GMAT Vocab#1 – 216 Words

abandon

forsake; leave behind

abase

cause to feel shame

abbreviate

shorten

abdicate

give up, such as power, as of monarchs and emperors

aberrant

markedly different from an accepted norm

abeyance

temporary cessation or suspension

abhor

find repugnant

abject

of the most contemptible kind

abjure

formally reject or disavow a formerly held belief

abnegation

the denial and rejection of a doctrine or belief

abominate

find repugnant

abridge

lessen, diminish, or curtail

abrogate

revoke formally

abrupt

exceedingly sudden and unexpected

abscond

run away, often taking something or somebody along

absolve

grant remission of a sin to

abstemious

marked by temperance in indulgence

abstinence

the trait of refraining from something, especially alcohol

abstruse

difficult to penetrate

abysmal

so deep as to be immeasurable

accede

yield to another’s wish or opinion

acclaim

enthusiastic approval

accolade

a tangible symbol signifying approval or distinction

accomplice

a person who joins with another in carrying out some plan

accretion

an increase by natural growth or addition

accrue

grow by addition

acerbic

sour or bitter in taste

acquiesce

agree or express agreement

acrid

strong and sharp, as a taste or smell

acrimony

a rough and bitter manner

adage

a condensed but memorable saying embodying an important fact

adamant

very hard native crystalline carbon valued as a gem

addled

confused and vague; used especially of thinking

adept

having or showing knowledge and skill and aptitude

adjure

command solemnly

adroit

quick or skillful or adept in action or thought

adulation

exaggerated flattery or praise

adulterate

make impure by adding a foreign or inferior substance

adversary

someone who offers opposition

adverse

in an opposing direction

advocate

a person who pleads for a person, cause, or idea

aesthetic

characterized by an appreciation of beauty or good taste

affable

diffusing warmth and friendliness

affiliate

join in a social or business relationship

affinity

a natural attraction or feeling of kinship

aggrandize

embellish; increase the scope, power, or importance of

aghast

struck with fear, dread, or consternation

agrarian

relating to rural matters

alacrity

liveliness and eagerness

alchemist

one who tried to change ordinary metals into gold

alchemy

a pseudoscientific forerunner of chemistry in medieval times

allegory

a short moral story

alleviate

provide physical relief, as from pain

allocate

distribute according to a plan or set apart for a purpose

allude

make an indirect reference to

allure

the power to entice or attract

allusion

passing reference or indirect mention

aloof

remote in manner

altercation

a noisy quarrel

altruism

the quality of unselfish concern for the welfare of others

altruistic

showing unselfish concern for the welfare of others

amalgam

a combination or blend of diverse things

amalgamate

bring or combine together or with something else

amass

collect or gather

ambiguous

having more than one possible meaning

ambivalent

uncertain or unable to decide about what course to follow

ameliorate

make better

amendment

a statement that is added to a proposal or document

amiable

diffusing warmth and friendliness

amiss

in an improper or mistaken or unfortunate manner

amity

a state of friendship and cordiality

amorphous

having no definite form or distinct shape

anachronism

locating something at a time when it couldn’t have existed

analogy

drawing a comparison in order to show a similarity

anarchist

an advocate of the abolition of governments

Anchorage

a city in south central Alaska

anecdote

short account of an incident

animosity

a feeling of ill will arousing active hostility

anoint

administer an oil or ointment to, often ceremonially

anomaly

deviation from the normal or common order or form or rule

anonymous

having no known name or identity or known source

antagonism

an actively expressed feeling of dislike and hostility

antipathy

a feeling of intense dislike

apathy

an absence of emotion or enthusiasm

apocalyptic

of or relating to a catastrophe

apocryphal

being of questionable authenticity

appease

make peace with

apposite

being of striking appropriateness and pertinence

apprehensive

in fear or dread of possible evil or harm

approve

judge to be right or commendable; think well of

arable

capable of being farmed productively

arbiter

someone chosen to judge and decide a disputed issue

arbitrary

based on or subject to individual discretion or preference

arcane

requiring secret or mysterious knowledge

archetype

something that serves as a model

ardent

characterized by intense emotion

arduous

characterized by effort to the point of exhaustion

arid

lacking sufficient water or rainfall

aromatic

having a strong pleasant odor

arrogant

having or showing feelings of unwarranted importance

arrogate

seize and take control without authority

articulate

express or state clearly

artifice

a deceptive maneuver, especially to avoid capture

ascetic

someone who practices self denial as a spiritual discipline

aseptic

free of pathological microorganisms

askance

with suspicion or disapproval

asperity

harshness of manner

aspersion

a disparaging remark

aspirant

an ambitious young person

assay

a test of a substance to determine its components

assess

estimate the nature, quality, ability or significance of

assiduous

marked by care and persistent effort

assuage

provide physical relief, as from pain

astringent

tending to draw together or constrict soft organic tissue

astute

marked by practical hardheaded intelligence

atrophy

a decrease in size of an organ caused by disease or disuse

attenuate

become weaker, in strength, value, or magnitude

atypical

not representative of a group, class, or type

audacious

disposed to venture or take risks

augment

enlarge or increase

august

profoundly honored

auspicious

auguring favorable circumstances and good luck

austere

of a stern or strict bearing or demeanor

authentic

not counterfeit or copied

authoritarian

characteristic of an absolute ruler or absolute rule

autocracy

a theory favoring unlimited authority by an individual

autocrat

a cruel and oppressive dictator

avarice

reprehensible acquisitiveness; insatiable desire for wealth

aver

declare or affirm solemnly and formally as true

awry

turned or twisted to one side

azure

of a deep somewhat purplish blue color

baleful

threatening or foreshadowing evil or tragic developments

banal

repeated too often; overfamiliar through overuse

baroque

relating to an elaborately ornamented style of art and music

bastion

projecting part of a rampart or other fortification

bauble

cheap showy jewelry or ornament

beget

generate children

beholden

under a moral obligation to someone

behoove

be appropriate or necessary

belittle

cause to seem less serious

bellicose

having or showing a ready disposition to fight

bemuse

cause to be confused emotionally

benefactor

a person who helps people or institutions

beneficent

doing or producing good

benevolent

showing or motivated by sympathy and understanding

benign

kind in disposition or manner

berate

censure severely or angrily

bereft

sorrowful through loss or deprivation

beseech

ask for or request earnestly

besmirch

smear so as to make dirty or stained

bestial

resembling a beast; showing lack of human sensibility

betroth

give to in marriage

biased

favoring one person or side over another

biennial

occurring every second year

bilateral

having two sides or parts

blasphemous

grossly irreverent toward what is held to be sacred

blatant

without any attempt at concealment; completely obvious

blighted

affected by something that prevents growth or prosperity

blithe

carefree and happy and lighthearted

bode

indicate by signs

bombast

pompous or pretentious talk or writing

bombastic

ostentatiously lofty in style

boor

a crude uncouth ill-bred person lacking refinement

breadth

the extent of something from side to side

brevity

the attribute of being short or fleeting

brindled

having a gray or brown streak or a patchy coloring

broach

bring up a topic for discussion

brusque

rudely abrupt or blunt in speech or manner

bucolic

devoted to raising sheep or cattle

bumptious

offensively self-assertive

bungle

make a mess of, destroy, or ruin

burgeon

grow and flourish

burlesque

a theatrical entertainment of broad and earthy humor

burly

muscular and heavily built

burnish

polish and make shiny

cabal

a clique that seeks power usually through intrigue

cache

a hidden storage space

cacophonous

having an unpleasant sound

cacophony

loud confusing disagreeable sounds

cajole

influence or urge by gentle urging, caressing, or flattering

calamity

an event resulting in great loss and misfortune

caliber

diameter of a tube or gun barrel

callow

young and inexperienced

calumny

a false accusation of an offense

canard

a deliberately misleading fabrication

candid

openly straightforward and direct without secretiveness

cant

a slope in the turn of a road or track

caprice

a sudden desire

capricious

determined by chance or impulse rather than by necessity

captious

tending to find and call attention to faults

carte blanche

complete freedom or authority to act

cascade

a small waterfall or series of small waterfalls

castigate

inflict severe punishment on

cataclysm

a sudden violent change in the earth’s surface

catalyst

substance that initiates or accelerates a chemical reaction

catharsis

purging the body to stimulate evacuation of the bowels

caustic

capable of destroying or eating away by chemical action

cavil

raise trivial objections

censor

a person authorized to suppress unacceptable material

censure

harsh criticism or disapproval

ceremonious

characterized by pomp and stately display

cessation

a stopping

chafe

become or make sore by or as if by rubbing

chaff

material consisting of seed coverings and pieces of stem

chagrin

strong feelings of embarrassment

charisma

personal attractiveness that enables you to influence others

charlatan

a flamboyant deceiver

chary

characterized by great caution

chaste

abstaining from unlawful sexual intercourse

chastise

censure severely

cherish

be fond of

chicanery

the use of tricks to deceive someone

chimera

a grotesque product of the imagination

choleric

characterized by anger

chortle

a soft partly suppressed laugh

circumlocution

an indirect way of expressing something
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