GMAT vocabulary 2 – 500 Words

exposition

a collection of things for public display

expunge

remove by erasing or crossing out or as if by drawing a line

extant

still in existence; not extinct or destroyed or lost

extemporize

perform or speak without preparation

extol

praise, glorify, or honor

extraneous

not belonging to that in which it is contained

extricate

release from entanglement or difficulty

exultation

the utterance of sounds expressing great joy

facetious

cleverly amusing in tone

facilitate

make easier

facsimile

an exact copy or reproduction

faction

a dissenting clique

fallacious

containing or based on incorrect reasoning

fallible

wanting in moral strength, courage, or will

fanatic

a person motivated by irrational enthusiasm

fastidious

giving careful attention to detail

fathom

a linear unit of measurement for water depth

fatuous

devoid of intelligence

fealty

the loyalty that one owes to a country, sovereign, or lord

feasible

capable of being done with means at hand

fecund

capable of producing offspring or vegetation

feign

make believe with the intent to deceive

feint

any distracting or deceptive maneuver

ferment

cause to undergo the breakdown of sugar into alcohol

ferret

a small domesticated mammal with a flexible, elongated body

fervent

characterized by intense emotion

fervid

characterized by intense emotion

fervor

feelings of great warmth and intensity

fester

ripen and generate pus

fetid

offensively malodorous

fetish

sexual desire in which gratification depends on some object

fetter

a shackle for the ankles or feet

fickle

liable to sudden unpredictable change

fidelity

the quality of being faithful

figment

a contrived or fantastic idea

finesse

subtly skillful handling of a situation

finite

bounded in magnitude or spatial or temporal extent

fissure

a long narrow depression in a surface

flaccid

drooping without elasticity

flag

a rectangular piece of cloth of distinctive design

flagrant

conspicuously and outrageously bad or reprehensible

flamboyant

tending to attract attention; marked by ostentatious display

fledgling

young bird that has just become capable of flying

flinch

draw back, as with fear or pain

flippant

showing an inappropriate lack of seriousness

flout

treat with contemptuous disregard

fluency

powerful and effective language

flux

a state of constant change

foist

force onto another

foray

a sudden short attack

forbearance

a delay in enforcing rights or claims or privileges

forensic

used in the investigation of facts or evidence in court

formidable

extremely impressive in strength or excellence

fortitude

strength of mind that enables one to endure adversity

fortuitous

occurring by happy chance

foster

providing nurture though not related by blood or legal ties

fractious

easily irritated or annoyed

fraught

filled with or attended with

frenetic

excessively agitated

fret

be agitated or irritated

frivolity

the trait of being not serious or sensible

froward

habitually disposed to disobedience and opposition

frugality

prudence in avoiding waste

fulminate

cause to explode violently and with loud noise

fulsome

unpleasantly and excessively suave or ingratiating

fundamental

serving as an essential component

furtive

secret and sly or sordid

fustian

a strong cotton and linen fabric with a slight nap

futile

producing no result or effect

gaffe

a socially awkward or tactless act

gainsay

take exception to

galvanize

stimulate (muscles) by administering a shock

gamut

a complete extent or range

garbled

lacking orderly continuity

garish

tastelessly showy

garner

assemble or get together

garrulous

full of trivial conversation

gauche

lacking social polish

gauntlet

a glove of armored leather that protects the hand

generic

applicable to an entire class or group

genial

diffusing warmth and friendliness

genre

a kind of literary or artistic work

germane

relevant and appropriate

gerrymander

divide voting districts unfairly and to one’s advantage

gibber

speak (about unimportant matters) rapidly and incessantly

glib

artfully persuasive in speech

gloat

dwell on with satisfaction

glutton

a person who is devoted to eating and drinking to excess

gnarled

old and twisted and covered in lines

goad

stab or urge on as if with a pointed stick

gourmand

a person who is devoted to eating and drinking to excess

grandiose

impressive because of unnecessary largeness or magnificence

gravity

the force of attraction between all masses in the universe

gregarious

temperamentally seeking and enjoying the company of others

guffaw

a burst of loud and hearty laughter

guile

shrewdness as demonstrated by being skilled in deception

guise

an artful or simulated semblance

gullible

naive and easily deceived or tricked

hackneyed

repeated too often; overfamiliar through overuse

haggard

showing the wearing effects of overwork or care or suffering

halcyon

a mythical bird said to breed at the winter solstice

hamper

prevent the progress or free movement of

haphazard

dependent upon or characterized by chance

hapless

unfortunate and deserving pity

harangue

a loud bombastic declamation expressed with strong emotion

harbor

a sheltered port where ships can take on or discharge cargo

harmonious

exhibiting equivalence or correspondence among constituents

haughty

having or showing arrogant superiority

hedonistic

devoted to pleasure

heed

careful attention

hefty

of considerable weight and size

heresy

a belief that rejects the orthodox tenets of a religion

heretic

a person whose religious beliefs conflict with church dogma

hiatus

an interruption in the intensity or amount of something

hierarchy

a series of ordered groupings within a system

hoary

having gray or white hair as with age

homage

respectful deference

homeostasis

metabolic equilibrium maintained by biological mechanisms

homily

a sermon on a moral or religious topic

hone

sharpen with a whetstone

hubris

overbearing pride or presumption

humility

a lack of arrogance or false pride

hybrid

a composite of mixed origin

hyperbole

extravagant exaggeration

hypocritical

professing feelings or virtues one does not have

hypothetical

a conjectural possibility or circumstance

iconoclast

someone who attacks cherished ideas or institutions

ideology

an orientation that characterizes the thinking of a group

idiosyncrasy

a behavioral attribute peculiar to an individual

idyll

a short poem descriptive of rural or pastoral life

igneous

produced by the action of fire or intense heat

ignoble

dishonorable in character or purpose

ignominious

deserving or bringing disgrace or shame

illuminate

make lighter or brighter

illusive

based on or having the nature of a fantasy

illusory

having the nature of a deceptive trick

imbue

spread or diffuse through

immaculate

completely neat and clean

imminent

close in time; about to occur

immune

of the condition in which an organism can resist disease

immutable

not subject or susceptible to change or variation

impale

pierce with a sharp stake or point

impartial

free from undue bias or preconceived opinions

impasse

a situation in which no progress can be made

impassive

having or revealing little emotion or sensibility

impecunious

not having enough money to pay for necessities

impede

be a hindrance or obstacle to

impenitent

not remorseful

imperious

having or showing arrogant superiority

imperturbable

marked by extreme calm and composure

impervious

not admitting of passage or capable of being affected

impetuous

characterized by undue haste and lack of thought

impiety

unrighteousness by virtue of lacking respect for a god

implacable

incapable of being appeased or pacified

implement

a piece of equipment or a tool used for a specific purpose

implication

something that is inferred

implicit

suggested though not directly expressed

impolitic

not marked by artful prudence

imprecate

wish harm upon; invoke evil

impromptu

with little or no preparation or forethought

improvident

not supplying something useful for the future

impudent

improperly forward or bold

impugn

attack as false or wrong

imputation

the attribution to a source or cause

inadvertent

happening by chance or unexpectedly or unintentionally

inanimate

not endowed with life

inarticulate

without or deprived of the use of speech or words

inaudible

impossible to hear; imperceptible by the ear

incessant

uninterrupted in time and indefinitely long continuing

inchoate

only partly in existence; imperfectly formed

incidental

minor or casual or subordinate in significance or nature

incisive

demonstrating ability to recognize or draw fine distinctions

inclined

at an angle to the horizontal or vertical position

incognito

without revealing one’s identity

incoherent

without logical or meaningful connection

incommodious

uncomfortably or inconveniently small

incompatible

not in harmonious or agreeable combination

incompetence

lack of physical or intellectual ability or qualifications

inconclusive

not putting an end to doubt or question

incorporeal

without material form or substance

incorrigible

impervious to correction by punishment

incredulous

not disposed or willing to believe; unbelieving

inculcate

teach and impress by frequent repetitions or admonitions

incursion

the act of entering some territory or domain

indecipherable

not easily decoded

indelible

not able to be removed or erased

indemnify

secure against future loss, damage, or liability

indict

accuse formally of a crime

indifferent

marked by a lack of interest

indigence

a state of extreme poverty or destitution

indigenous

originating where it is found

indignant

angered at something unjust or wrong

indolent

disinclined to work or exertion

indomitable

impossible to subdue

indubitably

in a manner or to a degree that could not be doubted

indulgent

given to yielding to the wishes of someone

ineluctable

impossible to avoid or evade

inept

generally incompetent and ineffectual

inert

unable to move or resist motion

inevitable

incapable of being avoided or prevented

infamous

known widely and usually unfavorably

infamy

a state of extreme dishonor

infer

conclude by reasoning

ingenious

showing inventiveness and skill

ingenue

an artless innocent young girl

ingenuous

lacking in sophistication or worldliness

ingratiate

gain favor with somebody by deliberate efforts

ingratitude

a lack of gratitude

inherent

existing as an essential constituent or characteristic

inimical

not friendly

iniquitous

characterized by injustice or wickedness

initiate

set in motion, start an event or prepare the way for

innate

present at birth but not necessarily hereditary

innocuous

not injurious to physical or mental health

innovate

bring something new to an environment

innuendo

an indirect and usually malicious implication

inquisitive

given to questioning

insinuate

suggest in an indirect or covert way; give to understand

insipid

lacking interest or significance or impact

insolvent

unable to meet or discharge financial obligations

instigate

provoke or stir up

insubordinate

not submissive to authority

insular

relating to or characteristic of or situated on an island

insularity

the state of being isolated or detached

intangible

incapable of being perceived by the senses, especially touch

intercede

act between parties with a view to reconciling differences

intermittent

stopping and starting at irregular intervals

intractable

difficult to manage or mold

intransigent

impervious to pleas, persuasion, requests, or reason

intrepid

invulnerable to fear or intimidation

inundate

fill or cover completely, usually with water

inured

made tough by habitual exposure

inveterate

habitual

invoke

request earnestly; ask for aid or protection

iota

a tiny or scarcely detectable amount

irascible

quickly aroused to anger

ironic

displaying incongruity between what is expected and what is

irrational

not consistent with or using reason

irreparable

impossible to rectify or amend

irreproachable

free of guilt; not subject to blame

itinerary

an established line of travel or access

jaded

exhausted

jargon

technical terminology characteristic of a particular subject

jeopardy

a source of danger

jester

a clown employed to entertain a king or nobleman

jettison

throw away, of something encumbering

jocund

full of or showing high-spirited merriment

jollity

feeling jovial and full of good humor

jovial

full of or showing high-spirited merriment

judicious

marked by the exercise of good judgment in practical matters

juncture

the shape or manner in which things come together

juxtapose

place side by side

ken

range of what one can know or understand

kindle

catch fire

kinship

relatedness or connection by blood or marriage or adoption

kith

your friends and acquaintances

knavery

lack of honesty; acts of lying or cheating or stealing

knead

use the hands to mix and work something into a uniform mass

knotty

tangled in snarls

labyrinth

complex system of paths in which it is easy to get lost

lacerate

cut or tear irregularly

laconic

brief and to the point

laggard

someone who takes more time than necessary

lambaste

censure severely or angrily

lambent

softly bright or radiant

lament

a cry of sorrow and grief

languid

lacking spirit or liveliness

larceny

the act of taking something from someone unlawfully

lascivious

driven by lust

lassitude

a feeling of lack of interest or energy

latency

the state of being not yet evident or active

laud

praise, glorify, or honor

lax

without rigor or strictness

lecherous

given to excessive indulgence in sexual activity

lethargic

deficient in alertness or activity

levee

an embankment built to prevent a river from overflowing

levity

a manner lacking seriousness

lewd

suggestive of or tending to moral looseness

liaison

a means of communication between groups

liberalism

a political orientation favoring social progress by reform

libertine

unrestrained by convention or morality

licentious

lacking moral discipline

ligneous

consisting of or containing xylem

limber

easily bent

lithe

moving and bending with ease

litigate

engage in legal proceedings

livid

furiously angry

loiter

linger, remain, or wait around for no apparent reason

loquacious

full of trivial conversation

lucent

softly bright or radiant

lucid

transparently clear; easily understandable

lucrative

producing a sizeable profit

lugubrious

excessively mournful

luminous

softly bright or radiant

lunge

the act of moving forward suddenly

lurid

glaringly vivid and graphic; marked by sensationalism

lustrous

reflecting light

luxuriant

produced or growing in extreme abundance

macerate

soften and cause to disintegrate as a result

maculate

morally blemished; stained or impure

magnanimity

nobility and generosity of spirit

malediction

the act of calling down a curse that invokes evil

malefactor

someone who has committed a crime

malevolent

wishing or appearing to wish evil to others

malicious

having the nature of threatening evil

malign

speak unfavorably about

malinger

avoid responsibilities and duties

malleable

capable of being shaped or bent

mandate

a document giving an official instruction or command

manifest

clearly revealed to the mind or the senses or judgment

mar

render imperfect

marauder

someone who attacks in search of booty

materialism

a desire for wealth and possessions

maudlin

effusively or insincerely emotional

maverick

someone who exhibits independence in thought and action

meander

move or cause to move in a sinuous or circular course

melancholy

a constitutional tendency to be gloomy and depressed

mellifluous

pleasing to the ear

melodious

having a musical sound; especially a pleasing tune

menagerie

a collection of live animals for study or display

mendacious

given to lying

mentor

a wise and trusted guide and advisor

mercenary

a person hired to fight for another country than their own

mercurial

liable to sudden unpredictable change

meretricious

tastelessly showy

mesmerize

attract strongly, as if with a magnet

metamorphosis

striking change in appearance or character or circumstances

meticulous

marked by precise accordance with details

mettle

the courage to carry on

mien

a person’s appearance, manner, or demeanor

mimicry

imitative behavior

minatory

threatening or foreshadowing evil or tragic developments

minute

a unit of time equal to 60 seconds or 1/60th of an hour

mire

a soft wet area of low-lying land that sinks underfoot

misanthrope

someone who dislikes people in general

miscreant

a person without moral scruples

miser

a stingy hoarder of money and possessions

mite

small arachnid infesting animals or plants or stored foods

mitigate

lessen or to try to lessen the seriousness or extent of

modulate

fix or adjust the time, amount, degree, or rate of

mollify

cause to be more favorably inclined

molten

reduced to liquid form by heating

moot

of no legal significance, as having been previously decided

mordant

harshly ironic or sinister

morose

showing a brooding ill humor

motif

a recurrent element in a literary or artistic work

motility

ability to move spontaneously and independently

mundane

found in the ordinary course of events

munificent

very generous

muse

reflect deeply on a subject

nascent

being born or beginning

nautical

relating to ships or navigation

nebulous

lacking definite form or limits

nefarious

extremely wicked

negligence

failure to act with the prudence of a reasonable person

nemesis

something causing misery or death

neologism

a newly invented word or phrase

neophyte

any new participant in some activity

nettle

plant having stinging hairs that cause skin irritation

neutral

having no personal preference

nexus

the means of connection between things linked in series

noisome

causing or able to cause nausea

nostalgic

unhappy about being away and longing for familiar things

nostrum

patent medicine whose efficacy is questionable

notorious

known widely and usually unfavorably

novel

an extended fictional work in prose

noxious

injurious to physical or mental health

nugatory

of no real value

nullify

declare invalid

oaf

an awkward, clumsy, or stupid person

obdurate

stubbornly persistent in wrongdoing

obeisance

bending the head or body in reverence or submission

obfuscate

make obscure or unclear

objective

the goal intended to be attained

objurgate

censure severely

obligatory

required by compulsion or convention

obliterate

remove completely from recognition or memory

obloquy

state of disgrace resulting from public abuse

obscure

not clearly understood or expressed

obsequious

attempting to win favor from influential people by flattery

obsolete

no longer in use

obstinate

marked by tenacious unwillingness to yield

obtrude

push to thrust outward

obtuse

of an angle, between 90 and 180 degrees

obviate

do away with

occult

supernatural forces and events and beings collectively

odious

unequivocally detestable

odium

hate coupled with disgust

oligarchy

a political system governed by a few people

ominous

threatening or foreshadowing evil or tragic developments

omniscient

infinitely wise

opalescent

having a play of lustrous rainbow colors

opaque

not transmitting or reflecting light or radiant energy

opprobrious

expressing offensive reproach

optimist

a person disposed to take a favorable view of things

opulence

wealth as evidenced by sumptuous living

ornate

marked by complexity and richness of detail

orthodox

adhering to what is commonly accepted

oscillate

move or swing from side to side regularly

ossify

become bony

ostensible

appearing as such but not necessarily so

ostentatious

intended to attract notice and impress others

ostracize

expel from a community or group

oust

remove from a position or office

P

the 16th letter of the Roman alphabet

paean

a hymn of praise

pagan

a person following a polytheistic or pre-Christian religion

painstaking

characterized by extreme care and great effort

palatial

relating to or being a large and stately residence

palindrome

a word or phrase that reads the same backward as forward

palliate

lessen or to try to lessen the seriousness or extent of

pallid

deficient in color suggesting physical or emotional distress

pallor

unnatural lack of color in the skin

palpable

capable of being perceived

panegyric

formally expressing praise

paradigm

a standard or typical example

paradox

a statement that contradicts itself

parapet

a low wall along the edge of a roof or balcony

paraphernalia

equipment consisting of miscellaneous articles

pariah

a person who is rejected from society or home

parity

functional equality

parley

a negotiation between enemies

parochial

relating to or supported by or located in a parish

parody

a composition that imitates or misrepresents a style

parry

impede the movement of

parse

analyze the sentence structure of

parsimonious

excessively unwilling to spend

parsimony

extreme stinginess

partisan

a fervent and even militant proponent of something

passive

lacking in energy or will

paucity

an insufficient quantity or number

pavilion

a large and often sumptuous tent

peccadillo

a petty misdeed

pecuniary

relating to or involving money

pedagogue

someone who educates young people

pedantic

marked by a narrow focus on or display of learning

pedestrian

a person who travels by foot

pejorative

expressing disapproval

pellucid

transmitting light; able to be seen through with clarity

penchant

a strong liking

penitent

feeling or expressing remorse for misdeeds

pensive

deeply or seriously thoughtful

penurious

excessively unwilling to spend

perceptive

of or relating to awareness via the senses

percussion

the act of exploding a detonator that explodes when struck

perdition

the place or state in which one suffers eternal punishment

peremptory

putting an end to all debate or action

perfidious

tending to betray

perfunctory

hasty and without attention to detail; not thorough

peripheral

on or near an edge or constituting an outer boundary

perjury

criminal offense of making false statements under oath

permeable

allowing fluids or gases to pass or diffuse through

pernicious

exceedingly harmful

perpetual

continuing forever or indefinitely

perquisite

an incidental benefit for certain types of employment

pertinent

being of striking appropriateness

peruse

examine or consider with attention and in detail

pervade

spread or diffuse through

pervasive

spreading or spread throughout

pessimism

a general disposition to expect the worst in all things

petty

small and of little importance

petulant

easily irritated or annoyed

phenomenon

any state or process known through the senses

philanthropy

the act of donating money or time to promote human welfare

phlegmatic

showing little emotion

phobia

an anxiety disorder characterized by irrational fear

pied

having sections or patches colored differently and brightly

pinion

wing of a bird

pious

having or showing or expressing reverence for a deity

pique

a sudden outburst of anger

pithy

concise and full of meaning

pittance

an inadequate payment

placate

cause to be more favorably inclined

placid

calm and free from disturbance

plaintive

expressing sorrow

platonic

free from physical desire

plausible

apparently reasonable and valid, and truthful

plenary

full in all respects

plethora

extreme excess

plumb

exactly vertical

polemic

a verbal or written attack, especially of a belief or dogma

polemicist

a writer who argues in opposition to others

pommel

strike, usually with the fist

ponderous

having great mass and weight and unwieldiness

portend

indicate by signs

potable

suitable for drinking

potent

having or wielding force or authority

pragmatic

concerned with practical matters

prate

speak about unimportant matters rapidly and incessantly

prattle

speak about unimportant matters rapidly and incessantly

precarious

not secure; beset with difficulties

precept

rule of personal conduct

precipitate

bring about abruptly

preclude

make impossible, especially beforehand

precocious

characterized by exceptionally early development

predecessor

one who precedes you in time

prefatory

serving as an introduction or preface

premise

a statement that is held to be true

preponderate

weigh more heavily

presage

a foreboding about what is about to happen
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