GRE 8 – 397 Words

trample

tread or stomp heavily or roughly

orientation

the act of determining one’s position

consecrate

give entirely to a specific person, activity, or cause

convulsion

violent uncontrollable contractions of muscles

recount

narrate or give a detailed account of

concomitant

following or accompanying as a consequence

seamy

morally degraded

congruence

the quality of agreeing; being suitable and appropriate

archaeology

the branch of anthropology that studies prehistoric people

vegetate

produce plant life

faculty

an inherent cognitive or perceptual power of the mind

contusion

an injury in which the skin is not broken

healthful

conducive to good functioning of body or mind

sever

set or keep apart

adjuration

a solemn and earnest appeal to someone to do something

dutiful

willingly obedient out of a sense of respect

matrimony

state of being a married couple voluntarily joined for life

conformist

someone who follows established standards of conduct

partial

being or affecting only a segment

squash

any of numerous annual trailing plants of the genus Cucurbita grown for their fleshy edible fruits

bantering

cleverly amusing in tone

propulsive

having the power to move forward with force

capacious

large in the amount that can be contained

brindled

having a gray or brown streak or a patchy coloring

abstemious

marked by temperance in indulgence

gerontology

the scientific study of aging and the elderly

shove

come into rough contact with while moving

stumble

miss a step and fall or nearly fall

disquietude

feelings of anxiety that make you tense and irritable

quarry

animal hunted or caught for food

patina

a fine coating of oxide on the surface of a metal

commemorate

call to remembrance

gullible

naive and easily deceived or tricked

ordeal

a severe or trying experience

fumble

feel about uncertainly or blindly

chore

a specific piece of work required to be done

frock

a one-piece garment for a woman; has skirt and bodice

nirvana

the beatitude that transcends the cycle of reincarnation

clarion

loud and clear

glower

look angry or sullen as if to signal disapproval

graduated

marked with or divided into degrees

inamorata

a woman with whom you are in love

vertex

the highest point of something

warranty

written assurance that a product or service will be provided

slacken

become slow or slower

recrimination

mutual accusations

paroxysm

a sudden uncontrollable attack

defeatist

someone who is resigned to an unsuccessful ending

laceration

the act of tearing irregularly

sap

a watery solution in the vascular system of a plant

peer

look searchingly

eventual

expected to follow in the indefinite future

ruthless

without mercy or pity

stigma

a symbol of disgrace or infamy

bearing

characteristic way of holding one’s body

precipice

a very steep cliff

outfit

a set of clothing

debacle

a sudden and complete disaster

preen

clean with one’s bill

memoir

an account of the author’s personal experiences

bevy

a flock of birds

dawdle

hang or fall in movement, progress, development, etc.

topography

the configuration of a surface and its features

cog

tooth on the rim of gear wheel

surrogate

someone or something that takes the place of another

lofty

of imposing height; especially standing out above others

reprove

reprimand, scold, or express dissatisfaction with

variegate

make something more diverse and varied

pejorative

expressing disapproval

shard

a broken piece of a brittle artifact

ligneous

consisting of or containing xylem

untoward

not in keeping with accepted standards of what is proper

regime

the governing authority of a political unit

ameliorate

make better

vie

compete for something

buxom

healthily plump and vigorous

teetotalism

abstaining from alcohol

archetype

something that serves as a model

forsake

leave someone who needs or counts on you; leave in the lurch

curator

the custodian of a collection, as a museum or library

crabbed

annoyed and irritable

clavicle

bone linking the scapula and sternum

trickster

someone who plays practical jokes on others

palimpsest

a manuscript on which more than one text has been written

distill

undergo condensation

maneuver

a military training exercise

catastrophe

a sudden violent change in the earth’s surface

pronounce

speak or utter in a certain way

nautical

relating to ships or navigation

reverie

an abstracted state of absorption

sere

having lost all moisture

dyslexia

impaired ability to learn to read

retain

secure and keep for possible future use or application

founder

a person who establishes some institution

pedestrian

a person who travels by foot

benign

kind in disposition or manner

dumbfound

be a mystery or bewildering to

smirk

smile affectedly or derisively

repute

the state of being held in high esteem and honor

jaundice

yellowing of the skin from an accumulation of bile pigment

correlation

a reciprocal connection between two or more things

flush

rinse, clean, or empty with a liquid

derivation

the source or origin from which something comes

abject

of the most contemptible kind

ward

a person who is under the protection of another

beget

generate children

lunatic

an insane person

denotation

the most direct or specific meaning of a word or expression

contempt

lack of respect accompanied by a feeling of intense dislike

murmur

a low continuous indistinct sound

dispatch

the act of sending off something

quandary

state of uncertainty in a choice between unfavorable options

incarnation

act of attributing human characteristics to abstract ideas

primal

having existed from the beginning

clot

a lump of material formed from the content of a liquid

abrogate

revoke formally

insensible

barely able to be perceived

hatch

a movable barrier covering an entrance

outlandish

conspicuously or grossly unconventional or unusual

visceral

relating to or affecting the internal organs

repudiate

refuse to acknowledge, ratify, or recognize as valid

unassuming

not arrogant

optimum

most desirable possible under a restriction

impetuous

characterized by undue haste and lack of thought

expiate

make amends for

fictitious

formed or conceived by the imagination

falter

move hesitatingly, as if about to give way

corrosive

capable of destroying or eating away by chemical action

perpetual

continuing forever or indefinitely

retrieve

get or find back; recover the use of

despoil

plunder or steal goods

gory

covered with blood

livid

furiously angry

char

burn to charcoal

protean

taking on different forms

confluence

a place where things merge or flow together

insurgent

in opposition to a civil authority or government

desiccate

lacking vitality or spirit; lifeless

tremulous

quivering as from weakness or fear

reminiscent

serving to bring to mind

entomology

the branch of zoology that studies insects

elope

run away secretly with one’s beloved

apropos

of a suitable, fitting, or pertinent nature

reiterate

say, state, or perform again

assiduous

marked by care and persistent effort

earthy

of or consisting of or resembling the soil

begrudge

be envious of or feel annoyance toward

haggle

an instance of intense argument (as in bargaining)

deleterious

harmful to living things

quizzical

perplexed

titanic

of great force or power

phalanx

any closely ranked crowd of people

constituency

the body of voters who elect a representative for their area

screech

sharp piercing cry

uxorious

foolishly fond of or submissive to your wife

homespun

made of cloth woven in one’s household

tactful

having a sense of what is considerate in dealing with others

capitulate

surrender under agreed conditions

subversive

in opposition to an established system or government

irrelevant

having no bearing on or connection with the subject at issue

grunt

issue a low, animal-like noise

scenario

a postulated sequence of possible events

brunt

the main part, especially of a force or shock

pose

assume a bearing as for artistic purposes

standstill

a situation in which no progress can be made

compromise

an accommodation in which both sides make concessions

bask

expose oneself to warmth and light, as for relaxation

frigid

extremely cold

aquiline

curved down like an eagle’s beak

flourish

grow vigorously

platitude

a trite or obvious remark

extol

praise, glorify, or honor

prescience

the power to foresee the future

caustic

capable of destroying or eating away by chemical action

hybrid

a composite of mixed origin

serendipity

good luck in making unexpected and fortunate discoveries

pertinacious

stubbornly unyielding

contravene

go against, as of rules and laws

chameleon

lizard of Africa and Madagascar able to change skin color

chaplain

a member of the clergy ministering to some institution

inchoate

only partly in existence; imperfectly formed

crux

the most important point

quisling

someone who collaborates with an enemy occupying force

foment

try to stir up

tumid

abnormally distended especially by fluids or gas

derivative

a compound obtained from another compound

remonstrate

argue in protest or opposition

flip

turn upside down, or throw so as to reverse

presage

a foreboding about what is about to happen

surveillance

close observation of a person or group

gale

a strong wind moving 45-90 knots

debut

the act of beginning something new

compulsory

required by rule

harrowing

causing extreme distress

compilation

the act of putting together

coy

affectedly shy especially in a playful or provocative way

contrite

feeling or expressing pain or sorrow for sins or offenses

resplendent

having great beauty

celibate

abstaining from sexual intercourse

antique

made in or typical of earlier times and valued for its age

languish

become feeble

litigation

a legal proceeding in a court

inextricable

incapable of being disentangled or untied

relent

give in, as to influence or pressure

gourmand

a person who is devoted to eating and drinking to excess

rife

excessively abundant

licentious

lacking moral discipline

fervor

feelings of great warmth and intensity

sovereign

a nation’s ruler usually by hereditary right

gruff

brusque and surly and forbidding

shackle

a restraint that confines or restricts freedom

memento

a reminder of past events

abysmal

so deep as to be immeasurable

drip

flowing in drops

archipelago

a group of many islands in a large body of water

orthography

representing the sounds of a language by written symbols

flagrant

conspicuously and outrageously bad or reprehensible

don

teacher at a university or college

circumspect

careful to consider potential consequences and avoid risk

veritable

not counterfeit or copied

exalt

praise, glorify, or honor

wage

something that remunerates

tribulation

an annoying or frustrating or catastrophic event

scrupulous

characterized by extreme care and great effort

flinch

draw back, as with fear or pain

gradation

relative position in a ranked series

flaccid

drooping without elasticity

catalyst

substance that initiates or accelerates a chemical reaction

pellucid

transmitting light; able to be seen through with clarity

itinerant

traveling from place to place to work

breadth

the extent of something from side to side

grovel

show submission or fear

indulgent

given to yielding to the wishes of someone

affidavit

written declaration made under oath

embezzlement

the fraudulent appropriation of funds or property

advocate

a person who pleads for a person, cause, or idea

glacial

relating to or derived from a slowly moving mass of ice

turgid

ostentatiously lofty in style

vigil

a purposeful surveillance to guard or observe

adherent

someone who believes and helps to spread a doctrine

contumacious

willfully obstinate; stubbornly disobedient

brink

the edge of a steep place

denizen

a plant or animal naturalized in a region

insomnia

an inability to sleep

rubble

the remains of something that has been destroyed

prolific

intellectually productive

quibble

evade the truth of a point by raising irrelevant objections

repugnance

intense aversion

entrance

something that provides access to get in

ramble

move about aimlessly or without any destination

dominant

most frequent or common

distract

draw someone’s attention away from something

tout

advertise in strongly positive terms

deface

mar or spoil the appearance of

beneficiary

the recipient of funds or other advantages

attentive

taking heed

labile

liable to change

incredulity

doubt about the truth of something

repel

force or drive back

sheaf

a package of several things tied together

taper

diminish gradually

niggle

worry unnecessarily or excessively

breed

cause to procreate (animals)

spat

a quarrel about petty points

predilection

a predisposition in favor of something

pertinent

being of striking appropriateness

proviso

a stipulated condition

retribution

a justly deserved penalty

auspicious

auguring favorable circumstances and good luck

bland

lacking taste or flavor or tang

acknowledge

declare to be true or admit the existence or reality of

loll

be lazy or idle

Elysium

a place or condition of ideal happiness

dire

fraught with extreme danger; nearly hopeless

mutinous

characterized by a rebellion against authority

pendant

an adornment that hangs from a piece of jewelry

offhand

with little or no preparation or forethought

canker

an ulcerlike sore

asylum

a shelter from danger or hardship

primp

dress or groom with elaborate care

eschew

avoid and stay away from deliberately

milieu

the environmental condition

spendthrift

someone who spends money freely or wastefully

silt

mud or clay or small rocks deposited by a river or lake

codicil

a supplement to a will

pensive

deeply or seriously thoughtful

febrile

of or relating to or characterized by fever

soothsayer

someone who makes predictions of the future

dignitary

an important or influential person

misogynist

a misanthrope who dislikes women in particular

momentous

of very great significance

gibberish

unintelligible talking

mongrel

derogatory term for a variation that is not genuine

ploy

a maneuver in a game or conversation

apologist

a person who argues to defend some policy or institution

sophistry

a deliberately invalid argument in the hope of deceiving

carafe

a bottle with a stopper, for serving wine or water

thwart

hinder or prevent, as an effort, plan, or desire

outstrip

go far ahead of

ruse

a deceptive maneuver, especially to avoid capture

maxim

a saying that is widely accepted on its own merits

defunct

no longer in force or use; inactive

willful

done by design

subpoena

a writ issued to compel the attendance of a witness

Pharisee

a member of an ancient Jewish sect noted for strict obedience to Jewish traditions

whimsical

determined by chance or impulse rather than by necessity

bombast

pompous or pretentious talk or writing

lament

a cry of sorrow and grief

antiquity

the historic period preceding the Middle Ages in Europe

traduce

speak unfavorably about

outspoken

given to expressing yourself freely or insistently

ambience

the atmosphere of an environment

venue

the scene of any event or action

comely

according with custom or propriety

institute

set up or lay the groundwork for

glib

artfully persuasive in speech

skittish

unpredictably excitable, especially of horses

complementary

acting as a part that completes another part

ragamuffin

a dirty shabbily clothed urchin

frolicsome

given to merry play

spectral

resembling or characteristic of a phantom

rusticate

live in the country and lead a pastoral life

materialism

a desire for wealth and possessions

terse

brief and to the point

hereafter

following this in time or order or place; after this

cession

the act of surrendering possession or control

problematic

making great mental demands

fancy

not plain; decorative or ornamented

winsome

charming in a childlike or naive way

capillary

a minute blood vessel connecting arterioles with venules

cogent

powerfully persuasive

tundra

a vast treeless plain where subsoil is permanently frozen

transgression

the violation of a law or a duty or moral principle

contrivance

the faculty of inventive skill

weary

physically and mentally fatigued

luscious

having strong sexual appeal

kinetic

relating to the motion of material bodies and their forces

madrigal

an unaccompanied partsong for several voices

concave

curving inward

projectile

a weapon that is forcibly propelled toward a target

canto

a major division of a long poem

aloft

at or on or to the masthead or upper rigging of a ship

personable

pleasant in manner and appearance

remnant

a small part remaining after the main part no longer exists

douse

wet thoroughly

endorse

approve of

polygamist

someone married to two or more people at the same time

sprout

produce buds or branches; germinate

facsimile

an exact copy or reproduction

savor

a particular taste or smell, especially an appealing one

verisimilitude

the appearance of truth; the quality of seeming to be true

malleable

capable of being shaped or bent

choir

a chorus that sings as part of a religious ceremony

floe

a flat mass of ice drifting at sea

incipient

only partly in existence; imperfectly formed

adamant

very hard native crystalline carbon valued as a gem

stipple

engrave by means of dots and flicks

intelligentsia

an educated elite

specious

plausible but false

gamut

a complete extent or range

rivet

a heavy metal pin used to fasten two pieces of metal

malign

speak unfavorably about

spate

a sudden forceful flow

terminus

a place where something ends or is complete

canny

showing self-interest and shrewdness in dealing with others

admonish

scold or reprimand; take to task

indigence

a state of extreme poverty or destitution

bate

moderate or restrain; lessen the force of

provisional

under terms not final or fully worked out or agreed upon

infamous

known widely and usually unfavorably

toll

a fee levied for the use of roads or bridges

imperceptible

impossible or difficult to sense

equable

not varying

encumber

hold back, impede, or weigh down

garrulous

full of trivial conversation

irksome

tedious or irritating

puzzle

be uncertain about

exodus

a journey by a group to escape from a hostile environment

marked

easily noticeable

lectern

desk or stand with a slanted top used to hold a text

exacting

severe and unremitting in making demands

nuance

a subtle difference in meaning or opinion or attitude

annihilate

kill in large numbers

hazardous

involving risk or danger

wary

marked by keen caution and watchful prudence

acetic

relating to a clear organic acid with a pungent odor

tenuous

very thin in gauge or diameter

soliloquy

speech you make to yourself

suture

a seam used in surgery

doldrums

a belt of calms between the Atlantic and Pacific trade winds

euthanasia

the act of killing someone painlessly

hoary

having gray or white hair as with age

flirt

talk or behave amorously, without serious intentions

temporal

of or relating to or limited by time

influx

the process of flowing in

bleak

unpleasantly cold and damp

nova

a star that ejects some of its material in the form of a cloud and become more luminous in the process
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