symptoms and increased the level of brain-derived neurotropic factor, a chemical that protects cells.Seattle Times (Oct 1, 2010)

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