GMAT_ABCD不熟悉的 – 325 Words

abolish

do away with

abrupt

exceedingly sudden and unexpected

absorb

take in a liquid

abstract

existing only in the mind

accelerate

move faster

access

the right to enter

accidental

happening by chance or unexpectedly or unintentionally

accommodate

have room for; hold without crowding

accordingly

in agreement with

accrue

grow by addition

accumulate

get or gather together

accurately

strictly correctly

accustom

familiarize psychologically or physically

acid

any of various water-soluble compounds having a sour taste

acoustic

relating to the study of the physical properties of sound

acquire

come into the possession of something concrete or abstract

acquit

pronounce not guilty of criminal charges

activate

put in motion

acute

ending in a sharp point

adamant

very hard native crystalline carbon valued as a gem

addict

to cause to become dependent

adept

having or showing knowledge and skill and aptitude

adequate

having the requisite qualities or resources to meet a task

adhere

stick to firmly

adjacent

having a common boundary or edge

administer

supervise or be in charge of

adolescent

a juvenile between the onset of puberty and maturity

adopt

take into one’s family

adverse

in an opposing direction

advisory

an announcement that usually warns the public of some threat

afflict

cause physical pain or suffering in

affluent

having an abundant supply of money or possessions of value

aggravate

make worse

aggregate

a sum total of many heterogeneous things taken together

agile

moving quickly and lightly

agitate

move or cause to move back and forth

agrarian

relating to rural matters

airborne

moved or conveyed by or through air

alkaline

relating to or containing an alkali

alien

from another place or part of the world

allege

report or maintain

alleviate

provide physical relief, as from pain

allude

make an indirect reference to

alluvial

relating to deposits carried by rushing streams

ally

a friendly nation

amass

collect or gather

amateur

someone who pursues a study or sport as a pastime

amber

a hard yellowish to brownish translucent fossil resin

ambiguous

having more than one possible meaning

ambitious

having a strong desire for success or achievement

amend

make revisions to

amnesty

a warrant granting release from punishment for an offense

ample

more than enough in size or scope or capacity

anchor

a mechanical device that prevents a vessel from moving

ancillary

furnishing added support

annul

cancel officially

antagonize

provoke the hostility of

antebellum

belonging to a period before a war

anterior

of or near the head end or toward the front plane of a body

anticipate

regard something as probable or likely

antithetical

sharply contrasted in character or purpose

ape

any of various primates with short tails or no tail at all

apiece

to or from every one of two or more

apparel

clothing in general

appeal

earnest or urgent request

applicable

having relevance

apportion

distribute according to a plan or set apart for a special purpose

appropriate

suitable for a particular person, place, or situation

approximate

not quite exact or correct

aquatic

operating or living or growing in water

arable

capable of being farmed productively

arbitrary

based on or subject to individual discretion or preference

arc

a continuous portion of a circle

arcane

requiring secret or mysterious knowledge

archaeological

related to or dealing with or devoted to archaeology

ardent

characterized by intense emotion

arid

lacking sufficient water or rainfall

arm

a human limb

array

an impressive display

articulate

express or state clearly

ascend

travel up

aspire

have an ambitious plan or a lofty goal

assemble

create by putting components or members together

assert

declare or affirm solemnly and formally as true

assign

select something or someone for a specific purpose

assist

give help; be of service

assume

take to be the case or to be true

atmospheric

relating to or located in the mass of air surrounding Earth

attain

gain with effort

attract

exert a force on

attribute

a quality belonging to or characteristic of an entity

authentic

not counterfeit or copied

autonomous

existing as an independent entity

average

an intermediate scale value regarded as normal or usual

avian

pertaining to or characteristic of birds

award

give, especially as an honor

aware

having or showing knowledge or understanding or realization

bait

something used to lure fish or other animals

ballot

a document listing the alternatives that is used in voting

bankruptcy

a legal process for a corporation declared to be insolvent

barb

a point facing the main point making an arrowhead or spear

bargain

an agreement between parties fixing obligations of each

barge

a flatbottom boat for carrying heavy loads

bark

the sound made by a dog

barrel

a bulging cylindrical shape; hollow with flat ends

barren

completely wanting or lacking

base

lowest support of a structure

battle

a hostile meeting of opposing military forces

beacon

a fire that can be seen from a distance

beetle

insect having biting mouthparts

bend

form a curve

beneath

in or to a place that is lower

betray

deliver to an enemy by treachery

bestow

give as a gift

bias

a partiality preventing objective consideration of an issue

bid

propose a payment

bind

secure with or as if with ropes

binge

overeat or eat immodestly

bilateral

having two sides or parts

bilingual

using or knowing two languages

bisect

cut in half or cut in two

bizarre

conspicuously or grossly unconventional or unusual

bland

lacking taste or flavor or tang

blame

an accusation that one is responsible for some misdeed

blanket

bedding that keeps a person warm in bed

blight

any plant disease resulting in withering without rotting

blockade

a war measure isolating an area of importance to the enemy

bloom

produce or yield flowers

blubber

an insulating layer of fat under the skin of some animals

blunder

an embarrassing mistake

blur

confuse or make unclear

bog

wet spongy ground of decomposing vegetation

bolster

support and strengthen

bombard

throw bombs at or attack with bombs

bond

a connection that fastens things together

bony

composed of or containing rigid connective tissue

boom

a deep prolonged loud noise

boon

something that is desirable, favorable, or beneficial

boost

increase

border

the boundary of a surface

bore

make a hole, especially with a pointed power or hand tool

boreal

toward or located in the north

bother

disturb, especially by minor irritations

bound

confined by bonds

bracket

a punctuation mark used to enclose textual material

brake

a restraint used to slow or stop a vehicle

breed

cause to procreate (animals)

brief

of short duration or distance

brilliant

full of light; shining intensely

brisk

quick and energetic

bronchial

relating to or associated with the bronchi

bronze

an alloy of copper and tin and sometimes other elements

browse

feed as in a meadow or pasture

brutal

resembling a beast; showing lack of human sensibility

bucolic

devoted to raising sheep or cattle

budget

a summary of intended expenditures

bulge

swell or protrude outwards

bulk

the property possessed by a large mass

bump

an impact (as from a collision)

bunch

a grouping of a number of similar things

buoy

an anchored float that marks locations in a body of water

burden

weight to be borne or conveyed

burst

come open suddenly and violently

bust

a sculpture of the head and shoulders of a person

butcher

a person who slaughters or dresses meat for market

canvass

get opinions by asking specific questions

captivate

attract; cause to be enamored

caravan

a procession traveling together in single file

carbonate

treat with carbon dioxide

cardiovascular

of or pertaining to or involving the heart and blood vessels

carve

engrave or cut by chipping away at a surface

cast

put or send forth

catalytic

relating to or causing or involving catalysis

catastrophic

extremely harmful; bringing physical or financial ruin

cater

give what is desired or needed

caucus

meet to select a candidate or promote a policy

caustic

capable of destroying or eating away by chemical action

cease

put an end to a state or an activity

celestial

relating to or inhabiting a divine heaven

cellular

relating to cells

censure

harsh criticism or disapproval

chamber

a natural or artificial enclosed space

characterize

be typical of

charge

assign a duty, responsibility or obligation to

charter

a document creating an institution and specifying its rights

chatter

talk socially without exchanging too much information

chew

chew (food); to bite and grind with the teeth

choral

related to or written for or performed by a chorus or choir

chord

a combination of three or more notes that blend harmoniously

chronicle

a record or narrative description of past events

churn

a vessel to separate butterfat from buttermilk

clandestine

conducted with or marked by hidden aims or methods

cling

hold on tightly or tenaciously

clog

any object that acts as a hindrance or obstruction

clumsy

lacking grace in movement or posture

cobble

repair or mend

codify

organize into a system, such as a body of law

coexist

occur at the same time or place

collateral

accompanying; following as a consequence

collide

crash together with violent impact

comb

a flat device with narrow pointed teeth on one edge

commensurate

corresponding in size or degree or extent

commission

the act of granting authority to undertake certain functions

commit

engage in or perform

commute

a regular journey to and from your place of work

compelling

driving or forcing

complement

something added to embellish or make perfect

compromise

an accommodation in which both sides make concessions

conceal

prevent from being seen or discovered

concede

give over

conceive

have the idea for

concomitant

following or accompanying as a consequence

concur

happen simultaneously

confer

present

confine

place limits on

confound

be confusing or perplexing to

conglomerate

collect or gather

congregate

come together, usually for a purpose

conjecture

believe especially on uncertain or tentative grounds

consent

give an affirmative reply to; respond favorably to

construe

make sense of; assign a meaning to

consummate

having or revealing supreme mastery or skill

contagious

capable of being transmitted by infection

contemplate

think intently and at length, as for spiritual purposes

cop

uncomplimentary terms for a policeman

cord

a line made of twisted fibers or threads

cork

outer bark of the cork oak

coronary

surrounding the heart like a crown

corrosive

capable of destroying or eating away by chemical action

counterattack

an attack by a defending force against an attacking enemy force in order to regain lost ground or cut off enemy advance units etc.

cramp

a painful and involuntary muscular contraction

crest

the top or extreme point of something

crestfallen

brought low in spirit

criticize

point out real or perceived flaws

critique

appraise or judge in an analytical way

crucial

of extreme importance; vital to the resolution of a crisis

crude

belonging to an early stage of technical development

crumble

break or fall apart into fragments

crumple

gather something into small wrinkles or folds

crunch

reduce to small pieces or particles by pounding or abrading

crusade

a series of actions tending toward a particular end

crush

compress with violence, out of natural shape or condition

crust

a hard outer layer that covers something

crystallize

cause to form crystals or assume crystalline form

cue

a reminder for some action or speech

culminate

end, especially to reach a final or climactic stage

curb

the act of restraining power or action or limiting excess

curtail

terminate or abbreviate before its intended or proper end

customary

commonly used or practiced

cutback

a reduction in quantity or rate

cynical

believing the worst of human nature and motives

dart

a sudden quick movement

dazzle

cause to lose clear vision, especially from intense light

debilitate

make weak

debunk

expose while ridiculing

debut

the act of beginning something new

decimate

kill in large numbers

deduce

reason from the general to the particular

deem

judge or regard in a particular way

defer

yield to another’s wish or opinion

deflect

turn from a straight course or fixed direction

deforest

remove the trees from

defrost

make or become free of frost or ice

defy

resist or confront with resistance

deliberately

in a careful unhurried manner

delicate

developed with extreme subtlety

delinquent

a young offender

demise

the time when something ends

demolish

destroy completely

denounce

speak out against

denote

have as a meaning

dense

having high compaction or concentration

denude

make bare or strip of a covering

deplete

use up, as resources or materials

designate

design or destine

detached

no longer connected or joined

deter

turn away from by persuasion

deteriorate

become worse or disintegrate

detrimental

causing harm or injury

devastate

cause extensive destruction or ruin utterly

deviate

turn aside; turn away from

devise

arrange by systematic planning and united effort

devote

dedicate

diametrically

as from opposite ends of a diameter

diatonic

based on or using the five tones and two semitones of the major or minor scales of western music

diffuse

spread out; not concentrated in one place

dilemma

state of uncertainty in a choice between unfavorable options

dilute

lessen the strength or flavor of a solution or mixture

digest

convert food into absorbable substances

dim

lacking in light; not bright or harsh

diminish

decrease in size, extent, or range

din

a loud harsh or strident noise

dine

have supper; eat dinner

dip

immerse briefly into a liquid so as to wet, coat, or saturate

disarm

take away the weapons from; render harmless

disband

cause to break up or cease to function

discern

detect with the senses

discharge

remove the unbalanced electricity from

disclose

expose to view as by removing a cover

discrete

constituting a separate entity or part

discrimination

unfair treatment of a person or group based on prejudice

dislodge

remove or force from a position previously occupied

dismiss

stop associating with

disparate

fundamentally different or distinct in quality or kind

dispel

to cause to separate and go in different directions

dispense

administer or bestow, as in small portions

disperse

move away from each other

disposal

the act or means of getting rid of something

dispute

the act of coming into conflict

disrupt

make a break in

disorder

a condition in which things are not in their expected places

displace

cause to move, usually with force or pressure

dissipate

cause to separate and go in different directions

dissociate

part; cease or break association with

dissolve

pass into a solution

disuse

the state of something that has been neglected

divert

turn aside; turn away from

divine

a clergyman or other person in religious orders

dome

a concave shape whose concavity faces downward

dope

street names for marijuana

drastic

forceful and extreme and rigorous

duct

an enclosed conduit for a fluid

dump

a piece of land where waste materials are dumped

dwell

inhabit or live in

dwindle

become smaller or lose substance
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