GMAT vocabulary – 1st – 100 Words

debunk

expose while ridiculing

intricate

having many complexly arranged elements; elaborate

diminution

change toward something smaller or lower

retention

the act of keeping something

pristine

immaculately clean and unused

spawn

the mass of eggs deposited by fish or amphibians or mollusks

delude

be dishonest with

dilute

lessen the strength or flavor of a solution or mixture

persist

refuse to stop

retrofit

provide with parts not in use in the original manufacture

arise

move upward

intrusive

tending to enter uninvited

intrusion

entrance by force or without permission or welcome

dissident

a person who objects to some established policy

suppress

put down by force or authority

dissent

a difference of opinion

aspire

have an ambitious plan or a lofty goal

fungus

an organism of the kingdom Fungi lacking chlorophyll and feeding on organic matter; ranging from unicellular or multicellular organisms to spore-bearing syncytia

meager

deficient in amount or quality or extent

facilitate

make easier

token

a disk that can be used in designated slot machines

cavity

a space that is enclosed or surrounded by something

law-abiding

adhering strictly to laws and rules and customs

bolster

support and strengthen

convene

meet formally

impartial

free from undue bias or preconceived opinions

strain

exert much effort or energy

justify

show to be right by providing proof

advocate

a person who pleads for a person, cause, or idea

sedentary

requiring sitting or little activity

indulge

yield to; give satisfaction to

spate

a sudden forceful flow

douse

wet thoroughly

disposable

an item that can be thrown away after it has been used

comprise

be composed of

disposable income

income that is available to you for saving or spending

articulate

express or state clearly

prescription drug

a drug that is available only with written instructions from a doctor or dentist to a pharmacist

over-the-counter drug

a drug that is sold without a prescription

inferior

of or characteristic of low rank or importance

waterfront

the area of a city alongside a body of water

autonomy

political independence

flagrant

conspicuously and outrageously bad or reprehensible

scald

burn with a hot liquid or steam

rationale

an explanation of the fundamental reasons

disseminate

cause to become widely known

pose

assume a bearing as for artistic purposes

clog

any object that acts as a hindrance or obstruction

curative

tending to cure or restore to health

scant

less than the correct or legal or full amount

municipal

relating to a self-governing district

dire

fraught with extreme danger; nearly hopeless

rectify

make right or correct

imminent

close in time; about to occur

raptor

a carnivorous bird that hunts other animals

bias

a partiality preventing objective consideration of an issue

frivolous

not serious in content or attitude or behavior

curtail

terminate or abbreviate before its intended or proper end

molten

reduced to liquid form by heating

trail

a path or track

alluvium

clay or silt or gravel carried by rushing streams and deposited where the stream slows down

unravel

become or cause to become undone by separating the fibers of

empirical

derived from experiment and observation rather than theory

enumerate

specify individually

halo

a circle of light around the sun or moon

perpetuate

cause to continue or prevail

mussel

marine or freshwater bivalve mollusk that lives attached to rocks etc.

constituent

one of the individual parts making up a composite entity

nucleus

a part of the cell responsible for growth and reproduction

spiral

something wound in a continuous series of loops

converge

be adjacent or come together

encompass

include in scope

determinism

(philosophy) a philosophical theory holding that all events are inevitable consequences of antecedent sufficient causes; often understood as denying the possibility of free will

constructivism

an abstractionist artistic movement in Russia after World War I; industrial materials were used to construct nonrepresentational objects

determinant

a causal element or factor

obscure

not clearly understood or expressed

subordinate

an assistant subject to the authority or control of another

wrest

obtain by seizing forcibly or violently, also metaphorically

construe

make sense of; assign a meaning to

impose

charge and collect payment

bound

confined by bonds

implication

something that is inferred

credence

the mental attitude that something is believable

impede

be a hindrance or obstacle to

breadth

the extent of something from side to side

speculate

reflect deeply on a subject

complement

something added to embellish or make perfect

complementary

acting as a part that completes another part

vascular

relating to vessels that conduct and circulate fluids

elongate

make long or longer by pulling and stretching

anterior

of or near the head end or toward the front plane of a body

synthesize

combine and form a complex whole

pinpoint

the sharp point of a pin

preponderance

exceeding in heaviness; having greater weight

concurrent

occurring or operating at the same time

infest

occupy in large numbers or live on a host

cessation

a stopping

rigor

excessive sternness

exodus

a journey by a group to escape from a hostile environment

census

a periodic count of the population
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