GMAT vocabulary – 4th – 59 Words

credence

the mental attitude that something is believable

encompass

include in scope

fatigue

temporary loss of strength and energy from hard work

novice

someone new to a field or activity

rival

the contestant you hope to defeat

rivalry

the act of competing as for profit or a prize

incinerate

become reduced to ashes

revamp

patch up or renovate; repair or restore

disperse

move away from each other

laudable

worthy of high praise

compelling

driving or forcing

compel

force somebody to do something

outrageous

greatly exceeding bounds of reason or moderation

attainment

the act of achieving an aim

constituency

the body of voters who elect a representative for their area

ethos

the distinctive spirit of a culture or an era

segregate

divide from the main body or mass and collect

indignity

an affront to one’s self-esteem

perceptible

capable of being grasped by the mind or senses

revitalize

give new life or vigor to

repudiate

refuse to acknowledge, ratify, or recognize as valid

pragmatic

concerned with practical matters

affirm

declare solemnly and formally as true

refrain

resist doing something

rhetoric

study of the technique for using language effectively

anticipate

regard something as probable or likely

adverse

in an opposing direction

tangible

perceptible by the senses, especially the sense of touch

compliance

the act of submitting, usually surrendering power to another

virtue

the quality of doing what is right

impose

charge and collect payment

exempt

freed from or not subject to an obligation or liability

reservation

the act of setting aside for some future occasion

treaty

a written agreement between two states or sovereigns

enclave

an enclosed territory that is culturally distinct

jurisdiction

the territory within which power can be exercised

sovereignty

the authority of a state to govern another state

pueblo

a Native American village in the southwestern United States

bar

a rigid piece of metal or wood

doctrine

a belief accepted as authoritative by some group or school

rescind

cancel officially

inhabit

live in; be a resident of

precedence

status established in order of importance or urgency

precedent

an example that is used to justify similar occurrences

dictate

a guiding principle

defer

yield to another’s wish or opinion

secretion

the organic process of releasing some substance

legislation

the act of making or enacting laws

concur

happen simultaneously

extant

still in existence; not extinct or destroyed or lost

foreshadow

indicate by signs

durable

existing for a long time

endure

undergo or be subjected to

egalitarian

favoring social equality

rational

consistent with or based on or using reason

maneuver

a military training exercise

capricious

determined by chance or impulse rather than by necessity

painstaking

characterized by extreme care and great effort

contingency

the state of being dependent on something
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