GMAT Vocab – 116 Words


abaft

at or near the stern of a ship or tail of an airplane

The passengers moved abaft of the ship so as to escape the fire in the
front of the ship.
abase

cause to feel shame

The mother’s public reprimand abased the girl.
abdicate

give up, such as power, as of monarchs and emperors

Due to his poor payment record, it may be necessary to abdicate our
relationship with the client.
aberrant

markedly different from an accepted norm

The aberrant flight pattern of the airplane alarmed the air traffic
controllers.
abeyance

temporary cessation or suspension

Please do not abominate the guilty person until you hear the complete
explanation.
abhor

find repugnant

abject

of the most contemptible kind

abjure

formally reject or disavow a formerly held belief

abnegation

renunciation of one’s own interests in favor of others

abominate

find repugnant

abridge

lessen, diminish, or curtail

abrogate

revoke formally

accrue

grow by addition

posit

take as a given; assume as a postulate or axiom

corroborate

give evidence for

vindicate

show to be right by providing justification or proof

ambivalent

uncertain or unable to decide about what course to follow

absolve

excuse or free from blame

abstinence

the trait of refraining from something, especially alcohol

abysmal

so deep as to be immeasurable

accede

yield to another’s wish or opinion

accretion

an increase by natural growth or addition

alacrity

liveliness and eagerness

agrarian

relating to rural matters

aggrandize

embellish; increase the scope, power, or importance of

affiliate

join in a social or business relationship

adversary

someone who offers opposition

adroit

quick or skillful or adept in action or thought

adept

having or showing knowledge and skill and aptitude

alleviate

provide physical relief, as from pain

allude

make an indirect reference to

altruism

the quality of unselfish concern for the welfare of others

amiable

diffusing warmth and friendliness

amorphous

having no definite form or distinct shape

antagonism

an actively expressed feeling of dislike and hostility

apathy

an absence of emotion or enthusiasm

apposite

being of striking appropriateness and pertinence

arduous

characterized by effort to the point of exhaustion

ardent

characterized by strong enthusiasm

articulate

express or state clearly

audacious

disposed to venture or take risks

aghast

struck with fear, dread, or consternation

astute

marked by practical hardheaded intelligence

attenuate

become weaker, in strength, value, or magnitude

augment

enlarge or increase

authoritarian

characteristic of an absolute ruler or absolute rule

autocrat

a cruel and oppressive dictator

azure

of a deep somewhat purplish blue color

baneful

deadly or sinister

baroque

relating to an elaborately ornamented style of art and music

bastion

projecting part of a rampart or other fortification

batten

a strip fixed to something to hold it firm

bauble

cheap showy jewelry or ornament

beget

generate children

beholden

under a moral obligation to someone

behoove

be appropriate or necessary

belittle

cause to seem less serious

bellicose

having or showing a ready disposition to fight

bemused

perplexed by many conflicting situations or statements

benefactor

a person who helps people or institutions

benevolent

showing or motivated by sympathy and understanding

benign

kind in disposition or manner

berate

censure severely or angrily

bumptious

offensively self-assertive

burgeon

grow and flourish

burnish

polish and make shiny

callow

young and inexperienced

calumny

a false accusation of an offense

canard

a deliberately misleading fabrication

candid

openly straightforward and direct without secretiveness

capricious

changeable

captious

tending to find and call attention to faults

castigate

inflict severe punishment on

cataclysm

a sudden violent change in the earth’s surface

cessation

a stopping

cherish

be fond of

circumspect

careful to consider potential consequences and avoid risk

clandestine

conducted with or marked by hidden aims or methods

clemency

leniency and compassion shown toward offenders

coddle

treat with excessive indulgence

cogitate

consider carefully and deeply

cognizant

having or showing knowledge or understanding or realization

cohesion

the state of sticking together

collaborate

work together on a common enterprise or project

collusion

secret agreement

complacent

contented to a fault with oneself or one’s actions

conceit

feelings of excessive pride

conciliation

the act of placating and overcoming distrust and animosity

conciliatory

making or willing to make concessions

reconcile

bring into consonance or accord

condone

excuse, overlook, or make allowances for

conjure

summon into action or bring into existence

connivance

agreement on a secret plot

consort

keep company with

conspicuous

obvious to the eye or mind

contempt

lack of respect accompanied by a feeling of intense dislike

contentious

showing an inclination to disagree

convoke

call together

copious

large in number or quantity

dauntless

invulnerable to fear or intimidation

debacle

a sudden and complete disaster

dearth

an insufficient quantity or number

debase

make impure by adding a foreign or inferior substance

deciduous

being shed at the end of a period of growth

decry

express strong disapproval of

decisiveness

the quality of being final or definitely settled

defunct

no longer in force or use; inactive

deleterious

harmful to living things

deliquesce

melt or become liquid by absorbing moisture from the air

demise

the time when something ends

denounce

speak out against

depict

give a description of

dexterous

skillful in physical movements; especially of the hands

ubiquitous

being present everywhere at once

amnesia

partial or total loss of memory

inquisitive

given to questioning


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