GMAT VOCABULARY PART 2 – 500 Words

ale

a general name for beer made with a top fermenting yeast

ape

any of various primates with short tails or no tail at all

arm

a human limb

alto

the lowest female singing voice

area

the extent of a two-dimensional surface within a boundary

arid

lacking sufficient water or rainfall

aura

distinctive but intangible quality around a person or thing

acute

ending in a sharp point

adopt

take into one’s family

afoul

especially of a ship’s lines etc

algae

primitive chlorophyll-containing aquatic organisms

amass

collect or gather

amend

make revisions to

ample

more than enough in size or scope or capacity

array

an impressive display

audit

examine carefully for accuracy

auxin

a plant hormone that promotes root formation and bud growth

abduct

take away to an undisclosed location against their will

access

the right to enter

accord

concurrence of opinion

accrue

grow by addition

agenda

a list of matters to be taken up, as at a meeting

alumnus

a person who has received a degree from a school

anemia

a deficiency of red blood cells

arable

capable of being farmed productively

arcane

requiring secret or mysterious knowledge

ardent

characterized by intense emotion

artery

a blood vessel that carries blood from the heart to the body

aspire

have an ambitious plan or a lofty goal

assess

estimate the nature, quality, ability or significance of

asthma

respiratory disorder characterized by wheezing

astute

marked by practical hardheaded intelligence

aurora

bands of light caused by charged solar particles

abolish

do away with

acrylic

a glassy thermoplastic

actuate

put in motion

adamant

very hard native crystalline carbon valued as a gem

ascribe

attribute or credit to

adipose

composed of animal fat

adrenal

relating to the glands near the kidney or their secretions

adverse

in an opposing direction

aerobic

depending on free oxygen or air

aerosol

a cloud of solid or liquid particles in a gas

afflict

cause physical pain or suffering in

ailment

an often persistent bodily disorder or disease

alfalfa

plant with trifoliate leaves mostly grown to feed livestock

algebra

the mathematics of generalized arithmetical operations

allergy

hypersensitive immunological reaction to some substance

amalgam

a combination or blend of diverse things

amateur

someone who pursues a study or sport as a pastime

amiable

diffusing warmth and friendliness

amnesia

partial or total loss of memory

anatomy

the study of the structure of animals

animate

make lively

annuity

income from capital investment paid regularly

antigen

any substance that stimulates an immune response in the body

apparel

clothing in general

aquatic

operating or living or growing in water

artisan

a skilled worker who practices some trade or handicraft

asunder

into parts or pieces

auction

the public sale of something to the highest bidder

austere

of a stern or strict bearing or demeanor

average

an intermediate scale value regarded as normal or usual

abruptly

quickly and without warning

abscissa

the value of a coordinate on the horizontal axis

acquired

gotten through environmental forces

activate

put in motion

addition

the arithmetic operation of summing

additive

characterized or produced by addition

asteroid

a small celestial body composed of rock and metal

affinity

a natural attraction or feeling of kinship

alienate

arouse hostility or indifference in

alkaline

relating to or containing an alkali

altitude

elevation above sea level or above the earth’s surface

ancestor

someone from whom you are descended

antedate

be earlier in time; go back further

anterior

of or near the head end or toward the front plane of a body

antibody

a protein that produces an immune response

antidote

a remedy that stops or controls the effects of a poison

antipode

direct opposite

archives

collection of records especially about an institution

artifact

a man-made object

at stake

to be won or lost; at risk

attorney

a professional person authorized to practice law

aversion

a feeling of intense dislike

acquiesce

agree or express agreement

acquittal

a judgment of not guilty

adjoin

lie adjacent to another or share a boundary

adulate

flatter in an obsequious manner

affluence

abundant wealth

aftermath

the consequences of an event

aggravate

make worse

alleviate

provide physical relief, as from pain

alligator

an amphibious reptile related to crocodiles

allow for

make a possibility or provide opportunity for

allowance

the act of permitting

ambiguity

unclearness by virtue of having more than one meaning

anaerobic

not using or dependent on oxygen

analgesic

capable of relieving pain

anecdotal

based on stories rather than data or scientific observation

anonymous

having no known name or identity or known source

anthology

a collection of selected literary passages

antiquity

the historic period preceding the Middle Ages in Europe

aperiodic

not recurring at regular intervals

apologist

a person who argues to defend some policy or institution

apparatus

equipment designed to serve a specific function

appliance

a device or tool that is very useful for a particular job

apportion

distribute according to a plan or set apart for a special purpose

apprehend

anticipate with dread or anxiety

arbitrary

based on or subject to individual discretion or preference

aspersion

a disparaging remark

attribute

a quality belonging to or characteristic of an entity

attrition

the act of rubbing together

authentic

not counterfeit or copied

abrogation

an official or legal cancellation

abstinence

the trait of refraining from something, especially alcohol

accelerate

move faster

accidental

happening by chance or unexpectedly or unintentionally

admonition

a firm rebuke

allegiance

the act of binding yourself to a course of action

ambivalent

uncertain or unable to decide about what course to follow

amino acid

organic compounds containing an amino group and acid group

anesthetic

a drug that causes temporary loss of bodily sensations

antagonism

an actively expressed feeling of dislike and hostility

antebellum

belonging to a period before a war

antithesis

exact opposite

antifreeze

a liquid added to the water in a cooling system

apolitical

neutral with regards to government policy

apothecary

a health professional trained in the art of preparing drugs

applicable

having relevance

apprentice

someone who works for an expert to learn a trade

arbitrator

someone chosen to judge and decide a disputed issue

automation

the act of implementing the control of equipment

autonomous

existing as an independent entity

accordingly

in agreement with

account for

be the reason or explanation for

acquisition

something gained

acupuncture

treatment of pain or disease by inserting the tips of needles at specific points on the skin

aeronautics

the theory and practice of navigation through air or space

aggregation

the act of gathering something together

alternative

one of a number of things from which only one can be chosen

ambivalence

mixed feelings or emotions

amphetamine

a central nervous system stimulant that increases energy and decreases appetite; used to treat narcolepsy and some forms of depression

anachronism

locating something at a time when it couldn’t have existed

antibiotic

a substance used to kill microorganisms and cure infections

approbation

official acceptance or agreement

average out

amount to or come to an average, without loss or gain

abolitionist

a reformer who favors putting an end to slavery

acute angle

an angle less than 90 degrees but more than 0 degrees

asphyxiation

the condition of being deprived of oxygen

accommodation

making or becoming suitable; adjusting to circumstances

adjudication

the final judgment in a legal proceeding

anticlimactic

coming after the climax especially of a dramatic or narrative plot

antipsychotic

tranquilizer used to treat psychotic conditions when a calming effect is desired

antitrust law

law intended to promote free competition in the market place by outlawing monopolies

appropriation

a deliberate act of acquisition, often without permission

archaeologist

an anthropologist who studies prehistoric culture

assassination

murder of a public figure by surprise attack

assembly line

mechanical system in a factory whereby an article is conveyed through sites at which successive operations are performed on it

absolute value

a real number regardless of its sign

anthropological

of or concerned with the science of anthropology

arithmetic mean

the sum of the values of a random variable divided by the number of values

arithmetic progression

(mathematics) a progression in which a constant is added to each term in order to obtain the next term

bar

a rigid piece of metal or wood

bid

propose a payment

bog

wet spongy ground of decomposing vegetation

balk

refuse to comply

bark

the sound made by a dog

base

lowest support of a structure

blob

an indistinct shapeless form

blot

a blemish made by dirt

boom

a deep prolonged loud noise

bout

a contest or fight

bust

a sculpture of the head and shoulders of a person

beset

assail or attack on all sides

biota

all the plant and animal life of a particular region

birch

any betulaceous tree or shrub of the genus Betula having a thin peeling bark

bland

lacking taste or flavor or tang

blast

a sudden very loud noise

bleak

unpleasantly cold and damp

boost

increase

bound

confined by bonds

bower

a framework that supports climbing plants

brine

a strong solution of salt and water used for pickling

bulge

swell or protrude outwards

bunch

a grouping of a number of similar things

bylaw

a rule adopted by an organization

ballad

a narrative poem of popular origin

barrel

a bulging cylindrical shape; hollow with flat ends

behest

an authoritative command or request

bereft

sorrowful through loss or deprivation

bestow

give as a gift

betray

deliver to an enemy by treachery

binary

of or pertaining to a number system having 2 as its base

bisect

cut in half or cut in two

blur

confuse or make unclear

boreal

toward or located in the north

bounty

the property of copious abundance

brazen

unrestrained by convention or propriety

bronze

an alloy of copper and tin and sometimes other elements

browse

feed as in a meadow or pasture

brutal

resembling a beast; showing lack of human sensibility

budget

a summary of intended expenditures

buffer

protect from impact

bummer

an experience that is frustrating or disappointing

burrow

a hole made by an animal, usually for shelter

bustle

move or cause to move energetically or busily

baptism

a sacrament signifying spiritual cleansing and rebirth

bargain

an agreement between parties fixing obligations of each

baroque

relating to an elaborately ornamented style of art and music

besiege

surround so as to force to give up

bizarre

conspicuously or grossly unconventional or unusual

blemish

a mark or flaw that spoils the appearance of something

bolster

support and strengthen

bondage

the state of being under the control of another person

bouquet

an arrangement of flowers that is usually given as a present

brevity

the attribute of being short or fleeting

brewery

a plant where beer is brewed by fermentation

bubonic

of or evidencing buboes

bugbear

an imaginary monster used to frighten children

buoyant

tending to float on a liquid or rise in air or gas

burgeon

grow and flourish

backdrop

scenery hung at back of stage

baritone

the second lowest adult male singing voice

basketry

the craft of basket making

beatific

resembling or befitting an angel or saint

betrayal

the quality of aiding an enemy

beverage

any liquid suitable for drinking

blackout

darkness resulting from the extinction of lights

blockade

a war measure isolating an area of importance to the enemy

broccoli

plant with dense clusters of tight green flower buds

brochure

a small book usually having a paper cover

buttress

a support usually of stone or brick

ballistic

of the motion of objects moving under their own momentum

battalion

an army unit consisting of a headquarters and companies

bilateral

having two sides or parts

bilingual

using or knowing two languages

bountiful

producing in abundance

brokerage

the business of a broker

bumblebee

robust hairy social bee of temperate regions

bankruptcy

a legal process for a corporation declared to be insolvent

benefactor

a person who helps people or institutions

better off

in a more fortunate or prosperous condition

bipartisan

supported by both sides

black hole

a region of space resulting from the collapse of a star

blind spot

the point where the optic nerve enters the retina

bipedalism

the bodily attribute of being bipedal; having two feet

bottleneck

the narrow part of a bottle near the top

bureaucrat

a nonelective government official

burglarize

enter and rob a dwelling

beneficiary

the recipient of funds or other advantages

bicentenary

the 200th anniversary (or the celebration of it)

biofeedback

a training program in which a person is given information about physiological processes (heart rate or blood pressure) that is not normally available with the goal of gaining conscious control of them

bombardment

an attack by dropping explosive devices

bookkeeping

the activity of recording business transactions

breakthrough

the act of making an important discovery

coy

affectedly shy especially in a playful or provocative way

cue

a reminder for some action or speech

char

burn to charcoal

chef

a professional cook

clam

burrowing marine mollusk living on sand or mud

clan

group of people related by blood or marriage

clog

any object that acts as a hindrance or obstruction

coda

the closing section of a musical composition

code

a set of rules or principles or laws

cone

a shape with a circular base and sides tapering to a point

cost

be priced at

cube

a three-dimensional figure with six equal squares as faces

cult

a system of religious beliefs and rituals

curb

the act of restraining power or action or limiting excess

cabin

a small house built of wood; usually in a wooded area

cache

a hidden storage space

canon

a collection of books accepted as holy scripture

cargo

goods carried by a large vehicle

carol

a joyful song

cater

give what is desired or needed

cedar

any cedar of the genus Cedrus

chant

a repetitive song in which syllables are assigned to a tone

check

examine so as to determine accuracy, quality, or condition

chord

a combination of three or more notes that blend harmoniously

churn

a vessel to separate butterfat from buttermilk

civic

of or relating or belonging to a city

civil

of or occurring between or among citizens of the state

claim

assert or affirm strongly

clone

a genetically identical organism derived from a single cell

cocoa

powder of ground roasted cacao beans with most of the fat removed

comet

a small frozen mass that travels around the sun

corny

dull and tiresome but with pretensions of significance

crack

a narrow opening

crass

so unrefined as to be lacking in discrimination

credo

any system of principles or beliefs

crest

the top or extreme point of something

crypt

a cellar or vault or underground burial chamber

caliph

the civil and religious leader of a Muslim state

canary

any of several small Old World finches

canopy

a covering (usually of cloth) that shelters an area

canvas

a heavy, closely woven fabric

cereal

grass whose starchy grains are used as food: wheat

caries

soft decayed area in a tooth

carpal

of or relating to the wrist

cartel

a consortium formed to limit commercial competition

caveat

a warning against certain acts

caviar

salted fish eggs eaten as a delicacy

census

a periodic count of the population

center

an area that is in the middle of some larger region

chaise

a carriage consisting of two wheels and a calash top

charge

assign a duty, responsibility or obligation to

chisel

an edge tool with a flat steel blade with a cutting edge

cinder

a fragment of incombustible matter left after a fire

circle

ellipse in which the two axes are of equal length

clumsy

lacking grace in movement or posture

cobble

repair or mend

codify

organize into a system, such as a body of law

combat

the act of fighting; any contest or struggle

comply

act in accordance with someone’s rules, commands, or wishes

condor

the largest flying birds in the western hemisphere

cortex

the tissue forming the outer layer of an organ or structure in plant or animal

cosmic

pertaining to or characteristic of the universe

coupon

a certificate that can be redeemed for value as needed

coyote

small wolf native to western North America

crater

a bowl-shaped geological formation at the top of a volcano

credit

an estimate of ability to fulfill financial commitments

crunch

reduce to small pieces or particles by pounding or abrading

calcium

a white metallic element that burns with a brilliant light

calorie

unit of heat raising 1 gram of water by 1 degree centigrade

capture

seize as if by hunting, snaring, or trapping

cardiac

of or relating to the heart

cascade

a small waterfall or series of small waterfalls

catalog

a complete list of things; usually arranged systematically

censure

harsh criticism or disapproval

ceramic

an artifact made of clay baked at a high temperature

chalice

a bowl-shaped drinking vessel

chamber

a natural or artificial enclosed space

charity

an institution set up to provide help to the needy

charter

a document creating an institution and specifying its rights

cheetah

long-legged spotted cat of Africa and southwestern Asia having nonretractile claws; the swiftest mammal; can be trained to run down game

chronic

long-lasting or characterized by long suffering

clarify

make clear by removing impurities or solids, as by heating

cliche

a trite or obvious remark

cling to

hold firmly, usually with one’s hands

cluster

a grouping of a number of similar things

cocaine

a narcotic extracted from coca leaves

coinage

coins collectively

compact

closely and firmly united or packed together

compile

get or gather together

complex

complicated in structure

conceal

prevent from being seen or discovered

concern

something that interests you because it is important

concert

a performance of music by players or singers

conform

be similar, be in line with

connive

form intrigues (for) in an underhand manner

context

the set of facts or circumstances that surround a situation

control

power to direct or determine

convert

change the nature, purpose, or function of something

courier

a person who carries a message

cramp

a painful and involuntary muscular contraction

crucial

of extreme importance; vital to the resolution of a crisis

crumple

gather something into small wrinkles or folds

crusade

a series of actions tending toward a particular end

curtail

terminate or abbreviate before its intended or proper end

cynical

believing the worst of human nature and motives

call for

express the need or desire for; ask for

campaign

related operations aimed at achieving a particular goal

capacity

capability to perform or produce

captious

tending to find and call attention to faults

cash in on

take advantage of or capitalize on

casualty

someone injured or killed in an accident

catalyst

substance that initiates or accelerates a chemical reaction

category

a general concept that marks divisions or coordinations

center on

have as a center

chordate

of or relating to or characteristic of the Chordata

clerical

appropriate for or engaged in office work

clip

a small fastener used to hold loose articles together

coalesce

fuse or cause to come together

coherent

marked by an orderly and consistent relation of parts

coleslaw

a salad made with raw, shredded cabbage

comedian

a performer who tells jokes

compound

a whole formed by a union of two or more elements or parts

concerto

a composition for orchestra and a soloist

concrete

capable of being perceived by the senses

condense

cause a gas or vapor to change into a liquid

confront

oppose, as in hostility or a competition

coronary

surrounding the heart like a crown

corridor

an enclosed passageway

credence

the mental attitude that something is believable

criterion

the ideal in terms of which something can be judged

critique

appraise or judge in an analytical way

cupidity

extreme greed for material wealth

cure-all

hypothetical remedy for all ills or diseases

cylinder

a surface generated by rotating a line around a fixed line

cytology

the branch of biology that studies the structure and function of cells

cancerous

relating to or affected with cancer

captivate

attract; cause to be enamored

captivity

the state of being imprisoned

catalogue

a complete list of things, usually arranged systematically

cathedral

the principal Christian church building of a diocese

celebrity

the state or quality of being widely honored and acclaimed

celestial

relating to or inhabiting a divine heaven

cessation

a stopping

chameleon

lizard of Africa and Madagascar able to change skin color

chronicle

a record or narrative description of past events

circadian

having or relating to 24-hour cycles

clientele

customers collectively

clockwise

in the direction that the hands of a clock move

coalition

the union of diverse things into one body or form or group

cognitive

relating to or involving the mental process of knowing

component

one of the individual parts making up a larger entity

congenial

suitable to your needs

congruent

corresponding in character or kind

consensus

agreement in the judgment reached by a group as a whole

consortium

a cooperative association among institutions or companies

contralto

the lowest female singing voice

coriander

Old World herb with aromatic leaves and seed resembling parsley

cornstalk

the stalk of a corn plant

cryptical

having a secret or hidden meaning

culminate

end, especially to reach a final or climactic stage

customize

make to specifications

cytokinin

any of a class of plant hormones that promote cell division and delay the senescence of leaves

cytoplasm

the substance inside a cell, not including the nucleus

calamitous

having extremely unfortunate or dire consequences

capricious

determined by chance or impulse rather than by necessity

carcinogen

any substance that produces cancer

caricature

a representation of a person exaggerated for comic effect

ceremonial

marked by pomp or ceremony or formality

chauvinism

fanatical patriotism

chromosome

a threadlike strand of DNA that carries genes

chronology

an arrangement of events in time

circumvent

surround so as to force to give up

collateral

accompanying; following as a consequence

combustion

a reaction of a substance with oxygen to give heat and light

commercial

connected with or engaged in the exchange of goods

commission

the act of granting authority to undertake certain functions

compatible

able to exist and perform in harmonious combination

compensate

make amends for

complement

something added to embellish or make perfect

compliance

the act of submitting, usually surrendering power to another

comprehend

get the meaning of something

compromise

an accommodation in which both sides make concessions

compulsory

required by rule

concession

the act of yielding

concurrent

occurring or operating at the same time

congestion

excessive crowding

conspiracy

a plot to carry out some harmful or illegal act

constraint

the state of being physically limited

contagious

capable of being transmitted by infection

contiguous

having a common boundary or edge

contingent

determined by conditions or circumstances that follow

conversion

the act of changing from one use or function to another

conviction

an unshakable belief in something without need for proof

convoluted

highly complex or intricate

coordinate

of equal importance, rank, or degree

corpulence

the property of excessive fatness

cumbersome

difficult to handle or use because of size or weight

curriculum

an integrated course of academic studies

catastrophe

a sudden violent change in the earth’s surface

caterpillar

a wormlike and often hairy larva of a moth or butterfly

centrifugal

tending to move away from a center

chiaroscuro

the arrangement or interplay of light and dark in an artwork

cholesterol

a substance in the blood that can cause heart disease

circulation

the movement of blood through the heart and blood vessels

circumspect

careful to consider potential consequences and avoid risk

clandestine

conducted with or marked by hidden aims or methods

clothesline

a cord on which clothes are hung to dry

collaborate

work together on a common enterprise or project

combination

the act of bringing things together to form a new whole

commonplace

completely ordinary and unremarkable

complacency

the feeling you have when you are satisfied with yourself

concentrate

make denser, stronger, or purer

confinement

the state of being enclosed

contaminant

a substance that contaminates

contemplate

think intently and at length, as for spiritual purposes

contentious

showing an inclination to disagree

contingency

the state of being dependent on something

cornerstone

a stone at the outer corner of two intersecting masonry walls

corroborate

give evidence for

counterfeit

not genuine; imitating something superior

countervail

oppose and mitigate the effects of by contrary actions

criminology

the scientific study of crime and criminal behavior and law enforcement

culpability

a state of guilt

cultivation

production of food by preparing the land to grow crops

calligraphic

of or relating to or expressed in calligraphy

carbohydrate

an essential component of living cells and source of energy

cartographer

a person who makes maps

choreography

a show involving artistic dancing

circumscribe

draw a geometric figure around another figure

companionate

like a companion

compensation

the act of making amends for service or loss or injury

condescending

characteristic of those who treat others with arrogance

conglomerate

collect or gather

congregation

the act of assembling

contemporary

occurring in the same period of time

contemptuous

expressing extreme scorn

circumference

the length of the closed curve of a circle

climatologist

someone who is expert in climatology

complementary

acting as a part that completes another part

configuration

an arrangement of parts or elements

convalescence

gradual healing through rest after sickness or injury

cardiovascular

of or pertaining to or involving the heart and blood vessels

common divisor

an integer that divides two (or more) other integers evenly

constellation

a configuration of stars as seen from the earth
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