GMAT Vocabulary – 441 Words

witty

combining clever conception and facetious expression

vicinity

a surrounding or nearby region

unison

the state of corresponding exactly

trivial

(informal) small and of little importance

trait

a distinguishing feature of your personal nature

titanic

of great force or power

thrive

make steady progress

threshold

the starting point for a new state or experience

testimony

something that serves as evidence

tedious

so lacking in interest as to cause mental weariness

tactile

of or relating to or proceeding from the sense of touch

substantiate

establish or strengthen as with new evidence or facts

stride

walk with long steps

stench

a distinctive odor that is offensively unpleasant

stale

lacking freshness, palatability, or showing deterioration

spleen

a large oval organ between the stomach and the diaphragm

skeptic

someone who habitually doubts accepted beliefs

sap

a watery solution in the vascular system of a plant

reluctant

not eager

regimen

a systematic plan for therapy

purse

a container used for carrying money and small personal items

purge

rid of impurities

prudent

marked by sound judgment

primate

any placental mammal of the order Primates

precursor

something indicating the approach of something or someone

plausible

apparently reasonable and valid, and truthful

plaintiff

a person who brings an action in a court of law

phony

fraudulent; having a misleading appearance

persecute

cause to suffer

patronize

provide support for

patron

someone who supports or champions something

partisan

a fervent and even militant proponent of something

pang

a sudden sharp feeling

omen

a sign of a thing about to happen

obtrusive

sticking out; protruding

novelty

originality by virtue of being refreshingly new

morale

a state of individual psychological well-being

momentous

of very great significance

modest

marked by simplicity; having a humble opinion of yourself

maneuver

a military training exercise

lethal

of an instrument of certain death

instill

impart gradually

innate

present at birth but not necessarily hereditary

infest

occupy in large numbers or live on a host

indigent

poor enough to need help from others

incumbent

necessary as a duty or responsibility; morally binding

impart

bestow a quality on

hostility

a state of deep-seated ill-will

gullible

naive and easily deceived or tricked

gourmet

a person devoted to and knowledgeable about fine food

frugal

avoiding waste

Foster

United States songwriter whose songs embody the sentiment of the South before the American Civil War (1826-1864)

florid

elaborately or excessively ornamented

expedition

an organized group of people undertaking a journey

exhort

spur on or encourage especially by cheers and shouts

envision

imagine, conceive of, or see in one’s mind

entree

the principal dish of a meal

entice

provoke someone to do something through persuasion

entail

have as a logical consequence

elude

escape, either physically or mentally

delinquent

a young offender

curb

the act of restraining power or action or limiting excess

culminate

end, especially to reach a final or climactic stage

crusade

a series of actions tending toward a particular end

crumple

gather something into small wrinkles or folds

crater

a bowl-shaped geological formation at the top of a volcano

cramped

constricted in size

cornerstone

a stone at the outer corner of two intersecting masonry walls

cobble

repair or mend

censure

harsh criticism or disapproval

caviar

salted fish eggs eaten as a delicacy

bounty

the property of copious abundance

bland

lacking taste or flavor or tang

bizarre

conspicuously or grossly unconventional or unusual

attorney

a professional person authorized to practice law

assess

estimate the nature, quality, ability or significance of

arid

lacking sufficient water or rainfall

arcane

requiring secret or mysterious knowledge

ample

more than enough in size or scope or capacity

acquit

pronounce not guilty of criminal charges

fret

be agitated or irritated

levy

impose and collect

incumbent

necessary as a duty or responsibility; morally binding

impetus

a force that makes something happen

refrain

resist doing something

abash

cause to be embarrassed

abate

become less in amount or intensity

abdicate

give up, such as power, as of monarchs and emperors

aberrant

markedly different from an accepted norm

aberration

a state or condition markedly different from the norm

abeyance

temporary cessation or suspension

abhor

find repugnant

abject

of the most contemptible kind

abjure

formally reject or disavow a formerly held belief

ablution

the act of washing oneself, as for ritual purposes

adage

a condensed but memorable saying embodying an important fact

addle

mix up or confuse

admonish

scold or reprimand; take to task

adroit

quick or skillful or adept in action or thought

adulation

exaggerated flattery or praise

aegis

armor plate that protects the chest

affable

diffusing warmth and friendliness

affliction

a cause of great suffering and distress

aggrandize

embellish; increase the scope, power, or importance of

agnostic

a person who claims the existence of God is unknowable

alacrity

liveliness and eagerness

allay

lessen the intensity of or calm

alleviate

provide physical relief, as from pain

allude

make an indirect reference to

altruism

the quality of unselfish concern for the welfare of others

ambidextrous

equally skillful with each hand

ameliorate

make better

amenable

disposed or willing to comply

amnesty

a warrant granting release from punishment for an offense

amorous

inclined toward or displaying love

anomalous

deviating from the general or common order or type

aplomb

great coolness and composure under strain

apocalyptic

of or relating to a catastrophe

apocryphal

being of questionable authenticity

apostate

not faithful to religion or party or cause

archetype

something that serves as a model

arduous

characterized by effort to the point of exhaustion

arraign

accuse of a wrong or an inadequacy

asinine

devoid of intelligence

askance

with suspicion or disapproval

aspersion

a disparaging remark

assiduous

marked by care and persistent effort

astute

marked by practical hardheaded intelligence

atrophy

a decrease in size of an organ caused by disease or disuse

attenuate

become weaker, in strength, value, or magnitude

avarice

reprehensible acquisitiveness; insatiable desire for wealth

baroque

relating to an elaborately ornamented style of art and music

beatitude

a state of supreme happiness

bedlam

a state of extreme confusion and disorder

befuddled

confused and vague, especially of thinking

behemoth

someone or something that is abnormally large and powerful

beleaguer

annoy persistently

bellicose

having or showing a ready disposition to fight

benediction

a ceremonial prayer invoking divine protection

benison

a spoken blessing

berate

censure severely or angrily

besmirch

smear so as to make dirty or stained

bibulous

given to or marked by the consumption of alcohol

bilious

relating to a digestive juice secreted by the liver

bivouac

temporary living quarters built by the army for soldiers

blandishment

flattery intended to persuade

blarney

flattery designed to gain favor

blase

nonchalantly unconcerned

blasphemy

profane language

blighted

affected by something that prevents growth or prosperity

blithe

carefree and happy and lighthearted

bludgeon

a club used as a weapon

bohemian

a nonconformist who lives an unconventional life

bombastic

ostentatiously lofty in style

bonhomie

a disposition to be friendly and approachable

bowdlerize

edit by omitting or modifying parts considered indelicate

brackish

slightly salty

braggadocio

vain and empty boasting

cadence

the accent in a metrical foot of verse

callow

young and inexperienced

calumny

a false accusation of an offense

canard

a deliberately misleading fabrication

candor

the quality of being honest and straightforward

canker

an ulcerlike sore

cantankerous

stubbornly obstructive and unwilling to cooperate

capacious

large in the amount that can be contained

capricious

determined by chance or impulse rather than by necessity

captious

tending to find and call attention to faults

carapace

hard outer covering or case of certain organisms

cardinal

a vivid red color

carousal

revelry in drinking; a merry drinking party

cartel

a consortium formed to limit commercial competition

castigate

inflict severe punishment on

casuistry

argumentation that is specious or excessively subtle

catechism

an elementary book summarizing the principles of a religion

cauterize

burn, sear, or freeze using a hot iron or electric current

caveat

a warning against certain acts

cavil

raise trivial objections

certitude

complete assurance or confidence

chaff

material consisting of seed coverings and pieces of stem

chagrin

strong feelings of embarrassment

charlatan

a flamboyant deceiver

chary

characterized by great caution

cherubic

having a sweet nature befitting an angel

chicanery

the use of tricks to deceive someone

chiropodist

a specialist in care for the feet

choleric

characterized by anger

churlish

having a bad disposition; surly

circuitous

deviating from a straight course

circumspect

careful to consider potential consequences and avoid risk

clairvoyant

someone who can perceive things not present to the senses

clemency

leniency and compassion shown toward offenders

clique

an exclusive circle of people with a common purpose

cloying

overly sweet

coalesce

fuse or cause to come together

codicil

a supplement to a will

cogent

powerfully persuasive

cogitate

consider carefully and deeply

cognitive

relating to or involving the mental process of knowing

cohort

a band of warriors

colloquial

characteristic of informal spoken language or conversation

collusion

secret agreement

colossus

someone or something that is abnormally large and powerful

comestible

suitable for use as food

comeuppance

a usually negative outcome or fate that is well deserved

commensurate

corresponding in size or degree or extent

commiserate

feel or express sympathy or compassion

complacent

contented to a fault with oneself or one’s actions

complaisant

showing a cheerful willingness to do favors for others

comport

behave in a certain manner

compunction

a feeling of deep regret, usually for some misdeed

concatenate

add by linking or joining so as to form a chain or series

concomitant

following or accompanying as a consequence

concord

a harmonious state of things and of their properties

condescend

behave in a patronizing manner

condone

excuse, overlook, or make allowances for

conflagration

a very intense and uncontrolled fire

consternation

sudden shock or dismay that causes confusion

construe

make sense of; assign a meaning to

contiguous

having a common boundary or edge

continence

voluntary control over urinary and fecal discharge

contretemps

an awkward clash

contrite

feeling or expressing pain or sorrow for sins or offenses

contrived

showing effects of planning or manipulation

contusion

an injury in which the skin is not broken

convoluted

highly complex or intricate

copious

large in number or quantity

corporeal

having material or physical form or substance

corpulent

excessively fat

coterie

an exclusive circle of people with a common purpose

countenance

the appearance conveyed by a person’s face

countermand

cancel officially

covetous

immoderately desirous of acquiring something

craven

lacking even the rudiments of courage; abjectly fearful

credence

the mental attitude that something is believable

credulous

showing a lack of judgment or experience

crotchety

having a difficult and contrary disposition

decrepit

worn and broken down by hard use

libel

a false and malicious publication

deference

courteous regard for people’s feelings

defunct

no longer in force or use; inactive

demagogue

a leader who seeks support by appealing to popular passions

demeanour

the way a person behaves toward other people

demented

affected with madness or insanity

denizen

a plant or animal naturalized in a region

deprave

corrupt morally or by intemperance or sensuality

derelict

a person without a home, job, or property

deride

treat or speak of with contempt

desecrate

violate the sacred character of a place or language

despoil

plunder or steal goods

desultory

marked by lack of definite plan or regularity or purpose

detrimental

causing harm or injury

devious

turning away from a straight course

devolve

pass on or delegate to another

diabolic

showing cunning or ingenuity or wickedness

dialectic

a contradiction of ideas that determines their interaction

diatribe

thunderous verbal attack

diffident

showing modest reserve

dilapidated

in a state of decay, ruin, or deterioration

diligent

quietly and steadily persevering in detail or exactness

disavowal

denial of any connection with or knowledge of

disconcerted

having self-possession upset; thrown into confusion

discursive

tending to cover a wide range of subjects

disingenuous

not straightforward or candid

disparage

express a negative opinion of

dissonance

disagreeable sounds

Draconian

imposing a harsh code of laws

dulcet

pleasing to the ear

ebullient

joyously unrestrained

effrontery

audacious behavior that you have no right to

egregious

conspicuously and outrageously bad or reprehensible

elixir

a substance believed to cure all ills

elucidate

make clear and comprehensible

elusive

skillful at evading capture

emaciated

very thin especially from disease or hunger or cold

embellish

make more attractive, as by adding ornament or color

embezzle

appropriate fraudulently to one’s own use

embroil

force into some kind of situation or course of action

emetic

a medicine that induces nausea and vomiting

emissary

someone sent on a mission to represent another’s interests

emollient

a substance with a soothing effect when applied to the skin

empathize

be understanding of

empyrean

of or relating to the sky or heavens

enamour

attract; cause to be enamored

encomium

a formal expression of praise

endemic

native to or confined to a certain region

enervate

weaken mentally or morally

enigma

something that baffles understanding and cannot be explained

ennui

the feeling of being bored by something tedious

entreat

ask for or request earnestly

enunciate

express or state clearly

ephemeral

anything short-lived, as an insect that lives only for a day

epicure

a person devoted to refined sensuous enjoyment

epistemology

the philosophical theory of knowledge

epitaph

an inscription in memory of a buried person

epithet

descriptive word or phrase

epitome

a standard or typical example

equanimity

steadiness of mind under stress

equivocal

open to two or more interpretations

equivocate

be deliberately ambiguous or unclear

erudite

having or showing profound knowledge

eschew

avoid and stay away from deliberately

esoteric

understandable only by an enlightened inner circle

espouse

choose and follow a theory, idea, policy, etc.

exculpate

pronounce not guilty of criminal charges

exigency

a pressing or urgent situation

exiguous

extremely scanty

exonerate

pronounce not guilty of criminal charges

exorbitant

greatly exceeding bounds of reason or moderation

expedient

appropriate to a purpose

expiate

make amends for

expletive

profane or obscene expression usually of surprise or anger

expunge

remove by erasing or crossing out or as if by drawing a line

expurgate

edit by omitting or modifying parts considered indelicate

extant

still in existence; not extinct or destroyed or lost

extenuating

partially excusing or justifying

extricate

release from entanglement or difficulty

facade

the front of a building

facetious

cleverly amusing in tone

factious

dissenting with the majority opinion

factitious

not produced by natural forces; artificial or fake

fallacious

containing or based on incorrect reasoning

fallow

left unplowed and unseeded during a growing season

fatuous

devoid of intelligence

faux pas

a socially awkward or tactless act

fawning

attempting to win favor by flattery

fecund

capable of producing offspring or vegetation

felony

a serious crime, such as murder or arson

feral

wild and menacing

fervid

characterized by intense emotion

fetid

offensively malodorous

fetish

sexual desire in which gratification depends on some object

fiat

a legally binding command or decision

fiduciary

relating to or of the nature of a legal trust

filial

designating the generation following the parental generation

flagellate

whip or scourge; punish as if by whipping

flippant

showing an inappropriate lack of seriousness

flummox

be a mystery or bewildering to

fortuitous

occurring by happy chance

fractious

easily irritated or annoyed

fulminate

cause to explode violently and with loud noise

furbish

polish and make shiny

furtive

secret and sly or sordid

gargantuan

of great mass; huge and bulky

gauche

lacking social polish

gavel

a small mallet used by a presiding officer or a judge

generic

applicable to an entire class or group

genuflect

bend the knees and bow in a servile manner

germane

relevant and appropriate

gingerly

in a manner marked by extreme care or delicacy

glean

gather, as of natural products

gluttonous

given to excess in consumption of especially food or drink

gossamer

a gauze fabric with an extremely fine texture

gratis

costing nothing

gratuitous

unnecessary and unwarranted

gravid

in an advanced stage of pregnancy

grovel

show submission or fear

habiliment

a covering designed to be worn on a person’s body

hackneyed

repeated too often; overfamiliar through overuse

halcyon

a mythical bird said to breed at the winter solstice

hallowed

worthy of religious veneration

harangue

a loud bombastic declamation expressed with strong emotion

harbinger

something indicating the approach of something or someone

harlequin

a clown or buffoon

hedonism

an ethical system that values the pursuit of pleasure

hegemony

the dominance or leadership of one social group over others

hermetically

in an airtight manner

hiatus

an interruption in the intensity or amount of something

hubris

overbearing pride or presumption

iconoclastic

characterized by attack on established beliefs

idiosyncratic

peculiar to the individual

ignominious

deserving or bringing disgrace or shame

imbecility

mental retardation

imbroglio

an intricate and confusing interpersonal situation

immutable

not subject or susceptible to change or variation

impasse

a situation in which no progress can be made

impecunious

not having enough money to pay for necessities

impenitent

not remorseful

imperious

having or showing arrogant superiority

impetuous

characterized by undue haste and lack of thought

implacable

incapable of being appeased or pacified

impudence

the trait of being rude and impertinent

incandescent

emitting light as a result of being heated

incantation

a ritual reciting of words believed to have a magical effect

incarcerate

lock up or confine, in or as in a jail

inchoate

only partly in existence; imperfectly formed

incipient

only partly in existence; imperfectly formed

incriminate

suggest that someone is guilty

indelible

not able to be removed or erased

indict

accuse formally of a crime

indigent

poor enough to need help from others

indubitably

in a manner or to a degree that could not be doubted

inebriated

stupefied or excited by a chemical substance

ineluctable

impossible to avoid or evade

infraction

a violation of a law or rule

inimitable

matchless

iniquitous

characterized by injustice or wickedness

innuendo

an indirect and usually malicious implication

insidious

working or spreading in a hidden and usually injurious way

insouciant

marked by unconcern

internecine

within a group or organization

levity

a manner lacking seriousness

libertine

unrestrained by convention or morality

lithe

moving and bending with ease

loquacious

full of trivial conversation

lugubrious

excessively mournful

macabre

shockingly repellent; inspiring horror

maelstrom

a powerful circular current of water

malapropism

misuse of a word by confusion with one that sounds similar

malediction

the act of calling down a curse that invokes evil

martinet

someone who demands exact conformity to rules and forms

masochist

someone who obtains pleasure from receiving punishment

masticate

bite and grind with the teeth

maudlin

effusively or insincerely emotional

maunder

speak in a rambling or incoherent way

mausoleum

a large burial chamber, usually above ground

maverick

someone who exhibits independence in thought and action

mayhem

violent and needless disturbance

melange

a motley assortment of things

mendacious

given to lying

mendicant

a pauper who lives by begging

meretricious

tastelessly showy

misanthrope

someone who dislikes people in general

modicum

a small or moderate or token amount

mordant

harshly ironic or sinister

moribund

being on the point of death

mortify

cause to feel shame

narcissistic

having an inflated idea of one’s own importance

nebulous

lacking definite form or limits

necromancy

conjuring up the dead, especially for prophesying

nihilistic

relating to a complete rejection of moral values and beliefs

noisome

causing or able to cause nausea

noxious

injurious to physical or mental health

nugatory

of no real value

numismatist

a collector and student of money, especially coins

obfuscate

make obscure or unclear

obloquy

state of disgrace resulting from public abuse

obsequious

attempting to win favor from influential people by flattery

omniscient

infinitely wise

opalescent

having a play of lustrous rainbow colors

opprobrious

expressing offensive reproach
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