GMAT wordlist – 422 Words

ebullience

eager enjoyment or approval

ecclesiastic

of or associated with a church

eclectic

selecting what seems best of various styles or ideas

edifice

a structure that has a roof and walls

edify

make understand

educe

construe a meaning or elicit a principle

efface

remove by or as if by rubbing or erasing

effeminate

having unsuitable feminine qualities

effigy

a representation of a person

effluvium

a foul-smelling outflow or vapor

effrontery

audacious behavior that you have no right to

effusive

uttered with unrestrained enthusiasm

egocentric

limited to or caring only about yourself and your own needs

egress

the act or means of going out

elegy

a mournful poem; a lament for the dead

ellipsis

omission or suppression of parts of words or sentences

eloquence

powerful and effective language

elucidate

make clear and comprehensible

elusive

skillful at evading capture

emanate

give out, as breath or an odor

embarkation

the act of passengers and crew getting aboard a ship or aircraft

embellish

make more attractive, as by adding ornament or color

eminence

high status importance owing to marked superiority

emulate

strive to equal or match, especially by imitating

enamored

marked by foolish or unreasoning fondness

encomium

a formal expression of praise

encroach

advance beyond the usual limit

encumber

hold back, impede, or weigh down

endemic

native to or confined to a certain region

enervate

weaken mentally or morally

enfeeble

make weak

enfranchised

endowed with the rights of citizenship especially the right to vote

engender

call forth

enigma

something that baffles understanding and cannot be explained

enigmatic

not clear to the understanding

ennui

the feeling of being bored by something tedious

eon

the longest unit of geological time

ephemeral

anything short-lived, as an insect that lives only for a day

epicure

a person devoted to refined sensuous enjoyment

epigram

a witty saying

epilogue

a short speech by an actor at the end of a play

Epiphany

twelve days after Christmas

epitome

a standard or typical example

equanimity

steadiness of mind under stress

equinox

when the sun crosses the plane of the earth’s equator

equivocal

open to two or more interpretations

equivocation

intentional vagueness or ambiguity

eradication

the complete destruction of every trace of something

errant

straying from the right course or from accepted standards

erratic

liable to sudden unpredictable change

erroneous

containing or characterized by mistakes

erudite

having or showing profound knowledge

eschew

avoid and stay away from deliberately

esoteric

understandable only by an enlightened inner circle

estimable

deserving of respect or high regard

ethereal

characterized by lightness and insubstantiality

ethnic

distinctive of the ways of living of a group of people

eulogy

a formal expression of praise for someone who has died

euphemism

an inoffensive expression substituted for an offensive one

euphony

any pleasing and harmonious sounds

evanescent

tending to vanish like vapor

evasion

the act of physically escaping from something

evoke

call forth, as an emotion, feeling, or response

exculpate

pronounce not guilty of criminal charges

execute

put in effect

exemplary

worthy of imitation

exhaustive

performed comprehensively and completely

exigent

demanding immediate attention

exonerate

pronounce not guilty of criminal charges

exorbitant

greatly exceeding bounds of reason or moderation

expedient

appropriate to a purpose

expedite

process fast and efficiently

explicit

precisely and clearly expressed or readily observable

exposition

a collection of things for public display

expunge

remove by erasing or crossing out or as if by drawing a line

extant

still in existence; not extinct or destroyed or lost

extemporize

perform or speak without preparation

extol

praise, glorify, or honor

extraneous

not belonging to that in which it is contained

extricable

capable of being extricated

exultation

the utterance of sounds expressing great joy

facetious

cleverly amusing in tone

facilitate

make easier

facsimile

an exact copy or reproduction

faction

a dissenting clique

fallacious

containing or based on incorrect reasoning

fallible

wanting in moral strength, courage, or will

fanatic

a person motivated by irrational enthusiasm

fastidious

giving careful attention to detail

fathom

a linear unit of measurement for water depth

fatuous

devoid of intelligence

fealty

the loyalty that one owes to a country, sovereign, or lord

feasible

capable of being done with means at hand

fecund

capable of producing offspring or vegetation

feign

make believe with the intent to deceive

feint

any distracting or deceptive maneuver

ferment

cause to undergo the breakdown of sugar into alcohol

ferret

a small domesticated mammal with a flexible, elongated body

fervent

characterized by intense emotion

fervid

characterized by intense emotion

fervor

feelings of great warmth and intensity

fester

ripen and generate pus

fetid

offensively malodorous

fetish

sexual desire in which gratification depends on some object

fetter

a shackle for the ankles or feet

fickle

liable to sudden unpredictable change

fidelity

the quality of being faithful

figment

a contrived or fantastic idea

finesse

subtly skillful handling of a situation

finite

bounded in magnitude or spatial or temporal extent

fissure

a long narrow depression in a surface

flaccid

drooping without elasticity

flag

a rectangular piece of cloth of distinctive design

flagrant

conspicuously and outrageously bad or reprehensible

flamboyant

tending to attract attention; marked by ostentatious display

fledgling

young bird that has just become capable of flying

flinch

draw back, as with fear or pain

flippant

showing an inappropriate lack of seriousness

flout

treat with contemptuous disregard

fluency

powerful and effective language

flux

a state of constant change

foist

force onto another

foray

a sudden short attack

forbearance

a delay in enforcing rights or claims or privileges

forensic

used in the investigation of facts or evidence in court

formidable

extremely impressive in strength or excellence

fortitude

strength of mind that enables one to endure adversity

fortuitous

occurring by happy chance

Foster

United States songwriter whose songs embody the sentiment of the South before the American Civil War (1826-1864)

fractious

easily irritated or annoyed

fraught

filled with or attended with

frenetic

excessively agitated

fret

be agitated or irritated

frivolity

the trait of being not serious or sensible

froward

habitually disposed to disobedience and opposition

frugality

prudence in avoiding waste

fulminate

cause to explode violently and with loud noise

fulsome

unpleasantly and excessively suave or ingratiating

fundamental

serving as an essential component

furtive

secret and sly or sordid

fustian

a strong cotton and linen fabric with a slight nap

futile

producing no result or effect

gaffe

a socially awkward or tactless act

gainsay

take exception to

galvanize

stimulate (muscles) by administering a shock

gamut

a complete extent or range

garbled

lacking orderly continuity

garish

tastelessly showy

garner

assemble or get together

garrulous

full of trivial conversation

gauche

lacking social polish

gauntlet

a glove of armored leather that protects the hand

generic

applicable to an entire class or group

genial

diffusing warmth and friendliness

genre

a kind of literary or artistic work

germane

relevant and appropriate

gerrymander

divide voting districts unfairly and to one’s advantage

gibber

speak (about unimportant matters) rapidly and incessantly

glib

artfully persuasive in speech

gloat

dwell on with satisfaction

glutton

a person who is devoted to eating and drinking to excess

gnarled

old and twisted and covered in lines

goad

stab or urge on as if with a pointed stick

gourmand

a person who is devoted to eating and drinking to excess

grandiose

impressive because of unnecessary largeness or magnificence

gravity

the force of attraction between all masses in the universe

gregarious

temperamentally seeking and enjoying the company of others

guffaw

a burst of loud and hearty laughter

guile

shrewdness as demonstrated by being skilled in deception

guise

an artful or simulated semblance

gullible

naive and easily deceived or tricked

hackneyed

repeated too often; overfamiliar through overuse

Haggard

British writer noted for romantic adventure novels

Halcyon

(Greek mythology) a woman who was turned into a kingfisher

hamper

prevent the progress or free movement of

haphazard

dependent upon or characterized by chance

hapless

unfortunate and deserving pity

harangue

a loud bombastic declamation expressed with strong emotion

harbor

a sheltered port where ships can take on or discharge cargo

harmonious

exhibiting equivalence or correspondence among constituents

haughty

having or showing arrogant superiority

hedonistic

devoted to pleasure

heed

careful attention

hefty

of considerable weight and size

heresy

a belief that rejects the orthodox tenets of a religion

heretic

a person whose religious beliefs conflict with church dogma

hiatus

an interruption in the intensity or amount of something

hierarchy

a series of ordered groupings within a system

hoary

having gray or white hair as with age

homage

respectful deference

homeostasis

metabolic equilibrium maintained by biological mechanisms

homily

a sermon on a moral or religious topic

hone

sharpen with a whetstone

hubris

overbearing pride or presumption

humility

a lack of arrogance or false pride

hybrid

a composite of mixed origin

hyperbole

extravagant exaggeration

hypocritical

professing feelings or virtues one does not have

hypothetical

a conjectural possibility or circumstance

iconoclast

someone who attacks cherished ideas or institutions

ideology

an orientation that characterizes the thinking of a group

idiosyncrasy

a behavioral attribute peculiar to an individual

idyll

a short poem descriptive of rural or pastoral life

igneous

produced by the action of fire or intense heat

ignoble

dishonorable in character or purpose

ignominious

deserving or bringing disgrace or shame

illuminate

make lighter or brighter

illusive

based on or having the nature of a fantasy

illusory

having the nature of a deceptive trick

imbue

spread or diffuse through

immaculate

completely neat and clean

imminent

close in time; about to occur

immune

of the condition in which an organism can resist disease

immutable

not subject or susceptible to change or variation

impale

pierce with a sharp stake or point

impartial

free from undue bias or preconceived opinions

impasse

a situation in which no progress can be made

impassive

having or revealing little emotion or sensibility

impecunious

not having enough money to pay for necessities

impede

be a hindrance or obstacle to

impenitent

not remorseful

imperious

having or showing arrogant superiority

imperturbable

marked by extreme calm and composure

impervious

not admitting of passage or capable of being affected

impetuous

characterized by undue haste and lack of thought

impiety

unrighteousness by virtue of lacking respect for a god

implacable

incapable of being appeased or pacified

implement

a piece of equipment or a tool used for a specific purpose

implication

something that is inferred

implicit

suggested though not directly expressed

impolitic

not marked by artful prudence

imprecate

wish harm upon; invoke evil

impromptu

with little or no preparation or forethought

improvident

not supplying something useful for the future

impudent

improperly forward or bold

impugn

attack as false or wrong

imputation

the attribution to a source or cause

inadvertent

happening by chance or unexpectedly or unintentionally

inanimate

not endowed with life

inarticulate

without or deprived of the use of speech or words

inaudible

impossible to hear; imperceptible by the ear

incessant

uninterrupted in time and indefinitely long continuing

inchoate

only partly in existence; imperfectly formed

incidental

minor or casual or subordinate in significance or nature

incisive

demonstrating ability to recognize or draw fine distinctions

inclined

at an angle to the horizontal or vertical position

incognito

without revealing one’s identity

incoherent

without logical or meaningful connection

incommodious

uncomfortably or inconveniently small

incompatible

not in harmonious or agreeable combination

incompetence

lack of physical or intellectual ability or qualifications

inconclusive

not putting an end to doubt or question

incorporeal

without material form or substance

incorrigible

impervious to correction by punishment

incredulous

not disposed or willing to believe; unbelieving

inculcate

teach and impress by frequent repetitions or admonitions

incursion

the act of entering some territory or domain

indecipherable

not easily decoded

indelible

not able to be removed or erased

indemnify

secure against future loss, damage, or liability

indict

accuse formally of a crime

indifferent

marked by a lack of interest

indigence

a state of extreme poverty or destitution

indigenous

originating where it is found

indignant

angered at something unjust or wrong

indolent

disinclined to work or exertion

indomitable

impossible to subdue

indubitably

in a manner or to a degree that could not be doubted

indulgent

given to yielding to the wishes of someone

ineluctable

impossible to avoid or evade

inept

generally incompetent and ineffectual

inert

unable to move or resist motion

inevitable

incapable of being avoided or prevented

infamous

known widely and usually unfavorably

infamy

a state of extreme dishonor

infer

conclude by reasoning

ingenious

showing inventiveness and skill

ingenue

an artless innocent young girl

ingenuous

lacking in sophistication or worldliness

ingratiate

gain favor with somebody by deliberate efforts

ingratitude

a lack of gratitude

inherent

existing as an essential constituent or characteristic

inimical

not friendly

iniquitous

characterized by injustice or wickedness

initiate

set in motion, start an event or prepare the way for

innate

present at birth but not necessarily hereditary

innocuous

not injurious to physical or mental health

innovate

bring something new to an environment

innuendo

an indirect and usually malicious implication

inquisitive

given to questioning

insinuate

suggest in an indirect or covert way; give to understand

insipid

lacking interest or significance or impact

insolvent

unable to meet or discharge financial obligations

instigate

provoke or stir up

insubordinate

not submissive to authority

insular

relating to or characteristic of or situated on an island

insularity

the state of being isolated or detached

intangible

incapable of being perceived by the senses, especially touch

intercede

act between parties with a view to reconciling differences

intermittent

stopping and starting at irregular intervals

intractable

difficult to manage or mold

intransigent

impervious to pleas, persuasion, requests, or reason

intrepid

invulnerable to fear or intimidation

inundate

fill or cover completely, usually with water

inured

made tough by habitual exposure

inveterate

habitual

invoke

request earnestly; ask for aid or protection

iota

a tiny or scarcely detectable amount

irascible

quickly aroused to anger

ironic

displaying incongruity between what is expected and what is

irrational

not consistent with or using reason

irreparable

impossible to rectify or amend

irreproachable

free of guilt; not subject to blame

jargon

technical terminology characteristic of a particular subject

jeopardy

a source of danger

jester

a clown employed to entertain a king or nobleman

jettison

throw away, of something encumbering

jocund

full of or showing high-spirited merriment

jollity

feeling jovial and full of good humor

jovial

full of or showing high-spirited merriment

judicious

marked by the exercise of good judgment in practical matters

juncture

the shape or manner in which things come together

juxtapose

place side by side

ken

range of what one can know or understand

kindle

catch fire

kinship

relatedness or connection by blood or marriage or adoption

kith

your friends and acquaintances

knavery

lack of honesty; acts of lying or cheating or stealing

knead

use the hands to mix and work something into a uniform mass

knotty

tangled in snarls

labyrinth

complex system of paths in which it is easy to get lost

lacerate

cut or tear irregularly

laconic

brief and to the point

laggard

someone who takes more time than necessary

lambaste

censure severely or angrily

lambent

softly bright or radiant

lament

a cry of sorrow and grief

languid

lacking spirit or liveliness

larceny

the act of taking something from someone unlawfully

lascivious

driven by lust

lassitude

a feeling of lack of interest or energy

latency

the state of being not yet evident or active

laud

praise, glorify, or honor

lax

without rigor or strictness

lecherous

given to excessive indulgence in sexual activity

lethargic

deficient in alertness or activity

levee

an embankment built to prevent a river from overflowing

levity

a manner lacking seriousness

lewd

suggestive of or tending to moral looseness

liaison

a means of communication between groups

liberalism

a political orientation favoring social progress by reform

libertine

unrestrained by convention or morality

licentious

lacking moral discipline

ligneous

consisting of or containing xylem

limber

easily bent

lithe

moving and bending with ease

litigate

engage in legal proceedings

livid

furiously angry

loiter

linger, remain, or wait around for no apparent reason

loquacious

full of trivial conversation

lucent

softly bright or radiant

lucid

transparently clear; easily understandable

lucrative

producing a sizeable profit

lugubrious

excessively mournful

luminous

softly bright or radiant

lunge

the act of moving forward suddenly

lurid

glaringly vivid and graphic; marked by sensationalism

lustrous

reflecting light

luxuriant

produced or growing in extreme abundance

macerate

soften and cause to disintegrate as a result

maculate

morally blemished; stained or impure

magnanimity

nobility and generosity of spirit

malediction

the act of calling down a curse that invokes evil

malefactor

someone who has committed a crime

malevolent

wishing or appearing to wish evil to others

malicious

having the nature of threatening evil

malign

speak unfavorably about

malinger

avoid responsibilities and duties

malleable

capable of being shaped or bent

mandate

a document giving an official instruction or command

manifest

clearly revealed to the mind or the senses or judgment

Mar

the month following February and preceding April

marauder

someone who attacks in search of booty

materialism

a desire for wealth and possessions

maudlin

effusively or insincerely emotional

maverick

someone who exhibits independence in thought and action

meander

move or cause to move in a sinuous or circular course

melancholy

a constitutional tendency to be gloomy and depressed

mellifluous

pleasing to the ear

melodious

having a musical sound; especially a pleasing tune

menagerie

a collection of live animals for study or display

mendacious

given to lying

mentor

a wise and trusted guide and advisor

mercenary

a person hired to fight for another country than their own

Mercurial

relating to or having characteristics (eloquence, shrewdness, swiftness, thievishness) attributed to the god Mercury

meretricious

tastelessly showy

mesmerize

attract strongly, as if with a magnet

metamorphosis

striking change in appearance or character or circumstances

meticulous

marked by precise accordance with details

mettle

the courage to carry on

mien

a person’s appearance, manner, or demeanor

mimicry

imitative behavior

minatory

threatening or foreshadowing evil or tragic developments

minute

a unit of time equal to 60 seconds or 1/60th of an hour

mire

a soft wet area of low-lying land that sinks underfoot

misanthrope

someone who dislikes people in general

miscreant

a person without moral scruples

miser

a stingy hoarder of money and possessions

mite

small arachnid infesting animals or plants or stored foods

mitigate

lessen or to try to lessen the seriousness or extent of

modulate

fix or adjust the time, amount, degree, or rate of

mollify

cause to be more favorably inclined

molten

reduced to liquid form by heating

moot

of no legal significance, as having been previously decided

mordant

harshly ironic or sinister

morose

showing a brooding ill humor

motif

a recurrent element in a literary or artistic work

motility

ability to move spontaneously and independently

mundane

found in the ordinary course of events

munificent

very generous

Muse

in ancient Greek mythology any of 9 daughters of Zeus and Mnemosyne; protector of an art or science

myriad

a large indefinite number
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