Vocabulary List for the GMAT – 398 Words

abate

become less in amount or intensity

aberration

a state or condition markedly different from the norm

anomaly

deviation from the normal or common order or form or rule

acclaim

enthusiastic approval

accord

concurrence of opinion

discord

lack of agreement or harmony

acquisitive

eager to attain and possess material possessions

acreage

an area of ground used for some particular purpose

adherent

someone who believes and helps to spread a doctrine

ad-lib

perform without preparation

adopt

take into one’s family

advent

arrival that has been awaited

adverse

in an opposing direction

agency

the state of being in action or exerting power

aggravate

make worse

altogether

to a complete degree or to the full or entire extent

ambivalent

uncertain or unable to decide about what course to follow

amortize

liquidate gradually

analogous

similar or equivalent in some respects

annex

attach to

annihilate

kill in large numbers

annul

cancel officially

anoint

administer an oil or ointment to, often ceremonially

antithetical

sharply contrasted in character or purpose

application

the action of putting something into operation

apprentice

someone who works for an expert to learn a trade

arbiter

someone chosen to judge and decide a disputed issue

archaic

so extremely old as seeming to belong to an earlier period

aristocracy

a privileged class holding hereditary titles

artifact

a man-made object

ascribe

attribute or credit to

ascription

assigning to a cause or source

assert

declare or affirm solemnly and formally as true

assimilation

the process of absorbing one cultural group into another

attain

gain with effort

attribute

a quality belonging to or characteristic of an entity

atypical

not representative of a group, class, or type

backfire

a loud noise made by the explosion of fuel in an engine

balance

harmonious arrangement or relation of parts within a whole

bald

lacking hair on all or most of the scalp

balloon

small thin inflatable rubber bag with narrow neck

befall

become of; happen to

belie

be in contradiction with

benevolent

showing or motivated by sympathy and understanding

benign

kind in disposition or manner

blight

any plant disease resulting in withering without rotting

blunt

not sharp (used of a knife or other blade)

blur

confuse or make unclear

bogus

fraudulent; having a misleading appearance

bolster

support and strengthen

broad

having great extent from one side to the other

brook

a natural stream of water smaller than a river

buffer

protect from impact

bureaucracy

a government administered primarily by nonelective officials

bygone

well in the past; former

bypass

avoid something unpleasant or laborious

canon

a collection of books accepted as holy scripture

chancy

subject to accident or chance or change

channel

a deep and relatively narrow body of water

checked

patterned with alternating squares of color

chronological

relating to or arranged according to temporal order

clamor

utter or proclaim insistently and noisily

clan

group of people related by blood or marriage

cloak

a loose outer garment

coalesce

fuse or cause to come together

coercion

using force to cause something to occur

coexistence

existing peacefully together

cogent

powerfully persuasive

cognitive

relating to or involving the mental process of knowing

collude

act in unison and in secret towards a deceitful purpose

compliant

disposed to act in accordance with someone’s wishes

compound

a whole formed by a union of two or more elements or parts

compromise

an accommodation in which both sides make concessions

concede

give over

condone

excuse, overlook, or make allowances for

confer

present

consequently

as a result

considerable

large in number or amount or extent or degree

consideration

the process of giving careful thought to something

consolidate

form into a solid mass or whole

contemplative

deeply or seriously thoughtful

contend

compete for something

contract

a binding agreement that is enforceable by law

conventional

following accepted customs and proprieties

converge

be adjacent or come together

conversely

with the terms of the relation reversed

convoluted

highly complex or intricate

copious

large in number or quantity

corresponding

similar especially in position or purpose

corroborate

give evidence for

countenance

the appearance conveyed by a person’s face

counterintuitive

contrary to what common sense would suggest

counterpoint

a musical form involving the simultaneous sound of two or more melodies

counterproductive

tending to hinder the achievement of a goal

credibility

the quality of being believable or trustworthy

culminate

end, especially to reach a final or climactic stage

currency

the metal or paper medium of exchange that is presently used

curtail

terminate or abbreviate before its intended or proper end

cynical

believing the worst of human nature and motives

debase

make impure by adding a foreign or inferior substance

debilitating

impairing strength and vitality

debunk

expose while ridiculing

decry

express strong disapproval of

deem

judge or regard in a particular way

deflect

turn from a straight course or fixed direction

delimit

set, mark, or draw the boundaries of something

denote

have as a meaning

deride

treat or speak of with contempt

deterrent

something immaterial that interferes with action or progress

dichotomy

a classification into two opposed parts or subclasses

disclosure

the act of making something evident

discount

an amount or percentage deducted

discredit

the state of being held in low esteem

discrepancy

a difference between conflicting facts or claims or opinions

discrete

constituting a separate entity or part

discretionary

having the ability to act according to your own judgment

discriminating

showing or indicating careful judgment and discernment

disinterested

unaffected by concern for one’s own welfare

dismiss

stop associating with

disparate

fundamentally different or distinct in quality or kind

dispatch

the act of sending off something

disperse

move away from each other

disseminate

cause to become widely known

divest

take away possessions from someone

dovetail

a mortise joint formed by interlocking parts

dubious

fraught with uncertainty or doubt

echelon

level of authority in a hierarchy

eclectic

selecting what seems best of various styles or ideas

eclipse

the phenomenon when one celestial body obscures another

effectively

in a manner producing an intended result

efficacy

capacity or power to produce a desired result

egalitarian

favoring social equality

egregious

conspicuously and outrageously bad or reprehensible

emancipate

free from slavery or servitude

eminent

standing above others in quality or position

emphasize

stress or single out as important

empirical

derived from experiment and observation rather than theory

emulate

strive to equal or match, especially by imitating

enigma

something that baffles understanding and cannot be explained

enjoy

derive or receive pleasure from

ensure

make certain of

insure

protect by a contract of reimbursement in case of loss

enumerate

specify individually

equitable

fair to all parties as dictated by reason and conscience

equivalence

essential comparability and interchangeability

equivocal

open to two or more interpretations

equivocate

be deliberately ambiguous or unclear

erratic

liable to sudden unpredictable change

erroneous

containing or characterized by mistakes

erstwhile

belonging to some prior time

estimable

deserving of respect or high regard

ethos

the distinctive spirit of a culture or an era

exacerbate

make worse

exacting

severe and unremitting in making demands

execute

put in effect

exhaustive

performed comprehensively and completely

exotic

characteristic of another place or part of the world

expansionist

of or involving or guided by expansionism

expedient

appropriate to a purpose

explicit

precisely and clearly expressed or readily observable

extraneous

not belonging to that in which it is contained

extrapolate

draw from specific cases for more general cases

facilitate

make easier

faction

a dissenting clique

faculty

an inherent cognitive or perceptual power of the mind

fade

become less clearly visible or distinguishable

fashion

the latest and most admired style in clothes or behavior

fathom

a linear unit of measurement for water depth

finding

something that is discovered

fishy

relating to or resembling cold-blooded aquatic vertebrates

fledgling

young bird that has just become capable of flying

fleeting

lasting for a markedly brief time

foreshadow

indicate by signs

forestall

keep from happening or arising; make impossible

glacial

relating to or derived from a slowly moving mass of ice

grade

a position on a scale of intensity or amount or quality

gradation

relative position in a ranked series

graft

tissue or organ transplanted from a donor to a recipient

grandstand

a stand at a racecourse or stadium consisting of tiers with rows of individual seats that are under a protective roof

guesswork

an estimate based on little or no information

guile

shrewdness as demonstrated by being skilled in deception

hallmark

a mark on an article of trade to indicate its origin

hallucination

illusory perception

hardly

almost not

hardy

having rugged physical strength

hearken

listen; used mostly in the imperative

hark

listen; used mostly in the imperative

hedge

a fence formed by a row of closely planted shrubs or bushes

hegemony

the dominance or leadership of one social group over others

heterogeneous

consisting of elements not of the same kind or nature

hierarchy

a series of ordered groupings within a system

holding

the act of retaining something

host

a person who invites guests to a social event

hyperbole

extravagant exaggeration

iconoclast

someone who attacks cherished ideas or institutions

imminent

close in time; about to occur

immunity

the condition in which an organism can resist disease

impair

make worse or less effective

impartial

free from undue bias or preconceived opinions

impasse

a situation in which no progress can be made

impede

be a hindrance or obstacle to

implode

burst inward

imply

express or state indirectly

impute

attribute or credit to

inadvertently

without knowledge or intention

incentive

a positive motivational influence

incidentally

by the way (used to introduce a new topic)

incinerate

become reduced to ashes

inconsequential

lacking worth or importance

incorporate

make into a whole or make part of a whole

indeterminate

not fixed or known in advance

indicative

pointing out or revealing clearly

induce

cause to act in a specified manner

inert

unable to move or resist motion

inevitable

incapable of being avoided or prevented

inexplicable

incapable of being explained or accounted for

inextricably

in a manner incapable of being disentangled or untied

infer

conclude by reasoning

inform

impart knowledge of some fact, state or affairs, or event to

ingenuity

the power of creative imagination

ingrained

deeply rooted; firmly fixed or held

inherent

existing as an essential constituent or characteristic

initial

occurring at the beginning

inordinate

beyond normal limits

instrumental

serving or acting as a means or aid

insular

relating to or characteristic of or situated on an island

interplay

reciprocal action and reaction

intractable

difficult to manage or mold

intrepid

invulnerable to fear or intimidation

intrinsic

belonging to a thing by its very nature

inundate

fill or cover completely, usually with water

invaluable

having incalculable monetary or intellectual worth

investiture

the ceremonial promotion of a person to an office or rank

involved

connected by participation or association or use

invulnerable

immune to attack; impregnable

jettison

throw away, of something encumbering

jumbo

of great mass; huge and bulky

juncture

the shape or manner in which things come together

juxtapose

place side by side

kinetic

relating to the motion of material bodies and their forces

lackluster

lacking brilliance or vitality

landmark

a prominent or well-known object in a particular place

latent

potentially existing but not presently evident or realized

lateral

situated at or extending to the side

lax

without rigor or strictness

levy

impose and collect

liberal

showing or characterized by broad-mindedness

lift

raise from a lower to a higher position

likewise

in like or similar manner

log

a segment of the trunk of a tree when stripped of branches

machination

a crafty and involved plot to achieve your ends

magnate

a very wealthy or powerful businessperson

makeshift

done or made using whatever is available

malleable

capable of being shaped or bent

manifest

clearly revealed to the mind or the senses or judgment

maxim

a saying that is widely accepted on its own merits

mercurial

liable to sudden unpredictable change

militarism

maintaining a strong force of armed services

mired

entangled or hindered

modest

marked by simplicity; having a humble opinion of yourself

moreover

in addition

mores

the conventions embodying the fundamental values of a group

municipal

relating to a self-governing district

narrative

an account that tells the particulars of an act or event

net

an open fabric of string or rope or wire woven together

nevertheless

despite anything to the contrary

nonetheless

despite anything to the contrary

normative

relating to or dealing with typical standards or patterns

nostalgia

longing for something past

nuance

a subtle difference in meaning or opinion or attitude

nucleus

a part of the cell responsible for growth and reproduction

offhand

with little or no preparation or forethought

offset

a compensating equivalent

oligarchy

a political system governed by a few people

omit

leave undone or leave out

operative

producing a desired effect

optimal

most desirable possible under a restriction

outstrip

go far ahead of

paradigm

a standard or typical example

paradox

a statement that contradicts itself

paragon

a perfect embodiment of a concept

partial

being or affecting only a segment

patent

a document granting an inventor sole rights to an invention

peddle

sell or offer for sale from place to place

periodic

happening or recurring at regular intervals

perpetuate

cause to continue or prevail

physiological

relating to the study of the functioning of organisms

piggyback

on the back or shoulder or astraddle on the hip

plutocratic

of or relating to or characteristic of a plutocrat

polarize

cause to concentrate about two conflicting positions

polemic

a verbal or written attack, especially of a belief or dogma

postulate

maintain or assert

pragmatic

concerned with practical matters

predatory

living by preying on other animals

predisposed

made susceptible

predominant

having superior power and influence

preempt

acquire for oneself before others can do so

premise

a statement that is held to be true

prey

animal hunted or caught for food

priceless

of incalculable monetary, intellectual, or spiritual worth

pristine

immaculately clean and unused

progeny

the immediate descendants of a person

prominent

conspicuous in position or importance

pronounce

speak or utter in a certain way

propagate

multiply through reproduction

prospective

of or concerned with or related to the future

proximity

the property of being close together

psyche

that which is responsible for one’s thoughts and feelings

qualified

meeting the proper standards and requirements for a task

radioactive

exhibiting or caused by emissions in nuclear decay

carbon

an abundant nonmetallic element in all organic compounds

recalcitrant

stubbornly resistant to authority or control

recapitulate

summarize briefly

receptive

able to absorb liquid (not repellent)

reconvene

meet or cause to meet again

redress

make reparations or amends for

refute

overthrow by argument, evidence, or proof

rehash

present or use again, with no or few changes

remedial

tending or intended to rectify or improve

reminiscent

serving to bring to mind

render

give or supply

repercussion

a remote or indirect consequence of some action

respectively

in the order given

reticent

reluctant to draw attention to yourself

return

go or come back to place, condition, or activity where one has been before

revamp

patch up or renovate; repair or restore

rife

excessively abundant

rudimentary

being in the earliest stages of development

sanction

official permission or approval

satire

witty language used to convey insults or scorn

save

bring into safety

scant

less than the correct or legal or full amount

scarcely

only a very short time before

seemingly

from appearances alone

semantic

of or relating to meaning or the study of meaning

settle

become resolved, fixed, established, or quiet

siphon

a tube used to move liquid from one vessel to another

skeptical

marked by or given to doubt

sketchy

giving only major points; lacking completeness

skirt

a garment hanging from the waist

slew

a large number or amount or extent

slight

small in quantity or degree

smelt

extract by heating, as a metal

spare

more than is needed, desired, or required

spate

a sudden forceful flow

spearhead

the head and sharpened point of a spear

stagger

walk with great difficulty

static

not in physical motion

stratum

one of several parallel layers of material

subjective

taking place within the mind and modified by individual bias

subjugation

forced submission to control by others

subordinate

an assistant subject to the authority or control of another

subset

a group whose members are members of another group

subvert

destroy completely

succeed

attain success or reach a desired goal

suffrage

a legal right to vote

suppress

put down by force or authority

surge

rise and move, as in waves or billows

surpass

be or do something to a greater degree

synchronized

operating in unison

syntax

the study of the rules for forming admissible sentences

synthesis

the combination of ideas into a complex whole

table

furniture having a smooth flat top supported by legs

tardy

after the expected or usual time

taxonomy

a classification of organisms based on similarities

temperament

your usual mood

temperance

the trait of avoiding excesses

terrestrial

of or relating to or characteristic of the planet Earth

thenceforth

from that time on

theoretical

concerned with hypotheses and not practical considerations

thesis

an unproved statement advanced as a premise in an argument

thorny

full of difficulties or perplexities

tide

the periodic rise and fall of the sea level

token

a disk that can be used in designated slot machines

trajectory

the path followed by an object moving through space

transient

lasting a very short time

transmute

change or alter in form, appearance, or nature

transplant

transfer from one place or period to another

truce

a state of peace agreed to between opponents

armistice

a state of peace agreed to between opponents

undergird

make secure underneath

undermine

weaken or impair, especially gradually

underpin

support with evidence or authority or make more certain or confirm

underscore

give extra weight to

undifferentiated

not differentiated

unfettered

not bound by shackles and chains

unforeseeable

incapable of being anticipated

unprecedented

novel; having no earlier occurrence

untempered

not moderated or controlled

untenable

incapable of being defended or justified

unwarranted

incapable of being justified or explained

utopian

pertaining to or resembling an ideally perfect state

wanting

inadequate in amount or degree

warrant

formal and explicit approval

whet

sharpen by rubbing

wholesale

the selling of goods to merchants

winnow

the act of separating grain from chaff

yoke

a wooden frame across the shoulders for carrying buckets
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