MUST LEARN WORDS for CAT, GMAT-(DAILY UPDATED) – 99 Words

arbitration

giving authoritative judgment

Give examples of some disputes between the United States and other countries that have been settled by arbitration.Garner, James Wilford
annulment

an official or legal cancellation

But couples who have fallen out of love find novel ways to split – including multiple annulments.BBC (Jun 11, 2011)
outlier

an extreme deviation from the mean

Even the best human brain is not very good at spotting large-scale trends, mainly because we’re extremely biased towards outlier events.BusinessWeek (Dec 8, 2011)
propensity

an inclination to do something

He is well known for the disagreeable propensity he has for beating his servants.Various
parochial

narrowly restricted in outlook or scope

There is no more money for parochial school tuition.New York Times (Nov 18, 2011)
regime

the governing authority of a political unit

North Korea worries about the U.S. interfering in the regime change there.Scientific American (Dec 21, 2011)
conciliation

the act of placating and overcoming distrust and animosity

After a little delay, the conciliation between the two points of view was completed in his mind.Barine, Arvede
intervention

the act of getting involved

The government said yesterday that Japan will expand funds for currency intervention in its fourth supplementary budget for the current fiscal year.
negate

deny the truth of

But almost all the Bulldogs’ hard work on offense in the first half was negated by Mathieu’s first big play.Seattle Times (Dec 4, 2011)
intent

the intended meaning of a communication

“Mr. Mehanna had plans; his intent was to cause harm.”
enforcement

ensuring observance of or obedience to

He was also charged with conspiracy to kill in a foreign country and lying to law enforcement officers.
construe

make sense of; assign a meaning to

He was plainly worried, and Carver correctly construed his warning as an appeal for advice and assistance.Beecham, John Charles
emphasis

intensity or forcefulness of expression

It was painted”—he paused for emphasis—“600 years B.C.”Blackwood, Algernon
notion

a vague idea in which some confidence is placed

That challenges the notion that chemotherapy is the driving force behind mental changes in breast cancer survivors, researchers said.
injunction

a judicial remedy to prohibit a party from doing something

Failure to do so may result in legal action, including seizure and injunction, or criminal prosecution.Washington Post (Dec 6, 2011)
interim

the time between one event, process, or period and another

The Kings fired Terry Murray last week and John Stevens has served as interim coach.Seattle Times (Dec 19, 2011)
exaggerate

do something to an excessive degree

He turned out to be a man of good understanding, observing and clever, although a little exaggerated in his analyses, and sufficiently severe.Palacio Vald?s, Armando
strangled

held in check with difficulty

He raped her, strangled her and then left her body, the letter said.Washington Post (Dec 22, 2011)
plethora

extreme excess

Each evening is packed with a plethora of shows presented by innumerable groups, ranging in size from medium to small scale.
albite

a widely distributed feldspar that forms rocks

Several varieties of albite are distinguished, of which the following may be here specially mentioned.
deleterious

harmful to living things

Alcoholic drinks in moderation, I do not believe have any deleterious effect on health.Warfield, Louis Marshall
conspiracy

a plot to carry out some harmful or illegal act

Mr. Gilani, usually a soft-spoken politician, complained Thursday that “ conspiracies are being hatched to pack up the elected government.”New York Times (Dec 23, 2011)
oust

remove from a position or office

Parliament yesterday approved a judicial overhaul that will oust Supreme Court Chief Justice Andras Baka.
rift

a narrow fissure in rock

Back in the spring I spent at least 100 happy hours slinging spells and making new Internet friends as I explored Rift’s fantasy kingdom.New York Times (Dec 24, 2011)
whisper

speaking softly without vibration of the vocal cords

“I don’t have an ending,” he whispered apologetically, keeping his voice down so as not to disturb the old ladies who were still writing.
corridor

an enclosed passageway

With eager steps he passed through his own quarters, and hurried down the long panelled corridor in which the boys’ studies were situated.Hay, Ian
coup

a sudden and decisive change of government by force

She awaited his return in the highest spirits, thinking that now, at last, by one brilliant coup her troubles would be ended.Haynes, Henrietta
incursion

the act of entering some territory or domain

The British Foreign Office said it was outraged by the incursion into embassy.
loath

strongly opposed

Although Hollywood is loath to relinquish marketing costs, it’s generally acknowledged that Prints & Advertising budgets can regularly swell to over half a film’s production cost.BusinessWeek (Dec 9, 2011)
manoeuvre

a military training exercise

The manoeuvre was perfectly successful; their weight sent them right over Caesar’s men, who rolled on the ground in all directions.Jefferies, Richard
stave off

prevent the occurrence of; prevent from happening

By flooding the banking system with cheap money, policy makers are attempting to stave off a looming credit crunch by encouraging banks to maintain lending.
aftermath

the consequences of an event

In its aftermath, he continued toggling between stage and screen roles, in the United States and abroad.New York Times (Dec 22, 2011)
precipitate

bring about abruptly

“But in California, it seems more often than not that gaming revenue is the precipitating factor.”New York Times (Dec 13, 2011)
pandemic

existing everywhere

Had somebody identified the pandemic virus in pigs before the outbreak, nobody would have been jumping up and down.Nature (Dec 7, 2011)
lethal

of an instrument of certain death

New York-based Human Rights Watch accused Syrian military and intelligence officials last week of giving both “direct and standing orders to use lethal force.”
sanitise

make sanitary by cleaning or sterilizing

The BBC’s Duncan Kennedy, watching the programme, said it would be viewed by critics as very controlled and a little sanitised.
excise

remove by cutting

The appeals court pointed to Supreme Court rulings that call on judges to excise an unconstitutional provision whenever possible.BusinessWeek (Nov 4, 2011)
ferret

a small domesticated mammal with a flexible, elongated body

The health insurance industry also wanted the expenses health plans incur to ferret out health care fraud to be included in medical care costs.New York Times (Dec 13, 2011)
contagious

capable of being transmitted by infection

Good spirits are contagious: every one feels better for having a neighbour always in a good humour.Blanchan, Neltje
lethal

of an instrument of certain death

Exposure to high-level radioactive waste can be lethal, and the material needs to be isolated for at least thousands of years while its radioactivity dissipates.Washington Post (Dec 18, 2011)
pathogen

any disease-producing agent

As with many commercial food products, the eggs used in the contaminated cookie dough were pasteurized, a process that kills pathogens.New York Times (Dec 13, 2011)
sprawling

spreading out in different directions

Mohammed, who did not want his last name used for fear of reprisal, said he witnessed many killings at the sprawling site.
loom

a textile machine for weaving yarn into a textile

By flooding the banking system with cheap money, policy makers are attempting to stave off a looming credit crunch by encouraging banks to maintain lending.
proliferate

grow rapidly

Panetta said Washington was ready to help Libya’s transition, including securing weaponry proliferating in the country and building professional security forces.
cryptanalyst

decoder skilled in the analysis of codes and cryptograms

It proved to be written in cipher, but Mr. Thrasher declared himself ignorant alike of its contents and its author.Various
cipher

a secret method of writing

Earlier this year, I wrote about three such “miracle schools” lauded by U.S.Washington Post (Dec 9, 2011)
laud

praise, glorify, or honor

About 20 countries including Greece, Canada and Russia, Turkey’s second- biggest trading partner behind Germany, recognize the events as genocide.
genocide

systematic killing of a racial or cultural group

The sworn police statement used to get an arrest warrant included harrowing details about the decapitation and dismemberment.Washington Post (Oct 18, 2011)
dismemberment

the removal of limbs; being cut to pieces

South Korea’s drills this week involved aircraft, rocket launchers, artillery and naval destroyers.New York Times (Nov 24, 2011)
artillery

large but transportable armament

The simple question then remains: Is the word rack, as elsewhere used by Shakspeare and his contemporaries, logically applicable there?Various
contemporary

occurring in the same period of time

And the conductor, looking about him to see that no more passengers were within earshot, answered, ‘ Eccentrics—two hours anyway.’Ashe, Elizabeth
eccentric

conspicuously or grossly unconventional or unusual

The flooding washed away interstate highway lanes, swamped rail lines, flooded farmland and forced thousands of people from their homes.
swamp

low land that is seasonally flooded

Friendly words were spoken, and tracts given to persons standing at their doors.Weylland, John Matthias
tract

an extended area of land

He picked up his loaded carbine, and went softly that way.Bryden, H.A.
carbine

light automatic rifle

“I’m sure people are working on it,” he told Kirsten, showing her an obscure Wikipedia entry he had found on the subject one night.New York Times (Dec 26, 2011)
obscure

not clearly understood or expressed

Western experts say tightening sanctions, technical hurdles and possible cyber sabotage have slowed Iran’s atomic advances.
sabotage

a deliberate act of destruction or disruption

Looking at depictions in popular culture, he found only jokey curios: B movies with titles like “The Legend of Boggy Creek.”New York Times (Nov 5, 2011)
boggy

(of soil) soft and watery

Gutierrez, who opposes the tariffs, said he’s concerned Chinese manufacturers may retaliate against U.S. companies, including his, by stopping purchases.
retaliate

make a counterattack and return like for like

An office building in the eastern suburb of New Brighton was damaged, and staff were safely evacuated, police said yesterday.
evacuate

move out of an unsafe location into safety

He said he had disguised the purpose of the payments.New York Times (Dec 21, 2011)
disguised

having its true character concealed with the intent of misleading

“You learn the nuances and ignore some numbers,” said James Jones, who is in his 12th year as the Yale men’s basketball coach.New York Times (Dec 24, 2011)
nuance

a subtle difference in meaning or opinion or attitude

According to church rules, a man could bequeath his personal property subject to certain family rights.Reilly, S. A.
bequeath

leave or give, especially by will after one’s death

At nineteen years of age, Rebecca Gould was sought and won in marriage by James Steward.Steward, T. G. (Theophilus Gould)
sought

that is looked for

The serious riots which took place in many parts of Great Britain, even London, made the aristocracy consider all opportunities of addressing the people dangerous.Holland, Frederic May
riot

a state of disorder involving group violence

He pluckily groped his way forward again, crawling slowly by the area railings.Blackwood, Algernon
grope

feel about uncertainly or blindly

Southern California fans are downright enraged – yet again – by seeing another program they believe committed worse crimes than the Trojans receive lesser penalties.Seattle Times (Dec 21, 2011)
cop

uncomplimentary terms for a policeman

Wen and Noda also agreed on seeking an early restart of the six-party nuclear disarmament talks that North Korea abandoned.
enraged

marked by extreme anger

President John F. Kennedy’s popularity rose after he acknowledged policy errors in the failed Bay of Pigs invasion in Cuba.
abandoned

forsaken by owner or inhabitants

Merchants are now smack in the middle of the traditional spending lull between Black Friday weekend and the final days before Christmas.BusinessWeek (Dec 16, 2011)
invasion

any entry into an area not previously occupied

His lawyer says Hand never wanted to hurt anyone and was entrapped by authorities.Washington Post (Oct 7, 2011)
smack

a blow from a flat object (as an open hand)

Brigadier General Fisher was hit three times by grape-shot, which caused contusions only, and his horse was killed under him.Willyams, Cooper
entrap

take or catch as if in a snare or trap

Jimmy left school at 14 and during World War II was conscripted to work in British coal mines.New York Times (Nov 3, 2011)
contusion

an injury in which the skin is not broken

Some of his paintings now show hollow-eyed North Korean girls and smiling, homeless children, known in the North as “fluttering swallows,” surrounding Kim.
conscript

enroll into service compulsorily

Missing posters were put up; the coffee shop closed its doors, and missing persons investigators checked the morgues and homeless shelters looking for Mr. Rubin.New York Times (Dec 23, 2011)
stomp

walk heavily

Medics said 10 people were wounded, some by bullets or tear gas canisters.
swallow

pass through the esophagus as part of eating or drinking

Sleeping deaths from other causes, including suffocation, entrapment and asphyxia have increased.
morgue

a building or room where dead bodies are kept before burial

As it turns out, George is on a movie set, speaking in character as a hero refusing to reveal information to his captors.Slate (Dec 1, 2011)
medic

any of several Old World herbs of the genus Medicago having small flowers and trifoliate compound leaves

“There was a fear that even good funds would get whacked at some point,” Jacobson said in a telephone interview.
asphyxia

a condition in which insufficient or no oxygen and carbon dioxide are exchanged on a ventilatory basis; caused by choking or drowning or electric shock or poison gas

Sometimes the poor thing goes to bed bruised and supperless.Palacio Vald?s, Armando
captor

a person who entraps and holds someone else

That recklessness, that daring—once labelled as viciousness by scholastic guardians—then become England’s glory and shield at time of need.Henham, Ernest G.
whacked

(British informal) exhausted or worn out

Among the princes humiliated by the Inquisition, the following persons must be included.Llorente, Juan Antonio
bruise

a small injury that results in discoloration

Military Commissions Act passed by Congress stripped the federal courts of jurisdiction over any allegations by foreigners of detention, treatment, or conditions of confinement.
viciousness

the trait of extreme cruelty

The artists arrived at a professional truce after Ms. Jones made peace with Mr. Ginzel’s having fathered a son while she was away in Rome.New York Times (Dec 17, 2011)
humiliated

subdued or brought low in condition or status

Organizations must prepare for this continued regulatory assault as elected officials hope the passage of more regulations will result in their reelection.Forbes (Dec 26, 2011)
detention

a state of being confined (usually for a short time)

Aging skin is thin and prone to tearing and bruising, so err on the side of very gentle.Seattle Times (Dec 20, 2011)
truce

a state of peace agreed to between opponents

China says invading Japanese troops slaughtered 300,000 men, women and children in Nanjing, then known as Nanking.
assault

attack someone physically or emotionally

When the housemaid had departed, he sat up in bed as completely as splints and bandages would permit, and prepared for breakfast.Hay, Ian
bruise

a small injury that results in discoloration

Stopping the Ravens has become frustrating because they do so many things well.Washington Post (Dec 17, 2011)
invade

march aggressively into a territory by military force

A five-story crane continuously plucking at 30 tons of salvaged clothing.New York Times (Dec 22, 2011)
splint

a thin piece of wood

Mr. Zardari also had complained of “left arm numbness and twitching,” it said.
raven

large black bird with a straight bill and long wedge-shaped tail

Jimmy left school at 14 and during World War II was conscripted to work in British coal mines.New York Times (Nov 3, 2011)
pluck

pull lightly but sharply

The analysis covered expenses such as luggage charges and rebooking fees as well as operating data like scrubbed flights and the percentage of filled seats.
twitch

make an uncontrolled, short, jerky motion

The U.S. embassy in Bangkok has said he has been receiving consular assistance.
conscript

enroll into service compulsorily

Young women may wonder why, but the young man who still remembers the agony of his first formal call will not.Hay, Ian
scrubbed

made clean by scrubbing

There was no feeling in his feet, and his hands were too numbed to button his ragged coat, which had fallen open.Bindloss, Harold
consular

having to do with a consul or his office or duties

My being forced into a humble, but not ignoble, occupation could never have made this difference in her.Onions, Oliver [pseud.] agony

intense feelings of suffering; acute mental or physical pain

numb

lacking sensation

ignoble

dishonorable in character or purpose
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