GMAT vocabulary 1 – 500 Words

abaft

at or near the stern of a ship or tail of an airplane

abandon

forsake; leave behind

abase

cause to feel shame

abbreviate

shorten

abdicate

give up, such as power, as of monarchs and emperors

aberrant

markedly different from an accepted norm

abeyance

temporary cessation or suspension

abhor

find repugnant

abject

of the most contemptible kind

abjure

formally reject or disavow a formerly held belief

abnegation

the denial and rejection of a doctrine or belief

abominate

find repugnant

abridge

lessen, diminish, or curtail

abrogate

revoke formally

abrupt

exceedingly sudden and unexpected

abscond

run away, often taking something or somebody along

absolve

grant remission of a sin to

abstemious

marked by temperance in indulgence

abstinence

the trait of refraining from something, especially alcohol

abstruse

difficult to penetrate

abysmal

so deep as to be immeasurable

accede

yield to another’s wish or opinion

acclaim

enthusiastic approval

accolade

a tangible symbol signifying approval or distinction

accomplice

a person who joins with another in carrying out some plan

accretion

an increase by natural growth or addition

accrue

grow by addition

acerbic

sour or bitter in taste

acquiesce

agree or express agreement

acrid

strong and sharp, as a taste or smell

acrimony

a rough and bitter manner

adage

a condensed but memorable saying embodying an important fact

adamant

very hard native crystalline carbon valued as a gem

addled

confused and vague; used especially of thinking

adept

having or showing knowledge and skill and aptitude

adjure

command solemnly

adroit

quick or skillful or adept in action or thought

adulation

exaggerated flattery or praise

adulterate

make impure by adding a foreign or inferior substance

adversary

someone who offers opposition

adverse

in an opposing direction

advocate

a person who pleads for a person, cause, or idea

aesthetic

characterized by an appreciation of beauty or good taste

affable

diffusing warmth and friendliness

affiliate

join in a social or business relationship

affinity

a natural attraction or feeling of kinship

aggrandize

embellish; increase the scope, power, or importance of

aghast

struck with fear, dread, or consternation

agrarian

relating to rural matters

alacrity

liveliness and eagerness

alchemist

one who tried to change ordinary metals into gold

alchemy

a pseudoscientific forerunner of chemistry in medieval times

allegory

a short moral story

alleviate

provide physical relief, as from pain

allocate

distribute according to a plan or set apart for a purpose

allude

make an indirect reference to

allure

the power to entice or attract

allusion

passing reference or indirect mention

aloof

remote in manner

altercation

a noisy quarrel

altruism

the quality of unselfish concern for the welfare of others

altruistic

showing unselfish concern for the welfare of others

amalgam

a combination or blend of diverse things

amalgamate

bring or combine together or with something else

amass

collect or gather

ambiguous

having more than one possible meaning

ambivalent

uncertain or unable to decide about what course to follow

ameliorate

make better

amendment

a statement that is added to a proposal or document

amiable

diffusing warmth and friendliness

amiss

in an improper or mistaken or unfortunate manner

amity

a state of friendship and cordiality

amorphous

having no definite form or distinct shape

amortize

liquidate gradually

anachronism

locating something at a time when it couldn’t have existed

analogy

drawing a comparison in order to show a similarity

anaphylaxis

hypersensitivity reaction to the ingestion or injection of a substance (a protein or drug) resulting from prior contact with a substance

anarchist

an advocate of the abolition of governments

Anchorage

a city in south central Alaska

anecdote

short account of an incident

animosity

a feeling of ill will arousing active hostility

anoint

administer an oil or ointment to, often ceremonially

anomaly

deviation from the normal or common order or form or rule

anonymous

having no known name or identity or known source

antagonism

an actively expressed feeling of dislike and hostility

antipathy

a feeling of intense dislike

apathy

an absence of emotion or enthusiasm

apocalyptic

of or relating to a catastrophe

apocryphal

being of questionable authenticity

appease

make peace with

apposite

being of striking appropriateness and pertinence

apprehensive

in fear or dread of possible evil or harm

approve

judge to be right or commendable; think well of

arable

capable of being farmed productively

arbiter

someone chosen to judge and decide a disputed issue

arbitrary

based on or subject to individual discretion or preference

arcane

requiring secret or mysterious knowledge

archetype

something that serves as a model

ardent

characterized by intense emotion

arduous

characterized by effort to the point of exhaustion

arid

lacking sufficient water or rainfall

aromatic

having a strong pleasant odor

arrogant

having or showing feelings of unwarranted importance

arrogate

seize and take control without authority

articulate

express or state clearly

artifice

a deceptive maneuver, especially to avoid capture

ascetic

someone who practices self denial as a spiritual discipline

aseptic

free of pathological microorganisms

askance

with suspicion or disapproval

asperity

harshness of manner

aspersion

a disparaging remark

aspirant

an ambitious young person

assay

a test of a substance to determine its components

assess

estimate the nature, quality, ability or significance of

assiduous

marked by care and persistent effort

assuage

provide physical relief, as from pain

astringent

tending to draw together or constrict soft organic tissue

astute

marked by practical hardheaded intelligence

atrophy

a decrease in size of an organ caused by disease or disuse

attenuate

become weaker, in strength, value, or magnitude

atypical

not representative of a group, class, or type

audacious

disposed to venture or take risks

augment

enlarge or increase

august

profoundly honored

auspicious

auguring favorable circumstances and good luck

austere

of a stern or strict bearing or demeanor

authentic

not counterfeit or copied

authoritarian

characteristic of an absolute ruler or absolute rule

autocracy

a theory favoring unlimited authority by an individual

autocrat

a cruel and oppressive dictator

avarice

reprehensible acquisitiveness; insatiable desire for wealth

aver

declare or affirm solemnly and formally as true

awry

turned or twisted to one side

azure

of a deep somewhat purplish blue color

baleful

threatening or foreshadowing evil or tragic developments

banal

repeated too often; overfamiliar through overuse

baneful

deadly or sinister

baroque

relating to an elaborately ornamented style of art and music

bastion

projecting part of a rampart or other fortification

batten

a strip fixed to something to hold it firm

bauble

cheap showy jewelry or ornament

beget

generate children

beholden

under a moral obligation to someone

behoove

be appropriate or necessary

belittle

cause to seem less serious

bellicose

having or showing a ready disposition to fight

bemuse

cause to be confused emotionally

benefactor

a person who helps people or institutions

beneficent

doing or producing good

benevolent

showing or motivated by sympathy and understanding

benign

kind in disposition or manner

berate

censure severely or angrily

bereft

sorrowful through loss or deprivation

beseech

ask for or request earnestly

besmirch

smear so as to make dirty or stained

bestial

resembling a beast; showing lack of human sensibility

betroth

give to in marriage

biased

favoring one person or side over another

biennial

occurring every second year

bilateral

having two sides or parts

blasphemous

grossly irreverent toward what is held to be sacred

blatant

without any attempt at concealment; completely obvious

blighted

affected by something that prevents growth or prosperity

blithe

carefree and happy and lighthearted

bode

indicate by signs

bombast

pompous or pretentious talk or writing

bombastic

ostentatiously lofty in style

boor

a crude uncouth ill-bred person lacking refinement

breadth

the extent of something from side to side

brevity

the attribute of being short or fleeting

brindled

having a gray or brown streak or a patchy coloring

broach

bring up a topic for discussion

brusque

rudely abrupt or blunt in speech or manner

bucolic

devoted to raising sheep or cattle

bumptious

offensively self-assertive

bungle

make a mess of, destroy, or ruin

burgeon

grow and flourish

burlesque

a theatrical entertainment of broad and earthy humor

burly

muscular and heavily built

burnish

polish and make shiny

cabal

a clique that seeks power usually through intrigue

cache

a hidden storage space

cacophonous

having an unpleasant sound

cacophony

loud confusing disagreeable sounds

cajole

influence or urge by gentle urging, caressing, or flattering

calamity

an event resulting in great loss and misfortune

caliber

diameter of a tube or gun barrel

callow

young and inexperienced

calumny

a false accusation of an offense

canard

a deliberately misleading fabrication

candid

openly straightforward and direct without secretiveness

cant

a slope in the turn of a road or track

caprice

a sudden desire

capricious

determined by chance or impulse rather than by necessity

captious

tending to find and call attention to faults

carte blanche

complete freedom or authority to act

cascade

a small waterfall or series of small waterfalls

castigate

inflict severe punishment on

cataclysm

a sudden violent change in the earth’s surface

catalyst

substance that initiates or accelerates a chemical reaction

catharsis

purging the body to stimulate evacuation of the bowels

caustic

capable of destroying or eating away by chemical action

cavil

raise trivial objections

censor

a person authorized to suppress unacceptable material

censure

harsh criticism or disapproval

ceremonious

characterized by pomp and stately display

cessation

a stopping

chafe

become or make sore by or as if by rubbing

chaff

material consisting of seed coverings and pieces of stem

chagrin

strong feelings of embarrassment

charisma

personal attractiveness that enables you to influence others

charlatan

a flamboyant deceiver

chary

characterized by great caution

chaste

abstaining from unlawful sexual intercourse

chastise

censure severely

cherish

be fond of

chicanery

the use of tricks to deceive someone

chimera

a grotesque product of the imagination

choleric

characterized by anger

chortle

a soft partly suppressed laugh

circumlocution

an indirect way of expressing something

circumlocutory

roundabout and unnecessarily wordy

circumspect

careful to consider potential consequences and avoid risk

citadel

a stronghold for shelter during a battle

clandestine

conducted with or marked by hidden aims or methods

clemency

leniency and compassion shown toward offenders

cloture

a rule for limiting or ending debate in a deliberative body

cloying

overly sweet

coagulate

change from a liquid to a thickened or solid state

coalesce

fuse or cause to come together

coda

the closing section of a musical composition

coddle

cook in nearly boiling water

codify

organize into a system, such as a body of law

coffer

a chest especially for storing valuables

cogent

powerfully persuasive

cogitate

consider carefully and deeply

cognate

related by blood

cognitive

relating to or involving the mental process of knowing

cognizant

having or showing knowledge or understanding or realization

coherent

marked by an orderly and consistent relation of parts

cohesion

the state of sticking together

cohort

a band of warriors

collaborate

work together on a common enterprise or project

colloquial

characteristic of informal spoken language or conversation

collusion

secret agreement

comely

according with custom or propriety

commiserate

feel or express sympathy or compassion

commodious

large and roomy

communal

for or by a group rather than individuals

compatible

able to exist and perform in harmonious combination

complacent

contented to a fault with oneself or one’s actions

complaisance

a disposition or tendency to yield to the will of others

compliant

disposed to act in accordance with someone’s wishes

comport

behave in a certain manner

comprehensive

including all or everything

compromise

an accommodation in which both sides make concessions

concede

give over

conceit

the trait of being unduly vain

conciliation

the act of placating and overcoming distrust and animosity

conciliatory

making or willing to make concessions

concise

expressing much in few words

conclave

a confidential or secret meeting

condescend

behave in a patronizing manner

condone

excuse, overlook, or make allowances for

confluence

a place where things merge or flow together

confound

be confusing or perplexing to

conglomeration

a sum total of many heterogeneous things taken together

conjoin

make contact or come together

conjure

summon into action or bring into existence

connivance

agreement on a secret plot

connoisseur

an expert able to appreciate a field

connotative

having the power of implying or suggesting something in addition to what is explicit

consecrate

give entirely to a specific person, activity, or cause

consequential

having important issues or results

consort

keep company with

conspicuous

obvious to the eye or mind

consternation

sudden shock or dismay that causes confusion

constrain

hold back

consummation

the act of bringing to completion or fruition

contemporary

occurring in the same period of time

contempt

lack of respect accompanied by a feeling of intense dislike

contentious

showing an inclination to disagree

contest

a struggle between rivals

contiguous

having a common boundary or edge

contravene

go against, as of rules and laws

contrite

feeling or expressing pain or sorrow for sins or offenses

contumacious

willfully obstinate; stubbornly disobedient

contusion

an injury in which the skin is not broken

conundrum

a difficult problem

conventional

following accepted customs and proprieties

converge

be adjacent or come together

convivial

occupied with or fond of the pleasures of good company

convoke

call together

copious

large in number or quantity

corpulence

the property of excessive fatness

correlate

bear a reciprocal or mutual relation

corroborate

give evidence for

coterie

an exclusive circle of people with a common purpose

covenant

an agreement between God and his people

covetous

immoderately desirous of acquiring something

cower

crouch or curl up

coy

affectedly shy especially in a playful or provocative way

crass

so unrefined as to be lacking in discrimination

craven

lacking even the rudiments of courage; abjectly fearful

culpable

deserving blame or censure as being wrong or injurious

curb

the act of restraining power or action or limiting excess

curmudgeon

an irascible, cantankerous person full of stubborn ideas

cursory

hasty and without attention to detail; not thorough

dally

behave carelessly or indifferently

dank

unpleasantly cool and humid

dauntless

invulnerable to fear or intimidation

dearth

an insufficient quantity or number

debacle

a sudden and complete disaster

debase

make impure by adding a foreign or inferior substance

debauchery

a wild gathering involving drinking and promiscuity

debilitate

make weak

debonair

having a sophisticated charm

decadence

the state of being degenerate in mental or moral qualities

deciduous

shedding foliage at the end of the growing season

decisive

characterized by resoluteness and firmness

decorous

characterized by propriety and dignity and good taste

decry

express strong disapproval of

defamation

an abusive attack on a person’s character or good name

deference

courteous regard for people’s feelings

deferential

showing courteous regard for people’s feelings

defunct

no longer in force or use; inactive

deign

do something that one considers to be below one’s dignity

deleterious

harmful to living things

deliberate

carefully thought out in advance

delineate

represented accurately or precisely

deliquesce

melt or become liquid by absorbing moisture from the air

delusion

a mistaken or unfounded opinion or idea

demise

the time when something ends

demur

politely refuse or take exception to

denigrate

charge falsely or with malicious intent

denounce

speak out against

depict

give a description of

deplete

use up, as resources or materials

deposition

the act of putting something somewhere

depravity

moral perversion; impairment of virtue and moral principles

deprecate

express strong disapproval of; deplore

depredation

an act of plundering and pillaging and marauding

deride

treat or speak of with contempt

derision

the act of treating with contempt

derisive

expressing contempt or ridicule

derogatory

expressive of low opinion

descant

a decorative musical accompaniment (often improvised) added above a basic melody

desecrate

violate the sacred character of a place or language

desist

stop performing some action

desolate

providing no shelter or sustenance

despoil

plunder or steal goods

despotism

dominance through threat of punishment and violence

destitute

poor enough to need help from others

desultory

marked by lack of definite plan or regularity or purpose

detached

no longer connected or joined

deter

turn away from by persuasion

determinate

supplying or being a final or conclusive settlement

devoid

completely wanting or lacking

dexterous

skillful in physical movements; especially of the hands

diatribe

thunderous verbal attack

dichotomy

a classification into two opposed parts or subclasses

dictum

an authoritative declaration

didactic

instructive, especially excessively

diffidence

lack of self-assurance

diffident

showing modest reserve

diffuse

spread out; not concentrated in one place

digress

wander from a direct or straight course

dilettante

an amateur engaging in an activity without serious intention

diligence

conscientiousness in paying proper attention to a task

diminutive

very small

din

a loud harsh or strident noise

dint

force or effort

dirge

a song or hymn of mourning as a memorial to a dead person

disapprobation

pronouncing as wrong or morally culpable

disarray

untidiness, especially of clothing and appearance

disavow

refuse to acknowledge

discerning

having or revealing keen insight and good judgment

discomfit

cause to lose one’s composure

discord

lack of agreement or harmony

discourse

an extended communication dealing with some particular topic

discreet

marked by prudence or modesty and wise self-restraint

discrete

constituting a separate entity or part

discriminate

marked by the ability to see or make fine distinctions

disdain

lack of respect accompanied by a feeling of intense dislike

disentangle

separate a twisted mass

disheartened

made less hopeful or enthusiastic

disingenuous

not straightforward or candid

disinterested

unaffected by concern for one’s own welfare

disparage

express a negative opinion of

disparate

fundamentally different or distinct in quality or kind

disparity

inequality or difference in some respect

dispassionate

unaffected by strong emotion or prejudice

disperse

move away from each other

disputatious

showing an inclination to disagree

dissemble

behave unnaturally or affectedly

disseminate

cause to become widely known

dissent

a difference of opinion

dissonance

disagreeable sounds

dissonant

harmonically unresolved

distant

separated in space or coming from far away

distention

the state of being stretched beyond normal dimensions

dither

be undecided or uncertain

diverge

move or draw apart

diverse

distinctly dissimilar or unlike

divestiture

the sale by a company of a product line or a subsidiary or a division

docile

easily handled or managed

document

a representation of a person’s thinking with symbolic marks

doggerel

a comic verse of irregular measure

dogma

a doctrine or code of beliefs accepted as authoritative

dogmatic

pertaining to a code of beliefs accepted as authoritative

dormant

inactive but capable of becoming active

doting

extravagantly or foolishly loving and indulgent

dowdy

lacking in stylishness or taste

dubious

fraught with uncertainty or doubt

duplicity

the act of deceiving or acting in bad faith

duress

compulsory force or threat

earthy

of or consisting of or resembling the soil

ebullience

eager enjoyment or approval

eccentric

conspicuously or grossly unconventional or unusual

ecclesiastic

of or associated with a church

eclectic

selecting what seems best of various styles or ideas

economical

using the minimum of time or resources for effectiveness

edifice

a structure that has a roof and walls

edify

make understand

educe

construe a meaning or elicit a principle

efface

remove by or as if by rubbing or erasing

effeminate

having unsuitable feminine qualities

effervescence

the process of bubbling as gas escapes

effigy

a representation of a person

effluvium

a foul-smelling outflow or vapor

effrontery

audacious behavior that you have no right to

effusive

uttered with unrestrained enthusiasm

egocentric

limited to or caring only about yourself and your own needs

egress

the act or means of going out

elaboration

developing in intricate and painstaking detail

elegy

a mournful poem; a lament for the dead

ellipsis

omission or suppression of parts of words or sentences

eloquence

powerful and effective language

elucidate

make clear and comprehensible

elusive

skillful at evading capture

emanate

give out, as breath or an odor

embarkation

the act of passengers and crew getting aboard a ship or aircraft

embellish

make more attractive, as by adding ornament or color

eminence

high status importance owing to marked superiority

emollient

a substance with a soothing effect when applied to the skin

emulate

strive to equal or match, especially by imitating

enamored

marked by foolish or unreasoning fondness

encomium

a formal expression of praise

encroach

advance beyond the usual limit

encumber

hold back, impede, or weigh down

endemic

native to or confined to a certain region

endorse

approve of

enervate

weaken mentally or morally

enfeeble

make weak

enfranchise

grant freedom to, as from slavery or servitude

engender

call forth

enhance

increase

enigma

something that baffles understanding and cannot be explained

enigmatic

not clear to the understanding

ennui

the feeling of being bored by something tedious

eon

the longest unit of geological time

ephemeral

anything short-lived, as an insect that lives only for a day

epicure

a person devoted to refined sensuous enjoyment

epigram

a witty saying

epilogue

a short speech by an actor at the end of a play

epiphany

a divine manifestation

epitaph

an inscription in memory of a buried person

epitome

a standard or typical example

equanimity

steadiness of mind under stress

equinox

when the sun crosses the plane of the earth’s equator

equivocal

open to two or more interpretations

equivocation

intentional vagueness or ambiguity

eradication

the complete destruction of every trace of something

errant

straying from the right course or from accepted standards

erratic

liable to sudden unpredictable change

erroneous

containing or characterized by mistakes

erudite

having or showing profound knowledge

eschew

avoid and stay away from deliberately

esoteric

understandable only by an enlightened inner circle

estimable

deserving of respect or high regard

ethereal

characterized by lightness and insubstantiality

ethnic

distinctive of the ways of living of a group of people

eulogy

a formal expression of praise for someone who has died

euphemism

an inoffensive expression substituted for an offensive one

euphony

any pleasing and harmonious sounds

evanescent

tending to vanish like vapor

evasion

the act of physically escaping from something

evoke

call forth, as an emotion, feeling, or response

exculpate

pronounce not guilty of criminal charges

execute

put in effect

exemplary

worthy of imitation

exhaustive

performed comprehensively and completely

exhume

dig up for reburial or for medical investigation

exigent

demanding immediate attention

exonerate

pronounce not guilty of criminal charges

exorbitant

greatly exceeding bounds of reason or moderation

exotic

characteristic of another place or part of the world

expedient

appropriate to a purpose

expedite

process fast and efficiently

explicit

precisely and clearly expressed or readily observable
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