GMAT vocab-mine – 375 Words

retinue

the group following and attending to some important person

viceroy

governor who rules as the representative of a sovereign

gamut

a complete extent or range

mutiny

open rebellion against constituted authority

victuals

a source of materials to nourish the body

coalesce

fuse or cause to come together

anathema

a formal ecclesiastical curse accompanied by excommunication

diadem

an ornamental jeweled headdress signifying sovereignty

pageant

an elaborate exhibition or procession

secession

formal separation from an alliance or federation

bayonet

a knife fixed to the end of a rifle and used as a weapon

covet

wish, long, or crave for

annexation

incorporation by joining or uniting

immolate

kill as a sacrifice, especially by fire

snort

a cry or noise made to express displeasure or contempt

protean

taking on different forms

prostrate

stretched out and lying at full length along the ground

confine

place limits on

maggot

fly larva commonly found in decaying organic matter

valour

the qualities of a hero or heroine

meddle

intrude in other people’s affairs or business

moat

ditch dug as a fortification and usually filled with water

rut

a groove or furrow

antithetical

sharply contrasted in character or purpose

austerity

self-denial, especially refraining from worldly pleasures

kindle

catch fire

gully

a deep ditch cut by running water

hatchet

a small ax with a short handle used with one hand

linger

remain present although waning or gradually dying

canopy

a covering (usually of cloth) that shelters an area

cavernous

being or suggesting a large dark enclosed space

sturdy

having rugged physical strength

minstrel

a singer of folk songs

mirth

great merriment

ewer

an open vessel with a handle and a spout for pouring

rogue

a deceitful and unreliable scoundrel

uncanny

surpassing the ordinary or normal

conjure

summon into action or bring into existence

tumble

fall down, as if collapsing

wraith

a mental representation of some haunting experience

smolder

burn slowly and without a flame

steer

be a guiding or motivating force or drive

jester

a clown employed to entertain a king or nobleman

choke

struggle for breath; have insufficient oxygen intake

sheer

so thin as to transmit light

brandish

move or swing back and forth

ford

cross a river where it’s shallow

shallow

lacking physical depth

cloven

(used of hooves) split, divided

dell

a small wooded hollow

embezzle

appropriate fraudulently to one’s own use

plunk

set (something or oneself) down with or as if with a noise

stoop

bend one’s back forward from the waist on down

goad

stab or urge on as if with a pointed stick

effulgent

radiating or as if radiating light

blemish

a mark or flaw that spoils the appearance of something

derrick

a simple crane having lifting tackle slung from a boom

squalid

foul and run-down and repulsive

badger

sturdy carnivorous burrowing mammal with strong claws

purport

have the often specious appearance of being or intending

redoubtable

inspiring fear

shriek

sharp piercing cry

oblong

deviating from a shape by being elongated in one direction

bullock

young bull

exasperation

actions that cause great irritation

referee

the official in a sport who is expected to ensure fair play

batten

a strip fixed to something to hold it firm

fez

a felt cap for a man

apostasy

rejecting your religious beliefs, political party or cause

prickle

a small sharp-pointed tip resembling a spike on a stem or leaf

dissever

separate into parts or portions

acquit

pronounce not guilty of criminal charges

forfeit

lose the right to or lose by some error, offense, or crime

furtive

secret and sly or sordid

mettle

the courage to carry on

toady

a person who tries to please someone to gain an advantage

tome

a large and scholarly book

pugilism

fighting with the fists

gallop

a fast gait of a horse

tug

pull hard

hazy

filled or abounding with fog or mist

clamour

utter or proclaim insistently and noisily

snatch

grasp hastily or eagerly

nestle

move or arrange oneself in a comfortable and cozy position

corslet

a piece of body armor for the trunk

gallant

having or displaying great dignity or nobility

nuisance

anything that disturbs, endangers life, or is offensive

embroider

decorate with needlework

porch

a structure attached to the exterior of a building often forming a covered entrance

clutter

a confused multitude of things

beckon

summon with a wave, nod, or some other gesture

naught

a quantity of no importance

blizzard

a storm with widespread snowfall accompanied by strong winds

ridge

a long narrow natural elevation or striation

doom

an unpleasant or disastrous destiny

memento

a reminder of past events

thud

a heavy, dull sound

mincemeat

spiced mixture of chopped raisins and apples and other ingredients with or without meat

ajar

slightly open

errand

a short trip taken in the performance of a necessary task

tankard

large drinking vessel with one handle

garment

an article of clothing

wrath

intense anger

coverlet

a decorative bedspread (usually quilted)

sway

move back and forth

gaffer

an electrician responsible for lighting on a movie or tv set

crew

an organized group of workers

perch

an elevated place serving as a seat

rampant

occurring or increasing in an unrestrained way

gaily

in a joyous or happy manner

gay

someone who practices homosexuality

lustily

in a healthy manner

tame

brought from wildness into a domesticated state

laden

filled with a great quantity

savour

the taste experience when a savoury condiment is taken into the mouth

evict

expel or eject without recourse to legal process

foe

an armed adversary

relent

give in, as to influence or pressure

relent

give in, as to influence or pressure

quagmire

a soft wet area of low-lying land that sinks underfoot

midge

minute two-winged mosquito-like fly lacking biting mouthparts; appear in dancing swarms especially near water

gossamer

a gauze fabric with an extremely fine texture

gird

bind with something round or circular

frankincense

an aromatic gum resin formerly valued for worship

bilious

relating to a digestive juice secreted by the liver

avocation

an auxiliary activity

browbeat

discourage or frighten with threats or a domineering manner

floe

a flat mass of ice drifting at sea

obscene

offensive to the mind

orgy

a wild gathering involving excessive drinking

disavow

refuse to acknowledge

emollient

a substance with a soothing effect when applied to the skin

indulgent

given to yielding to the wishes of someone

shrug

raise one’s shoulders to indicate indifference or resignation

whet

sharpen by rubbing

penitent

feeling or expressing remorse for misdeeds

embroil

force into some kind of situation or course of action

knead

use the hands to mix and work something into a uniform mass

paean

a hymn of praise

furbish

polish and make shiny

ado

a rapid active commotion

wreak

cause to happen or to occur as a consequence

havoc

violent and needless disturbance

scruple

an ethical or moral principle that inhibits action

wizened

lean and wrinkled by shrinkage as from age or illness

mound

a collection of objects laid on top of each other

yoke

a wooden frame across the shoulders for carrying buckets

asunder

into parts or pieces

rumble

utter or emit low, dull, resonant sounds

somersault

an acrobatic feat in which the feet roll over the head (either forward or backward) and return

din

a loud harsh or strident noise

abominable

unequivocally detestable

rue

feel sorry for; be contrite about

anvil

a heavy block on which hot metals are shaped by hammering

pester

annoy persistently

foil

hinder or prevent, as an effort, plan, or desire

reservation

the act of setting aside for some future occasion

scuffle

fight or struggle in a confused way at close quarters

disparate

fundamentally different or distinct in quality or kind

affliction

a cause of great suffering and distress

prate

speak about unimportant matters rapidly and incessantly

exiguous

extremely scanty

ramp

an inclined surface connecting two levels

rampant

occurring or increasing in an unrestrained way

contrive

make or work out a plan for; devise

indispensable

essential

blasphemy

profane language

drudge

a laborer who is obliged to do menial work

saboteur

someone who commits sabotage or deliberately causes wrecks

stark

severely simple

gyrate

revolve quickly and repeatedly around an axis

flair

a natural talent

abstainer

a person who refrains from drinking intoxicating beverages

lassitude

a feeling of lack of interest or energy

imminent

close in time; about to occur

etiolate

make weak by stunting the growth or development of

premonition

an early warning about a future event

effigy

a representation of a person

febrile

of or relating to or characterized by fever

pinchbeck

an alloy of copper and zinc that is used in cheap jewelry to imitate gold

demur

politely refuse or take exception to

solipsism

the philosophical theory that the self is all that exists

excruciate

torment emotionally or mentally

squeamish

excessively fastidious and easily disgusted

errant

straying from the right course or from accepted standards

erring

capable of making an error

panegyric

formally expressing praise

barn

an outlying farm building for grain and farm animals

shrill

having or emitting a high-pitched and sharp tone or tones

halt

cause to stop

prophecy

a prediction uttered under divine inspiration

skirmish

a minor short-term fight

knoll

a small natural hill

rear

the side of an object that is opposite its front

toil

work hard

plod

walk heavily and firmly, as when weary, or through mud

thwart

hinder or prevent, as an effort, plan, or desire

frisky

playful like a lively kitten

retribution

a justly deserved penalty

fidget

move restlessly

hoist

raise or haul up with or as if with mechanical help

gild

a formal association of people with similar interests

furnace

an enclosed chamber in which heat is produced for a building

solemn

dignified and somber in manner or character

precinct

an administrative district of a city or town

haunch

the upper part of the leg of an animal, often used for food

rheum

a watery discharge from the mucous membranes

linger

remain present although waning or gradually dying

rebuke

an act or expression of criticism and censure

goblet

a drinking glass with a base and stem

vista

the visual percept of a region

ramification

a consequence, especially one that causes complications

porpoise

any of several small gregarious cetacean mammals having a blunt snout and many teeth

dispatch

the act of sending off something

cramp

a painful and involuntary muscular contraction

bigot

a prejudiced person who is intolerant of differing opinions

renegade

someone who rebels and becomes an outlaw

bleat

the sound of sheep or goats (or any sound resembling this)

bleak

unpleasantly cold and damp

invincible

incapable of being overcome or subdued

ravishing

stunningly beautiful

delirium

a usually brief state of excitement and mental confusion

fling

throw with force or recklessness

entrails

internal organs collectively

snatcher

a thief who grabs and runs

stupendous

so great in size, force, or extent as to elicit awe

gory

covered with blood

evict

expel or eject without recourse to legal process

belch

expel gas from the stomach

gasp

a short labored intake of breath with the mouth open

quail

small gallinaceous game birds

recess

a state of abeyance or suspended business

resentment

a feeling of deep and bitter anger and ill-will

intricate

having many complexly arranged elements; elaborate

dart

a sudden quick movement

scrounge

obtain or seek to obtain by cadging or wheedling

protuberant

curving outward

swarm

a group of many things in the air or on the ground

flick

throw or toss with a quick motion

tray

an open receptacle for holding or displaying or serving articles or food

formication

hallucinated sensation that insects or snakes are crawling over the skin; a common side-effect of extensive use of cocaine or amphetamines

contort

twist and press out of shape

lapse

drop to a lower level, as in one’s morals or standards

consortium

a cooperative association among institutions or companies

wince

draw back, as with fear or pain

mob

a disorderly crowd of people

peddler

someone who travels about selling his wares

rehash

present or use again, with no or few changes

reconnoiter

explore, often with the goal of finding something

wad

a small mass of soft material

heave

lift or elevate

commotion

a disorderly outburst or tumult

exaltation

the elevation of a person, as to the status of a god

grovel

show submission or fear

loiter

linger, remain, or wait around for no apparent reason

jolt

move or cause to move with a sudden jerky motion

intermittent

stopping and starting at irregular intervals

callus

a skin area that is thick or hard from continual pressure

tribute

something given or done as an expression of esteem

fretful

nervous and unable to relax

munition

weapons considered collectively

shove

come into rough contact with while moving

virtuosity

technical skill or fluency or style exhibited by a virtuoso

emanation

the act of emitting; causing to flow forth

indignation

a feeling of righteous anger

spectacle

something or someone seen, especially a notable sight

impending

close in time; about to occur

morsel

a small amount of solid food; a mouthful

sham

something that is a counterfeit; not what it seems to be

pantry

a small storeroom for storing food or beverages

unflinching

not shrinking from danger

voluptuous

displaying luxury and furnishing gratification to the senses

preponderance

exceeding in heaviness; having greater weight

imposture

pretending to be another person

wield

handle effectively

frenzy

state of violent mental agitation

concession

the act of yielding

jostle

make one’s way by pushing or shoving

drivel

saliva spilling from the mouth

recuperate

restore to good health or strength

stupor

marginal consciousness

hypocrite

a person who professes beliefs that he or she does not hold

implicate

bring into intimate and incriminating connection

levitate

cause to rise in the air and float

penitent

feeling or expressing remorse for misdeeds

unrepentant

not feeling or expressing remorse

senile

mentally or physically infirm with age

emaciated

very thin especially from disease or hunger or cold

torpid

in a condition of biological rest or suspended animation

calf

young of domestic cattle

blunt

not sharp (used of a knife or other blade)

musty

covered with or smelling of mold

cauterize

burn, sear, or freeze using a hot iron or electric current

wail

a cry of sorrow and grief

Waikiki

a well-known beach and resort area on Oahu Island to the southeast of Honolulu

venture

an undertaking with an uncertain outcome

queasy

causing or able to cause nausea

shabby

showing signs of wear and tear

bannister

a railing at the side of a staircase or balcony to prevent people from falling

knob

a circular rounded projection or protuberance

pail

a roughly cylindrical vessel that is open at the top

queer

beyond or deviating from the usual or expected

gaunt

very thin especially from disease or hunger or cold

limpid

clear and bright

limp

walk impeded by some physical injury

perspire

excrete sweat through the pores in the skin

sprucely

in a stylish manner

adjourn

close at the end of a session

certitude

complete assurance or confidence

execrate

curse or declare to be evil or anathema

confer

present

injunction

a judicial remedy to prohibit a party from doing something

evince

give expression to

deplore

express strong disapproval of

elapse

pass by

redeem

exchange or buy back for money; under threat

chimerical

like a grotesque product of the imagination

conducive

tending to bring about; being partly responsible for

protracted

relatively long in duration

unremitting

uninterrupted in time and indefinitely long continuing

palpitation

a rapid and irregular heart beat

ascribe

attribute or credit to

mien

a person’s appearance, manner, or demeanor

confide

reveal in private

avail

be of use to, be useful to

attest

provide evidence for

carnage

the savage and excessive killing of many people

wanton

a lewd or lascivious person

bauble

cheap showy jewelry or ornament

bosom

breast

perdition

the place or state in which one suffers eternal punishment

manacle

shackle that can be locked around the wrist

fiend

an evil supernatural being

scaffold

a temporary arrangement erected around a building

pilgrimage

a journey to a sacred place

woe

misery resulting from affliction

impetuous

characterized by undue haste and lack of thought

concussion

injury to the brain caused by a blow

scourge

something causing misery or death

gale

a strong wind moving 45-90 knots

supple

moving and bending with ease

blot

a blemish made by dirt

bolt

a screw that screws into a nut to form a fastener

scion

a descendent or heir

chivalry

the medieval principles governing knightly conduct

hut

small crude shelter used as a dwelling

hovel

small crude shelter used as a dwelling

fugitive

someone who is sought by law officers

succour

assistance in time of difficulty

bedew

cover with drops of dew or as with dew

verge

the limit beyond which something happens or changes

haggard

showing the wearing effects of overwork or care or suffering

covetous

immoderately desirous of acquiring something

tempest

a violent commotion or disturbance

blight

any plant disease resulting in withering without rotting

ennui

the feeling of being bored by something tedious

remonstrate

argue in protest or opposition

unmolested

not interfered with, disturbed, or harmed

sophism

a deliberately invalid argument displaying ingenuity in reasoning in the hope of deceiving someone

inexorable

not to be placated or appeased or moved by entreaty

doting

extravagantly or foolishly loving and indulgent

revel

take delight in

torpor

a state of motor and mental inactivity

nuptial

of or relating to a wedding

reverie

an abstracted state of absorption

abjure

formally reject or disavow a formerly held belief

adjure

command solemnly

bedim

make darker and difficult to perceive by sight

grapple

work hard to come to terms with or deal with something

hamlet

a community of people smaller than a village

stigma

a symbol of disgrace or infamy

spurn

reject with contempt

blast

a sudden very loud noise

blast

a sudden very loud noise

crag

a steep rugged rock or cliff
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