Page 586(Feminist) – 15 Words

conflate

mix together different elements

Tina Krontiris, for
example, in her fascinating study of six Renaissance women writers, does tend
at times to conflate “women” and “women writers,” assuming that women’s
gender, irrespective of other social differences, including literacy, allows us to
view women as a homogeneous social group and make that group an object of
analysis.
constraining

restricting the scope or freedom of action

Krontiris is concerned
to show women intentionally negotiating some power for themselves (at least
in the realm of public discourse) against potentially constraining ideologies,
but in her sober and thoughtful concluding remarks, she suggests that such
verbal opposition to cultural stereotypes was highly circumscribed; women
seldom attacked the basic assumptions in the ideologies that oppressed them.
feminist

a supporter of equal rights for women

Jacob Burckhardt’s view that Renaissance European women “stood on a
footing of perfect equality” with Renaissance men has been repeatedly cited
by feminist scholars as a prelude to their presentation of rich historical
evidence of women’s inequality.
literacy

the ability to read and write

Such women were,
simply by virtue of their literacy, members of a tiny minority of the
population, so it is risky to take their descriptions of their experiences as
typical of “female experience” in any general sense.
irrespective

in spite of everything; without regard to drawbacks

Tina Krontiris, for
example, in her fascinating study of six Renaissance women writers, does tend
at times to conflate “women” and “women writers,” assuming that women’s
gender, irrespective of other social differences, including literacy, allows us to
view women as a homogeneous social group and make that group an object of
analysis.
generalization

the process of abstracting common properties of instances

Many recent
works by these scholars stress the ways in which differences among
Renaissance women—especially in terms of social status and religion—work
to complicate the kinds of generalizations both Burckhardt and Kelly made on
the basis of their observations about upper-class Italian women.
circumscribe

draw a geometric figure around another figure

Krontiris is concerned
to show women intentionally negotiating some power for themselves (at least
in the realm of public discourse) against potentially constraining ideologies,
but in her sober and thoughtful concluding remarks, she suggests that such
verbal opposition to cultural stereotypes was highly circumscribed; women
seldom attacked the basic assumptions in the ideologies that oppressed them.
disproportionate

out of proper balance

The trend is also evident, however, in works focusing on those middle- and
upper-class European women whose ability to write gives them
disproportionate representation in the historical record.
homogeneous

all of the same or similar kind or nature

Tina Krontiris, for
example, in her fascinating study of six Renaissance women writers, does tend
at times to conflate “women” and “women writers,” assuming that women’s
gender, irrespective of other social differences, including literacy, allows us to
view women as a homogeneous social group and make that group an object of
analysis.
oppressed

burdened psychologically or mentally

Krontiris is concerned
to show women intentionally negotiating some power for themselves (at least
in the realm of public discourse) against potentially constraining ideologies,
but in her sober and thoughtful concluding remarks, she suggests that such
verbal opposition to cultural stereotypes was highly circumscribed; women
seldom attacked the basic assumptions in the ideologies that oppressed them.
realm

a domain in which something is dominant

Krontiris is concerned
to show women intentionally negotiating some power for themselves (at least
in the realm of public discourse) against potentially constraining ideologies,
but in her sober and thoughtful concluding remarks, she suggests that such
verbal opposition to cultural stereotypes was highly circumscribed; women
seldom attacked the basic assumptions in the ideologies that oppressed them.
sober

not affected by a chemical substance, especially alcohol

Krontiris is concerned
to show women intentionally negotiating some power for themselves (at least
in the realm of public discourse) against potentially constraining ideologies,
but in her sober and thoughtful concluding remarks, she suggests that such
verbal opposition to cultural stereotypes was highly circumscribed; women
seldom attacked the basic assumptions in the ideologies that oppressed them.
discourse

an extended communication dealing with some particular topic

Krontiris is concerned
to show women intentionally negotiating some power for themselves (at least
in the realm of public discourse) against potentially constraining ideologies,
but in her sober and thoughtful concluding remarks, she suggests that such
verbal opposition to cultural stereotypes was highly circumscribed; women
seldom attacked the basic assumptions in the ideologies that oppressed them.
virtue

the quality of doing what is right

Such women were,
simply by virtue of their literacy, members of a tiny minority of the
population, so it is risky to take their descriptions of their experiences as
typical of “female experience” in any general sense.
evident

clearly revealed to the mind or the senses or judgment

The trend is also evident, however, in works focusing on those middle- and
upper-class European women whose ability to write gives them
disproportionate representation in the historical record.

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