GMAT VOCAB LIST – 494 Words

arrant

without qualification; used informally as intensifiers

arabesque

position in which the dancer has one leg raised behind

appropriate

suitable for a particular person, place, or situation

approbation

official acceptance or agreement

apposite

being of striking appropriateness and pertinence

apotheosis

model of excellence or perfection of a kind

apostate

not faithful to religion or party or cause

apogee

the farthest point in an orbit around the Earth

apocryphal

being of questionable authenticity

apex

the highest point of something

anodyne

capable of relieving pain

anathema

a formal ecclesiastical curse accompanied by excommunication

anachronistic

chronologically misplaced

amity

a state of friendship and cordiality

alloy

a mixture containing two or more metallic elements

alacrity

liveliness and eagerness

aggrandize

embellish; increase the scope, power, or importance of

agglutination

the coalescing of small particles that are suspended in solution; these larger masses are then (usually) precipitated

agape

with the mouth wide open as in wonder or awe

affective

characterized by emotion

advent

arrival that has been awaited

adumbrate

describe roughly or give the main points or summary of

adulation

exaggerated flattery or praise

adroit

quick or skillful or adept in action or thought

acumen

shrewdness shown by keen insight

acerbic

sour or bitter in taste

accretion

an increase by natural growth or addition

accolade

a tangible symbol signifying approval or distinction

accession

the act of attaining a new office or right or position

acarpous

producing no fruit

abscission

the act of cutting something off

abrogate

revoke formally

abjure

formally reject or disavow a formerly held belief

cajole

influence or urge by gentle urging, caressing, or flattering

cadge

obtain or seek to obtain by wheedling

cacophony

loud confusing disagreeable sounds

cachinnate

laugh loudly and in an unrestrained way

cabal

a clique that seeks power usually through intrigue

brook

a natural stream of water smaller than a river

blithe

carefree and happy and lighthearted

blandish

praise somewhat dishonestly

bilge

where the sides of the vessel curve in to form the bottom

bent

stooped (used of the back and knees)

beget

generate children

bedizen

decorate tastelessly

beatify

make blessedly happy

bane

something causing misery or death

banal

repeated too often; overfamiliar through overuse

baleful

threatening or foreshadowing evil or tragic developments

axiomatic

evident without proof or argument

avarice

reprehensible acquisitiveness; insatiable desire for wealth

auspicious

auguring favorable circumstances and good luck

auspice

a favorable omen

august

profoundly honored

augury

an event indicating important things to come

attrition

the act of rubbing together

attenuate

become weaker, in strength, value, or magnitude

astringent

tending to draw together or constrict soft organic tissue

assiduous

marked by care and persistent effort

asseverate

state categorically

assay

a test of a substance to determine its components

aspersion

a disparaging remark

asperity

harshness of manner

ascetic

someone who practices self denial as a spiritual discipline

artless

simple and natural; without cunning or deceit

cozen

be dishonest with

countenance

the appearance conveyed by a person’s face

coterminous

being of equal extent or scope or duration

coterie

an exclusive circle of people with a common purpose

contumacious

willfully obstinate; stubbornly disobedient

contemn

look down on with disdain

consummate

having or revealing supreme mastery or skill

consonant

a speech sound that is not a vowel

conflate

mix together different elements

comely

according with custom or propriety

collusion

secret agreement

coeval

of the same period

coda

the closing section of a musical composition

cleave

separate or cut with a tool, such as a sharp instrument

churlish

having a bad disposition; surly

choleric

characterized by anger

chimera

a grotesque product of the imagination

chide

censure severely or angrily

chicanery

the use of tricks to deceive someone

chasten

censure severely

chagrin

strong feelings of embarrassment

celerity

a rate that is rapid

cavil

raise trivial objections

caterwaul

make a shrill and unpleasant screeching sound

caret

a mark used to indicate an insertion into a text

captious

tending to find and call attention to faults

capitulate

surrender under agreed conditions

caparison

stable gear consisting of a decorated covering for a horse, especially (formerly) for a warhorse

canonical

conforming to orthodox or recognized rules

canon

a collection of books accepted as holy scripture

canard

a deliberately misleading fabrication

calumny

a false accusation of an offense

calumniate

charge falsely or with malicious intent

edifying

enlightening or uplifting so as to encourage improvement

edacious

devouring or craving food in great quantities

ebullience

eager enjoyment or approval

dulcet

pleasing to the ear

dross

worthless or dangerous material that should be removed

dolorous

showing sorrow

dogmatic

pertaining to a code of beliefs accepted as authoritative

doggerel

a comic verse of irregular measure

distrait

having the attention diverted especially because of anxiety

distention

the state of being stretched beyond normal dimensions

discursive

tending to cover a wide range of subjects

discomfit

cause to lose one’s composure

affect

have an influence upon

dirge

a song or hymn of mourning as a memorial to a dead person

dilatory

wasting time

diffident

showing modest reserve

didactic

instructive, especially excessively

diaphanous

so thin as to transmit light

desultory

marked by lack of definite plan or regularity or purpose

desuetude

a state of inactivity or disuse

desiccate

lacking vitality or spirit; lifeless

descry

catch sight of

descant

a decorative musical accompaniment (often improvised) added above a basic melody

deprecate

express strong disapproval of; deplore

deposition

the act of putting something somewhere

denouement

the outcome of a complex sequence of events

demur

politely refuse or take exception to

demagogue

a leader who seeks support by appealing to popular passions

defalcate

appropriate fraudulently to one’s own use

decorous

characterized by propriety and dignity and good taste

cupidity

extreme greed for material wealth

craven

lacking even the rudiments of courage; abjectly fearful

extant

still in existence; not extinct or destroyed or lost

expurgate

edit by omitting or modifying parts considered indelicate

expound

add details, as to an account or idea

expostulate

reason with for the purpose of dissuasion

exposition

a collection of things for public display

expiate

make amends for

expatiate

add details, as to an account or idea

exhort

spur on or encourage especially by cheers and shouts

exegesis

an explanation or critical interpretation

excoriate

express strong disapproval of

exact

marked by strict and complete accordance with fact

evince

give expression to

euphony

any pleasing and harmonious sounds

essay

an analytic or interpretive literary composition

esoteric

understandable only by an enlightened inner circle

eschew

avoid and stay away from deliberately

erudite

having or showing profound knowledge

equipoise

equality of distribution

equanimity

steadiness of mind under stress

eponymous

relating to a name derived from a person

epithet

descriptive word or phrase

epicure

a person devoted to refined sensuous enjoyment

enormity

the quality of extreme wickedness

endemic

native to or confined to a certain region

encomium

a formal expression of praise

emollient

a substance with a soothing effect when applied to the skin

elegy

a mournful poem; a lament for the dead

egress

the act or means of going out

egregious

conspicuously and outrageously bad or reprehensible

effusive

uttered with unrestrained enthusiasm

effrontery

audacious behavior that you have no right to

effluvium

a foul-smelling outflow or vapor

grouse

popular game bird having a plump body and feathered legs

gregarious

temperamentally seeking and enjoying the company of others

gravitas

formality in bearing and appearance

gratuitous

unnecessary and unwarranted

grandiloquence

high-flown style; excessive use of verbal ornamentation

gossamer

a gauze fabric with an extremely fine texture

gnostic

possessing esoteric knowledge of spiritual things

germane

relevant and appropriate

gauntlet

a glove of armored leather that protects the hand

gauche

lacking social polish

garrulous

full of trivial conversation

gambol

play or run boisterously

gambit

a chess move in which the player sacrifices minor pieces

gainsay

take exception to

fulsome

unpleasantly and excessively suave or ingratiating

fulminate

cause to explode violently and with loud noise

froward

habitually disposed to disobedience and opposition

frieze

an ornament consisting of a horizontal sculptured band

fractious

easily irritated or annoyed

fracas

noisy quarrel

ford

cross a river where it’s shallow

foment

try to stir up

florid

elaborately or excessively ornamented

filigree

delicate and intricate ornamentation

fetid

offensively malodorous

felicitous

exhibiting an agreeably appropriate manner or style

feckless

generally incompetent and ineffectual

fatuous

devoid of intelligence

fallow

left unplowed and unseeded during a growing season

facile

arrived at without due care or effort; lacking depth

extol

praise, glorify, or honor

extirpate

destroy completely, as if down to the roots

inimitable

matchless

inimical

not friendly

ingenuous

lacking in sophistication or worldliness

ineluctable

impossible to avoid or evade

ineffable

defying expression or description

inchoate

only partly in existence; imperfectly formed

incandescent

emitting light as a result of being heated

impute

attribute or credit to

impugn

attack as false or wrong

imprimatur

formal and explicit approval

importune

beg persistently and urgently

impiety

unrighteousness by virtue of lacking respect for a god

imperious

having or showing arrogant superiority

immutable

not subject or susceptible to change or variation

imbroglio

an intricate and confusing interpersonal situation

ignominious

deserving or bringing disgrace or shame

ignoble

dishonorable in character or purpose

idyll

a short poem descriptive of rural or pastoral life

iconoclastic

characterized by attack on established beliefs

hubris

overbearing pride or presumption

homily

a sermon on a moral or religious topic

homiletics

the art of preaching

hirsute

having or covered with hair

heterodox

characterized by departure from accepted standards

hermetic

completely sealed or airtight

hedonism

an ethical system that values the pursuit of pleasure

hector

be bossy towards

harrow

a cultivator that pulverizes or smooths the soil

harangue

a loud bombastic declamation expressed with strong emotion

hallow

render holy by means of religious rites

hackneyed

repeated too often; overfamiliar through overuse

guy

an informal term for a youth or man

guile

shrewdness as demonstrated by being skilled in deception

luminary

a celebrity who is an inspiration to others

lumber

the wood of trees prepared for use as building material

lugubrious

excessively mournful

luculent

(of language) transparently clear; easily understandable

lubricious

characterized by lust

loquacious

full of trivial conversation

list

a database containing an ordered array of items

limpid

clear and bright

limn

make a portrait of

libertine

unrestrained by convention or morality

levity

a manner lacking seriousness

levee

an embankment built to prevent a river from overflowing

laud

praise, glorify, or honor

lassitude

a feeling of lack of interest or energy

lascivious

driven by lust

largess

liberality in bestowing gifts

languorous

lacking spirit or liveliness

lambaste

censure severely or angrily

laconic

brief and to the point

lachrymose

showing sorrow

labile

liable to change

jocose

characterized by jokes and good humor

jejune

lacking interest or significance or impact

involute

especially of petals or leaves in bud

inveterate

habitual

inveigh

complain bitterly

invective

abusive language used to express blame or censure

interdict

command against

insouciant

marked by unconcern

insensible

barely able to be perceived

inscrutable

difficult or impossible to understand

innervate

stimulate to action

iniquity

absence of moral or spiritual values

obloquy

state of disgrace resulting from public abuse

nugatory

of no real value

noxious

injurious to physical or mental health

nostrum

patent medicine whose efficacy is questionable

noisome

causing or able to cause nausea

nice

pleasant or pleasing or agreeable in nature or appearance

nexus

the means of connection between things linked in series

neophyte

any new participant in some activity

neologism

a newly invented word or phrase

nebulous

lacking definite form or limits

natty

marked by up-to-dateness in dress and manners

nascent

being born or beginning

nadir

the lowest point of anything

munificence

liberality in bestowing gifts

multifarious

having many aspects

moribund

being on the point of death

mordant

harshly ironic or sinister

misogynist

a misanthrope who dislikes women in particular

mince

cut into small pieces

minatory

threatening or foreshadowing evil or tragic developments

militate

have force or influence; bring about an effect or change

mettle

the courage to carry on

meretricious

tastelessly showy

mercurial

liable to sudden unpredictable change

mendicant

a pauper who lives by begging

mendacity

the tendency to be untruthful

mellifluous

pleasing to the ear

maxim

a saying that is widely accepted on its own merits

maunder

speak in a rambling or incoherent way

malinger

avoid responsibilities and duties

magnanimity

nobility and generosity of spirit

maculate

morally blemished; stained or impure

macerate

soften and cause to disintegrate as a result

picaresque

(of fiction) involving clever rogues or adventurers

phlegmatic

showing little emotion

philistine

a person who is uninterested in intellectual pursuits

petrous

resembling stone in hardness

peroration

the concluding section of a rhetorical address

pernicious

exceedingly harmful

peripatetic

traveling especially on foot

perigee

the nearest point in an orbit around the Earth

perfunctory

hasty and without attention to detail; not thorough

perfidy

an act of deliberate betrayal

peremptory

putting an end to all debate or action

peregrination

traveling or wandering around

pellucid

transmitting light; able to be seen through with clarity

pedestrian

a person who travels by foot

peccadillo

a petty misdeed

paucity

an insufficient quantity or number

parsimonious

excessively unwilling to spend

parry

impede the movement of

pariah

a person who is rejected from society or home

panegyric

formally expressing praise

pandemic

existing everywhere

panache

distinctive and stylish elegance

panacea

hypothetical remedy for all ills or diseases

palliate

lessen or to try to lessen the seriousness or extent of

paean

a hymn of praise

overweening

presumptuously arrogant

ostensible

appearing as such but not necessarily so

ossify

become bony

oscillation

a complete execution of a periodically repeated phenomenon

opprobrium

a state of extreme dishonor

officious

intrusive in a meddling or offensive manner

occult

supernatural forces and events and beings collectively

obstreperous

noisily and stubbornly defiant

puerile

displaying or suggesting a lack of maturity

provident

giving something useful for the future

proscribe

command against

prosaic

lacking wit or imagination

propitiate

make peace with

propinquity

the property of being close together

prolix

tediously prolonged or tending to speak or write at length

prolific

intellectually productive

profligate

unrestrained by convention or morality

prodigious

great in size, force, extent, or degree

probity

complete and confirmed integrity

prize

something given for victory or superiority in a contest or competition or for winning a lottery

privation

the act of stripping someone of food, money, or rights

prevaricate

be deliberately ambiguous or unclear

preen

clean with one’s bill

predilection

a predisposition in favor of something

precis

a sketchy summary of the main points of an argument

precept

rule of personal conduct

prattle

speak about unimportant matters rapidly and incessantly

prate

speak about unimportant matters rapidly and incessantly

poseur

a person who habitually pretends to be something he is not

portentous

of momentous or ominous significance

polemical

of or involving dispute or controversy

plumb

exactly vertical

pliant

capable of being shaped or bent or drawn out

platonic

free from physical desire

plangent

loud and resounding, often in a mournful way

plaintive

expressing sorrow

pithy

concise and full of meaning

pique

a sudden outburst of anger

piquant

having an agreeably pungent taste

pillory

a wooden instrument of punishment on a post

pied

having sections or patches colored differently and brightly

regale

provide with choice or abundant food or drink

refractory

stubbornly resistant to authority or control

redoubtable

inspiring fear

redolent

having a strong pleasant odor

recumbent

lying down; in a position of comfort or rest

rectitude

righteousness as a consequence of being honorable and honest

recreant

having deserted a cause or principle

reconnoiter

explore, often with the goal of finding something

recondite

difficult to penetrate

recidivism

habitual relapse into crime

recant

formally reject or disavow a formerly held belief

rebus

a puzzle consisting of pictures representing words

rapacious

living by preying on other animals

rancorous

showing deep-seated resentment

rampart

an embankment built around a space for defensive purposes

ramify

have or develop complicating consequences

rail

a horizontal bar (usually of wood or metal)

raffish

marked by a carefree unconventionality or disreputability

quotidian

found in the ordinary course of events

quixotic

not sensible about practical matters

quiescence

a state of possibly temporary inaction or dormancy

querulous

habitually complaining

quay

wharf usually built parallel to the shoreline

quail

small gallinaceous game birds

quaff

swallow hurriedly or greedily or in one draught

putrefy

decay with an offensive smell

pusillanimous

lacking in courage, strength, and resolution

pundit

a person with special knowledge who performs skillfully

punctilious

marked by precise accordance with details

pullulation

asexual reproduction in which a local growth on the surface or in the body of the parent becomes a separate individual

pulchritude

physical beauty, especially of a woman

puissance

power to influence or coerce

pugnacious

ready and able to resort to force or violence

sophistry

a deliberately invalid argument in the hope of deceiving

solicitous

full of anxiety and concern

solder

join or fuse with an alloy

sodden

wet through and through; thoroughly wet

slake

satisfy, as thirst

sinuous

curved or curving in and out

sinecure

a job that involves minimal duties

simper

smile affectedly or derisively

sidereal

of or relating to the stars or constellations

sepulchral

of or relating to a chamber that is used as a grave

sententious

concise and full of meaning

seminal

containing seeds of later development

seine

a large fishnet that hangs vertically

sedulous

marked by care and persistent effort

scurvy

a condition caused by deficiency of ascorbic acid

scurrilous

expressing offensive reproach

saturnine

bitter or scornful

satiate

fill to satisfaction

sartorial

of or relating to tailoring or clothing

sanguine

confidently optimistic and cheerful

sanctimony

the quality of being hypocritically pious or devout

sanatorium

a hospital for recuperation or for the treatment of chronic diseases

salubrious

promoting health

salacious

suggestive of or tending to moral looseness

sagacious

acutely insightful and wise

runic

relating to characters from an ancient alphabet

rubicund

having a healthy reddish color

ribald

humorously vulgar

reprove

reprimand, scold, or express dissatisfaction with

reprobate

a person without moral scruples

replete

filled to satisfaction with food or drink

repine

express discontent

rent

a payment or series of payments made by a lessee to an owner

tractable

easily managed

tortuous

marked by repeated turns and bends

torrid

characterized by intense emotion

torpid

in a condition of biological rest or suspended animation

tonic

a medicine that strengthens and invigorates

toady

a person who tries to please someone to gain an advantage

timorous

shy and fearful by nature

tetchy

easily irritated or annoyed

tendentious

having a strong bias, especially a controversial one

tawdry

tastelessly showy

tamp

press down tightly

table

furniture having a smooth flat top supported by legs

sycophant

a person who tries to please someone to gain an advantage

surfeit

indulge (one’s appetite) to satiety

supplicant

someone who prays to God

suppliant

humbly entreating

supine

lying face upward

supercilious

having or showing arrogant disdain or haughtiness

succor

assistance in time of difficulty

stymie

hinder or prevent the progress or accomplishment of

Stygian

dark and dismal as of the river in Hades

stupefy

make dull or muddle, as with intoxication

strut

walk with a lofty proud gait

strident

unpleasantly loud and harsh

striate

marked with stripes

stoic

seeming unaffected by pleasure or pain; impassive

stentorian

very loud or booming

steep

having a sharp inclination

stanch

stop the flow of a liquid

splenetic

of or relating to the spleen

soubriquet

a familiar name for a person

soporific

inducing sleep

wag

a movement from side to side

voluble

marked by a ready flow of speech

vituperate

spread negative information about

vitriolic

harsh, bitter, or malicious in tone

vitiate

make imperfect

virulent

extremely poisonous or injurious; producing venom

virago

a noisy or scolding or domineering woman

vestige

an indication that something has been present

vernacular

the everyday speech of the people

verisimilitude

the appearance of truth; the quality of seeming to be true

verdant

characterized by abundance of vegetation and green foliage

veneration

a feeling of profound respect for someone or something

venerate

regard with feelings of respect and reverence

venal

capable of being corrupted

vaunt

show off

variegated

having a variety of colors

vacuous

devoid of matter

usury

the act of lending money at an exorbitant rate of interest

urbane

showing a high degree of refinement

upbraid

express criticism towards

untoward

not in keeping with accepted standards of what is proper

untenable

incapable of being defended or justified

unfeigned

not pretended; sincerely felt or expressed

undulate

move in a wavy pattern or with a rising and falling motion

uncouth

lacking refinement or cultivation or taste

umbrage

a feeling of anger caused by being offended

ubiquitous

being present everywhere at once

tyro

someone new to a field or activity

turpitude

a corrupt or depraved or degenerate act or practice

turgid

ostentatiously lofty in style

turbid

clouded as with sediment

tumid

abnormally distended especially by fluids or gas

wizened

lean and wrinkled by shrinkage as from age or illness

wheedle

influence or urge by gentle urging, caressing, or flattering

wend

direct one’s course or way

welter

a confused multitude of things

wax

substance solid at normal temperature and insoluble in water
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