GMAT VERB – 500 Words

abdicate

give up, such as power, as of monarchs and emperors

absorb

take in a liquid

accelerate

move faster

accommodate

have room for; hold without crowding

accord

concurrence of opinion

accrue

grow by addition

accumulate

get or gather together

acquire

come into the possession of something concrete or abstract

activate

put in motion

adapt

make fit for, or change to suit a new purpose

addict

to cause to become dependent

adhere

stick to firmly

adjust

alter or regulate so as to conform to a standard

administer

supervise or be in charge of

admit

declare to be true or accept the reality of

advocate

a person who pleads for a person, cause, or idea

afflict

cause physical pain or suffering in

allege

report or maintain

allegiance

the act of binding yourself to a course of action

allergy

hypersensitive immunological reaction to some substance

alleviate

provide physical relief, as from pain

allocate

distribute according to a plan or set apart for a purpose

allude

make an indirect reference to

ally

a friendly nation

alter

cause to change; make different

alternate

go back and forth

amass

collect or gather

amend

make revisions to

amplify

increase the volume of

antedate

be earlier in time; go back further

anticipate

regard something as probable or likely

appliance

a device or tool that is very useful for a particular job

appoint

assign a duty, responsibility, or obligation to

apportion

distribute according to a plan or set apart for a special purpose

approve

judge to be right or commendable; think well of

approximate

not quite exact or correct

array

an impressive display

articulate

express or state clearly

ascending

the act of changing location in an upward direction

ascribe

attribute or credit to

assemble

create by putting components or members together

assert

declare or affirm solemnly and formally as true

assess

estimate the nature, quality, ability or significance of

assign

select something or someone for a specific purpose

assume

take to be the case or to be true

attain

gain with effort

authenticate

establish the undisputed credibility of something

authorize

grant permission or clearance for

automate

operate or make run by machines rather than human action

backwater

a body of water that was created by a flood or tide

bar

a rigid piece of metal or wood

beckon

summon with a wave, nod, or some other gesture

bestow

give as a gift

bias

a partiality preventing objective consideration of an issue

bicker

argue over petty things

bind

secure with or as if with ropes

bisect

cut in half or cut in two

block

obstruct

bolster

support and strengthen

bond

a connection that fastens things together

bonus

an additional payment (or other remuneration) to employees as a means of increasing output

boom

a deep prolonged loud noise

boomerang

a curved piece of wood

boost

increase

bounce

spring back; spring away from an impact

bound

confined by bonds

boycott

refusal to have commercial dealings with some organization

brace

a support that steadies or strengthens something else

brew

sit or let sit in boiling water so as to extract the flavor

bring about

cause to happen, occur or exist

bulge

swell or protrude outwards

burglarize

enter and rob a dwelling

buttress

a support usually of stone or brick

calculate

make a mathematical computation

capitalize

write in large alphabetic characters

captivate

attract; cause to be enamored

capture

seize as if by hunting, snaring, or trapping

cater

give what is desired or needed

cease

put an end to a state or an activity

certify

provide evidence for

circulate

move through a system and return to the starting point

circumvent

surround so as to force to give up

clog

any object that acts as a hindrance or obstruction

codify

organize into a system, such as a body of law

coincide

happen simultaneously

collaborate

work together on a common enterprise or project

collapse

break down, literally or metaphorically

collide

crash together with violent impact

combine

put or add together

commend

present as worthy of regard, kindness, or confidence

commit

engage in or perform

compel

force somebody to do something

compensate

make amends for

complement

something added to embellish or make perfect

comply

act in accordance with someone’s rules, commands, or wishes

compose

form the substance of

comprehend

get the meaning of something

compress

squeeze or press together

comprise

be composed of

compromise

an accommodation in which both sides make concessions

conceal

prevent from being seen or discovered

concede

give over

conceive

have the idea for

condemn

express strong disapproval of

condense

cause a gas or vapor to change into a liquid

conduct

the way a person behaves toward other people

confer

present

confess

admit to a wrongdoing

confirm

strengthen

conform

be similar, be in line with

confront

oppose, as in hostility or a competition

consent

give an affirmative reply to; respond favorably to

conserve

keep in safety and protect from harm, loss, or destruction

conspire

act in agreement and in secret towards a deceitful purpose

constitute

form or compose

constrict

squeeze or press together

consult

seek information from

contaminate

make impure

contemplate

think intently and at length, as for spiritual purposes

contend

compete for something

contract

a binding agreement that is enforceable by law

contradict

prove negative; show to be false

convert

change the nature, purpose, or function of something

convey

transmit or serve as the medium for transmission

convince

make realize the truth or validity of something

coordinate

of equal importance, rank, or degree

corral

a pen for cattle

correlate

bear a reciprocal or mutual relation

correspond

take the place of or be parallel or equivalent to

corroborate

give evidence for

counteract

act in opposition to

counterfeit

not genuine; imitating something superior

countervail

oppose and mitigate the effects of by contrary actions

credit

an estimate of ability to fulfill financial commitments

culminate

end, especially to reach a final or climactic stage

curb

the act of restraining power or action or limiting excess

curtail

terminate or abbreviate before its intended or proper end

customs

money collected under a tariff

cutback

a reduction in quantity or rate

debase

make impure by adding a foreign or inferior substance

debunk

expose while ridiculing

decay

the organic phenomenon of rotting

decimate

kill in large numbers

decipher

convert code into ordinary language

decorate

make more attractive, as by adding ornament or color

deduce

reason from the general to the particular

deduct

make a subtraction

deem

judge or regard in a particular way

default

an option that is selected automatically

deflect

turn from a straight course or fixed direction

deform

assume a different shape

defrost

make or become free of frost or ice

degrade

reduce in worth or character, usually verbally

dehydrate

remove water from

delineate

represented accurately or precisely

delve

turn up, loosen, or remove earth

demonstrate

give an exhibition of to an interested audience

denote

have as a meaning

depart

go away or leave

depict

give a description of

deplete

use up, as resources or materials

deposit

the act of putting something somewhere

deprecate

express strong disapproval of; deplore

depress

push down

derive

come from

descend

move downward and lower, but not necessarily all the way

deserve

be worthy

designate

design or destine

desire

the feeling that accompanies an unsatisfied state

despise

look down on with disdain

detach

cause to become separated

deteriorate

become worse or disintegrate

devastate

cause extensive destruction or ruin utterly

devise

arrange by systematic planning and united effort

diagnose

subject to a medical analysis

dictate

a guiding principle

digest

convert food into absorbable substances

dilute

lessen the strength or flavor of a solution or mixture

diminish

decrease in size, extent, or range

discard

anything that is cast aside

discern

detect with the senses

discharge

remove the unbalanced electricity from

discipline

a system of rules of conduct or method of practice

discount

an amount or percentage deducted

discrete

constituting a separate entity or part

discriminate

marked by the ability to see or make fine distinctions

disenfranchise

deprive of voting rights

dislodge

remove or force from a position previously occupied

dismantle

take off or remove

dismay

the feeling of despair in the face of obstacles

dispel

to cause to separate and go in different directions

dispense

administer or bestow, as in small portions

disperse

move away from each other

dispose

give, sell, or transfer to another

disproportionate

out of proper balance

disrupt

make a break in

disseminate

cause to become widely known

dissent

a difference of opinion

dissipate

cause to separate and go in different directions

dissociate

part; cease or break association with

distill

undergo condensation

distort

twist and press out of shape

distinguish

mark as different

distribute

give to several people

disturb

move deeply

diverge

move or draw apart

differentiate

acquire a distinct character

divest

take away possessions from someone

divulge

make known to the public information previously kept secret

domesticate

make fit for cultivation and service to humans

dominate

be in control

donate

give to a charity or good cause

dramatize

put into a form intended for performance

dump

a piece of land where waste materials are dumped

effect

a phenomenon that is caused by some previous phenomenon

elaborate

marked by complexity and richness of detail

elevate

raise from a lower to a higher position

elongate

make long or longer by pulling and stretching

elude

escape, either physically or mentally

embalm

preserve a dead body

embark

go on board

embed

fix or set securely or deeply

embellish

make more attractive, as by adding ornament or color

embrace

squeeze tightly in your arms, usually with fondness

emulate

strive to equal or match, especially by imitating

enact

order by virtue of superior authority; decree

enclose

surround completely

encode

convert information into code

encompass

include in scope

encounter

come together

encroach

advance beyond the usual limit

endanger

pose a threat to

endeavor

attempt by employing effort

endorse

approve of

endothermic

occurring or formed with absorption of heat

enforce

compel to behave in a certain way

engage

consume all of one’s attention or time

engender

call forth

engulf

flow over or cover completely

enhance

increase

enlightened

having knowledge and spiritual insight

enlist

join the military

enormous

extraordinarily large in size or extent or degree

enrich

make better or improve in quality

enroll

register formally as a participant or member

ensemble

an assemblage of parts considered as forming a whole

entail

have as a logical consequence

entice

provoke someone to do something through persuasion

entitle

give the right to

enumerate

specify individually

envelop

enclose or enfold completely with or as if with a covering

envision

imagine, conceive of, or see in one’s mind

equalize

make equal, uniform, corresponding, or matching

equip

provide with, usually for a specific purpose

eradicate

destroy completely, as if down to the roots

erase

remove by or as if by rubbing

erode

remove soil or rock

escalate

increase in extent or intensity

eschew

avoid and stay away from deliberately

esteem

the condition of being honored

estimate

judge tentatively

evaporate

change into gas or steam

evolve

undergo development

exacerbate

make worse

exaggerate

enlarge beyond bounds or the truth

excavate

recover through digging

exclude

prevent from entering; shut out

excrete

eliminate from the body

execute

put in effect

exemplify

be characteristic of

exert

put to use

exempt

freed from or not subject to an obligation or liability

exhaust

wear out completely

exonerate

pronounce not guilty of criminal charges

expatriate

a person who is voluntarily absent from home or country

expire

lose validity

explode

burst and release energy as through a violent reaction

exploit

use or manipulate to one’s advantage

explore

travel to or penetrate into

export

sell or transfer abroad

expound

add details, as to an account or idea

extend

stretch out over a distance, space, time, or scope

exterminate

kill on a large scale

extinguish

put out, as of fires, flames, or lights

extract

remove, usually with some force or effort

evade

avoid or try to avoid fulfilling, answering, or performing

facilitate

make easier

filibuster

a tactic for delaying legislation by making long speeches

flourish

grow vigorously

fluctuate

move or sway in a rising and falling or wavelike pattern

foresee

realize beforehand

foreshadow

indicate by signs

forestall

keep from happening or arising; make impossible

forfeit

lose the right to or lose by some error, offense, or crime

forge

create by hammering

fortify

make strong or stronger

foster

providing nurture though not related by blood or legal ties

frustrate

hinder or prevent, as an effort, plan, or desire

fuel

a substance that can be consumed to produce energy

function

what something is used for

generate

bring into existence

glean

gather, as of natural products

grant

let have

grind

reduce to small pieces or particles by pounding or abrading

guarantee

an unconditional commitment that something will happen

hail

precipitation of ice pellets

hamper

prevent the progress or free movement of

harmonize

bring into accord

hatch

a movable barrier covering an entrance

haunt

follow stealthily or pursue like a ghost

hedge

a fence formed by a row of closely planted shrubs or bushes

heed

careful attention

highlight

an area of lightness in a picture

hinder

be an obstacle to

hover

hang in the air; fly or be suspended above

howl

cry loudly, as of animals

hum

sing with closed lips

hypnotize

induce a state that resembles sleep in

hypothesize

believe especially on uncertain or tentative grounds

identify

recognize as being

ignite

cause to start burning

illuminate

make lighter or brighter

illustrate

depict with a visual representation

imitate

reproduce someone’s behavior or looks

impede

be a hindrance or obstacle to

implement

a piece of equipment or a tool used for a specific purpose

herd

a group of cattle or sheep or other domestic mammals

hominid

a member of a family of primate mammals that includes humans

homogeneous

all of the same or similar kind or nature

hone

sharpen with a whetstone

impose

charge and collect payment

incorporate

make into a whole or make part of a whole

incur

make oneself subject to

indicate

designate a place, direction, person, or thing

induce

cause to act in a specified manner

indulge

yield to; give satisfaction to

infect

contaminate with a disease

infest

occupy in large numbers or live on a host

inflate

fill with gas or air

inflict

impose something unpleasant

infuse

fill, as with a certain quality

ingest

take food, drink, or some other substance into the body

inhabit

live in; be a resident of

inherit

receive from a predecessor

inhibit

limit the range or extent of

initiate

set in motion, start an event or prepare the way for

inoculate

inject or treat with the germ of a disease to render immune

inscribe

carve, cut, or etch into a material or surface

insert

introduce

install

set up for use

instill

impart gradually

instruct

impart skills or knowledge to

insulate

surround with material to protect from heat, cold, or noise

integrate

make into a whole or make part of a whole

intensify

increase in extent

interact

do something together or with others

intercept

seize, interrupt, or stop something on its way

interfere

get involved, so as to alter or hinder an action

intersect

meet or cross at a point; overlap

intersperse

introduce into one’s writing or speech (certain expressions)

intimate

marked by close acquaintance, association, or familiarity

intrigue

a crafty and involved plot to achieve your ends

invade

march aggressively into a territory by military force

invoke

request earnestly; ask for aid or protection

isolate

place or set apart

jeopardize

pose a threat to; present a danger to

justify

show to be right by providing proof

juxtapose

place side by side

lag

hang or fall in movement, progress, development, etc.

launch

propel with force

laxity

an absence of rigor or strictness

leach

cause (a liquid) to percolate

lease

a contract granting use or occupation of property

leaven

a substance used to produce fermentation in dough

lessen

decrease in size, extent, or range

manipulate

influence or control shrewdly or deviously

manufacture

put together out of artificial or natural components

mature

having reached full natural growth or development

mediate

act between parties with a view to reconciling differences

mimic

imitate, especially for satirical effect

mitigate

lessen or to try to lessen the seriousness or extent of

monitor

someone who observes to ensure fairness or prevent mistakes

mortgage

a conveyance of property as security for repaying a loan

mow

cut with a blade or mower

multiply

combine by adding the same number repeatedly

naturalize

make into a citizen

necessitate

require as useful, just, or proper

negotiate

discuss the terms of an arrangement

nominate

propose as a candidate for some honor

misinterpret

construe wrongly

misrepresent

describe or present falsely

obsess

be preoccupied with something

obscure

not clearly understood or expressed

offset

a compensating equivalent

onset

the beginning or early stages

originate

come into existence; take on form or shape

outfit

a set of clothing

outlaw

a criminal, especially one on the run from police

outnumber

be larger in number

outline

the line that appears to bound an object

outrage

a disgraceful event

outstrip

go far ahead of

overcharge

rip off; ask an unreasonable price

overflow

flow or run over (a limit or brim)

overlay

put something on top of something else

overlie

lie upon; lie on top of

overlook

have a view of something from above

overstock

stock excessively

overwhelm

overcome, as with emotions or perceptual stimuli

patrol

the activity of going around or through an area at regular intervals for security purposes

peddle

sell or offer for sale from place to place

penetrate

pass into or through, often by overcoming resistance

perceive

become aware of through the senses

permit

allow the presence of or allow without opposing

permeate

spread or diffuse through

perpetuate

cause to continue or prevail

perplex

be a mystery or bewildering to

persecute

cause to suffer

persist

refuse to stop

perturb

disturb in mind or make uneasy or cause to be worried

pinpoint

the sharp point of a pin

pirate

someone who robs at sea or plunders the land from the sea without having a commission from any sovereign nation

placate

cause to be more favorably inclined

plead

appeal or request earnestly

plummet

drop sharply

plunge

dash violently or with great speed or impetuosity

pollinate

fertilize by transfering pollen

portray

represent abstractly, for example in a painting

possess

have ownership of

predate

be earlier in time; go back further

predicate

involve as a necessary condition of consequence

predict

tell in advance

predominate

be larger in number, quantity, power, status or importance

prefigure

imagine or consider beforehand

prejudice

a partiality preventing objective consideration of an issue

prepay

pay for something before receiving it

prescribe

issue commands or orders for

preserve

keep in safety and protect from harm, loss, or destruction

preside

act as executive officer

presume

take to be the case or to be true

presuppose

take for granted or as a given

probe

an exploratory action or expedition

proceed

move ahead; travel onward in time or space

proclaim

declare formally

procure

get by special effort

project

a planned undertaking

proliferate

grow rapidly

propagate

multiply through reproduction

prorate

make a proportional settlement or distribution

prosper

make steady progress

provoke

provide the needed stimulus for

prudery

excessive or affected modesty

pursue

follow in an effort to capture

quadruple

having four units or components

qualify

prove capable or fit; meet requirements

quest

the act of searching for something

quote

repeat a passage from

radiate

send out rays or waves

raid

a sudden short attack

ration

a fixed portion that is allotted

rebut

overthrow by argument, evidence, or proof

recall

bring to mind

reclaim

reassert one’s right or title to

recommend

express a good opinion of

reconcile

come to terms

reconvene

meet or cause to meet again

recoup

regain or make up for

recourse

act of turning to for assistance

recur

happen or occur again

refine

reduce to a pure state

reflex

an automatic instinctive unlearned reaction to a stimulus

refrain

resist doing something

refute

overthrow by argument, evidence, or proof

regenerate

reestablish on a new, usually improved, basis

reinforce

strengthen and support with rewards

rekindle

arouse again

release

grant freedom to; free from confinement

relay

passing something along from one person or group to another

relieve

free from a burden, evil, or distress

relinquish

turn away from; give up

remedy

a medicine or therapy that cures disease or relieves pain

render

give or supply

renounce

turn away from; give up

repeal

cancel officially

replicate

reproduce or make an exact copy of

repudiate

refuse to acknowledge, ratify, or recognize as valid

rescind

cancel officially

resemble

be similar or bear a likeness to

resent

feel bitter or indignant about

reside

live in

resign

accept as inevitable

resist

withstand the force of something

resolve

find a solution or answer

resort

have recourse to

respire

draw air into, and expel out of, the lungs

restore

bring back into original existence, function, or position

restrain

hold back

resume

take up or begin anew

retain

secure and keep for possible future use or application

retrieve

get or find back; recover the use of
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