GMAT Vocab#3 – 215 Words

embellish

make more attractive, as by adding ornament or color

eminence

high status importance owing to marked superiority

emollient

a substance with a soothing effect when applied to the skin

emulate

strive to equal or match, especially by imitating

enamored

marked by foolish or unreasoning fondness

encomium

a formal expression of praise

encroach

advance beyond the usual limit

encumber

hold back, impede, or weigh down

endemic

native to or confined to a certain region

endorse

approve of

enervate

weaken mentally or morally

enfeeble

make weak

enfranchise

grant freedom to, as from slavery or servitude

engender

call forth

enhance

increase

enigma

something that baffles understanding and cannot be explained

enigmatic

not clear to the understanding

ennui

the feeling of being bored by something tedious

eon

the longest unit of geological time

ephemeral

anything short-lived, as an insect that lives only for a day

epicure

a person devoted to refined sensuous enjoyment

epigram

a witty saying

epilogue

a short speech by an actor at the end of a play

epiphany

a divine manifestation

epitaph

an inscription in memory of a buried person

epitome

a standard or typical example

equanimity

steadiness of mind under stress

equinox

when the sun crosses the plane of the earth’s equator

equivocal

open to two or more interpretations

equivocation

intentional vagueness or ambiguity

eradication

the complete destruction of every trace of something

errant

straying from the right course or from accepted standards

erratic

liable to sudden unpredictable change

erroneous

containing or characterized by mistakes

erudite

having or showing profound knowledge

eschew

avoid and stay away from deliberately

esoteric

understandable only by an enlightened inner circle

estimable

deserving of respect or high regard

ethereal

characterized by lightness and insubstantiality

ethnic

distinctive of the ways of living of a group of people

eulogy

a formal expression of praise for someone who has died

euphemism

an inoffensive expression substituted for an offensive one

euphony

any pleasing and harmonious sounds

evanescent

tending to vanish like vapor

evasion

the act of physically escaping from something

evoke

call forth, as an emotion, feeling, or response

exculpate

pronounce not guilty of criminal charges

execute

put in effect

exemplary

worthy of imitation

exhaustive

performed comprehensively and completely

exhume

dig up for reburial or for medical investigation

exigent

demanding immediate attention

exonerate

pronounce not guilty of criminal charges

exorbitant

greatly exceeding bounds of reason or moderation

exotic

characteristic of another place or part of the world

expedient

appropriate to a purpose

expedite

process fast and efficiently

explicit

precisely and clearly expressed or readily observable

exposition

a collection of things for public display

expunge

remove by erasing or crossing out or as if by drawing a line

extant

still in existence; not extinct or destroyed or lost

extemporize

perform or speak without preparation

extol

praise, glorify, or honor

extraneous

not belonging to that in which it is contained

extricate

release from entanglement or difficulty

exultation

the utterance of sounds expressing great joy

facetious

cleverly amusing in tone

facilitate

make easier

facsimile

an exact copy or reproduction

faction

a dissenting clique

fallacious

containing or based on incorrect reasoning

fallible

wanting in moral strength, courage, or will

fanatic

a person motivated by irrational enthusiasm

fastidious

giving careful attention to detail

fathom

a linear unit of measurement for water depth

fatuous

devoid of intelligence

fealty

the loyalty that one owes to a country, sovereign, or lord

feasible

capable of being done with means at hand

fecund

capable of producing offspring or vegetation

feign

make believe with the intent to deceive

feint

any distracting or deceptive maneuver

ferment

cause to undergo the breakdown of sugar into alcohol

ferret

a small domesticated mammal with a flexible, elongated body

fervent

characterized by intense emotion

fervid

characterized by intense emotion

fervor

feelings of great warmth and intensity

fester

ripen and generate pus

fetid

offensively malodorous

fetter

a shackle for the ankles or feet

fickle

liable to sudden unpredictable change

fidelity

the quality of being faithful

figment

a contrived or fantastic idea

finesse

subtly skillful handling of a situation

finite

bounded in magnitude or spatial or temporal extent

fissure

a long narrow depression in a surface

flaccid

drooping without elasticity

flag

a rectangular piece of cloth of distinctive design

flagrant

conspicuously and outrageously bad or reprehensible

flamboyant

tending to attract attention; marked by ostentatious display

fledgling

young bird that has just become capable of flying

flinch

draw back, as with fear or pain

flippant

showing an inappropriate lack of seriousness

flout

treat with contemptuous disregard

fluency

powerful and effective language

flux

a state of constant change

foist

force onto another

foray

a sudden short attack

forbearance

a delay in enforcing rights or claims or privileges

forensic

used in the investigation of facts or evidence in court

formidable

extremely impressive in strength or excellence

fortitude

strength of mind that enables one to endure adversity

fortuitous

occurring by happy chance

foster

providing nurture though not related by blood or legal ties

fractious

easily irritated or annoyed

fraught

filled with or attended with

frenetic

excessively agitated

fret

be agitated or irritated

frivolity

the trait of being not serious or sensible

frugality

prudence in avoiding waste

fulminate

cause to explode violently and with loud noise

fulsome

unpleasantly and excessively suave or ingratiating

fundamental

serving as an essential component

furtive

secret and sly or sordid

futile

producing no result or effect

gaffe

a socially awkward or tactless act

gainsay

take exception to

galvanize

stimulate (muscles) by administering a shock

gamut

a complete extent or range

garbled

lacking orderly continuity

garish

tastelessly showy

garner

assemble or get together

garrulous

full of trivial conversation

gauche

lacking social polish

generic

applicable to an entire class or group

genial

diffusing warmth and friendliness

genre

a kind of literary or artistic work

germane

relevant and appropriate

gerrymander

divide voting districts unfairly and to one’s advantage

glib

artfully persuasive in speech

gloat

dwell on with satisfaction

glutton

a person who is devoted to eating and drinking to excess

gnarled

old and twisted and covered in lines

goad

stab or urge on as if with a pointed stick

gourmand

a person who is devoted to eating and drinking to excess

grandiose

impressive because of unnecessary largeness or magnificence

gravity

the force of attraction between all masses in the universe

gregarious

temperamentally seeking and enjoying the company of others

guffaw

a burst of loud and hearty laughter

guile

shrewdness as demonstrated by being skilled in deception

guise

an artful or simulated semblance

gullible

naive and easily deceived or tricked

hackneyed

repeated too often; overfamiliar through overuse

haggard

showing the wearing effects of overwork or care or suffering

halcyon

a mythical bird said to breed at the winter solstice

hamper

prevent the progress or free movement of

haphazard

dependent upon or characterized by chance

hapless

unfortunate and deserving pity

harangue

a loud bombastic declamation expressed with strong emotion

harbor

a sheltered port where ships can take on or discharge cargo

harmonious

exhibiting equivalence or correspondence among constituents

haughty

having or showing arrogant superiority

hedonistic

devoted to pleasure

heed

careful attention

hefty

of considerable weight and size

heresy

a belief that rejects the orthodox tenets of a religion

heretic

a person whose religious beliefs conflict with church dogma

hiatus

an interruption in the intensity or amount of something

hierarchy

a series of ordered groupings within a system

hoary

having gray or white hair as with age

homage

respectful deference

homeostasis

metabolic equilibrium maintained by biological mechanisms

homily

a sermon on a moral or religious topic

hone

sharpen with a whetstone

hubris

overbearing pride or presumption

humility

a lack of arrogance or false pride

hybrid

a composite of mixed origin

hyperbole

extravagant exaggeration

hypocritical

professing feelings or virtues one does not have

hypothetical

a conjectural possibility or circumstance

iconoclast

someone who attacks cherished ideas or institutions

ideology

an orientation that characterizes the thinking of a group

idiosyncrasy

a behavioral attribute peculiar to an individual

idyll

a short poem descriptive of rural or pastoral life

igneous

produced by the action of fire or intense heat

ignoble

dishonorable in character or purpose

ignominious

deserving or bringing disgrace or shame

illuminate

make lighter or brighter

illusive

based on or having the nature of a fantasy

illusory

having the nature of a deceptive trick

imbue

spread or diffuse through

immaculate

completely neat and clean

imminent

close in time; about to occur

immune

of the condition in which an organism can resist disease

immutable

not subject or susceptible to change or variation

impale

pierce with a sharp stake or point

impartial

free from undue bias or preconceived opinions

impasse

a situation in which no progress can be made

impassive

having or revealing little emotion or sensibility

impecunious

not having enough money to pay for necessities

impede

be a hindrance or obstacle to

impenitent

not remorseful

imperious

having or showing arrogant superiority

imperturbable

marked by extreme calm and composure

impervious

not admitting of passage or capable of being affected

impetuous

characterized by undue haste and lack of thought

impiety

unrighteousness by virtue of lacking respect for a god

implacable

incapable of being appeased or pacified

implement

a piece of equipment or a tool used for a specific purpose

implication

something that is inferred

implicit

suggested though not directly expressed

impolitic

not marked by artful prudence

impromptu

with little or no preparation or forethought

improvident

not supplying something useful for the future

impudent

improperly forward or bold

impugn

attack as false or wrong
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