GRE GMAT Study Words – 612 Words

abacus

a manual calculator with counters on rods or in grooves

abashed

feeling or caused to feel uneasy and self-conscious

abate

become less in amount or intensity

abet

assist or encourage, usually in some wrongdoing

abide

dwell

abjure

formally reject or disavow a formerly held belief

abrogate

revoke formally

abstruse

difficult to penetrate

acarpous

producing no fruit

accession

the act of attaining a new office or right or position

adjudicate

hear a case and sit as the judge at the trial of

admonish

scold or reprimand; take to task

admonitory

expressing reprimand, criticism, or censure

aesthete

one who professes great sensitivity to the beauty of art

affable

diffusing warmth and friendliness

agog

highly excited

aliquot

signifying an exact divisor or factor of a quantity

ambivalent

uncertain or unable to decide about what course to follow

ameliorate

make better

analogous

similar or equivalent in some respects

anathema

a formal ecclesiastical curse accompanied by excommunication

anodyne

capable of relieving pain

anomalous

deviating from the general or common order or type

antedate

be earlier in time; go back further

antic

ludicrously odd

antithetical

sharply contrasted in character or purpose

aphoristic

terse and witty and like a maxim

aplomb

great coolness and composure under strain

apocryphal

being of questionable authenticity

apogee

the farthest point in an orbit around the Earth

apostate

not faithful to religion or party or cause

apothegm

a short pithy instructive saying

apotheosis

model of excellence or perfection of a kind

apposite

being of striking appropriateness and pertinence

apprehension

fearful expectation or anticipation

apprehensive

in fear or dread of possible evil or harm

approbatory

expressing or manifesting praise or approval

appropriate

suitable for a particular person, place, or situation

appurtenant

furnishing added support

arcane

requiring secret or mysterious knowledge

arriviste

an ambitious social climber or status seeker

arrogate

seize and take control without authority

artifice

a deceptive maneuver, especially to avoid capture

artless

simple and natural; without cunning or deceit

ascetic

someone who practices self denial as a spiritual discipline

asceticism

rigorous self-denial and active self-restraint

askance

with suspicion or disapproval

asperity

harshness of manner

atavism

a reappearance of an earlier characteristic

attenuate

become weaker, in strength, value, or magnitude

aver

declare or affirm solemnly and formally as true

avocation

an auxiliary activity

baleful

threatening or foreshadowing evil or tragic developments

balk

refuse to comply

banal

repeated too often; overfamiliar through overuse

bastardization

an act that debases or corrupts

beatific

resembling or befitting an angel or saint

becoming

displaying or setting off to best advantage

begrudge

be envious of or feel annoyance toward

behoove

be appropriate or necessary

belie

be in contradiction with

bellicose

having or showing a ready disposition to fight

benighted

overtaken by night or darkness

bereft

sorrowful through loss or deprivation

besiege

surround so as to force to give up

besot

make dull or stupid or muddle with drunkenness or infatuation

betray

deliver to an enemy by treachery

bilious

relating to a digestive juice secreted by the liver

blatant

without any attempt at concealment; completely obvious

blinker

a light that flashes on and off

bloviate

speak verbosely and windily

boon

something that is desirable, favorable, or beneficial

bowdlerize

edit by omitting or modifying parts considered indelicate

bristle

a stiff hair

bromide

a trite or obvious remark

browbeat

discourage or frighten with threats or a domineering manner

brusquely

in a blunt direct manner

bucolic

devoted to raising sheep or cattle

burgeon

grow and flourish

buttress

a support usually of stone or brick

cabal

a clique that seeks power usually through intrigue

callow

young and inexperienced

calumny

a false accusation of an offense

canard

a deliberately misleading fabrication

cantankerous

stubbornly obstructive and unwilling to cooperate

capricious

determined by chance or impulse rather than by necessity

carping

persistent petty and unjustified criticism

caustic

capable of destroying or eating away by chemical action

celerity

a rate that is rapid

chafe

become or make sore by or as if by rubbing

chary

characterized by great caution

chimera

a grotesque product of the imagination

churl

a crude or uncouth person lacking culture or refinement

circuitous

deviating from a straight course

circumscribe

draw a geometric figure around another figure

cloistered

providing privacy or seclusion

coalesce

fuse or cause to come together

cogent

powerfully persuasive

cohesive

well integrated

colloquial

characteristic of informal spoken language or conversation

collusion

secret agreement

commensurate

corresponding in size or degree or extent

compendium

a publication containing a variety of works

complacent

contented to a fault with oneself or one’s actions

conciliate

gain the good will of or cause to be more favorably inclined

concomitant

following or accompanying as a consequence

conflagration

a very intense and uncontrolled fire

conflate

mix together different elements

confound

be confusing or perplexing to

confounded

perplexed by many conflicting situations or statements

conspicuous

obvious to the eye or mind

contempt

lack of respect accompanied by a feeling of intense dislike

contentious

showing an inclination to disagree

contumacious

willfully obstinate; stubbornly disobedient

convivial

occupied with or fond of the pleasures of good company

convoluted

highly complex or intricate

cornucopia

a horn filled with fruit and grain symbolizing prosperity

corollary

an inference following from the proof of another proposition

cosset

treat with excessive indulgence

coterminous

being of equal extent or scope or duration

countervail

oppose and mitigate the effects of by contrary actions

coy

affectedly shy especially in a playful or provocative way

craven

lacking even the rudiments of courage; abjectly fearful

cravenness

meanspirited cowardice

credence

the mental attitude that something is believable

credulity

tendency to believe readily

crystallize

cause to form crystals or assume crystalline form

culminate

end, especially to reach a final or climactic stage

cupidity

extreme greed for material wealth

curmudgeon

an irascible, cantankerous person full of stubborn ideas

cursory

hasty and without attention to detail; not thorough

dearth

an insufficient quantity or number

decorous

characterized by propriety and dignity and good taste

decry

express strong disapproval of

deferential

showing courteous regard for people’s feelings

defray

bear the expenses of

deign

do something that one considers to be below one’s dignity

deleterious

harmful to living things

deliberate

carefully thought out in advance

deliberation

careful consideration

delineate

represented accurately or precisely

delude

be dishonest with

deluge

a heavy rain

demur

politely refuse or take exception to

denigrate

charge falsely or with malicious intent

denote

have as a meaning

denouement

the outcome of a complex sequence of events

derelict

a person without a home, job, or property

deride

treat or speak of with contempt

derisive

expressing contempt or ridicule

derogative

expressive of low opinion

desiccate

lacking vitality or spirit; lifeless

desideratum

something sought after as a necessity

despot

a cruel and oppressive dictator

despotic

having the characteristics of a tyrannical ruler

desultory

marked by lack of definite plan or regularity or purpose

deter

turn away from by persuasion

devolve

pass on or delegate to another

dialectician

a logician skilled in dialectic

diffidence

lack of self-assurance

diffident

showing modest reserve

dilate

become wider

dilatory

wasting time

disabuse

free somebody from an erroneous belief

disaffected

discontented as toward authority

discomfit

cause to lose one’s composure

discursive

tending to cover a wide range of subjects

disparate

fundamentally different or distinct in quality or kind

dispensation

the act of giving out in portions

dissemble

behave unnaturally or affectedly

dissimulation

the act of deceiving

dissolution

separation into component parts

doggerel

a comic verse of irregular measure

doleful

filled with or evoking sadness

dolorous

showing sorrow

dovetail

a mortise joint formed by interlocking parts

doyenne

a woman who is the senior member of a group

duress

compulsory force or threat

ebb

the outward flow of the tide

ebullient

joyously unrestrained

eccentric

conspicuously or grossly unconventional or unusual

edacious

devouring or craving food in great quantities

edifying

enlightening or uplifting so as to encourage improvement

effervescent

giving off bubbles

efficacious

giving the power to produce an intended result

effrontery

audacious behavior that you have no right to

elegiac

resembling or characteristic of a lament for the dead

elicit

call forth, as an emotion, feeling, or response

elucidate

make clear and comprehensible

embellish

make more attractive, as by adding ornament or color

embroiled

deeply involved especially in something complicated

eminent

standing above others in quality or position

empiricism

the doctrine that knowledge derives from experience

encomium

a formal expression of praise

encumber

hold back, impede, or weigh down

enervate

weaken mentally or morally

enjoin

give instructions to or direct somebody to do something

enmity

a state of deep-seated ill-will

ennui

the feeling of being bored by something tedious

enormity

the quality of extreme wickedness

ensconce

fix firmly

entail

have as a logical consequence

entreat

ask for or request earnestly

epigram

a witty saying

eponym

the person for whom something is named

equable

not varying

equitable

fair to all parties as dictated by reason and conscience

equivocal

open to two or more interpretations

equivocate

be deliberately ambiguous or unclear

equivocation

intentional vagueness or ambiguity

ersatz

an artificial or inferior substitute or imitation

esoteric

understandable only by an enlightened inner circle

espouse

choose and follow a theory, idea, policy, etc.

estimable

deserving of respect or high regard

ethereal

characterized by lightness and insubstantiality

evenhanded

without partiality

exacerbate

make worse

exasperate

make furious

excoriate

express strong disapproval of

excoriation

severe censure

exculpate

pronounce not guilty of criminal charges

execrate

curse or declare to be evil or anathema

exegesis

an explanation or critical interpretation

exhort

spur on or encourage especially by cheers and shouts

exiguity

the quality of being meager

exordium

the introductory section of an oration or discourse

expat

a person who is voluntarily absent from home or country

expatiate

add details, as to an account or idea

expound

add details, as to an account or idea

expurgate

edit by omitting or modifying parts considered indelicate

extenuating

partially excusing or justifying

facetious

cleverly amusing in tone

facile

arrived at without due care or effort; lacking depth

factious

dissenting with the majority opinion

factitious

not produced by natural forces; artificial or fake

feckless

generally incompetent and ineffectual

fecund

capable of producing offspring or vegetation

fete

an elaborate party, often outdoors

firebrand

a piece of wood that has been burned or is burning

flax

plant of the genus Linum that is cultivated for its seeds and for the fibers of its stem

flippant

showing an inappropriate lack of seriousness

flummox

be a mystery or bewildering to

foible

a minor weakness or peculiarity in someone’s character

foil

hinder or prevent, as an effort, plan, or desire

foment

try to stir up

forage

collect or look around for, as food

forbear

refrain from doing

forlorn

marked by or showing hopelessness

forthwith

without delay or hesitation; with no time intervening

fortuitous

occurring by happy chance

fractious

easily irritated or annoyed

froward

habitually disposed to disobedience and opposition

furtive

secret and sly or sordid

gainsay

take exception to

galling

causing irritation or annoyance

gauche

lacking social polish

germane

relevant and appropriate

glean

gather, as of natural products

gossamer

a gauze fabric with an extremely fine texture

graft

tissue or organ transplanted from a donor to a recipient

grandiloquent

lofty in style

grovel

show submission or fear

guffaw

a burst of loud and hearty laughter

guileless

innocent and free of deceit

gush

flow forth in a sudden stream or jet

hagiographer

the author of a worshipful or idealizing biography

hamstring

one of the tendons at the back of the knee

harridan

a scolding (even vicious) old woman

harried

troubled persistently, especially with petty annoyances

hauteur

overbearing pride with a superior manner toward inferiors

hector

be bossy towards

hegemony

the dominance or leadership of one social group over others

histrionics

a performance of a play

hitherto

up to this point; until the present time

hoary

having gray or white hair as with age

hobble

walk impeded by some physical limitation or injury

hubris

overbearing pride or presumption

idiom

expression whose meaning cannot be inferred from its words

ignominious

deserving or bringing disgrace or shame

ignominy

a state of dishonor

imbibe

take in liquids

imbroglio

an intricate and confusing interpersonal situation

immure

lock up or confine, in or as in a jail

immutable

not subject or susceptible to change or variation

impecunious

not having enough money to pay for necessities

imperious

having or showing arrogant superiority

impertinent

improperly forward or bold

impetuous

characterized by undue haste and lack of thought

implacable

incapable of being appeased or pacified

implicate

bring into intimate and incriminating connection

importune

beg persistently and urgently

impudent

improperly forward or bold

impugn

attack as false or wrong

impute

attribute or credit to

inamorata

a woman with whom you are in love

inanity

total lack of meaning or ideas

incendiary

capable of causing fires or catching fire spontaneously

incessantly

without interruption

inchoate

only partly in existence; imperfectly formed

incontrovertible

impossible to deny or disprove

inculpate

suggest that someone is guilty

incumbent

necessary as a duty or responsibility; morally binding

indefatigability

tireless determination

ineffable

defying expression or description

ineluctable

impossible to avoid or evade

inequity

injustice by virtue of not conforming with standards

inexorable

not to be placated or appeased or moved by entreaty

infelicitous

not appropriate in application; defective

ingenuous

lacking in sophistication or worldliness

inimical

not friendly

inimitable

matchless

inscrutable

difficult or impossible to understand

insensate

devoid of feeling and consciousness and animation

insidious

working or spreading in a hidden and usually injurious way

insolent

marked by casual disrespect

insouciance

the cheerful feeling you have when nothing is troubling you

insufferable

extremely unpleasant or annoying

internecine

within a group or organization

intimation

a slight suggestion or vague understanding

intransigent

impervious to pleas, persuasion, requests, or reason

inundate

fill or cover completely, usually with water

inure

cause to accept or become hardened to

inveigle

influence or urge by gentle urging, caressing, or flattering

inveterate

habitual

invidious

containing or implying a slight or showing prejudice

inviolable

incapable of being transgressed or dishonored

inviolate

(of a woman) having the hymen unbroken

irreducible

incapable of being made smaller or simpler

irresolute

uncertain how to act or proceed

jaundiced

affected by yellowing of the skin

jejune

lacking interest or significance or impact

jingoist

an extreme bellicose nationalist

junta

a group of officers who rule a country after seizing power

juvenescence

the process of growing into a youth

lachrymose

showing sorrow

languid

lacking spirit or liveliness

languish

become feeble

largesse

liberality in bestowing gifts

lascivious

driven by lust

lassitude

a feeling of lack of interest or energy

legion

a large military unit

limpid

clear and bright

lionize

assign great social importance to

litany

any long and tedious address or recital

lithe

moving and bending with ease

loath

strongly opposed

logorrhea

pathologically excessive and often incoherent talking

luculent

(of language) transparently clear; easily understandable

lugubrious

excessively mournful

macabre

shockingly repellent; inspiring horror

macerate

soften and cause to disintegrate as a result

machinate

arrange by systematic planning and united effort

magisterial

of or relating to a civil officer who administers the law

maladroit

not quick or skillful in action or thought

malapropism

misuse of a word by confusion with one that sounds similar

maleficent

harmful or evil in intent or effect

malfeasance

wrongful conduct by a public official

malinger

avoid responsibilities and duties

martinet

someone who demands exact conformity to rules and forms

maunder

speak in a rambling or incoherent way

mawkish

effusively or insincerely emotional

mellifluous

pleasing to the ear

mendacity

the tendency to be untruthful

mettlesome

having a proud, courageous, and unbroken spirit

miscegenation

marriage or reproduction by people of different races

miscreant

a person without moral scruples

mitigate

lessen or to try to lessen the seriousness or extent of

molt

cast off hair, skin, horn, or feathers

mordant

harshly ironic or sinister

mulct

money extracted as a penalty

munificent

very generous

nadir

the lowest point of anything

nascent

being born or beginning

necropolis

a tract of land used for burials

noisome

causing or able to cause nausea

nonplussed

filled with bewilderment

novel

an extended fictional work in prose

nuance

a subtle difference in meaning or opinion or attitude

nugatory

of no real value

obeisance

bending the head or body in reverence or submission

objurgate

censure severely

oblique

slanting or inclined in direction or course or position

obloquy

state of disgrace resulting from public abuse

obsequious

attempting to win favor from influential people by flattery

obstinate

marked by tenacious unwillingness to yield

obstreperous

noisily and stubbornly defiant

obtain

come into possession of

officious

intrusive in a meddling or offensive manner

opprobrium

a state of extreme dishonor

ornery

having a difficult and contrary disposition

ossify

become bony

ostentatious

intended to attract notice and impress others

overweening

presumptuously arrogant

palatable

acceptable to the taste or mind

palaver

loud and confused and empty talk

palimpsest

a manuscript on which more than one text has been written

palliate

lessen or to try to lessen the seriousness or extent of

panegyric

formally expressing praise

panoply

a complete and impressive array

paragon

a perfect embodiment of a concept

parlance

a manner of speaking natural to a language’s native speakers

paroxysm

a sudden uncontrollable attack

parvenue

of or characteristic of a parvenu

pastoral

devoted to raising sheep or cattle

patent

a document granting an inventor sole rights to an invention

patently

unmistakably

paucity

an insufficient quantity or number

peevish

easily irritated or annoyed

pejorative

expressing disapproval

pellucid

transmitting light; able to be seen through with clarity

penury

a state of extreme poverty or destitution

percipient

characterized by ease and quickness in perceiving

peremptory

putting an end to all debate or action

perennial

lasting an indefinitely long time

perfidy

an act of deliberate betrayal

peripatetic

traveling especially on foot

permutation

a complete change in character or condition

pernicious

exceedingly harmful

perpetuate

cause to continue or prevail

perquisite

an incidental benefit for certain types of employment

persnickety

characterized by excessive attention to trivial details

perspicacious

mentally acute or penetratingly discerning

pertinacious

stubbornly unyielding

petrous

resembling stone in hardness

phantasmagorical

characterized by fantastic imagery and incongruous juxtapositions

philistine

a person who is uninterested in intellectual pursuits

phlegmatic

showing little emotion

picayune

small and of little importance

pillory

a wooden instrument of punishment on a post

piquant

having an agreeably pungent taste

placid

calm and free from disturbance

plait

a hairdo formed by braiding or twisting the hair

platitude

a trite or obvious remark

poignant

keenly distressing to the mind or feelings

polemic

a verbal or written attack, especially of a belief or dogma

pollyannaish

pleasantly (even unrealistically) optimistic

polymath

a person of great and varied learning

ponderous

having great mass and weight and unwieldiness

pontificate

administer a pontifical office

portent

a sign of something about to happen

portentous

of momentous or ominous significance

posit

take as a given; assume as a postulate or axiom

posthumous

occurring or coming into existence after a person’s death

potentate

a ruler who is unconstrained by law

precarious

not secure; beset with difficulties

precipitate

bring about abruptly

precipitous

extremely steep

precis

a sketchy summary of the main points of an argument

preclude

make impossible, especially beforehand

precocity

intelligence achieved far ahead of normal development

prescience

the power to foresee the future

presentiment

a feeling of evil to come

prevail

be larger in number, quantity, power, status or importance

prevaricate

be deliberately ambiguous or unclear

probity

complete and confirmed integrity

profane

grossly irreverent toward what is held to be sacred

profligacy

the trait of spending extravagantly

profligate

unrestrained by convention or morality

profusion

the property of being extremely abundant

proliferate

grow rapidly

prolixity

boring verbosity

promulgate

state or announce

propitiate

make peace with

prosaic

lacking wit or imagination

proselytize

convert or try to convert someone to another religion

protean

taking on different forms

provincial

associated with an administrative district of a nation

puerile

displaying or suggesting a lack of maturity

pugnacious

ready and able to resort to force or violence

puissance

power to influence or coerce

puissant

powerful

punctilious

marked by precise accordance with details

quail

small gallinaceous game birds

quell

suppress or crush completely

querulous

habitually complaining

quiescence

a state of possibly temporary inaction or dormancy

quisling

someone who collaborates with an enemy occupying force

quixotic

not sensible about practical matters

raconteur

a person skilled in telling anecdotes

raffish

marked by a carefree unconventionality or disreputability

raillery

light teasing

rakish

marked by up-to-dateness in dress and manners

rankle

make resentful or angry

rapier

a straight sword with a narrow blade and two edges

rapprochement

the reestablishing of cordial relations

rarefied

of high moral or intellectual value

rebuff

a deliberate discourteous act

rebuke

an act or expression of criticism and censure

recapitulation

a summary that repeats the substance of a longer discussion

recidivist

someone who lapses into undesirable patterns of behavior

reconciled

made compatible or consistent

recondite

difficult to penetrate

recrimination

mutual accusations

recrudesce

happen

redolent

having a strong pleasant odor

redress

make reparations or amends for

refractory

stubbornly resistant to authority or control

refulgent

radiating or as if radiating light

remediate

set straight or right

remonstrate

argue in protest or opposition

reprisal

a retaliatory action against an enemy in wartime

reproach

express criticism towards

repudiate

refuse to acknowledge, ratify, or recognize as valid

respite

a pause from doing something

restiveness

the anxious feeling you have when you have the jitters

reticent

reluctant to draw attention to yourself

revile

spread negative information about

rigor

excessive sternness

rile

disturb, especially by minor irritations

rococo

having excessive asymmetrical ornamentation

sacerdotal

associated with the priesthood or priests

sagacious

acutely insightful and wise

sang-froid

great coolness and composure under strain

sardonic

disdainfully or ironically humorous

sartorial

of or relating to tailoring or clothing

saturnine

bitter or scornful

savvy

the ability to shrewdly understand or judge things

Schadenfreude

delight in another person’s misfortune

sclerotic

relating to or having sclerosis; hardened

sedulous

marked by care and persistent effort

self-effacing

reluctant to draw attention to yourself

senescence

the property characteristic of old age

sententious

concise and full of meaning

shirk

avoid one’s assigned duties

simulacrum

a representation of a person

sinecure

a job that involves minimal duties

smug

marked by excessive complacency or self-satisfaction

solecism

a socially awkward or tactless act

solicitous

full of anxiety and concern

solicitude

a feeling of excessive concern

somnolence

a very sleepy state

sophisticated

having worldly knowledge and refinement

soporific

inducing sleep

specious

plausible but false

splenetic

of or relating to the spleen

spurious

plausible but false

squalid

foul and run-down and repulsive

staid

characterized by dignity and propriety

steel

an alloy of iron with small amounts of carbon

stint

supply sparingly and with restricted quantities

stipple

engrave by means of dots and flicks

stolid

having or revealing little emotion or sensibility

stultify

deprive of strength or efficiency; make useless or worthless

sublimated

passing or having passed from the solid to the gaseous state (or vice versa) without becoming liquid

suborn

incite to commit a crime or an evil deed

subsume

contain or include

subterfuge

something intended to misrepresent the nature of an activity

subversive

in opposition to an established system or government

sullen

showing a brooding ill humor

supercilious

having or showing arrogant disdain or haughtiness

superfluous

more than is needed, desired, or required

suppliant

humbly entreating

surfeit

indulge (one’s appetite) to satiety

surreptitious

marked by quiet and caution and secrecy

swarthy

naturally having skin of a dark color

sybarite

a person addicted to luxury and pleasures of the senses

tableau

any dramatic scene

tangential

of superficial relevance if any

tantamount

being essentially equal to something

tawdriness

tasteless showiness

temerity

fearless daring

tendentious

having a strong bias, especially a controversial one

thoroughgoing

performed comprehensively and completely

thwart

hinder or prevent, as an effort, plan, or desire

torpid

in a condition of biological rest or suspended animation

torpor

a state of motor and mental inactivity

torrid

characterized by intense emotion

tortuous

marked by repeated turns and bends

tractable

easily managed

traduce

speak unfavorably about

transient

lasting a very short time

transmute

change or alter in form, appearance, or nature

travail

use of physical or mental energy; hard work

trenchant

having keenness and forcefulness and penetration in thought

trepidation

a feeling of alarm or dread

triage

sorting and allocating aid on the basis of need

truculence

obstreperous and defiant aggressiveness

truculent

defiantly aggressive

truncate

make shorter as if by cutting off

tumult

a state of commotion and noise and confusion

turbid

clouded as with sediment

turgid

ostentatiously lofty in style

tyro

someone new to a field or activity

umbrage

a feeling of anger caused by being offended

unassailable

impossible to attack

underscore

give extra weight to

unequivocal

admitting of no doubt or misunderstanding

unprepossessing

creating an unfavorable or neutral first impression

unpropitious

not propitious

unseemly

not in keeping with accepted standards of what is proper

unstinting

very generous

untenable

incapable of being defended or justified

untoward

not in keeping with accepted standards of what is proper

untrammelled

not confined or limited

vacillation

indecision in speech or action

vanguard

the leading units moving at the head of an army

vaunt

show off

venality

susceptibility or openness to bribery and corruption

venial

warranting only temporal punishment

verdant

characterized by abundance of vegetation and green foliage

verisimilitude

the appearance of truth; the quality of seeming to be true

veritable

not counterfeit or copied

vertiginous

having or causing a whirling sensation; liable to falling

vestige

an indication that something has been present

vicissitude

a variation in circumstances or fortune

vie

compete for something

vindicated

freed from any question of guilt

virulent

extremely poisonous or injurious; producing venom

vitriol

abusive or venomous language to express blame or censure

volubility

the quality of being facile in speech and writing

wanton

a lewd or lascivious person

Zeitgeist

the spirit of the time
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