GMAT VOCABULARY PART 1 – 252 Words

jewelry

an adornment made of precious metals and set with gems

Ivanka Trump may be known for her high-end image, but her jewelry line is about to go a little more downscale.
bauble

cheap showy jewelry or ornament

The presidential daughter plans to stop offering fine jewelry and focus on stylish but cheaper baubles instead, it was announced.
brand

a name given to a product or service

“As part of our company’s commitment to offering solution-oriented products at accessible price points, we have decided to discontinue the Ivanka Trump Fine Jewelry collection,” said Abigail Klem, president of the Ivanka Trump brand.
stylish

having elegance or taste or refinement in manners or dress

The presidential daughter plans to stop offering fine jewelry and focus on stylish but cheaper baubles instead, it was announced.
aide

someone who acts as an assistant

No reason was given for the change, but the privately-owned brand appears to have been seeing a big surge in interest since it was propelled into the headlines by President Trump’s tweeting and an aide’s TV appearance in which she promoted it.
inaugural

occurring at or characteristic of a formal induction

The previous month, even when Ivanka Trump was prominent at the presidential inaugural and other events, her brand ranked in 550th place.
align

place in a line or arrange so as to be parallel or straight

Instead, she said in a statement Monday that the line will be “focusing our efforts on existing and new categories that are most relevant to our loyal customers — including fashion jewelry, which successfully launched last fall with price points that are aligned with the rest of our collection.”
endorsement

the act of approving

The endorsement was apparently effective, though it drew a rebuke from the government’s top ethics official.
discontinue

put an end to a state or an activity

“As part of our company’s commitment to offering solution-oriented products at accessible price points, we have decided to discontinue the Ivanka Trump Fine Jewelry collection,” said Abigail Klem, president of the Ivanka Trump brand.
swoon

pass out from weakness or physical or emotional distress

The brand’s publicity swoon began Feb. 2 when Nordstrom said it would no longer Ivanka Trump-branded products and President Trump complained in a tweet that Nordstrom was being unfair.
hinge

a joint that holds two parts together so that one can swing

That apparently means items like the $58 rhodium-plated white metal hinged bracelet or the $128 zinc multi-row chain necklace that were linked from Ivanka Trump’s fashion website to the Lord & Taylor site.
item

a distinct part that can be specified separately in a group

That apparently means items like the $58 rhodium-plated white metal hinged bracelet or the $128 zinc multi-row chain necklace that were linked from Ivanka Trump’s fashion website to the Lord & Taylor site.
propel

cause to move forward with force

No reason was given for the change, but the privately-owned brand appears to have been seeing a big surge in interest since it was propelled into the headlines by President Trump’s tweeting and an aide’s TV appearance in which she promoted it.
product

an artifact that has been created by someone or some process

“As part of our company’s commitment to offering solution-oriented products at accessible price points, we have decided to discontinue the Ivanka Trump Fine Jewelry collection,” said Abigail Klem, president of the Ivanka Trump brand.
publicity

a message issued in behalf of some product or cause or idea

The brand’s publicity swoon began Feb. 2 when Nordstrom said it would no longer Ivanka Trump-branded products and President Trump complained in a tweet that Nordstrom was being unfair.
debut

the act of beginning something new

Scarlett Johansson debuts Ivanka Trump impression on ‘SNL’
commitment

the act of binding yourself to a course of action

“As part of our company’s commitment to offering solution-oriented products at accessible price points, we have decided to discontinue the Ivanka Trump Fine Jewelry collection,” said Abigail Klem, president of the Ivanka Trump brand.
rebuke

an act or expression of criticism and censure

The endorsement was apparently effective, though it drew a rebuke from the government’s top ethics official.
linked

connected, as railway cars or trailer trucks

That apparently means items like the $58 rhodium-plated white metal hinged bracelet or the $128 zinc multi-row chain necklace that were linked from Ivanka Trump’s fashion website to the Lord & Taylor site.
focus

the concentration of attention or energy on something

The presidential daughter plans to stop offering fine jewelry and focus on stylish but cheaper baubles instead, it was announced.
category

a general concept that marks divisions or coordinations

Instead, she said in a statement Monday that the line will be “focusing our efforts on existing and new categories that are most relevant to our loyal customers — including fashion jewelry, which successfully launched last fall with price points that are aligned with the rest of our collection.”
accessible

capable of being reached

“As part of our company’s commitment to offering solution-oriented products at accessible price points, we have decided to discontinue the Ivanka Trump Fine Jewelry collection,” said Abigail Klem, president of the Ivanka Trump brand.
relevant

having a bearing on or connection with the subject at issue

Instead, she said in a statement Monday that the line will be “focusing our efforts on existing and new categories that are most relevant to our loyal customers — including fashion jewelry, which successfully launched last fall with price points that are aligned with the rest of our collection.”
brisk

quick and energetic

Ivanka Trump branded products are selling briskly
collection

the act of gathering something together

“As part of our company’s commitment to offering solution-oriented products at accessible price points, we have decided to discontinue the Ivanka Trump Fine Jewelry collection,” said Abigail Klem, president of the Ivanka Trump brand.
ethics

motivation based on ideas of right and wrong

The endorsement was apparently effective, though it drew a rebuke from the government’s top ethics official.
successfully

in a manner marked by a favorable outcome

Instead, she said in a statement Monday that the line will be “focusing our efforts on existing and new categories that are most relevant to our loyal customers — including fashion jewelry, which successfully launched last fall with price points that are aligned with the rest of our collection.”
surge

rise and move, as in waves or billows

No reason was given for the change, but the privately-owned brand appears to have been seeing a big surge in interest since it was propelled into the headlines by President Trump’s tweeting and an aide’s TV appearance in which she promoted it.
fashion

the latest and most admired style in clothes or behavior

Instead, she said in a statement Monday that the line will be “focusing our efforts on existing and new categories that are most relevant to our loyal customers — including fashion jewelry, which successfully launched last fall with price points that are aligned with the rest of our collection.”
apparently

from appearances alone

That apparently means items like the $58 rhodium-plated white metal hinged bracelet or the $128 zinc multi-row chain necklace that were linked from Ivanka Trump’s fashion website to the Lord & Taylor site.
controversy

a dispute where there is strong disagreement

Last week, fashion search engine Lyst said the Ivanka Trump brand rose to 11th place in February when the controversy brewed, based on the number of items sold.
loyal

steadfast in allegiance or duty

Instead, she said in a statement Monday that the line will be “focusing our efforts on existing and new categories that are most relevant to our loyal customers — including fashion jewelry, which successfully launched last fall with price points that are aligned with the rest of our collection.”
disclose

expose to view as by removing a cover

Klem acknowledged that the brand saw some of its best sale weeks last month, though no figures were disclosed.
prominent

conspicuous in position or importance

The previous month, even when Ivanka Trump was prominent at the presidential inaugural and other events, her brand ranked in 550th place.
launch

propel with force

Instead, she said in a statement Monday that the line will be “focusing our efforts on existing and new categories that are most relevant to our loyal customers — including fashion jewelry, which successfully launched last fall with price points that are aligned with the rest of our collection.”
cheap

relatively low in price or charging low prices

The presidential daughter plans to stop offering fine jewelry and focus on stylish but cheaper baubles instead, it was announced.
metal

a chemical element or alloy that is usually a shiny solid

That apparently means items like the $58 rhodium-plated white metal hinged bracelet or the $128 zinc multi-row chain necklace that were linked from Ivanka Trump’s fashion website to the Lord & Taylor site.
customer

someone who pays for goods or services

Instead, she said in a statement Monday that the line will be “focusing our efforts on existing and new categories that are most relevant to our loyal customers — including fashion jewelry, which successfully launched last fall with price points that are aligned with the rest of our collection.”
effective

producing or capable of producing an intended result

The endorsement was apparently effective, though it drew a rebuke from the government’s top ethics official.
complain

express discontent, displeasure, or unhappiness

The brand’s publicity swoon began Feb. 2 when Nordstrom said it would no longer Ivanka Trump-branded products and President Trump complained in a tweet that Nordstrom was being unfair.
promote

assign to a higher position

No reason was given for the change, but the privately-owned brand appears to have been seeing a big surge in interest since it was propelled into the headlines by President Trump’s tweeting and an aide’s TV appearance in which she promoted it.
acknowledge

declare to be true or admit the existence or reality of

Klem acknowledged that the brand saw some of its best sale weeks last month, though no figures were disclosed.
site

the piece of land on which something is located

That apparently means items like the $58 rhodium-plated white metal hinged bracelet or the $128 zinc multi-row chain necklace that were linked from Ivanka Trump’s fashion website to the Lord & Taylor site.
impression

a vague idea in which some confidence is placed

Scarlett Johansson debuts Ivanka Trump impression on ‘SNL’
image

a visual representation produced on a surface

Ivanka Trump may be known for her high-end image, but her jewelry line is about to go a little more downscale.
engine

motor that converts energy into work or motion

Last week, fashion search engine Lyst said the Ivanka Trump brand rose to 11th place in February when the controversy brewed, based on the number of items sold.
urge

force or impel in an indicated direction

Then aide Kellyanne Conway went on Fox News’ Fox and Friends talk show and urged viewed to snap up Ivanka Trump products.
previous

just preceding something else in time or order

The previous month, even when Ivanka Trump was prominent at the presidential inaugural and other events, her brand ranked in 550th place.
base

lowest support of a structure

Last week, fashion search engine Lyst said the Ivanka Trump brand rose to 11th place in February when the controversy brewed, based on the number of items sold.
search

look or seek

Last week, fashion search engine Lyst said the Ivanka Trump brand rose to 11th place in February when the controversy brewed, based on the number of items sold.
announce

make known

The presidential daughter plans to stop offering fine jewelry and focus on stylish but cheaper baubles instead, it was announced.
appearance

outward or visible aspect of a person or thing

No reason was given for the change, but the privately-owned brand appears to have been seeing a big surge in interest since it was propelled into the headlines by President Trump’s tweeting and an aide’s TV appearance in which she promoted it.
event

something that happens at a given place and time

The previous month, even when Ivanka Trump was prominent at the presidential inaugural and other events, her brand ranked in 550th place.
official

of or relating to a place of business

The endorsement was apparently effective, though it drew a rebuke from the government’s top ethics official.
effort

use of physical or mental energy; hard work

Instead, she said in a statement Monday that the line will be “focusing our efforts on existing and new categories that are most relevant to our loyal customers — including fashion jewelry, which successfully launched last fall with price points that are aligned with the rest of our collection.”
exist

have a presence

Instead, she said in a statement Monday that the line will be “focusing our efforts on existing and new categories that are most relevant to our loyal customers — including fashion jewelry, which successfully launched last fall with price points that are aligned with the rest of our collection.”
figure

the form or shape of a person’s body

Klem acknowledged that the brand saw some of its best sale weeks last month, though no figures were disclosed.
include

have as a part, be made up out of

Instead, she said in a statement Monday that the line will be “focusing our efforts on existing and new categories that are most relevant to our loyal customers — including fashion jewelry, which successfully launched last fall with price points that are aligned with the rest of our collection.”
fair

free from favoritism, bias, or deception

The brand’s publicity swoon began Feb. 2 when Nordstrom said it would no longer Ivanka Trump-branded products and President Trump complained in a tweet that Nordstrom was being unfair.
plan

a series of steps to be carried out or goals to be achieved

The presidential daughter plans to stop offering fine jewelry and focus on stylish but cheaper baubles instead, it was announced.
decide

reach, make, or come to a conclusion about something

“As part of our company’s commitment to offering solution-oriented products at accessible price points, we have decided to discontinue the Ivanka Trump Fine Jewelry collection,” said Abigail Klem, president of the Ivanka Trump brand.
reason

a logical motive for a belief or action

No reason was given for the change, but the privately-owned brand appears to have been seeing a big surge in interest since it was propelled into the headlines by President Trump’s tweeting and an aide’s TV appearance in which she promoted it.
government

the system or form by which a community is ruled

The endorsement was apparently effective, though it drew a rebuke from the government’s top ethics official.
mean

denote or connote

That apparently means items like the $58 rhodium-plated white metal hinged bracelet or the $128 zinc multi-row chain necklace that were linked from Ivanka Trump’s fashion website to the Lord & Taylor site.
arbitration

giving authoritative judgment

Tillotson said Armstrong’s lies, as outlined in the agency’s report, had changed the understanding that was reached through arbitration.
annulment

an official or legal cancellation

Humphries responded a month later asking for an annulment, claiming the couple’s nuptials were based on fraud.Seattle Times (Aug 15, 2012)
outlier

an extreme deviation from the mean

“These sorts of things to me are the outliers,” he said.
parochial

relating to or supported by or located in a parish

“Almost everything they did was sectarian-related – killing priests and nuns, hand grenades into cathedrals, attacks on parochial schools, etc.,” he said.New York Times (Jun 19, 2012)
conciliation

the act of placating and overcoming distrust and animosity

Except one thing: Television should be used to educate the masses and promote social conciliation.New York Times (Jul 11, 2012)
injunction

a judicial remedy to prohibit a party from doing something

A lower court threw out an injunction blocking enforcement of the judgment.
deleterious

harmful to living things

Travel time needs to be as short as possible; every hour between harvest and transplant can have deleterious effects on organ function.
discordant

not in agreement or harmony

“So far, I haven’t heard one discordant voice,” says Falomir.
effrontery

audacious behavior that you have no right to

The magistrate raised his eyebrows at our effrontery and then cleared his throat again.O’Neil, Owen Rowe
commensurate

corresponding in size or degree or extent

But it is worth noting that regulators are being asked to do a lot without a commensurate increase in resources.New York Times (Jan 20, 2011)
delineate

represented accurately or precisely

“Clearly, further research is needed to delineate this issue.”
contention

the act of competing as for profit or a prize

Brussels tries to manage fisheries by setting limits on how much fish member states can catch but quotas are a regular source of contention.
distend

cause to expand as if by internal pressure

Swollen; inflated; distended; puffed up, as cattle when gorged with green food which develops gas.Webster, Noah
deterrent

something immaterial that interferes with action or progress

The greatest deterrent was the weather, whistling winds and pounding rain that at times pressed against the windows just behind Rushdie.Seattle Times (Sep 19, 2012)
daunt

cause to lose courage

Launching a successful site, especially one catering to a younger, tech-savvy clientele, can be daunting and involved.
latent

potentially existing but not presently evident or realized

About a third of the world has latent tuberculosis, experts estimate; it usually becomes active when an infected person’s immune system is depressed.
facetious

cleverly amusing in tone

When I say things like “Grow up,” I’m being facetious.Slate (Feb 2, 2012)
apprise

inform somebody of something

Back at our operating room, the pediatric cardiac anesthesiologists have been kept apprised of how things are progressing.
abstemious

marked by temperance in indulgence

He is, I believe, abstemious in eating and drinking, caring only for the homeliest fare.McCarthy, Justin
castigation

verbal punishment

Head teachers have warned “constant castigation” was damaging morale.
endemic

native to or confined to a certain region

Mr. Webster addressed the citizens in his usual felicitous manner.Casseday, Ben
prevaricate

be deliberately ambiguous or unclear

But the “desirable” foreign nationals, particularly capricious dignitaries, can be just as much work, if not more.
felicitous

exhibiting an agreeably appropriate manner or style

Nevertheless, there is a fundamental comity between the brown peoples.Stoddard, Lothrop
capricious

determined by chance or impulse rather than by necessity

“Political rifts haven’t yet been resolved and can worsen at any time.”
comity

a state or atmosphere of harmony or mutual civility

Travel time needs to be as short as possible; every hour between harvest and transplant can have deleterious effects on organ function.
rift

a personal or social separation

Wolves kill moose, and ravens help pick the bones clean.New York Times (Feb 27, 2012)
deleterious

harmful to living things

Wearing a spurious official-looking cap, he was trying to interest tourists in some scam.
raven

feed greedily

Warren comes across as an effete and slightly deranged liberal professor.Slate (Nov 22, 2011)
spurious

plausible but false

If he does so successfully, an indelible mark will be etched into history.
effete

excessively self-indulgent, affected, or decadent

He looked at her with effrontery & made a mocking bow.Gilchrist, Anne Burrows
indelible

not able to be removed or erased

ATT and Verizon are constantly complaining about the looming spectrum shortage in the United States.Forbes (Oct 15, 2012)
effrontery

audacious behavior that you have no right to

The company is being heralded as exemplifying new breed of business software.Forbes (Oct 12, 2012)
loom

come into view indistinctly, often threateningly

Mr. Kaplan said the police did not know what precipitated the shooting.
exemplify

clarify by giving an illustration of

This is just a small sampling of a growing body of experimental findings linking neurological traits with criminal propensity in children.Slate (Oct 17, 2012)
palpable

capable of being perceived

Every few years, a new one comes along, each promising unprecedented verisimilitude.Slate (Jul 26, 2012)
precipitate

bring about abruptly

It’s a series of one-on-one battles in which dodging, parrying and blocking attacks are just as important as slashing your foes.Seattle Times (Dec 29, 2011)
parlance

a manner of speaking natural to a language’s native speakers

Your absence will certainly be construed as indifference — or worse.New York Times (Jul 19, 2012)
propensity

a natural inclination

Tillotson said Armstrong’s lies, as outlined in the agency’s report, had changed the understanding that was reached through arbitration.
verisimilitude

the appearance of truth; the quality of seeming to be true

Humphries responded a month later asking for an annulment, claiming the couple’s nuptials were based on fraud.Seattle Times (Aug 15, 2012)
parry

impede the movement of

“These sorts of things to me are the outliers,” he said.
construe

make sense of; assign a meaning to

“Almost everything they did was sectarian-related – killing priests and nuns, hand grenades into cathedrals, attacks on parochial schools, etc.,” he said.New York Times (Jun 19, 2012)
narcissistic

having an inflated idea of one’s own importance

Except one thing: Television should be used to educate the masses and promote social conciliation.New York Times (Jul 11, 2012)
schism

division of a group into opposing factions

A lower court threw out an injunction blocking enforcement of the judgment.
parley

a negotiation between enemies

Travel time needs to be as short as possible; every hour between harvest and transplant can have deleterious effects on organ function.
strident

unpleasantly loud and harsh

“So far, I haven’t heard one discordant voice,” says Falomir.
obtrude

push to thrust outward

The magistrate raised his eyebrows at our effrontery and then cleared his throat again.O’Neil, Owen Rowe
realm

a domain in which something is dominant

But it is worth noting that regulators are being asked to do a lot without a commensurate increase in resources.New York Times (Jan 20, 2011)
obtuse

of an angle, between 90 and 180 degrees

“Clearly, further research is needed to delineate this issue.”
pellucid

transmitting light; able to be seen through with clarity

Brussels tries to manage fisheries by setting limits on how much fish member states can catch but quotas are a regular source of contention.
pariah

a person who is rejected from society or home

Swollen; inflated; distended; puffed up, as cattle when gorged with green food which develops gas.Webster, Noah
sovereign

a nation’s ruler usually by hereditary right

The greatest deterrent was the weather, whistling winds and pounding rain that at times pressed against the windows just behind Rushdie.Seattle Times (Sep 19, 2012)
parsimonious

excessively unwilling to spend

Launching a successful site, especially one catering to a younger, tech-savvy clientele, can be daunting and involved.
obloquy

state of disgrace resulting from public abuse

About a third of the world has latent tuberculosis, experts estimate; it usually becomes active when an infected person’s immune system is depressed.
phlegmatic

showing little emotion

When I say things like “Grow up,” I’m being facetious.Slate (Feb 2, 2012)
subliminal

below the threshold of conscious perception

Back at our operating room, the pediatric cardiac anesthesiologists have been kept apprised of how things are progressing.
subsume

contain or include

He is, I believe, abstemious in eating and drinking, caring only for the homeliest fare.McCarthy, Justin
salubrious

promoting health

Head teachers have warned “constant castigation” was damaging morale.
prattle

speak about unimportant matters rapidly and incessantly

Mr. Webster addressed the citizens in his usual felicitous manner.Casseday, Ben
perfidious

tending to betray

But the “desirable” foreign nationals, particularly capricious dignitaries, can be just as much work, if not more.
sojourn

a temporary stay

Nevertheless, there is a fundamental comity between the brown peoples.Stoddard, Lothrop
syllogism

reasoning in which a conclusion is derived from two premises

“Political rifts haven’t yet been resolved and can worsen at any time.”
quaff

swallow hurriedly or greedily or in one draught

Travel time needs to be as short as possible; every hour between harvest and transplant can have deleterious effects on organ function.
rampart

an embankment built around a space for defensive purposes

Wolves kill moose, and ravens help pick the bones clean.New York Times (Feb 27, 2012)
subsidiary

functioning in a supporting capacity

Wearing a spurious official-looking cap, he was trying to interest tourists in some scam.
nugatory

of no real value

Warren comes across as an effete and slightly deranged liberal professor.Slate (Nov 22, 2011)
steadfast

marked by firm determination or resolution; not shakable

If he does so successfully, an indelible mark will be etched into history.
scourge

something causing misery or death

He looked at her with effrontery & made a mocking bow.Gilchrist, Anne Burrows
protract

lengthen in time; cause to be or last longer

ATT and Verizon are constantly complaining about the looming spectrum shortage in the United States.Forbes (Oct 15, 2012)
prodding

a verbalization that encourages you to attempt something

The company is being heralded as exemplifying new breed of business software.Forbes (Oct 12, 2012)
perfidious

tending to betray

Mr. Kaplan said the police did not know what precipitated the shooting.
meretricious

tastelessly showy

This is just a small sampling of a growing body of experimental findings linking neurological traits with criminal propensity in children.Slate (Oct 17, 2012)
firmament

the sphere on which celestial bodies appear to be projected

Every few years, a new one comes along, each promising unprecedented verisimilitude.Slate (Jul 26, 2012)
gamut

a complete extent or range

It’s a series of one-on-one battles in which dodging, parrying and blocking attacks are just as important as slashing your foes.Seattle Times (Dec 29, 2011)
respite

a pause from doing something

Your absence will certainly be construed as indifference — or worse.New York Times (Jul 19, 2012)
harangue

a loud bombastic declamation expressed with strong emotion

ignominious

deserving or bringing disgrace or shame

obsequious

attempting to win favor from influential people by flattery

purport

have the often specious appearance of being or intending

boor

a crude uncouth ill-bred person lacking refinement

protract

lengthen in time; cause to be or last longer

bode

indicate by signs

squalid

foul and run-down and repulsive

cognitive

relating to or involving the mental process of knowing

stipulate

make an express demand or provision in an agreement

syncopation

a musical rhythm accenting a normally weak beat

reprobate

a person without moral scruples

deference

courteous regard for people’s feelings

recondite

difficult to penetrate

adjure

command solemnly

catharsis

purging the body to stimulate evacuation of the bowels

gouge

an impression in a surface, as made by a blow

diaphanous

so thin as to transmit light

affectation

a deliberate pretense or exaggerated display

vicissitude

a variation in circumstances or fortune

arbitration

giving authoritative judgment

annulment

an official or legal cancellation

outlier

an extreme deviation from the mean

parochial

relating to or supported by or located in a parish

conciliation

the act of placating and overcoming distrust and animosity

injunction

a judicial remedy to prohibit a party from doing something

deleterious

harmful to living things

discordant

not in agreement or harmony

effrontery

audacious behavior that you have no right to

commensurate

corresponding in size or degree or extent

delineate

represented accurately or precisely

contention

the act of competing as for profit or a prize

distend

cause to expand as if by internal pressure

deterrent

something immaterial that interferes with action or progress

daunt

cause to lose courage

latent

potentially existing but not presently evident or realized

facetious

cleverly amusing in tone

apprise

inform somebody of something

abstemious

marked by temperance in indulgence

castigation

verbal punishment

endemic

native to or confined to a certain region

prevaricate

be deliberately ambiguous or unclear

felicitous

exhibiting an agreeably appropriate manner or style

capricious

determined by chance or impulse rather than by necessity

comity

a state or atmosphere of harmony or mutual civility

rift

a personal or social separation

deleterious

harmful to living things

raven

feed greedily

spurious

plausible but false

effete

excessively self-indulgent, affected, or decadent

indelible

not able to be removed or erased

effrontery

audacious behavior that you have no right to

loom

come into view indistinctly, often threateningly

exemplify

clarify by giving an illustration of

palpable

capable of being perceived

precipitate

bring about abruptly

parlance

a manner of speaking natural to a language’s native speakers

propensity

a natural inclination

verisimilitude

the appearance of truth; the quality of seeming to be true

parry

impede the movement of

construe

make sense of; assign a meaning to

narcissistic

having an inflated idea of one’s own importance

schism

division of a group into opposing factions

parley

a negotiation between enemies

strident

unpleasantly loud and harsh

obtrude

push to thrust outward

realm

a domain in which something is dominant

obtuse

of an angle, between 90 and 180 degrees

pellucid

transmitting light; able to be seen through with clarity

pariah

a person who is rejected from society or home

sovereign

a nation’s ruler usually by hereditary right

parsimonious

excessively unwilling to spend

obloquy

state of disgrace resulting from public abuse

phlegmatic

showing little emotion

subliminal

below the threshold of conscious perception

subsume

contain or include

salubrious

promoting health

prattle

speak about unimportant matters rapidly and incessantly

perfidious

tending to betray

sojourn

a temporary stay

syllogism

reasoning in which a conclusion is derived from two premises

quaff

swallow hurriedly or greedily or in one draught

rampart

an embankment built around a space for defensive purposes

subsidiary

functioning in a supporting capacity

nugatory

of no real value

steadfast

marked by firm determination or resolution; not shakable

scourge

something causing misery or death

protract

lengthen in time; cause to be or last longer

prodding

a verbalization that encourages you to attempt something

perfidious

tending to betray

meretricious

tastelessly showy

firmament

the sphere on which celestial bodies appear to be projected

gamut

a complete extent or range

respite

a pause from doing something

harangue

a loud bombastic declamation expressed with strong emotion

ignominious

deserving or bringing disgrace or shame

obsequious

attempting to win favor from influential people by flattery

purport

have the often specious appearance of being or intending

boor

a crude uncouth ill-bred person lacking refinement

protract

lengthen in time; cause to be or last longer

bode

indicate by signs

squalid

foul and run-down and repulsive

cognitive

relating to or involving the mental process of knowing

stipulate

make an express demand or provision in an agreement

syncopation

a musical rhythm accenting a normally weak beat

reprobate

a person without moral scruples

deference

courteous regard for people’s feelings

recondite

difficult to penetrate

adjure

command solemnly

catharsis

purging the body to stimulate evacuation of the bowels

gouge

an impression in a surface, as made by a blow

diaphanous

so thin as to transmit light

affectation

a deliberate pretense or exaggerated display

vicissitude

a variation in circumstances or fortune
بازی یادگیری زبان انگلیسی