GMAT Verbal Prep – 450 Words

segregation

the act of keeping apart

segregation of African American troops
revitalize

give new life or vigor to

revitalize consciousness of cultural identity
terrestrial

of or relating to or characteristic of the planet Earth

In terrestrial environments, gravity places special demands on the cardiovascular systems of animals.
undermine

weaken or impair, especially gradually

however, critics of theory A point out that some fish form schools even in areas where predators are abundant.
abundant

present in great quantity

They advocate theory B
advocate

a person who pleads for a person, cause, or idea

revealing new evidence
proponent

a person who pleads for a cause or propounds an idea

refuting establish belief
plead

appeal or request earnestly

may distract companies from pursuing radically different products
reveal

make visible

scientific archaeological expeditions
refute

overthrow by argument, evidence, or proof

but the demand for the clandestine product would be substantially reduced
overthrow

rule against

undergone bouts of activity in its past
laudable

worthy of high praise

which created an ideal constituency for some one with G’s message of pride
radically

in an extreme or revolutionary manner

they repudiated Garvey’s message of pride and unity
paltry

contemptibly small in amount or size

the prevailing sensibility of the community provide the foundation
expedition

an organized group of people undertaking a journey

arboreal snakes, which dwell in trees and often assume a vertical posture
artifact

a man-made object

attract buyers away from rival cars
clandestine

conducted with or marked by hidden aims or methods

analogous

similar or equivalent in some respects

gradient

a graded change in the magnitude of something

bout

a contest or fight

contrast

the opposition or dissimilarity of things that are compared

constituency

the body of voters who elect a representative for their area

consciousness

an alert cognitive state in which you are aware of yourself

repudiate

refuse to acknowledge, ratify, or recognize as valid

prevail

be larger in number, quantity, power, status or importance

arboreal

of or relating to or formed by trees

inhabit

live in; be a resident of

pragmatic

concerned with practical matters

arbitrary

based on or subject to individual discretion or preference

janitor

someone employed to clean and maintain a building

municipality

a local district having powers of self-government

rival

the contestant you hope to defeat

narrative

an account that tells the particulars of an act or event

face value

the value of a security that is set by the company issuing it; unrelated to market value

disinterested

unaffected by concern for one’s own welfare

convention

the act of meeting formally

rhetoric

study of the technique for using language effectively

unwittingly

without knowledge or intention

skeptical

marked by or given to doubt

intangible

incapable of being perceived by the senses, especially touch

weave

pattern or structure of a fabric

substantiate

establish or strengthen as with new evidence or facts

contrary

exact opposition

fluctuate

move or sway in a rising and falling or wavelike pattern

analogy

drawing a comparison in order to show a similarity

refrain

resist doing something

resist

withstand the force of something

critical

of a serious examination and judgment of something

rear

the side of an object that is opposite its front

breeder

a person who breeds animals

manipulation

exerting shrewd or devious influence for one’s own advantage

economic

of or relating to production and management of wealth

economical

using the minimum of time or resources for effectiveness

aggravate

make worse

aggravating

making worse

mandate

a document giving an official instruction or command

native

belonging to one by birth

stem

cylinder forming a long narrow part of something

fragment

a piece broken off or cut off of something else

waning

a gradual decrease in magnitude or extent

vital

performing an essential function in the living body

citrus

a tropical tree cultivated for its juicy edible fruits

coalesce

fuse or cause to come together

pastime

a diversion that occupies one’s time and thoughts

venomous

extremely poisonous or injurious

insurgency

an organized rebellion aimed at overthrowing a government

designate

design or destine

emblem

special design representing a quality, type, or group

rebellion

organized opposition to authority

proliferation

a rapid increase in number

disband

cause to break up or cease to function

reckless

marked by defiant disregard for danger or consequences

dismay

the feeling of despair in the face of obstacles

reign

royal authority; the dominion of a monarch

resign

accept as inevitable

commotion

a disorderly outburst or tumult

origami

the Japanese art of folding paper

ceremonial

marked by pomp or ceremony or formality

millennian

relating to a millennium or span of a thousand years

spectacular

sensational in appearance or thrilling in effect

ravage

cause extensive destruction or ruin utterly

seam

joint consisting of a line formed by joining two pieces

acquaintance

personal knowledge or information about someone or something

metabolize

produce by the organic processes necessary for life

render

give or supply

irritant

something that causes discomfort and annoyance

pollinate

fertilize by transfering pollen

pole

a long rod of wood, metal, or plastic

equator

an imaginary line around the Earth forming a great circle

sight

the ability to see; the visual faculty

intricate

having many complexly arranged elements; elaborate

insect

small air-breathing arthropod

compound

a whole formed by a union of two or more elements or parts

vertebrate

animals having a bony or cartilaginous skeleton

idolization

the act of admiring strongly

accord

concurrence of opinion

subject

some situation or event that is thought about

veneration

a feeling of profound respect for someone or something

lethal

of an instrument of certain death

inventory

a detailed list of all the items in stock

unaccompanied

being without an escort

amass

collect or gather

alleged

doubtful or suspect

enzyme

a complex protein produced by cells that acts as a catalyst

metabolize

produce by the organic processes necessary for life

conviction

an unshakable belief in something without need for proof

manifestation

a clear appearance

plunge

dash violently or with great speed or impetuosity

chronological

relating to or arranged according to temporal order

cramp

a painful and involuntary muscular contraction

debilitating

impairing strength and vitality

schistosomiasis

an infestation with or a resulting infection caused by a parasite of the genus Schistosoma; common in the tropics and Far East; symptoms depend on the part of the body infected

reduction

the act of decreasing something

bolster

support and strengthen

sagging

hanging down (as from exhaustion or weakness)

barrel

a bulging cylindrical shape; hollow with flat ends

treatise

a formal exposition

undue

not appropriate or proper in the circumstances

conveyor

a person who conveys (carries or transmits)

recession

the act of returning control

vicious

having the nature of evildoing

verdict

findings of a jury on issues submitted to it for decision

attribute

a quality belonging to or characteristic of an entity

electron

an elementary particle with negative charge

tide

the periodic rise and fall of the sea level

conceive

have the idea for

contend

compete for something

elect

choose by a vote for an office or membership

gadget

a device or control that is very useful for a particular job

trench

any long ditch cut in the ground

mandate

a document giving an official instruction or command

ditch

a long narrow excavation in the earth

proclaim

declare formally

sacred

made or declared or believed to be holy

truce

a state of peace agreed to between opponents

pugnacious

ready and able to resort to force or violence

erosion

the process of wearing or grinding something down

breakwater

a protective structure of stone or concrete

proximity

the property of being close together

grip

hold fast or firmly

strait

a narrow channel joining two larger bodies of water

economy

the system of production and distribution and consumption

chemist

a scientist who specializes in chemistry

critique

appraise or judge in an analytical way

deity

a supernatural being worshipped as controlling the world

neanderthal

ill-mannered and coarse in behavior or appearance

obstacle

something that stands in the way and must be surmounted

phosphate

a salt of phosphoric acid

poacher

someone who hunts or fishes illegally on the property of another

instrumental

serving or acting as a means or aid

sloth

a disinclination to work or exert yourself

vintner

someone who sells wine

anthropologist

a social scientist specializing in the study of humanity

homogeneity

the quality of being similar or comparable

spear

a long pointed rod used as a tool or weapon

longitudinal

relating to lines that bisect the globe through the poles

groove

a long narrow furrow cut by a natural process or a tool

refiner

one whose work is to refine a specific thing

transitive

designating a verb that requires a direct object

incipient

only partly in existence; imperfectly formed

misinterpret

construe wrongly

contraption

a device or control that is very useful for a particular job

mastodon

extinct elephant-like mammal that flourished worldwide from Miocene through Pleistocene times; differ from mammoths in the form of the molar teeth

carcass

the dead body of an animal

thaw

become or cause to become soft or liquid

macaque

short-tailed monkey of rocky regions of Asia and Africa

futile

producing no result or effect

dodge

a quick evasive movement

scout

explore, often with the goal of finding something or somebody

objectionable

causing offense or disapproval

blasphemous

grossly irreverent toward what is held to be sacred

consumption

the act of using something up

premise

a statement that is held to be true

excess

the state of being more than full

unequivocal

admitting of no doubt or misunderstanding

clan

group of people related by blood or marriage

wasp

social or solitary hymenopterans typically having a slender body with the abdomen attached by a narrow stalk and having a formidable sting

apprenticeship

the position of one working for an expert to learn a trade

culminate

end, especially to reach a final or climactic stage

bestow

give as a gift

combat

the act of fighting; any contest or struggle

existence

the state or fact of being

elimination

the act of removing or getting rid of something

condemnation

an expression of strong disapproval

dread

fearful expectation or anticipation

raider

someone who takes spoils or plunder (as in war)

cartel

a consortium formed to limit commercial competition

axiom

a proposition that is not susceptible of proof or disproof

postulate

maintain or assert

imperil

pose a threat to; present a danger to

scarcity

a small and inadequate amount

courteous

characterized by politeness and gracious good manners

discretionary

having the ability to act according to your own judgment

absurd

inconsistent with reason or logic or common sense

inherently

in an essential manner

inherently

in an essential manner

intrinsic

belonging to a thing by its very nature

tenet

a religious doctrine proclaimed as true without proof

atheistic

related to a lack of belief in the existence of God

illustrate

depict with a visual representation

demonstrate

give an exhibition of to an interested audience

detrimental

causing harm or injury

interbreed

breed animals or plants using parents of different races and varieties

trait

a distinguishing feature of your personal nature

coeval

of the same period

displacement

to move something from its natural environment

transitional

of or relating to change from one state to another

cast

put or send forth

exemption

an act freeing someone from obligations

abolish

do away with

quash

declare invalid

statute

an act passed by a legislative body

prognosis

a prediction of the course of a disease

incumbent

necessary as a duty or responsibility; morally binding

entrant

someone who comes in

foothold

a place providing support for the foot in standing or climbing

disarray

untidiness, especially of clothing and appearance

estrogen

a general term for female steroid sex hormones that are secreted by the ovary and responsible for typical female sexual characteristics

serotonin

a neurotransmitter involved in e.g. sleep and depression and memory

aesthetically

in a tasteful way

disputed

subject to disagreement and debate

radically

in an extreme or revolutionary manner

isosceles triangle

a triangle with two equal sides

domestication

adaptation to intimate association with human beings

acreage

an area of ground used for some particular purpose

aerodynamics

the branch of mechanics that deals with the motion of gases

recklessness

the trait of giving little thought to danger

avidly

in a zealous manner

backwater

a body of water that was created by a flood or tide

bead

a small ball with a hole through the middle

bearer

a messenger who presents

anole

small arboreal tropical American insectivorous lizards with the ability to change skin color

apportion

distribute according to a plan or set apart for a special purpose

avidly

in a zealous manner

bicker

argue over petty things

uncontested

not disputed and not made the object of contention or competition

bounty

the property of copious abundance

brace

a support that steadies or strengthens something else

brass

an alloy of copper and zinc

bucolic

devoted to raising sheep or cattle

burglarize

enter and rob a dwelling

burrow

a hole made by an animal, usually for shelter

buttress

a support usually of stone or brick

calefaction

the property of being warming

calf

young of domestic cattle

canopy

a covering (usually of cloth) that shelters an area

captivate

attract; cause to be enamored

captive

a person who is confined; especially a prisoner of war

carcass

the dead body of an animal

carcinogen

any substance that produces cancer

cascade

a small waterfall or series of small waterfalls

casualty

someone injured or killed in an accident

cataclysmic

severely destructive

catalyst

substance that initiates or accelerates a chemical reaction

catastrophe

a sudden violent change in the earth’s surface

celestial

relating to or inhabiting a divine heaven

census

a periodic count of the population

centrality

the property of being central

ceramic

an artifact made of clay baked at a high temperature

bolt

a screw that screws into a nut to form a fastener

caste

a hereditary social class among Hindus

drown

kill by submerging in water

cessation

a stopping

chaise

a carriage consisting of two wheels and a calash top

chalice

a bowl-shaped drinking vessel

charter

a document creating an institution and specifying its rights

chauvinism

fanatical patriotism

choreographer

someone who creates new dances

circumspect

careful to consider potential consequences and avoid risk

circumvent

surround so as to force to give up

clergy

the entire class of religious officials in Christianity

collateral

accompanying; following as a consequence

combustion

a reaction of a substance with oxygen to give heat and light

commend

present as worthy of regard, kindness, or confidence

commensurate

corresponding in size or degree or extent

commoner

a person who holds no title

ardent

characterized by intense emotion

chronicle

a record or narrative description of past events

astonishment

the feeling that accompanies something extremely surprising

contempt

lack of respect accompanied by a feeling of intense dislike

skepticism

doubt about the truth of something

ridicule

language or behavior intended to mock or humiliate

utter

without qualification

agitated

physically disturbed or set in motion

condescending

characteristic of those who treat others with arrogance

denunciatory

containing warning of punishment

derogatory

expressive of low opinion

fervent

characterized by intense emotion

perplexed

full of difficulty or confusion or bewilderment

amusement

an activity that is diverting and that holds the attention

disdain

lack of respect accompanied by a feeling of intense dislike

scorn

lack of respect accompanied by a feeling of intense dislike

condemn

express strong disapproval of

confederation

the state of being allied

confine

place limits on

conform

be similar, be in line with

congenial

suitable to your needs

congregation

the act of assembling

conscience

motivation deriving from ethical or moral principles

conscription

compulsory military service

consecutive

one after the other

conserve

keep in safety and protect from harm, loss, or destruction

consortium

a cooperative association among institutions or companies

conspire

act in agreement and in secret towards a deceitful purpose

constellation

a configuration of stars as seen from the earth

constituent

one of the individual parts making up a composite entity

constraint

the state of being physically limited

constrict

squeeze or press together

contemptuous

expressing extreme scorn

contiguous

having a common boundary or edge

contingent

determined by conditions or circumstances that follow

contraband

distributed or sold illicitly

uproot

move forcibly from a homeland into a new foreign environment

brazen

unrestrained by convention or propriety

equitable

fair to all parties as dictated by reason and conscience

cosmetic

serving an esthetic rather than a useful purpose

winnow

the act of separating grain from chaff

hurdle

a light barrier that competitors must leap over in races

conversion

the act of changing from one use or function to another

convey

transmit or serve as the medium for transmission

convoluted

highly complex or intricate

coronary

surrounding the heart like a crown

corral

a pen for cattle

corroborate

give evidence for

corrosion

erosion by chemical action

cortex

the tissue forming the outer layer of an organ or structure in plant or animal

cosmic

pertaining to or characteristic of the universe

counterfeit

not genuine; imitating something superior

countermeasure

an action taken to offset another action

counterpart

a person or thing having the same function as another

countervail

oppose and mitigate the effects of by contrary actions

courier

a person who carries a message

cowhide

the hide of a cow

cramped

constricted in size

crass

so unrefined as to be lacking in discrimination

credence

the mental attitude that something is believable

crest

the top or extreme point of something

cripple

deprive of the use of a limb, especially a leg

crude

belonging to an early stage of technical development

cryptic

having a secret or hidden meaning

cumbersome

difficult to handle or use because of size or weight

cupidity

extreme greed for material wealth

customs

money collected under a tariff

countermeasure

an action taken to offset another action

crossbred

bred from parents of different varieties or species

dialectical

relating to reasoning by the exchange of logical arguments

philosophical

relating to the investigation of existence and knowledge

mimetic

exhibiting or characterized by imitation

rivalry

the act of competing as for profit or a prize

assembly

a group of persons gathered together for a common purpose

signatory

one who writes his or her name on and is bound by a document

debase

make impure by adding a foreign or inferior substance

debris

the remains of something that has been destroyed

debunk

expose while ridiculing

declension

the inflection of nouns and pronouns and adjectives in Indo-European languages

decorous

characterized by propriety and dignity and good taste

deferential

showing courteous regard for people’s feelings

defiant

boldly resisting authority or an opposing force

deficit

the property of being less than expected or required

deflect

turn from a straight course or fixed direction

delicate

developed with extreme subtlety

delineate

represented accurately or precisely

delve

turn up, loosen, or remove earth

demobilization

act of changing from a war basis to a peace basis including disbanding or discharging troops

denunciatory

containing warning of punishment

deplete

use up, as resources or materials

depreciation

a decrease in price or value

deprivation

the disadvantage that results from losing something

desegregation

incorporation of a formerly excluded group into a community

despise

look down on with disdain

detached

no longer connected or joined

devastate

cause extensive destruction or ruin utterly

devise

arrange by systematic planning and united effort

dexterity

adroitness in using the hands

dwelling

housing that someone is living in

fodder

coarse food composed of plants or leaves and stalks

histogram

a bar chart representing a frequency distribution

nostril

either one of the two external openings to the nasal cavity in the nose

prehensile

adapted for grasping especially by wrapping around an object

syndicate

an association of companies for some definite purpose

phylogeny

evolutionary development of a species or group of organisms

sporadically

in an irregular or unpredictable manner

epidemic

a widespread outbreak of an infectious disease

prediction

a statement made about the future

flea

any wingless bloodsucking parasitic insect noted for ability to leap

asymptomatic

having no signs or manifestations of an illness or disease

scenery

the appearance of a place

flora

all the plant life in a particular region or period

hinder

be an obstacle to

desolate

providing no shelter or sustenance

aeration

the process of exposing to air (so as to purify)

vastness

unusual largeness in size or extent or number

pollinator

an insect that carries pollen from one flower to another

parrot

usually brightly colored zygodactyl tropical birds with short hooked beaks and the ability to mimic sounds

subsist

support oneself

sustenance

the act of providing a means of subsistence or survival

stout

having rugged physical strength

feral

wild and menacing

evolve

undergo development

deterrent

something immaterial that interferes with action or progress

unpalatable

not pleasant or acceptable to the taste or mind

contingency

the state of being dependent on something

numerator

the dividend of a fraction

denominator

the divisor of a fraction

factorial

the product of all the integers up to and including a given integer

pollen

the fine spores that contain male gametes and that are borne by an anther in a flowering plant

equivocally

in an ambiguous manner

divergent

tending to move apart in different directions

impulse

an impelling force or strength

calibration

the act of checking or adjusting (by comparison with a standard) the accuracy of a measuring instrument

solute

the dissolved matter in a solution

elapse

pass by

cease

put an end to a state or an activity

strained

lacking natural ease

despite

contemptuous disregard

equating

the act of regarding as equal

conspicuously

in a manner tending to attract attention

genial

diffusing warmth and friendliness

gauge

an instrument for measuring and indicating a quantity

gentry

the most powerful members of a society

glacier

a slowly moving mass of ice

gland

any of various organs that synthesize substances needed by the body and release it through ducts or directly into the bloodstream

glean

gather, as of natural products

gloomy

depressingly dark

graphite

used as a lubricant and as a moderator in nuclear reactors

grove

a small growth of trees without underbrush

habitat

the type of environment in which an organism normally lives

hail

precipitation of ice pellets

hamper

prevent the progress or free movement of

harness

an arrangement of leather straps fitted to a draft animal

haze

dust or smoke in the air that causes reduced visibility

hedge

a fence formed by a row of closely planted shrubs or bushes

heed

careful attention

hemoglobin

a hemoprotein that gives red blood cells their color

hereditary

occurring among people descended from a common ancestor

hinterland

a remote and undeveloped area

hitherto

up to this point; until the present time

hoary

having gray or white hair as with age

homeostasis

metabolic equilibrium maintained by biological mechanisms

hominid

a member of a family of primate mammals that includes humans

homogeneity

the quality of being similar or comparable

hone

sharpen with a whetstone

horticultural

of or relating to the cultivation of plants

hue

the quality of a color determined by its dominant wavelength

hydroponic

of or relating to aquiculture

hypnotize

induce a state that resembles sleep in

ideograph

a written or drawn character that represents a concept

carbon

an abundant nonmetallic element in all organic compounds

debilitated

lacking strength or vigor

paralyzed

affected with paralysis
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