gre customised – 500 Words

abase

cause to feel shame

abash

cause to be embarrassed

abate

become less in amount or intensity

abbreviate

shorten

abdicate

give up, such as power, as of monarchs and emperors

aberrant

markedly different from an accepted norm

aberration

a state or condition markedly different from the norm

abet

assist or encourage, usually in some wrongdoing

abeyance

temporary cessation or suspension

abhor

find repugnant

abide

dwell

abject

of the most contemptible kind

abjure

formally reject or disavow a formerly held belief

ablution

the act of washing oneself, as for ritual purposes

abnegation

the denial and rejection of a doctrine or belief

abode

any address at which you dwell more than temporarily

abolish

do away with

abominable

unequivocally detestable

abominate

find repugnant

aboriginal

having existed from the beginning

abortive

failing to accomplish an intended result

abrasive

causing irritation or erosion by friction

abridge

lessen, diminish, or curtail

abrogate

revoke formally

abscission

the act of cutting something off

abscond

run away, often taking something or somebody along

absolute

perfect or complete or pure

absolve

grant remission of a sin to

abstain

refrain from doing, consuming, or partaking in something

abstemious

marked by temperance in indulgence

abstinence

the trait of refraining from something, especially alcohol

abstract

existing only in the mind

abstruse

difficult to penetrate

abusive

characterized by physical or psychological maltreatment

abut

lie adjacent to another or share a boundary

abysmal

so deep as to be immeasurable

abyss

a bottomless gulf or pit

academic

associated with an educational institution

accede

yield to another’s wish or opinion

accelerate

move faster

accessible

capable of being reached

accessory

a supplementary component that improves capability

acclaim

enthusiastic approval

acclimate

get used to a certain environment

acclivity

an upward slope or grade, as in a road

accolade

a tangible symbol signifying approval or distinction

accommodate

have room for; hold without crowding

accomplice

a person who joins with another in carrying out some plan

accord

concurrence of opinion

accost

approach and speak to someone aggressively or insistently

accoutre

provide with military equipment

accretion

an increase by natural growth or addition

accrue

grow by addition

acerbity

a sharp bitterness

acetic

relating to a clear organic acid with a pungent odor

acidulous

being sour to the taste

acknowledge

declare to be true or admit the existence or reality of

acme

the highest point of something

acne

an inflammatory disease involving the sebaceous glands

acoustics

the study of the physical properties of sound

acquiesce

agree or express agreement

acquittal

a judgment of not guilty

acrid

strong and sharp, as a taste or smell

acrimonious

marked by strong resentment or cynicism

acrophobia

a morbid fear of great heights

actuarial

relating to statistics to calculate insurance premiums

actuary

someone versed in the interpretation of numerical data

actuate

put in motion

acuity

sharpness of vision

acumen

shrewdness shown by keen insight

acute

ending in a sharp point

adage

a condensed but memorable saying embodying an important fact

adamant

very hard native crystalline carbon valued as a gem

adapt

make fit for, or change to suit a new purpose

addendum

textual matter that is added onto a publication

addiction

being dependent on something habit-forming

addle

mix up or confuse

address

the place where a person or organization can be found

adept

having or showing knowledge and skill and aptitude

adhere

stick to firmly

adherent

someone who believes and helps to spread a doctrine

adjacent

having a common boundary or edge

adjoin

lie adjacent to another or share a boundary

adjourn

close at the end of a session

adjunct

something added to another thing but not essential to it

adjuration

a solemn and earnest appeal to someone to do something

adjutant

an officer who acts as an assistant to a more senior officer

admonish

scold or reprimand; take to task

adore

love intensely

adorn

make more attractive, as by adding ornament or color

adroit

quick or skillful or adept in action or thought

adulation

exaggerated flattery or praise

adulterate

make impure by adding a foreign or inferior substance

advent

arrival that has been awaited

adventitious

associated by chance and not an integral part

adversary

someone who offers opposition

adverse

in an opposing direction

adversity

a state of misfortune or affliction

advert

a public promotion of some product or service

advocacy

active support of an idea or cause

advocate

a person who pleads for a person, cause, or idea

aegis

armor plate that protects the chest

eyrie

the lofty nest of a bird of prey (such as a hawk or eagle)

eyry

the lofty nest of a bird of prey (such as a hawk or eagle)

aesthetic

characterized by an appreciation of beauty or good taste

affable

diffusing warmth and friendliness

affected

influenced

affidavit

written declaration made under oath

affiliation

the act of becoming formally connected or joined

affinity

a natural attraction or feeling of kinship

affirmation

the act of asserting or stating something

affliction

a cause of great suffering and distress

affluence

abundant wealth

affront

a deliberately offensive act

afterlife

life after death

agape

with the mouth wide open as in wonder or awe

agenda

a list of matters to be taken up, as at a meeting

agglomeration

the act of collecting in a mass

aggrandize

embellish; increase the scope, power, or importance of

aggregate

a sum total of many heterogeneous things taken together

aghast

struck with fear, dread, or consternation

agility

the gracefulness of a quick and nimble person or animal

agitate

move or cause to move back and forth

agnostic

a person who claims the existence of God is unknowable

agog

highly excited

agrarian

relating to rural matters

airy

open to or abounding in fresh atmosphere

alacrity

liveliness and eagerness

alchemy

a pseudoscientific forerunner of chemistry in medieval times

alcove

a small recess opening off a larger room

alias

a name that has been assumed temporarily

alienate

arouse hostility or indifference in

alimentary

of or providing nourishment

alimony

support paid by one spouse to another after separation

allay

lessen the intensity of or calm

allege

report or maintain

allegiance

the act of binding yourself to a course of action

allegory

a short moral story

alleviate

provide physical relief, as from pain

alliteration

use of the same consonant at the beginning of each word

allocate

distribute according to a plan or set apart for a purpose

alloy

a mixture containing two or more metallic elements

allude

make an indirect reference to

allure

the power to entice or attract

alluvial

relating to deposits carried by rushing streams

alms

money or goods contributed to the poor

aloft

at or on or to the masthead or upper rigging of a ship

aloof

remote in manner

altercation

a noisy quarrel

altruistic

showing unselfish concern for the welfare of others

amalgam

a combination or blend of diverse things

amalgamate

bring or combine together or with something else

amass

collect or gather

amazon

a large, strong, and aggressive woman

ambidextrous

equally skillful with each hand

ambience

the atmosphere of an environment

ambiguous

having more than one possible meaning

ambivalence

mixed feelings or emotions

amble

walk leisurely

ambrosia

the food and drink of the gods

ambulatory

able to walk about

ambush

concealing yourself and lying in wait to attack by surprise

ameliorate

make better

amenable

disposed or willing to comply

amend

make revisions to

amenities

things that make you comfortable and at ease

amiable

diffusing warmth and friendliness

amicable

characterized by friendship and good will

amiss

in an improper or mistaken or unfortunate manner

amity

a state of friendship and cordiality

amnesia

partial or total loss of memory

amnesty

a warrant granting release from punishment for an offense

moral

concerned with principles of right and wrong

amorous

inclined toward or displaying love

amorphous

having no definite form or distinct shape

amphibian

cold-blooded vertebrate living on land but breeding in water

amphitheater

an oval large stadium with tiers of seats

ample

more than enough in size or scope or capacity

amplify

increase the volume of

amputate

remove surgically

amulet

a trinket thought to be a magical protection against evil

anachronism

locating something at a time when it couldn’t have existed

analgesia

absence of the sense of pain without loss of consciousness

analgesic

capable of relieving pain

analogous

similar or equivalent in some respects

analogy

drawing a comparison in order to show a similarity

anarchist

an advocate of the abolition of governments

anarchy

a state of lawlessness and disorder

anathema

a formal ecclesiastical curse accompanied by excommunication

ancestry

the lineage of an individual

anchor

a mechanical device that prevents a vessel from moving

ancillary

furnishing added support

anecdote

short account of an incident

anemia

a deficiency of red blood cells

anesthetic

a drug that causes temporary loss of bodily sensations

anguish

extreme distress of body or mind

angular

having the shape of intersecting lines or planes

animadversion

harsh criticism or disapproval

animated

having life or vigor or spirit

animosity

a feeling of ill will arousing active hostility

animus

a feeling of ill will arousing active hostility

annals

a chronological account of events in successive years

anneal

bring to a desired consistency by heating and cooling

annex

attach to

annihilate

kill in large numbers

annotate

add explanatory notes to or supply with critical comments

annuity

income from capital investment paid regularly

annul

cancel officially

anodyne

capable of relieving pain

anoint

administer an oil or ointment to, often ceremonially

anomalous

deviating from the general or common order or type

anomaly

deviation from the normal or common order or form or rule

anonymity

the state of being unknown

antagonism

an actively expressed feeling of dislike and hostility

antecede

be earlier in time; go back further

antecedent

a preceding occurrence or cause or event

antediluvian

of or relating to the period before the biblical flood

anthem

a song of devotion or loyalty

anthology

a collection of selected literary passages

anthropoid

resembling human beings

anthropologist

a social scientist specializing in the study of humanity

anthropomorphic

suggesting human features for animals or inanimate things

anticlimax

a disappointing decline after a previous rise

antidote

a remedy that stops or controls the effects of a poison

antipathy

a feeling of intense dislike

antiquated

so extremely old as seeming to belong to an earlier period

antique

made in or typical of earlier times and valued for its age

antiquity

the historic period preceding the Middle Ages in Europe

antiseptic

thoroughly clean and free of disease-causing organisms

antithesis

exact opposite

antler

deciduous horn of a member of the deer family

anvil

a heavy block on which hot metals are shaped by hammering

apathy

an absence of emotion or enthusiasm

ape

any of various primates with short tails or no tail at all

aperture

a natural opening in something

apex

the highest point of something

aphasia

inability to use language because of a brain lesion

aphorism

a short pithy instructive saying

apiarist

a farmer who keeps bees for their honey

apiary

a shed containing a number of beehives

apiculture

the cultivation of bees for the production of honey

aplomb

great coolness and composure under strain

apocalyptic

of or relating to a catastrophe

apocryphal

being of questionable authenticity

apogee

the farthest point in an orbit around the Earth

apolitical

neutral with regards to government policy

apologist

a person who argues to defend some policy or institution

apoplexy

a loss of consciousness from the lack of oxygen in the brain

apostate

not faithful to religion or party or cause

apothecary

a health professional trained in the art of preparing drugs

apotheosis

model of excellence or perfection of a kind

appall

strike with disgust or revulsion

apparent

clearly revealed to the mind or the senses or judgment

apparition

a ghostly appearing figure

appease

make peace with

appellation

identifying words by which someone or something is called

append

fix to; attach

application

the action of putting something into operation

apposite

being of striking appropriateness and pertinence

appraise

consider in a comprehensive way

appreciate

be fully aware of; realize fully

apprehend

anticipate with dread or anxiety

apprehensive

in fear or dread of possible evil or harm

apprise

inform somebody of something

approbation

official acceptance or agreement

appropriate

suitable for a particular person, place, or situation

appurtenance

equipment consisting of miscellaneous articles

apropos

of a suitable, fitting, or pertinent nature

aptitude

inherent ability

aquiline

curved down like an eagle’s beak

arable

capable of being farmed productively

arbiter

someone chosen to judge and decide a disputed issue

arbitrary

based on or subject to individual discretion or preference

arbitrate

act between parties with a view to reconciling differences

arboreal

of or relating to or formed by trees

arboretum

a facility where trees and shrubs are cultivated

arcade

a structure composed of arches supported by columns

arcane

requiring secret or mysterious knowledge

arch

a curved masonry construction for spanning an opening

archaeology

the branch of anthropology that studies prehistoric people

archaic

so extremely old as seeming to belong to an earlier period

archetype

something that serves as a model

archipelago

a group of many islands in a large body of water

archives

collection of records especially about an institution

ardor

feelings of great warmth and intensity

arduous

characterized by effort to the point of exhaustion

argot

a characteristic language of a particular group

aria

an elaborate song for solo voice

arid

lacking sufficient water or rainfall

aristocracy

a privileged class holding hereditary titles

armada

a large fleet

aromatic

having a strong pleasant odor

arraign

accuse of a wrong or an inadequacy

array

an impressive display

arrears

the state of being behind in payments

arrhythmic

lacking a steady beat or accent

arrogance

overbearing pride evidenced by a superior manner

arroyo

a stream or brook

arsenal

all the weapons and equipment that a country has

artery

a blood vessel that carries blood from the heart to the body

artful

not straightforward or candid

articulate

express or state clearly

artifact

a man-made object

artifice

a deceptive maneuver, especially to avoid capture

artisan

a skilled worker who practices some trade or handicraft

artless

simple and natural; without cunning or deceit

ascendancy

the state when one person or group has power over another

ascertain

learn or discover with confidence

ascetic

someone who practices self denial as a spiritual discipline

ascribe

attribute or credit to

aseptic

free of pathological microorganisms

ashen

pale from illness or emotion

asinine

devoid of intelligence

askance

with suspicion or disapproval

askew

turned or twisted to one side

asperity

harshness of manner

aspersion

a disparaging remark

aspirant

an ambitious young person

aspire

have an ambitious plan or a lofty goal

assail

attack someone physically or emotionally

assay

a test of a substance to determine its components

assent

agree or express agreement

assert

declare or affirm solemnly and formally as true

assiduous

marked by care and persistent effort

assimilate

make alike

assuage

provide physical relief, as from pain

assumption

the act of taking something for granted

assurance

a binding commitment to do or give or refrain from something

asteroid

a small celestial body composed of rock and metal

astigmatism

impaired eyesight common in nearsighted people

astral

being or relating to or resembling or emanating from stars

astringent

tending to draw together or constrict soft organic tissue

astronomical

relating to the branch of physics studying celestial bodies

astute

marked by practical hardheaded intelligence

asunder

into parts or pieces

asylum

a shelter from danger or hardship

asymmetric

characterized by lack of balance in the arrangement of parts

atavism

a reappearance of an earlier characteristic

atheistic

related to a lack of belief in the existence of God

atone

turn away from sin or do penitence

atrocity

an act of shocking cruelty

atrophy

a decrease in size of an organ caused by disease or disuse

attentive

taking heed

attenuate

become weaker, in strength, value, or magnitude

attest

provide evidence for

attire

clothing of a distinctive style or for a particular occasion

attribute

a quality belonging to or characteristic of an entity

attrition

the act of rubbing together

atypical

not representative of a group, class, or type

audacious

disposed to venture or take risks

audit

examine carefully for accuracy

augment

enlarge or increase

augury

an event indicating important things to come

august

profoundly honored

aureole

the outermost region of the sun’s atmosphere

auroral

characteristic of the dawn

auspicious

auguring favorable circumstances and good luck

austere

of a stern or strict bearing or demeanor

authenticate

establish the undisputed credibility of something

authoritarian

characteristic of an absolute ruler or absolute rule

authoritative

of recognized power or excellence

autocratic

characteristic of an absolute ruler or absolute rule

automaton

a mechanism that can move independently of external control

autonomous

existing as an independent entity

autopsy

an examination and dissection of a dead body

auxiliary

furnishing added support

avalanche

a slide of large masses of snow, ice and mud down a mountain

avarice

reprehensible acquisitiveness; insatiable desire for wealth

avenge

take action in return for a perceived wrong

aver

declare or affirm solemnly and formally as true

averse

strongly opposed

aversion

a feeling of intense dislike

avert

turn away or aside

aviary

a building where birds are kept

avid

marked by active interest and enthusiasm

avocation

an auxiliary activity

avow

declare or affirm solemnly and formally as true

avuncular

being or relating to an uncle

awe

an overwhelming feeling of wonder or admiration

awful

exceptionally bad or displeasing

awl

a pointed tool for marking surfaces or for punching holes

awry

turned or twisted to one side

axiom

a proposition that is not susceptible of proof or disproof

azure

of a deep somewhat purplish blue color

babble

utter meaningless sounds

bacchanal

wild gathering involving excessive drinking and promiscuity

Bacchanalia

an orgiastic festival in ancient Greece in honor of Dionysus

bacchanalian

used of riotously drunken merrymaking

backslide

return to a lower level, as in one’s morals or standards

badger

sturdy carnivorous burrowing mammal with strong claws

badinage

frivolous banter

baffle

be a mystery or bewildering to

bait

something used to lure fish or other animals

baleful

threatening or foreshadowing evil or tragic developments

balk

refuse to comply

ballast

any heavy material used to stabilize a ship or airship

balm

preparation applied externally as a remedy or for soothing

balmy

mild and pleasant

banal

repeated too often; overfamiliar through overuse

bandy

discuss lightly

bane

something causing misery or death

bank

financial institution that accepts deposits and lends money

bantering

cleverly amusing in tone

bar

a rigid piece of metal or wood

barb

a point facing the main point making an arrowhead or spear

bard

a lyric poet

barefaced

with no effort to conceal

bargain

an agreement between parties fixing obligations of each

baroque

relating to an elaborately ornamented style of art and music

barrage

the heavy fire of artillery to saturate an area

barrister

a British lawyer who speaks in the higher courts of law

barterer

a trader who exchanges goods and not money

base

lowest support of a structure

bask

expose oneself to warmth and light, as for relaxation

bastard

the illegitimate offspring of unmarried parents

bastion

projecting part of a rampart or other fortification

bate

moderate or restrain; lessen the force of

battalion

an army unit consisting of a headquarters and companies

bauble

cheap showy jewelry or ornament

bawdy

humorously vulgar

bearing

characteristic way of holding one’s body

beatific

resembling or befitting an angel or saint

beatitude

a state of supreme happiness

bedizen

decorate tastelessly

bedraggle

make wet and dirty, as from rain

beeline

the most direct route

befuddle

be confusing or perplexing to

beget

generate children

begrudge

be envious of or feel annoyance toward

beguile

attract; cause to be enamored

behemoth

someone or something that is abnormally large and powerful

beholden

under a moral obligation to someone

belabor

beat soundly

belated

after the expected or usual time

beleaguer

annoy persistently

belie

be in contradiction with

belittle

cause to seem less serious

bellicose

having or showing a ready disposition to fight

belligerent

characteristic of an enemy or one eager to fight

bemoan

regret strongly

bemused

perplexed by many conflicting situations or statements

benediction

a ceremonial prayer invoking divine protection

benefactor

a person who helps people or institutions

beneficent

doing or producing good

beneficial

promoting or enhancing well-being

beneficiary

the recipient of funds or other advantages

benefit

something that aids or promotes well-being

benevolent

showing or motivated by sympathy and understanding

benign

kind in disposition or manner

benison

a spoken blessing

bent

stooped (used of the back and knees)

bequeath

leave or give, especially by will after one’s death

berate

censure severely or angrily

bereaved

sorrowful through loss or deprivation

bereavement

state of sorrow over the death or departure of a loved one

bereft

sorrowful through loss or deprivation

berserk

frenzied as if possessed by a demon

beseech

ask for or request earnestly

beset

assail or attack on all sides

besiege

surround so as to force to give up

besmirch

smear so as to make dirty or stained

bestial

resembling a beast; showing lack of human sensibility

bestow

give as a gift

betoken

be a signal for or a symptom of

betray

deliver to an enemy by treachery

betroth

give to in marriage

bevy

a flock of birds

beware

be on one’s guard; be cautious or wary about; be alert to

bewitch

cast a spell over someone or something

bicameral

consisting of two chambers

bicker

argue over petty things

bid

propose a payment

biennial

occurring every second year

bifurcated

divided into or made up of two parts

bigot

a prejudiced person who is intolerant of differing opinions

bigotry

intolerance and prejudice

bilious

relating to a digestive juice secreted by the liver

bilk

cheat somebody out of what is due, especially money

billow

a large sea wave

billowing

characterized by great swelling waves or surges

biting

causing a sharply painful or stinging sensation

bitter

causing a sharp and acrid taste experience

bivouac

temporary living quarters built by the army for soldiers

bizarre

conspicuously or grossly unconventional or unusual

blackball

vote against; refuse to endorse; refuse to assent

blanch

turn pale, as if in fear

bland

lacking taste or flavor or tang

blandishment

flattery intended to persuade

blare

make a loud noise

blasphemy

profane language

blatant

without any attempt at concealment; completely obvious

bleak

unpleasantly cold and damp

blemish

a mark or flaw that spoils the appearance of something

blight

any plant disease resulting in withering without rotting

blighted

affected by something that prevents growth or prosperity

bliss

a state of extreme happiness

bloat

swelling of the intestinal tract of animals caused by gas

blotch

an irregularly shaped spot

blowhard

a very boastful and talkative person

bludgeon

a club used as a weapon
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