GMAT Vocab#6 – 216 Words

rhetorical

relating to using language effectively

ribald

humorously vulgar

rigor

excessive sternness

roseate

of something having a dusty purplish pink color

rout

an overwhelming defeat

rudimentary

being in the earliest stages of development

ruffian

a cruel and brutal fellow

ruminate

reflect deeply on a subject

rummage

search haphazardly

rustic

characteristic of rural life

saga

a narrative telling the adventures of a hero or a family

sagacious

acutely insightful and wise

salient

conspicuous, prominent, or important

salubrious

promoting health

salvage

rescuing a ship or its crew from a shipwreck or a fire

sanction

official permission or approval

sanguine

confidently optimistic and cheerful

sarcasm

witty language used to convey insults or scorn

sardonic

disdainfully or ironically humorous

satire

witty language used to convey insults or scorn

saturate

infuse or fill completely

saturnine

bitter or scornful

saunter

walk leisurely and with no apparent aim

savant

a learned person

savor

a particular taste or smell, especially an appealing one

scanty

lacking in extent or quantity

schism

division of a group into opposing factions

scourge

something causing misery or death

scrupulous

characterized by extreme care and great effort

scrutinize

examine carefully for accuracy

scurrilous

expressing offensive reproach

sectarian

of or relating to a subdivision of a larger religious group

sedentary

requiring sitting or little activity

sedition

an illegal action inciting resistance to lawful authority

sedulous

marked by care and persistent effort

seethe

foam as if boiling

sequester

keep away from others

serendipity

good luck in making unexpected and fortunate discoveries

serrated

notched like a saw with teeth pointing toward the apex

servile

submissive or fawning in attitude or behavior

shady

sheltered from the sun’s rays

shoal

a stretch of shallow water

shoddy

of inferior workmanship and materials

sinuous

curved or curving in and out

skeptic

someone who habitually doubts accepted beliefs

skulk

lie in wait or behave in a sneaky and secretive manner

slander

words falsely spoken that damage the reputation of another

sloth

a disinclination to work or exert yourself

slothful

disinclined to work or exertion

slovenly

negligent of neatness especially in dress and person

sodden

wet through and through; thoroughly wet

sojourn

a temporary stay

solace

comfort in disappointment or misery

solemnity

a trait of dignified seriousness

solicit

request urgently or persistently

soliloquy

speech you make to yourself

solubility

the quality of being easily dissolved in liquid

somber

grave or even gloomy in character

soporific

inducing sleep

sordid

foul and run-down and repulsive

sovereign

a nation’s ruler usually by hereditary right

specious

plausible but false

spelunker

a person who explores caves

spendthrift

someone who spends money freely or wastefully

sporadic

recurring in scattered or unpredictable instances

spurious

plausible but false

spurn

reject with contempt

squalid

foul and run-down and repulsive

stagnant

not growing or changing; without force or vitality

staid

characterized by dignity and propriety

stamina

enduring strength and energy

stanch

stop the flow of a liquid

stanza

a fixed number of lines of verse forming a unit of a poem

static

not in physical motion

steadfast

marked by firm determination or resolution; not shakable

stigma

a symbol of disgrace or infamy

stigmatize

condemn or openly or formally or brand as disgraceful

stipend

a sum of money allotted on a regular basis

stoic

seeming unaffected by pleasure or pain; impassive

stoke

stir up

stolid

having or revealing little emotion or sensibility

striate

marked with stripes

strident

unpleasantly loud and harsh

stupor

marginal consciousness

stymie

hinder or prevent the progress or accomplishment of

suave

having a sophisticated charm

subjugate

make subservient; force to submit or subdue

subliminal

below the threshold of conscious perception

subsidiary

functioning in a supporting capacity

substantive

having a firm basis in reality and therefore important

subsume

contain or include

subtlety

the quality of being difficult to detect or analyze

succinct

briefly giving the gist of something

succor

assistance in time of difficulty

succumb

consent reluctantly

suffuse

cause to spread or flush or flood through, over, or across

sumptuous

rich and superior in quality

sunder

break apart or in two, using violence

sundry

consisting of a haphazard assortment of different kinds

superficial

of, affecting, or being on or near the surface

superfluous

more than is needed, desired, or required

superlative

highest in quality

supplant

take the place or move into the position of

suppliant

humbly entreating

suppress

put down by force or authority

surfeit

indulge (one’s appetite) to satiety

surmise

infer from incomplete evidence

surpass

be or do something to a greater degree

surreptitious

marked by quiet and caution and secrecy

susceptible

yielding readily to or capable of

swathe

wrap in swaddling clothes

sycophant

a person who tries to please someone to gain an advantage

syllogism

reasoning in which a conclusion is derived from two premises

symmetry

balance among the parts of something

synthetic

a compound made artificially by chemical reactions

table

furniture having a smooth flat top supported by legs

tacit

implied by or inferred from actions or statements

taciturn

habitually reserved and uncommunicative

tantalize

harass with persistent teasing or baiting

tarry

leave slowly and hesitantly

taut

pulled or drawn tight

tawdry

tastelessly showy

tedious

so lacking in interest as to cause mental weariness

teem

be abuzz

temerity

fearless daring

temper

a characteristic state of feeling

temperament

your usual mood

tenacious

stubbornly unyielding

tenet

a religious doctrine proclaimed as true without proof

tensile

of or relating to physical stress or strain

tentative

hesitant or lacking confidence; unsettled in mind or opinion

tenuous

very thin in gauge or diameter

tepid

moderately warm

termagant

a scolding, nagging, bad-tempered woman

terrestrial

of or relating to or characteristic of the planet Earth

terse

brief and to the point

tether

restraint consisting of a rope or chain

thrall

the state of being under the control of another person

thrifty

mindful of the future in spending money

thwart

hinder or prevent, as an effort, plan, or desire

timbre

the distinctive property of a complex sound

tortuous

marked by repeated turns and bends

toxic

of or relating to or caused by a poison

tractable

easily managed

traduce

speak unfavorably about

transmute

change or alter in form, appearance, or nature

transpire

come about, happen, or occur

traumatic

psychologically painful

travail

use of physical or mental energy; hard work

trek

any long and difficult trip

trenchant

having keenness and forcefulness and penetration in thought

trepidation

a feeling of alarm or dread

tribunal

an assembly to conduct judicial business

tribute

something given or done as an expression of esteem

trite

repeated too often; overfamiliar through overuse

trivial

(informal) small and of little importance

troth

a solemn pledge of fidelity

truculent

defiantly aggressive

truncate

make shorter as if by cutting off

tumid

abnormally distended especially by fluids or gas

tumult

a state of commotion and noise and confusion

turbid

clouded as with sediment

turbulence

instability in the atmosphere

turmoil

a violent disturbance

turpitude

a corrupt or depraved or degenerate act or practice

tutelage

attention and management implying responsibility for safety

tycoon

a very wealthy or powerful businessperson

tyranny

government in which the ruler is an absolute dictator

ubiquitous

being present everywhere at once

ulterior

lying beyond what is openly revealed or avowed

umbrage

a feeling of anger caused by being offended

uncanny

surpassing the ordinary or normal

uncouth

lacking refinement or cultivation or taste

undermine

weaken or impair, especially gradually

unequivocal

admitting of no doubt or misunderstanding

unfeigned

not pretended; sincerely felt or expressed

ungainly

lacking grace in movement or posture

uniform

clothing of distinctive design worn by members of a group

unique

the single one of its kind

universal

applicable to or common to all members of a group or set

unobtrusive

not undesirably noticeable

unprecedented

novel; having no earlier occurrence

unpretentious

lacking affectation

unruly

unable to be governed or controlled

untoward

not in keeping with accepted standards of what is proper

unwonted

out of the ordinary

upshot

a phenomenon that is caused by some previous phenomenon

urbane

showing a high degree of refinement

usurpation

wrongfully seizing and holding by force

usury

the act of lending money at an exorbitant rate of interest

utopia

ideally perfect state

waft

a long flag; often tapering

waive

do without or cease to hold or adhere to

wan

deficient in color suggesting physical or emotional distress

wane

a gradual decline (in size or strength or power or number)

wanton

a lewd or lascivious person

warrant

formal and explicit approval

welter

a confused multitude of things

wheedle

influence or urge by gentle urging, caressing, or flattering

whet

sharpen by rubbing

whimsical

determined by chance or impulse rather than by necessity

wily

marked by skill in deception

winsome

charming in a childlike or naive way

wither

lose freshness, vigor, or vitality

wizened

lean and wrinkled by shrinkage as from age or illness

wrath

intense anger

wreak

cause to happen or to occur as a consequence

wrest

obtain by seizing forcibly or violently, also metaphorically

wretched

deserving or inciting pity

wry

humorously sarcastic or mocking

xenophobia

a fear of foreigners or strangers

yoke

a wooden frame across the shoulders for carrying buckets

yore

time long past

zealot

a fervent and even militant proponent of something

zenith

the point above the observer directly opposite the nadir

zephyr

a slight wind
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