prep for GMAT – 306 Words

patron

someone who supports or champions something

notwithstanding

despite anything to the contrary

plague

any large-scale calamity

susceptible

yielding readily to or capable of

anatomically

with respect to anatomy

culminate

end, especially to reach a final or climactic stage

taper

diminish gradually

anatomy

the study of the structure of animals

rebate

a refund of some fraction of the amount paid

insulate

surround with material to protect from heat, cold, or noise

aboriginal

having existed from the beginning

abrasion

erosion by friction

absenteeism

habitual failure to be present from work

acclaim

enthusiastic approval

acoustic

relating to the study of the physical properties of sound

affinity

a natural attraction or feeling of kinship

agitate

move or cause to move back and forth

agrarian

relating to rural matters

ailment

an often persistent bodily disorder or disease

alienate

arouse hostility or indifference in

aggravate

make worse

adept

having or showing knowledge and skill and aptitude

allusion

passing reference or indirect mention

alluvial

relating to deposits carried by rushing streams

amass

collect or gather

ambient

completely enveloping

ambivalence

mixed feelings or emotions

ameliorate

make better

amnesia

partial or total loss of memory

amphibian

cold-blooded vertebrate living on land but breeding in water

anatomy

the study of the structure of animals

antagonist

someone who offers opposition

apparatus

equipment designed to serve a specific function

annihilate

kill in large numbers

amplify

increase the volume of

aqueduct

a conduit that carries water over a valley

aquifer

underground layer of rock or sand that yields groundwater

arboreal

of or relating to or formed by trees

archive

a depository containing historical records and documents

arduous

characterized by effort to the point of exhaustion

aristocratic

belonging to or characteristic of the nobility

aromatic

having a strong pleasant odor

ascertain

learn or discover with confidence

assiduous

marked by care and persistent effort

assorted

of many kinds purposefully arranged but lacking uniformity

asymmetrical

characterized by an imbalance in spatial arrangement

attest

provide evidence for

autonomous

existing as an independent entity

avid

marked by active interest and enthusiasm

axis

a straight line through a body or figure

baffle

be a mystery or bewildering to

bliss

a state of extreme happiness

boast

talk about oneself with excessive pride or self-regard

bombard

throw bombs at or attack with bombs

bribe

payment made to corrupt a person in a position of trust

brittle

having little elasticity

buoyant

tending to float on a liquid or rise in air or gas

camouflage

an outward semblance misrepresenting the nature of something

captive

a person who is confined; especially a prisoner of war

carnival

a traveling show

cessation

a stopping

clog

any object that acts as a hindrance or obstruction

coerce

cause to do through pressure or necessity

colossal

so great in size or force or extent as to elicit awe

combustion

a reaction of a substance with oxygen to give heat and light

compel

force somebody to do something

compile

get or gather together

configuration

an arrangement of parts or elements

conflate

mix together different elements

congress

a meeting of elected or appointed representatives

constrict

squeeze or press together

constraint

the state of being physically limited

constellation

a configuration of stars as seen from the earth

contamination

the state of being corrupted by contact or association

contraction

the act of decreasing in size or volume or quantity or scope

courtship

a person’s wooing of a romantic partner

debris

the remains of something that has been destroyed

deciduous

shedding foliage at the end of the growing season

deflect

turn from a straight course or fixed direction

delineate

represented accurately or precisely

deluxe

rich and superior in quality

demise

the time when something ends

demographic

a statistic characterizing human populations

deplete

use up, as resources or materials

deprivation

the disadvantage that results from losing something

desiccate

lacking vitality or spirit; lifeless

designate

design or destine

desolate

providing no shelter or sustenance

detach

cause to become separated

detractor

one who disparages or belittles the worth of something

devastate

cause extensive destruction or ruin utterly

digress

wander from a direct or straight course

dilute

lessen the strength or flavor of a solution or mixture

disdain

lack of respect accompanied by a feeling of intense dislike

dispersal

the act of diffusing something

dissonance

disagreeable sounds

dormant

inactive but capable of becoming active

egalitarian

favoring social equality

eject

put out or expel from a place

elicit

call forth, as an emotion, feeling, or response

elliptical

rounded like an egg

emanate

give out, as breath or an odor

embody

represent in bodily form

encompass

include in scope

enigma

something that baffles understanding and cannot be explained

enzyme

a complex protein produced by cells that acts as a catalyst

endorse

approve of

encroach

advance beyond the usual limit

ensue

take place or happen afterward or as a result

ephemeral

anything short-lived, as an insect that lives only for a day

erratic

liable to sudden unpredictable change

escalation

an increase to counteract a perceived discrepancy

excrete

eliminate from the body

exogenous

derived or originating externally

explicit

precisely and clearly expressed or readily observable

exposition

a collection of things for public display

fabricate

put together out of artificial or natural components

fauna

all the animal life in a particular region or period

fecund

capable of producing offspring or vegetation

fetus

an unborn vertebrate in the later stages of development

flora

all the plant life in a particular region or period

gaseous

existing as or having characteristics of a gas

geocentric

having the earth as the center

geothermal

of or relating to the heat in the interior of the earth

germination

the process whereby seeds or spores sprout and begin to grow

glacial

relating to or derived from a slowly moving mass of ice

glossy

reflecting light

herbicide

a chemical agent that destroys plants or inhibits their growth

heterogeneous

consisting of elements not of the same kind or nature

germinate

sprout; produce buds or branches

hibernate

be in an inactive or dormant state

igneous

produced by the action of fire or intense heat

horticulture

the cultivation of plants

impart

bestow a quality on

impending

close in time; about to occur

impermeable

preventing especially liquids to pass or diffuse through

impoverish

make poor

improvise

manage in a makeshift way; do with whatever is at hand

inadvertently

without knowledge or intention

incise

make a depression in by carving or cutting

incite

provoke or stir up

inclination

the act of bending forward

inconclusive

not putting an end to doubt or question

incongruous

lacking in harmony or compatibility or appropriateness

increment

the amount by which something increases

decipher

convert code into ordinary language

inflate

fill with gas or air

indigenous

originating where it is found

infantile

of or relating to babies

ingenuity

the power of creative imagination

instigate

provoke or stir up

insulate

surround with material to protect from heat, cold, or noise

intermediary

a negotiator who acts as a link between parties

igneous

produced by the action of fire or intense heat

immediate

directly before or after as in a chain of cause and effect

intermittent

stopping and starting at irregular intervals

intricate

having many complexly arranged elements; elaborate

intrigue

a crafty and involved plot to achieve your ends

inundation

an overwhelming number or amount

invertebrate

any animal lacking a backbone or notochord

irritate

cause annoyance in

kinetic

relating to the motion of material bodies and their forces

languish

become feeble

lateral

situated at or extending to the side

lag

hang or fall in movement, progress, development, etc.

lethal

of an instrument of certain death

longevity

the property of having lived for a considerable time

longitude

the angular distance from the prime meridian at Greenwich

lush

produced or growing in extreme abundance

mainstay

a prominent supporter

malicious

having the nature of threatening evil

mandatory

required by rule

mediocre

moderate to inferior in quality

metamorphic

having undergone transformation by pressure, heat, etc.

mimic

imitate, especially for satirical effect

misrepresent

describe or present falsely

momentous

of very great significance

multitude

a large indefinite number

mutation

a change or alteration in form or qualities

mute

expressed without speech

negligible

so small as to be meaningless; insignificant

obliterate

remove completely from recognition or memory

obsession

an unhealthy and compulsive preoccupation with something

obsolete

no longer in use

omniscient

infinitely wise

ooze

pass gradually or leak or as if through small openings

opaque

not transmitting or reflecting light or radiant energy

oscillate

move or swing from side to side regularly

outlet

an opening that permits escape or release

pacific

disposed to peace or of a peaceful nature

paradigm

a standard or typical example

paucity

an insufficient quantity or number

peculiar

beyond or deviating from the usual or expected

peripheral

on or near an edge or constituting an outer boundary

perish

pass from physical life

permeable

allowing fluids or gases to pass or diffuse through

perplex

be a mystery or bewildering to

petrifaction

the process of turning some plant material into stone

phonetic

using symbols to represent each speech sound

photosynthesis

synthesis of compounds in plants aided by radiant energy

pliable

capable of being shaped or bent or drawn out

plight

a situation from which extrication is difficult

porous

full of holes

precipitation

the falling to earth of any form of water

predecessor

one who precedes you in time

preposterous

inviting ridicule

prerequisite

something that is needed or obligatory in advance

prestige

a high standing achieved through success or influence

primate

any placental mammal of the order Primates

pristine

immaculately clean and unused

procure

get by special effort

prohibitive

tending to discourage, especially of prices

proliferate

grow rapidly

prolific

intellectually productive

prolong

lengthen in time; cause to be or last longer

propagate

multiply through reproduction

proportionate

being in due magnitude or extent

protrude

extend out or project in space

protracted

relatively long in duration

quiver

shake with fast, tremulous movements

radiant

emanating or as if emanating light

emanate

give out, as breath or an odor

abide

dwell

resent

feel bitter or indignant about

resilient

recovering readily from adversity, depression, or the like

resurgence

bringing again into activity and prominence

retard

cause to move more slowly or operate at a slower rate

retract

formally reject or disavow

revitalize

give new life or vigor to

rigor

excessive sternness

rigidity

the physical property of being stiff and resisting bending

rite

any customary observance or practice

ruminate

reflect deeply on a subject

salvage

rescuing a ship or its crew from a shipwreck or a fire

saturate

infuse or fill completely

scribe

someone employed to make written copies of documents

secular

someone who is not a clergyman or a professional person

sedentary

requiring sitting or little activity

arid

lacking sufficient water or rainfall

sparse

not dense

specimen

a bit of tissue or fluid taken for diagnostic purposes

spontaneous

said or done without having been planned in advance

stark

severely simple

sterile

incapable of reproducing

stint

supply sparingly and with restricted quantities

streamline

contour economically or efficiently

sturdy

having rugged physical strength

succulent

tasty and full of juice

surmise

infer from incomplete evidence

symbiosis

the relation between two interdependent species of organisms

synthesize

combine and form a complex whole

tectonic

pertaining to the structure or movement of the earth’s crust

terrain

a piece of ground having specific characteristics

terrestrial

of or relating to or characteristic of the planet Earth

trappings

ornaments; embellishments to or characteristic signs of

traumatic

psychologically painful

tundra

a vast treeless plain where subsoil is permanently frozen

underlie

be underneath

uproot

move forcibly from a homeland into a new foreign environment

utilitarian

having a useful function

vein

a blood vessel that carries blood toward the heart

venomous

extremely poisonous or injurious

vestigial

not fully developed in mature animals

vicinity

a surrounding or nearby region

volatile

liable to lead to sudden change or violence

thereby

by that means or because of that

yield

give or supply

mitigate

lessen or to try to lessen the seriousness or extent of

monastery

the residence of a religious community

moor

come into or dock at a wharf

motif

a recurrent element in a literary or artistic work

muffle

deaden (a sound or noise), especially by wrapping

lodge

a small (rustic) house used as a temporary shelter

lopsided

having one side lower or smaller or lighter than the other

intact

undamaged in any way

hierarchy

a series of ordered groupings within a system

grandeur

the quality of being magnificent or splendid

gist

the central meaning or theme of a speech or literary work

germinate

sprout; produce buds or branches

frenzy

state of violent mental agitation

farfetched

highly imaginative but unlikely

evade

avoid or try to avoid fulfilling, answering, or performing

epoch

a period marked by distinctive character

drastic

forceful and extreme and rigorous

discrete

constituting a separate entity or part

discredit

the state of being held in low esteem

detour

a roundabout road or route

demeaning

causing awareness of your shortcomings

clutch

take hold of; grab

compelling

driving or forcing

elicit

call forth, as an emotion, feeling, or response

exempt

freed from or not subject to an obligation or liability

divine

a clergyman or other person in religious orders

detrimental

causing harm or injury

preclude

make impossible, especially beforehand

escalate

increase in extent or intensity

facile

arrived at without due care or effort; lacking depth

suffice

be adequate, either in quality or quantity

ordained

fixed or established especially by command

prank

a ludicrous or grotesque act done for fun and amusement

reminiscent

serving to bring to mind

reminiscent

serving to bring to mind

denounce

speak out against

encroachment

any entry into an area not previously occupied

adjacent

having a common boundary or edge

enclave

an enclosed territory that is culturally distinct
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