Musthu GMAT/PTE – 430 Words

abate

become less in amount or intensity

abase

cause to feel shame

abdicate

give up, such as power, as of monarchs and emperors

abduction

the criminal act of carrying someone away by force

abed

in bed

aberration

a state or condition markedly different from the norm

aberration

a state or condition markedly different from the norm

abet

assist or encourage, usually in some wrongdoing

abeyance

temporary cessation or suspension

abhorrence

hate coupled with disgust

abidance

the act of dwelling in a place

abject

of the most contemptible kind

able-bodied

having a strong healthy body

ablution

the act of washing oneself, as for ritual purposes

abnegate

deny or renounce

abandon

forsake; leave behind

abstract

existing only in the mind

academic

associated with an educational institution

access

the right to enter

accommodation

making or becoming suitable; adjusting to circumstances

accompany

go or travel along with

accumulation

the act of gathering up

accurate

characterized by perfect conformity to fact or truth

achieve

gain with effort

acknowledge

declare to be true or admit the existence or reality of

acquisition

something gained

adaptation

the process of adjusting or conforming to new conditions

adequate

having the requisite qualities or resources to meet a task

adjacent

having a common boundary or edge

adjustment

the act of making something different

administration

the act of governing or exercising authority

adult

a fully developed person from maturity onward

advocate

a person who pleads for a person, cause, or idea

affect

have an influence upon

aggregate

a sum total of many heterogeneous things taken together

aid

the activity of contributing to the fulfillment of a need

allocation

the act of distributing or apportioning according to a plan

alter

cause to change; make different

alternative

one of a number of things from which only one can be chosen

ambiguous

having more than one possible meaning

amendment

a statement that is added to a proposal or document

analogous

similar or equivalent in some respects

analysis

abstract separation of a whole into its constituent parts

annual

occurring every year

anticipated

expected hopefully

apparent

clearly revealed to the mind or the senses or judgment

appendix

a small sac attached to the large intestines of some animals

appreciation

understanding of the nature or meaning of something

approach

move towards

appropriate

suitable for a particular person, place, or situation

approximate

not quite exact or correct

arbitrary

based on or subject to individual discretion or preference

area

the extent of a two-dimensional surface within a boundary

aspect

a characteristic to be considered

assembly

a group of persons gathered together for a common purpose

assessment

the act of judging a person or situation or event

assign

select something or someone for a specific purpose

assistance

the activity of contributing to the fulfillment of a need

assume

take to be the case or to be true

assurance

a binding commitment to do or give or refrain from something

attach

be in contact with

attain

gain with effort

attitude

a complex mental state involving beliefs and feelings

attribute

a quality belonging to or characteristic of an entity

author

a person who writes professionally

authority

the power or right to give orders or make decisions

automatically

in a mechanical manner; by a mechanism

available

obtainable or accessible and ready for use or service

aware

having or showing knowledge or understanding or realization

behalf

as the agent of or on someone’s part

benefit

something that aids or promotes well-being

bias

a partiality preventing objective consideration of an issue

bond

a connection that fastens things together

brief

of short duration or distance

bulk

the property possessed by a large mass

capable

having ability

capacity

capability to perform or produce

category

a general concept that marks divisions or coordinations

cease

put an end to a state or an activity

challenge

a call to engage in a contest or fight

channel

a deep and relatively narrow body of water

chapter

a subdivision of a written work; usually numbered and titled

chart

a visual display of information

chemical

produced by reactions involving atomic or molecular changes

circumstances

one’s overall condition in life

cite

make reference to

civil

of or occurring between or among citizens of the state

clarity

the quality of being coherent and easily understood

classical

of the most highly developed stage of an early civilization

clause

a separate section of a legal document

code

a set of rules or principles or laws

coherence

the state of sticking together

coincide

happen simultaneously

collapse

break down, literally or metaphorically

colleague

an associate that one works with

commence

set in motion, cause to start

comment

a statement that expresses a personal opinion

commission

the act of granting authority to undertake certain functions

commitment

the act of binding yourself to a course of action

commodity

articles of commerce

communication

the activity of conveying information

community

a group of people living in a particular local area

compensation

the act of making amends for service or loss or injury

compile

get or gather together

complement

something added to embellish or make perfect

complex

complicated in structure

component

one of the individual parts making up a larger entity

compound

a whole formed by a union of two or more elements or parts

comprehensive

including all or everything

comprise

be composed of

computer

a machine for performing calculations automatically

conceive

have the idea for

concentration

the spatial property of being crowded together

concept

an abstract or general idea inferred from specific instances

conclusion

a position or opinion reached after consideration

concurrent

occurring or operating at the same time

conduct

the way a person behaves toward other people

conference

a prearranged meeting for consultation or discussion

confined

being in captivity

confirm

strengthen

conflict

an open clash between two opposing groups

conformity

correspondence in form, type, or appearance

consent

give an affirmative reply to; respond favorably to

consequence

a phenomenon that is caused by some previous phenomenon

considerable

large in number or amount or extent or degree

consistent

the same throughout in structure or composition

constant

uninterrupted in time and indefinitely long continuing

constitutional

existing as an essential characteristic

constraint

the state of being physically limited

construction

the act of building something

consultation

the act of referring to something to find information

consumer

a person who uses goods or services

contact

the act of touching physically

contemporary

occurring in the same period of time

context

the set of facts or circumstances that surround a situation

contract

a binding agreement that is enforceable by law

contradiction

opposition between two conflicting forces or ideas

contrary

exact opposition

contrast

the opposition or dissimilarity of things that are compared

contribution

a voluntary gift made to some worthwhile cause

controversy

a dispute where there is strong disagreement

convention

the act of meeting formally

conversely

with the terms of the relation reversed

convert

change the nature, purpose, or function of something

convinced

having a strong belief or conviction

cooperative

involving the joint activity of two or more

coordination

regulation of diverse elements into a harmonious operation

core

the center of an object

corporate

of or belonging to a business firm

corresponding

similar especially in position or purpose

couple

two items of the same kind

create

bring into existence

credit

an estimate of ability to fulfill financial commitments

criterion

the ideal in terms of which something can be judged

crucial

of extreme importance; vital to the resolution of a crisis

cultural

relating to the shared knowledge and values of a society

currency

the metal or paper medium of exchange that is presently used

cycle

a periodically repeated sequence of events

data

a collection of facts from which conclusions may be drawn

debate

a discussion with reasons for and against some proposal

decade

a period of 10 years

decline

grow worse

deduction

the act of removing a part from the whole

definite

precise; explicit and clearly defined

definition

a concise explanation of the meaning of a word or phrase

demonstrate

give an exhibition of to an interested audience

denote

have as a meaning

deny

declare untrue; contradict

depression

a sunken or lowered geological formation

derived

formed or developed from something else; not original

design

the act of working out the form of something

despite

contemptuous disregard

detect

discover or determine the existence, presence, or fact of

deviation

a variation from the standard or norm

device

an instrumentality invented for a particular purpose

devoted

zealous in allegiance or affection

differentiation

a discrimination between things as distinct

dimension

a construct distinguishing objects or individuals

diminished

made to seem smaller or less, especially in worth

discretion

power of making choices unconstrained by external agencies

discrimination

unfair treatment of a person or group based on prejudice

displacement

to move something from its natural environment

display

something intended to communicate a particular impression

disposal

the act or means of getting rid of something

distinction

a discrimination between things as different

distortion

a shape resulting from being deformed

distribution

the act of spreading or apportioning

diversity

noticeable variety

document

a representation of a person’s thinking with symbolic marks

domain

a particular environment or walk of life

domestic

of or relating to the home

dominant

most frequent or common

draft

a current of air

dramatic

characteristic of a stage performance

duration

the period of time during which something continues

dynamic

characterized by action or forcefulness of personality

economic

of or relating to production and management of wealth

edition

the form in which a text is published

elements

violent or severe weather

eliminate

end, take out, or do away with

emerge

come out into view, as from concealment

emphasis

intensity or forcefulness of expression

empirical

derived from experiment and observation rather than theory

enable

provide the means to perform some task

encounter

come together

energy

forceful exertion

enforcement

ensuring observance of or obedience to

enhanced

increased or intensified in value or beauty or quality

enormous

extraordinarily large in size or extent or degree

ensure

make certain of

entity

that which is perceived to have its own distinct existence

environment

the totality of surrounding conditions

equation

a mathematical statement that two expressions are the same

equipment

an instrumentality needed for an undertaking

equivalent

being essentially equal to something

erosion

the process of wearing or grinding something down

error

a wrong action attributable to bad judgment or ignorance

established

brought about or set up or accepted

estate

extensive landed property retained by the owner

estimate

judge tentatively

ethical

conforming to accepted standards of social behavior

ethnic

distinctive of the ways of living of a group of people

evaluation

the act of ascertaining or judging the quality of

eventually

after an unspecified period of time or a long delay

evidence

knowledge on which to base belief

evolution

sequence of events involved in the development of a species

exceed

be or do something to a greater degree

exclude

prevent from entering; shut out

exhibit

show; make visible or apparent

expansion

the act of increasing in size or volume or quantity or scope

expert

a person with special knowledge who performs skillfully

explicit

precisely and clearly expressed or readily observable

exploitation

an act that victimizes someone

export

sell or transfer abroad

exposure

the state of being vulnerable to something

external

happening or arising outside some limits or surface

extract

remove, usually with some force or effort

deprivation

the disadvantage that results from losing something

fatigue

temporary loss of strength and energy from hard work

eyelid

either of two folds of skin that can be moved to cover or open the eye

snoring

the act of snoring or producing a snoring sound

contracted

reduced in size or pulled together

cohesion

the state of sticking together

cognitive

relating to or involving the mental process of knowing

preoccupation

the mental state of being obsessed by something

spirit

the vital principle or animating force within living things

diffuse

spread out; not concentrated in one place

prosthesis

a device that replaces a missing part of the body

contention

the act of competing as for profit or a prize

physiologic

of or consistent with an organism’s normal functioning

psychological

mental or emotional as opposed to physical in nature

biological

pertaining to life and living things

athlete

a person trained to compete in sports

ante meridiem

before noon

post meridiem

after noon

molecule

the simplest structural unit of an element or compound

autonomy

political independence

eradicate

destroy completely, as if down to the roots

exemplify

be characteristic of

asserting

relating to the use of or having the nature of a declaration

burgeon

grow and flourish

menace

something that is a source of danger

misleading

designed to deceive or mislead either deliberately or inadvertently

exploitative

tending to exploit or make use of

accumulate

get or gather together

subjugation

forced submission to control by others

sovereignty

the authority of a state to govern another state

corollary

an inference following from the proof of another proposition

delusion

a mistaken or unfounded opinion or idea

apposite

being of striking appropriateness and pertinence

dissect

cut open or cut apart

negativism

characterized by habitual skepticism and a disagreeable tendency to deny or oppose or resist suggestions or commands

personnel

group of people willing to obey orders

luminary

a celebrity who is an inspiration to others

minion

a servile or fawning dependant

constraint

the state of being physically limited

formidable

extremely impressive in strength or excellence

confront

oppose, as in hostility or a competition

reveal

make visible

mummify

remove the organs and dry out in order to preserve it

imitate

reproduce someone’s behavior or looks

conspicuous

obvious to the eye or mind

excavation

the act of digging

physicist

a scientist trained in the science of matter and energy

magnetism

attraction for iron

hierarchy

a series of ordered groupings within a system

plagiarism

taking someone’s words or ideas as if they were your own

eukaryotic

having cells with `good’ or membrane-bound nuclei

inference

drawing a conclusion on the basis of circumstantial evidence

Great Pyramid

a massive monument with a square base and four triangular sides; begun by Cheops around 2700 BC as royal tombs in ancient Egypt

inference

drawing a conclusion on the basis of circumstantial evidence

archaeology

the branch of anthropology that studies prehistoric people

anthropology

science of the origins and social relationships of humans

mitigating circumstance

(law) a circumstance that does not exonerate a person but which reduces the penalty associated with the offense

elevate

raise from a lower to a higher position

handicap

being unable to perform due to physical or mental unfitness

ameliorative

tending to ameliorate

flaw

an imperfection in an object or machine

slyly

in an artful manner

stealthy

marked by quiet and caution and secrecy

chomping

the act of chewing noisily

jarring

making or causing a harsh and irritating sound

serum

an amber, watery fluid, rich in proteins, that separates out when blood coagulates

perceptive

of or relating to awareness via the senses

repercussion

a remote or indirect consequence of some action

vulnerable

capable of being wounded or hurt

clocks

European weed naturalized in southwestern United States and Mexico having reddish decumbent stems with small fernlike leaves and small deep reddish-lavender flowers followed by slender fruits that stick straight up; often grown for forage

podium

a platform raised above the surrounding level

fossil

the remains of a plant or animal from a past geological age

ample

more than enough in size or scope or capacity

anecdotal

based on stories rather than data or scientific observation

atomic energy

the energy released by a nuclear reaction

resemblance

similarity in appearance or external or superficial details

bear

be pregnant with

tenet

a religious doctrine proclaimed as true without proof

scrutiny

the act of examining something closely, as for mistakes

cognitive

relating to or involving the mental process of knowing

spherical

relating to a round, three-dimensional closed surface

hemisphere

half of a sphere

susceptible

yielding readily to or capable of

sneaky

marked by quiet and caution and secrecy

acquisition

something gained

substantial

real; having a material or factual existence

exposure

the state of being vulnerable to something

sabotage

a deliberate act of destruction or disruption

infiltrate

pass through an enemy line in a military conflict

instantaneously

without any delay

extinct

no longer in existence

beneath

in or to a place that is lower

enigma

something that baffles understanding and cannot be explained

abandon

forsake; leave behind

ancestor

someone from whom you are descended

canoe

a small, light boat propelled with a paddle

withstand

resist or confront with resistance

prevailing

most frequent or common

derelict

a person without a home, job, or property

imperative

requiring attention or action

imperative

requiring attention or action

coherent

marked by an orderly and consistent relation of parts

mere

being nothing more than specified

immense

unusually great in size or amount or extent or scope

embarrassment

the shame felt when inadequacy or guilt is made public

anthropology

science of the origins and social relationships of humans

strike

deliver a sharp blow, as with the hand, fist, or weapon

evolve

undergo development

evolve

undergo development

flora

all the plant life in a particular region or period

optimum

most desirable possible under a restriction

espresso

strong coffee made by forcing hot water through coffee beans

solidarity

a union of interests or purposes among members of a group

solidarity

a union of interests or purposes among members of a group

offspring

the immediate descendants of a person

skewer

a long pin for holding meat in position while it is being roasted

skull

the bony skeleton of the head of vertebrates

indecisive

characterized by lack of resoluteness

apprehensive

in fear or dread of possible evil or harm

adrenaline

a secretion in response to stress, stimulating nerve action

verge

the limit beyond which something happens or changes

turbulent

characterized by unrest or disorder or insubordination

neuroethics

the study of ethical implications of treatments for neurological diseases

neurological

of or relating to or used in or practicing neurology

doodle

an aimless drawing

decipher

convert code into ordinary language

scrutiny

the act of examining something closely, as for mistakes

encase

enclose in, or as if in, a case

volatile

liable to lead to sudden change or violence

volatile

liable to lead to sudden change or violence

plateau

a relatively flat highland

pique

a sudden outburst of anger

pique

a sudden outburst of anger

deceptive

designed to mislead either deliberately or inadvertently

radical

far beyond the norm

radical

far beyond the norm

obscure

not clearly understood or expressed

vague

lacking clarity or distinctness

fractal

(mathematics) a geometric pattern that is repeated at every scale and so cannot be represented by classical geometry

contrary

exact opposition

revival

bringing again into activity and prominence

abridge

lessen, diminish, or curtail

abstemious

marked by temperance in indulgence

indulgence

the act of gratifying a desire

indulgence

the act of gratifying a desire

abstract

existing only in the mind

abstruse

difficult to penetrate

abstruse

difficult to penetrate

accessible

capable of being reached

acclaim

enthusiastic approval

acclaim

enthusiastic approval

monotonous

sounded or spoken in a tone unvarying in pitch

however

in whatever way or manner

liability

the state of being legally obliged and responsible

miraculous

peculiarly fortunate, as if by divine intervention

attribute

a quality belonging to or characteristic of an entity

accumulate

get or gather together

skill

an ability that has been acquired by training

specific

stated explicitly or in detail

research

a seeking for knowledge

study

applying the mind to learning and understanding a subject

manifesto

a public declaration of intentions

influence

a power to affect persons or events

substantial

real; having a material or factual existence

lucrative

producing a sizeable profit

sustainable

capable of being prolonged

appropriate

suitable for a particular person, place, or situation

gesture

motion of hands or body to emphasize a thought or feeling

community

a group of people living in a particular local area

decisive

characterized by resoluteness and firmness

Key

United States lawyer and poet who wrote a poem after witnessing the British attack on Baltimore during the War of 1812; the poem was later set to music and entitled `The Star-Spangled Banner’ (1779-1843)

integral

existing as an essential constituent or characteristic

abandoned

forsaken by owner or inhabitants

capital

a large alphabetic character used in writing or printing

advancement

the act of moving forward (as toward a goal)

mobility

the quality of moving freely

rage

a feeling of intense anger

composed

serenely self-possessed and free from agitation

distinguish

mark as different

particular

unique or specific to a person or thing or category

ritual

the prescribed procedure for conducting religious ceremonies

rationale

an explanation of the fundamental reasons

explicit

precisely and clearly expressed or readily observable

systematic

characterized by order and planning

arrangement

an orderly grouping considered as a unit

method

a way of doing something, especially a systematic way

device

an instrumentality invented for a particular purpose

handbook

a concise reference book providing specific information about a subject or location

ambiguous

having more than one possible meaning

authenticity

undisputed credibility

state of affairs

the general state of things

notion

a general inclusive concept

assembly

a group of persons gathered together for a common purpose
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