GMAT_Random_2 – 500 Words

addict

to cause to become dependent

paltry

contemptibly small in amount or size

explicit

precisely and clearly expressed or readily observable

sanctuary

a consecrated place where sacred objects are kept

crucial

of extreme importance; vital to the resolution of a crisis

pursue

follow in an effort to capture

restrain

hold back

downstream

in the direction of a stream’s current

propagate

multiply through reproduction

cartel

a consortium formed to limit commercial competition

stew

cook slowly and for a long time in liquid

endorphin

a neurochemical occurring naturally in the brain and having analgesic properties

warrior

someone engaged in or experienced in warfare

questionnaire

a form with a set of queries to gain statistical information

underwrite

protect by insurance

renown

the state or quality of being widely honored and acclaimed

resemble

be similar or bear a likeness to

unparalleled

radically distinctive and without equal

ferrous

of or relating to or containing iron

cynical

believing the worst of human nature and motives

rigor

excessive sternness

expire

lose validity

intrinsic

belonging to a thing by its very nature

genial

diffusing warmth and friendliness

redress

make reparations or amends for

refugee

an exile who flees for safety

lumber

the wood of trees prepared for use as building material

escalate

increase in extent or intensity

central

in or near an inner area

missile

a weapon that is forcibly thrown or projected at a target

enzyme

a complex protein produced by cells that acts as a catalyst

expertise

skillfulness by virtue of possessing special knowledge

elliptical

rounded like an egg

carcinogen

any substance that produces cancer

filibuster

a tactic for delaying legislation by making long speeches

militant

engaged in war

theophylline

a colorless crystalline alkaloid derived from tea leaves or made synthetically; used in medicine as a bronchial dilator

ingenuity

the power of creative imagination

consistency

a harmonious uniformity or agreement among things or parts

boom

a deep prolonged loud noise

empirical

derived from experiment and observation rather than theory

speculate

reflect deeply on a subject

hedge

a fence formed by a row of closely planted shrubs or bushes

collaborate

work together on a common enterprise or project

omen

a sign of a thing about to happen

incentive

a positive motivational influence

evade

avoid or try to avoid fulfilling, answering, or performing

solar

relating to the sun or utilizing the energies of the sun

ethnic

distinctive of the ways of living of a group of people

scrap

a small fragment of something broken off from the whole

cylindrical

having the form of a cylinder

bias

a partiality preventing objective consideration of an issue

perplex

be a mystery or bewildering to

physiology

the science dealing with the functioning of organisms

fraternal

like or characteristic of or befitting a brother

bronze

an alloy of copper and tin and sometimes other elements

nucleotide

a phosphoric ester of a nucleoside

cyclic

marked by repeated series of events

ruin

an irrecoverable state of devastation and destruction

procedure

a particular course of action intended to achieve a result

succession

the action or process of taking over an office or position

inscribe

carve, cut, or etch into a material or surface

anterior

of or near the head end or toward the front plane of a body

conserve

keep in safety and protect from harm, loss, or destruction

prophet

someone who speaks by divine inspiration

statistic

a datum that can be represented numerically

cowhide

the hide of a cow

martial

suggesting war or military life

embargo

a government order imposing a trade barrier

abstract

existing only in the mind

advocate

a person who pleads for a person, cause, or idea

explode

burst and release energy as through a violent reaction

differentiate

acquire a distinct character

respective

considered individually

session

a meeting for execution of a group’s functions

fiscal

involving financial matters

hint

an indirect suggestion

derive

come from

pseudonym

a fictitious name used when performing a particular role

loaf

a shaped mass of baked bread that is usually sliced before eating

pedestrian

a person who travels by foot

hexagonal

having six sides or divided into hexagons

cultivated

developed by human care and for human use

aggression

a disposition to behave forcefully and energetically

circular

having a circular shape

epic

a long narrative poem telling of a hero’s deeds

exemplary

worthy of imitation

per capita

per person

overlap

extend over and cover a part of

sluggish

moving slowly

disturb

move deeply

stereotype

a conventional or formulaic conception or image

secure

free from danger or risk

preeminent

greatest in importance, degree, or significance

coupon

a certificate that can be redeemed for value as needed

divulge

make known to the public information previously kept secret

exterminate

kill on a large scale

eject

put out or expel from a place

revive

cause to regain consciousness

peak

a V shape

meteorological

of or pertaining to atmospheric phenomena, especially weather and weather conditions

digit

a finger or toe, or a corresponding body part

racism

the prejudice that one people are superior to another

proximity

the property of being close together

cliff

a steep high face of rock

presuppose

take for granted or as a given

inferior

of or characteristic of low rank or importance

disparate

fundamentally different or distinct in quality or kind

leach

cause (a liquid) to percolate

indigenous

originating where it is found

definitive

clearly formulated

anesthesia

loss of bodily sensation

irreversible

incapable of being turned around

habitat

the type of environment in which an organism normally lives

wreak

cause to happen or to occur as a consequence

geometric

characterized by simple geometric forms in design and decoration

reserve

hold back or set aside, especially for future use

segment

one of several parts that fit with others to make a whole

defendant

someone against whom an action is brought in a court of law

hoary

having gray or white hair as with age

withdraw

pull back or move away or backward

lizard

relatively long-bodied reptile with legs and a tapering tail

pollen

the fine spores that contain male gametes and that are borne by an anther in a flowering plant

matrix

an enclosure within which something originates or develops

flock

a group of birds

territory

a region marked off for administrative or other purposes

vacant

without an occupant or incumbent

curtail

terminate or abbreviate before its intended or proper end

abolish

do away with

designate

design or destine

trivial

(informal) small and of little importance

philosophy

the rational investigation of existence and knowledge

friction

the resistance when a body is moved in contact with another

sensitive

responsive to physical stimuli

gentry

the most powerful members of a society

clandestine

conducted with or marked by hidden aims or methods

combustion

a reaction of a substance with oxygen to give heat and light

alluvial

relating to deposits carried by rushing streams

lysis

(biochemistry) dissolution or destruction of cells such as blood cells or bacteria

tribal

relating to or characteristic of a clan or social group

devoid

completely wanting or lacking

superficial

of, affecting, or being on or near the surface

mythic

relating to or having the nature of myth

stun

make senseless or dizzy by or as if by a blow

slip

move obliquely or sideways, usually in an uncontrolled manner

underlying

in the nature of something though not readily apparent

confirm

strengthen

bond

a connection that fastens things together

relinquish

turn away from; give up

graphite

used as a lubricant and as a moderator in nuclear reactors

seedling

young plant or tree grown from a seed

entity

that which is perceived to have its own distinct existence

copper

a ductile malleable reddish-brown corrosion-resistant diamagnetic metallic element; occurs in various minerals but is the only metal that occurs abundantly in large masses; used as an electrical and thermal conductor

extracurricular

outside the regular academic course of studies

panacea

hypothetical remedy for all ills or diseases

spawn

the mass of eggs deposited by fish or amphibians or mollusks

fjord

a long narrow inlet of the sea between steep cliffs

contradict

prove negative; show to be false

glucose

a monosaccharide sugar that has several forms

illustrate

depict with a visual representation

palatable

acceptable to the taste or mind

tribute

something given or done as an expression of esteem

conduct

the way a person behaves toward other people

dramatize

put into a form intended for performance

fossil

the remains of a plant or animal from a past geological age

quiescent

being quiet or still or inactive

outstrip

go far ahead of

asthma

respiratory disorder characterized by wheezing

encephalitis

inflammation of the brain usually caused by a virus

pigment

dry coloring material

outlet

an opening that permits escape or release

spray

water in small drops in the atmosphere

microbe

a minute life form ; the term is not in technical use

fierce

marked by extreme and violent energy

alternate

go back and forth

cling

hold on tightly or tenaciously

inherent

existing as an essential constituent or characteristic

disparaging

expressive of low opinion

clan

group of people related by blood or marriage

inhalation

the act of drawing in air or other gases

bilateral

having two sides or parts

frontier

a wilderness at the edge of a settled area of a country

Confucian

relating to Chinese philosophical teachings

fraction

a small part or item forming a piece of a whole

ripple

a small wave on the surface of a liquid

unique

the single one of its kind

compulsory

required by rule

dioxide

an oxide containing two atoms of oxygen in the molecule

cube

a three-dimensional figure with six equal squares as faces

painstaking

characterized by extreme care and great effort

biosphere

the regions of the Earth where living organisms exist

marsh

low-lying wet land with grassy vegetation

recourse

act of turning to for assistance

allocate

distribute according to a plan or set apart for a purpose

hardy

having rugged physical strength

exempt

freed from or not subject to an obligation or liability

observatory

a building equipped to view astronomical phenomena

domesticate

make fit for cultivation and service to humans

anomaly

deviation from the normal or common order or form or rule

companionate

like a companion

discharge

remove the unbalanced electricity from

condescending

characteristic of those who treat others with arrogance

formula

a group of symbols that make a mathematical statement

specimen

a bit of tissue or fluid taken for diagnostic purposes

undue

not appropriate or proper in the circumstances

urine

liquid excretory product

calf

young of domestic cattle

deluxe

rich and superior in quality

constraint

the state of being physically limited

intersperse

introduce into one’s writing or speech (certain expressions)

subject

some situation or event that is thought about

concrete

capable of being perceived by the senses

demonstrable

capable of being proved

rear

the side of an object that is opposite its front

photosynthesis

synthesis of compounds in plants aided by radiant energy

snout

a long projecting or anterior elongation of an animal’s head

mold

the distinctive form in which a thing is made

brutal

resembling a beast; showing lack of human sensibility

prototype

a standard or typical example

beckon

summon with a wave, nod, or some other gesture

faith

complete confidence in a person or plan, etc.

dislocation

an event that results in a displacement or discontinuity

clog

any object that acts as a hindrance or obstruction

ethic

the principles of right and wrong for an individual or group

fatality

the quality of being able to cause death

ideology

an orientation that characterizes the thinking of a group

reciprocal

concerning each of two or more persons or things

interact

do something together or with others

creditworthiness

trustworthiness with money as based on a person’s credit history; a general qualification for borrowing

confront

oppose, as in hostility or a competition

portrait

any likeness of a person, in any medium

parliament

a legislative assembly in certain countries

letup

a pause during which things are calm or activities are diminished

elongate

make long or longer by pulling and stretching

predator

any animal that lives by preying on other animals

auction

the public sale of something to the highest bidder

abundant

present in great quantity

scout

explore, often with the goal of finding something or somebody

forestall

keep from happening or arising; make impossible

magnet

a device that attracts iron and produces lines of force

answerable

capable of being answered

conduct

the way a person behaves toward other people

depreciation

a decrease in price or value

prose

ordinary writing as distinguished from verse

concert

a performance of music by players or singers

equity

conformity with rules or standards

devise

arrange by systematic planning and united effort

thermal

relating to or associated with heat

uniform

clothing of distinctive design worn by members of a group

ample

more than enough in size or scope or capacity

versatility

having a wide variety of skills

quadrant

any of the four areas into which a plane is divided

ragtime

music with a syncopated melody (usually for the piano)

polar

of or existing within the Arctic or Antarctic Circles

integrate

make into a whole or make part of a whole

chronic

long-lasting or characterized by long suffering

infest

occupy in large numbers or live on a host

vessel

an object used as a container, especially for liquids

allowance

the act of permitting

beverage

any liquid suitable for drinking

inconsistent

displaying a lack of regularity

hatch

a movable barrier covering an entrance

cereal

grass whose starchy grains are used as food: wheat

outpost

a military post stationed at a distance from the main body of troops

retail

the selling of goods to consumers

tangible

perceptible by the senses, especially the sense of touch

commoner

a person who holds no title

pollinate

fertilize by transfering pollen

pneumonic

relating to or affecting the lungs

prefigure

imagine or consider beforehand

gimmick

any clever maneuver

triumph

a successful ending of a struggle or contest

envelope

a flat container for a letter or thin package

sacred

made or declared or believed to be holy

civic

of or relating or belonging to a city

overlord

a person who has general authority over others

chore

a specific piece of work required to be done

admit

declare to be true or accept the reality of

envision

imagine, conceive of, or see in one’s mind

culminate

end, especially to reach a final or climactic stage

projection

the act of expelling or ejecting

wield

handle effectively

liable

subject to legal action

antitrust

of laws and regulations

rhinoceros

massive powerful herbivorous odd-toed ungulate of southeast Asia and Africa having very thick skin and one or two horns on the snout

shrink

wither, as with a loss of moisture

priest

a clergyman in Christian churches who has the authority to perform or administer various religious rites; one of the Holy Orders

arable

capable of being farmed productively

biodegradable

capable of being decomposed

melancholy

a constitutional tendency to be gloomy and depressed

quail

small gallinaceous game birds

cramped

constricted in size

implication

something that is inferred

egalitarianism

the doctrine of the equality of mankind

hereditary

occurring among people descended from a common ancestor

capitalize

write in large alphabetic characters

archeology

the branch of anthropology that studies prehistoric people and their cultures

decorous

characterized by propriety and dignity and good taste

confine

place limits on

haze

dust or smoke in the air that causes reduced visibility

dimension

a construct distinguishing objects or individuals

alga

primitive chlorophyll-containing mainly aquatic eukaryotic organisms lacking true stems and roots and leaves

install

set up for use

outpatient

a patient who does not reside in the hospital where he is being treated

deform

assume a different shape

isotope

atom with same atomic number, different number of neutrons

patron

someone who supports or champions something

psyche

that which is responsible for one’s thoughts and feelings

offset

a compensating equivalent

leery

openly distrustful and unwilling to confide

pathogenic

able to cause disease

captivate

attract; cause to be enamored

cater

give what is desired or needed

referendum

a legislative act referred for approval to a popular vote

variable

something that is likely to change

minimum

the smallest possible quantity

aggregate

a sum total of many heterogeneous things taken together

virtuous

morally excellent

realm

a domain in which something is dominant

diverge

move or draw apart

furnace

an enclosed chamber in which heat is produced for a building

repudiate

refuse to acknowledge, ratify, or recognize as valid

scrupulous

characterized by extreme care and great effort

quarry

animal hunted or caught for food

coral

a very small ocean creature that often forms reefs

entice

provoke someone to do something through persuasion

noxious

injurious to physical or mental health

unprecedented

novel; having no earlier occurrence

hospitable

disposed to treat guests and strangers with generosity

sustain

lengthen or extend in duration or space

rival

the contestant you hope to defeat

profound

situated at or extending to great depth

juvenile

of or relating to children or young people

barren

completely wanting or lacking

metabolic

of or relating to metabolism

embalm

preserve a dead body

illiterate

not able to read or write

drought

a shortage of rainfall

appropriate

suitable for a particular person, place, or situation

undergo

pass through

overview

a general summary of a subject

indigent

poor enough to need help from others

heed

careful attention

cessation

a stopping

subsistence

a means of surviving

effigy

a representation of a person

frame

the internal structure that gives an artifact its shape

authority

the power or right to give orders or make decisions

undertake

enter upon an activity or enterprise

shrill

having or emitting a high-pitched and sharp tone or tones

deprecate

express strong disapproval of; deplore

parish

a local church community

conscription

compulsory military service

distribute

give to several people

liquidation

termination of a business operation by using its assets to discharge its liabilities

controversy

a dispute where there is strong disagreement

infer

conclude by reasoning

status

the condition or someone or something at a particular time

perpetrator

someone who commits wrongdoing

wig

hairpiece covering the head and made of real or synthetic hair

appoint

assign a duty, responsibility, or obligation to

niche

a small concavity

conceive

have the idea for

chalice

a bowl-shaped drinking vessel

alien

from another place or part of the world

implausible

highly imaginative but unlikely

retrieve

get or find back; recover the use of

debase

make impure by adding a foreign or inferior substance

separate

standing apart; not attached to or supported by anything

pledge

a binding commitment to do or give or refrain from something

solidarity

a union of interests or purposes among members of a group

haunt

follow stealthily or pursue like a ghost

certitude

complete assurance or confidence

assemble

create by putting components or members together

compensate

make amends for

predominate

be larger in number, quantity, power, status or importance

outmoded

out of fashion

rug

floor covering consisting of a piece of thick heavy fabric

stringent

demanding strict attention to rules and procedures

engage

consume all of one’s attention or time

spectrum

a broad range of related objects, values, or qualities

certificate

a document attesting to the truth of certain stated facts

convert

change the nature, purpose, or function of something

salvage

rescuing a ship or its crew from a shipwreck or a fire

approximate

not quite exact or correct

off-season

the season when travel is least active and rates are lowest

invertebrate

any animal lacking a backbone or notochord

singularly

in a singular manner or to a singular degree

religious

having or showing belief in and reverence for a deity

irritant

something that causes discomfort and annoyance

hydrogen

a nonmetallic univalent element that is normally a colorless and odorless highly flammable diatomic gas; the simplest and lightest and most abundant element in the universe

Paleolithic

second part of the Stone Age beginning about 750,00 to 500,000 years BC and lasting until the end of the last ice age about 8,500 years BC

dehydrate

remove water from

coherent

marked by an orderly and consistent relation of parts

idiosyncrasy

a behavioral attribute peculiar to an individual

unequivocally

in an unambiguous manner

forge

create by hammering

inventory

a detailed list of all the items in stock

mantle

a sleeveless garment like a cloak but shorter

roost

a perch on which birds or bats rest or sleep

tenet

a religious doctrine proclaimed as true without proof

intent

an anticipated outcome that guides your planned actions

persist

refuse to stop

saleable

capable of being sold; fit for sale

stroll

a leisurely walk, usually in some public place

propitious

presenting favorable circumstances

lobe

a rounded projection that is part of a larger structure

depress

push down

oval

rounded like an egg

grind

reduce to small pieces or particles by pounding or abrading

engender

call forth

avidly

in a zealous manner

receptor

a cellular structure that is postulated to exist in order to mediate between a chemical agent that acts on nervous tissue and the physiological response

drastic

forceful and extreme and rigorous

disdainful

showing arrogant superiority to those one views as unworthy

surpass

be or do something to a greater degree

impartial

free from undue bias or preconceived opinions

wary

marked by keen caution and watchful prudence

hybrid

a composite of mixed origin

delineate

represented accurately or precisely

supplement

an additional component that improves capability

resume

take up or begin anew

sterile

incapable of reproducing

rudder

(nautical) steering mechanism consisting of a hinged vertical plate mounted at the stern of a vessel

infirmary

a health facility where patients receive treatment

enumerate

specify individually

exclusively

without any others being included or involved

apiece

to or from every one of two or more

district

a region marked off for administrative or other purposes

intercept

seize, interrupt, or stop something on its way

harness

an arrangement of leather straps fitted to a draft animal

cylinder

a surface generated by rotating a line around a fixed line

justify

show to be right by providing proof

certify

provide evidence for

monopoly

a market in which there are many buyers but only one seller

shuttle

bobbin that passes the weft thread between the warp threads

obese

excessively fat

primate

any placental mammal of the order Primates

promising

full or promise

scheme

an elaborate and systematic plan of action

crust

a hard outer layer that covers something

lateral

situated at or extending to the side

predation

the act of preying by a predator who kills and eats the prey

rigid

incapable of or resistant to bending

morphine

an alkaloid narcotic drug extracted from opium

glean

gather, as of natural products

anonymous

having no known name or identity or known source

recur

happen or occur again

substantial

real; having a material or factual existence

congested

overfull as with blood

logotype

a company emblem or device

markedly

in a clearly noticeable manner

victim

an unfortunate person who suffers from adverse circumstances

penitence

remorse for your past conduct

holistic

emphasizing the organic relation between parts and the whole

exigency

a pressing or urgent situation

demagogue

a leader who seeks support by appealing to popular passions

virtue

the quality of doing what is right

preclude

make impossible, especially beforehand

perform

get done

appreciate

be fully aware of; realize fully

nevertheless

despite anything to the contrary

urge

force or impel in an indicated direction

perception

the process of becoming aware through the senses

incline

lower or bend, as in a nod or bow

furnish

provide with objects or articles that make a room usable

intentional

done or made or performed with purpose and intent

refer

make a remark that calls attention to

affect

have an influence upon

leisure

time available for ease and relaxation

vigorous

characterized by forceful and energetic action or activity

tedious

so lacking in interest as to cause mental weariness

ascertain

learn or discover with confidence

prior

earlier in time

ratification

making something valid by formally confirming it

protest

a formal and solemn declaration of objection

acquaint

cause to come to know personally

sympathize

feel or express compassion

inexorable

not to be placated or appeased or moved by entreaty

exhort

spur on or encourage especially by cheers and shouts

hem

the edge of a piece of cloth

verdict

findings of a jury on issues submitted to it for decision

congestion

excessive crowding

lush

produced or growing in extreme abundance

suspend

bar temporarily

restrict

limit access to

ornament

something used to beautify

sober

not affected by a chemical substance, especially alcohol

pressure

the exertion of force to a surface

dissipated

unrestrained by convention or morality

admonition

a firm rebuke

vernacular

the everyday speech of the people

invariable

not liable to or capable of change

warranty

written assurance that a product or service will be provided

excruciating

extremely painful

preeminence

high status importance owing to marked superiority

deterrent

something immaterial that interferes with action or progress

irrespective

in spite of everything; without regard to drawbacks

distortion

a shape resulting from being deformed

aware

having or showing knowledge or understanding or realization
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