GMAT-TOEFEL – 530 Words

anthem

a song of devotion or loyalty

land grant

a grant of public land (as to a railway or college)

pledge

a binding commitment to do or give or refrain from something

oddity

eccentricity that is not easily explained

changeling

a child secretly exchanged for another in infancy

divest

take away possessions from someone

inadequacy

a lack of competence

reckless

marked by defiant disregard for danger or consequences

avail

be of use to, be useful to

lingering

the act of tarrying

patchwork

sewing consisting of pieces of different materials sewn together in a pattern

stout

having rugged physical strength

stout

having rugged physical strength

limb

one of the jointed appendages of an animal

fold

bend or lay so that one part covers the other

ward off

prevent the occurrence of

damp

slightly wet

hatch

a movable barrier covering an entrance

tadpole

a larval frog or toad

gill

organ allowing aquatic animals to obtain oxygen from water

pond

a small lake

wrap

cloak that is folded or wrapped around a person

hamper

prevent the progress or free movement of

hamper

prevent the progress or free movement of

fool

a person who lacks good judgment

abrasion

erosion by friction

enamel

any smooth glossy coating that resembles ceramic glaze

disclose

expose to view as by removing a cover

trigger

lever that activates the firing mechanism of a gun

bail out

remove from a boat by dipping and throwing over the side

bucket

a roughly cylindrical vessel that is open at the top

fledgling

young bird that has just become capable of flying

outpouring

the pouring forth of a fluid

lay out

lay out orderly or logically in a line or as if in a line

marble

a hard crystalline metamorphic rock that takes a high polish

neglect

leave undone or leave out

scam

a fraudulent business scheme

curtail

terminate or abbreviate before its intended or proper end

chunk

a compact mass

sprinkle

scatter with liquid; wet lightly

joyful

full of or producing great happiness

penchant

a strong liking

fate

the ultimate agency predetermining the course of events

shield

armor carried on the arm to intercept blows

cockpit

compartment where the pilot sits while flying an aircraft

cling

hold on tightly or tenaciously

groundbreaking

the ceremonial breaking of the ground to formally begin a construction project

lash out

attack in speech or writing

bristle

a stiff hair

ironclad

inflexibly entrenched and unchangeable

scoop

the shovel or bucket of a dredge or backhoe

bleak

unpleasantly cold and damp

feud

a bitter quarrel between two parties

groundbreaking

the ceremonial breaking of the ground to formally begin a construction project

advent

arrival that has been awaited

dairying

the business of a dairy

dairy

a farm where dairy products are produced

supersede

take the place or move into the position of

wiry

lean but strong

empirical

derived from experiment and observation rather than theory

shunning

deliberately avoiding

fray

wear away by rubbing

encompass

include in scope

womb

a hollow muscular organ in which a developing fetus grows

hint

an indirect suggestion

slip

move obliquely or sideways, usually in an uncontrolled manner

damp

slightly wet

spark

a small fragment of a burning substance

retaliation

action taken in return for an injury or offense

upfront

frank and honest

scramble

move hurriedly

incumbent

necessary as a duty or responsibility; morally binding

rosy

having the pinkish flush of health

bundling

the act of binding something into a bundle

awash

covered with water

stockpiling

accumulating and storing a reserve supply

decouple

disconnect or separate

indebtedness

an obligation to pay money to another party

balk

refuse to comply

impeach

bring an accusation against

push back

cause to move back by force or influence

brothel keeper

a woman who runs a house of prostitution

atonement

the act of making amends for sin or wrongdoing

ribbon

any long object resembling a thin line

derail

run off or leave the tracks

slam

close violently

sow

place seeds in or on the ground for future growth

hatred

the emotion of intense dislike

slander

words falsely spoken that damage the reputation of another

sin

an act that is regarded as a transgression of God’s will

riding

the sport of siting on the back of a horse while controlling its movements

seizure

the taking possession of something by legal process

deceive

cause someone to believe an untruth

conceit

the trait of being unduly vain

prowl

move about in or as if in a predatory manner

ravel

disentangle

harness

an arrangement of leather straps fitted to a draft animal

hog

domestic swine

endeavor

attempt by employing effort

pit

a sizeable hole, usually in the ground

burial

the ritual placing of a corpse in a grave

watershed

a ridge of land that separates two adjacent river systems

quintessential

representing the perfect example of a class or quality

lintel

a horizontal beam over a door or window

pagoda

an Asian temple

eaves

the overhang at the lower edge of a roof

ambiance

the atmosphere of an environment

verandah

a porch along the outside of a building

dimness

the state of being poorly illuminated

far cry

a disappointing disparity

anachronistic

chronologically misplaced

nag

bother persistently with trivial complaints

crawling

a slow mode of locomotion on hands and knees or dragging the body

derail

run off or leave the tracks

fist

a hand with the fingers clenched in the palm

clenched

closed or squeezed together tightly

impeachment

a formal document charging a public official with misconduct

impeachment

a formal document charging a public official with misconduct

boisterous

full of rough and exuberant animal spirits

grasp

hold firmly

unveil

make visible

savior

a person who rescues you from harm or danger

ruthless

without mercy or pity

distill

undergo condensation

wary

marked by keen caution and watchful prudence

summons

a request to be present

pall

burial garment in which a corpse is wrapped

pall

burial garment in which a corpse is wrapped

barred

preventing entry or exit or a course of action

lynch

kill without legal sanction

foul-mouthed

using foul or obscene language

layman

someone who is not a clergyman or a professional person

whipper

a person who administers punishment by wielding a switch or whip

whitewash

wash consisting of lime and size in water

boot

footwear that covers the whole foot and lower leg

cram

crowd or pack to capacity

border

the boundary of a surface

kicker

a player who kicks the football

nun

a woman religious

altar boy

a boy serving as an acolyte

slander

words falsely spoken that damage the reputation of another

headway

forward movement

mesmerizing

attracting and holding interest as if by a spell

crisp

tender and brittle

ethereal

characterized by lightness and insubstantiality

fade

become less clearly visible or distinguishable

dexterity

adroitness in using the hands

rendering

a performance of a musical composition or a dramatic role

rendering

a performance of a musical composition or a dramatic role

shutdown

termination of operations

dire

fraught with extreme danger; nearly hopeless

stalemate

a situation in which no progress can be made

vow

a solemn pledge to do something

hone

sharpen with a whetstone

quagmire

a soft wet area of low-lying land that sinks underfoot

haggle

an instance of intense argument (as in bargaining)

haggle

an instance of intense argument (as in bargaining)

bin

a container; usually has a lid

bin

a container; usually has a lid

stonewalling

stalling or delaying especially by refusing to answer questions or cooperate

gill

organ allowing aquatic animals to obtain oxygen from water

lining

a protective covering that protects an inside surface

preclude

make impossible, especially beforehand

shove

come into rough contact with while moving

imbue

spread or diffuse through

fallout

radioactive particles that settle after a nuclear explosion

shady

sheltered from the sun’s rays

semblance

an outward appearance that is deliberately misleading

roost

a perch on which birds or bats rest or sleep

embody

represent in bodily form

haggle

an instance of intense argument (as in bargaining)

muddle

make clouded as with sediment

loath

strongly opposed

enraged

marked by extreme anger

yank

pull with a sudden movement

outlier

an extreme deviation from the mean

stalemate

a situation in which no progress can be made

furlough

a temporary leave of absence from military duty

scuttle

an entrance equipped with a hatch

filibuster

a tactic for delaying legislation by making long speeches

quagmire

a soft wet area of low-lying land that sinks underfoot

haggle

an instance of intense argument (as in bargaining)

stonewalling

stalling or delaying especially by refusing to answer questions or cooperate

bulb

anything with a round shape resembling a teardrop

drained

emptied or exhausted of

expedite

process fast and efficiently

broth

liquid in which meat and vegetables are simmered

stew

cook slowly and for a long time in liquid

strive

attempt by employing effort

knitting

needlework created by interlacing yarn in a series of connected loops using straight eyeless needles or by machine

shed

cause or allow to flow or run out or over

whimsical

determined by chance or impulse rather than by necessity

dwarf

a person who is markedly small

tantalize

harass with persistent teasing or baiting

entice

provoke someone to do something through persuasion

usher

someone employed to conduct others

drumming

the act of playing drums

seize

take hold of; grab

defeat

an unsuccessful ending to a struggle or contest

plausible

apparently reasonable and valid, and truthful

peddling

the act of selling goods for a living

greedy

immoderately desirous of acquiring something

glaring

shining intensely

awry

turned or twisted to one side

entourage

the group following and attending to some important person

gaffe

a socially awkward or tactless act

underpin

support with evidence or authority or make more certain or confirm

limping

disability of walking due to crippling of the legs or feet

deflection

a turning aside (of your course or attention or concern)

sinister

wicked, evil, or dishonorable

troll

supernatural creature thought to live in caves or mountains

gullible

naive and easily deceived or tricked

mislead

take someone in the wrong direction or give wrong directions

glaring

shining intensely

loath

strongly opposed

tout

advertise in strongly positive terms

wilderness

a wild and uninhabited area left in its natural condition

overhaul

make repairs, renovations, revisions or adjustments to

knell

the sound of a bell rung slowly to announce a death

breed

cause to procreate (animals)

shelter

covering that provides protection from the weather

disrupt

make a break in

crop up

appear suddenly or unexpectedly

stash

save up as for future use

sneakily

in a surreptitious manner

benchmark

a surveyor’s mark on an object of predetermined position

bench

a long seat for more than one person

nominally

in name only

admonish

scold or reprimand; take to task

foregoing

especially of writing or speech; going before

overlap

extend over and cover a part of

realm

a domain in which something is dominant

gradient

a graded change in the magnitude of something

counteract

act in opposition to

disservice

an act intended to help that turns out badly

bearing

characteristic way of holding one’s body

spur

a sharp prod on a rider’s heel used to urge a horse onward

tight

closely constrained or constricted or constricting

wipe out

use up (resources or materials)

smuggler

someone who imports or exports goods illegally

refrain

resist doing something

throughput

output relative to input

turnout

attendance for a particular event or purpose

plausible

apparently reasonable and valid, and truthful

compliance

the act of submitting, usually surrendering power to another

compliant

disposed to act in accordance with someone’s wishes

barred

preventing entry or exit or a course of action

buttress

a support usually of stone or brick

buttress

a support usually of stone or brick

fume

a cloud of fine particles suspended in a gas

impeachment

a formal document charging a public official with misconduct

overhaul

make repairs, renovations, revisions or adjustments to

adage

a condensed but memorable saying embodying an important fact

peddling

the act of selling goods for a living

goatee

a small chin beard trimmed to a point

weary

physically and mentally fatigued

manhunt

an organized search for a person

hoarding

large outdoor signboard

allegedly

according to what has been declared but not proved

heap

a collection of objects laid on top of each other

oversee

watch and direct

instrumental

serving or acting as a means or aid

entangled

twisted together in a tangled mass

allay

lessen the intensity of or calm

legitimacy

lawfulness by virtue of being authorized

vindicate

show to be right by providing justification or proof

dismally

in a dreadful manner

grievance

a complaint about a wrong that causes resentment

grievance

a complaint about a wrong that causes resentment

overturned

having been turned so that the bottom is no longer the bottom

leery

openly distrustful and unwilling to confide

marginal

at or constituting a border or edge

egalitarian

favoring social equality

ephemeral

anything short-lived, as an insect that lives only for a day

inordinately

extremely

bluntly

in a blunt direct manner

oblivion

the state of being disregarded or forgotten

enticing

highly attractive and able to arouse hope or desire

hurdles

a footrace in which contestants must negotiate a series of hurdles

runoff

an election to resolve a vote that did not produce a winner

belie

be in contradiction with

embrace

squeeze tightly in your arms, usually with fondness

foreshadow

indicate by signs

reimbursement

compensation paid for damages or money already spent

rather

more readily or willingly

swampland

low land that is seasonally flooded

conjecture

believe especially on uncertain or tentative grounds

lift

raise from a lower to a higher position

tax bracket

a category of taxpayers based on the amount of their income

upfront

frank and honest

cast

put or send forth

lure

provoke someone to do something through persuasion

utility

the quality of being of practical use

mold

the distinctive form in which a thing is made

meager

deficient in amount or quality or extent

wreak

cause to happen or to occur as a consequence

havoc

violent and needless disturbance

ubiquitous

being present everywhere at once

repel

force or drive back

deterrent

something immaterial that interferes with action or progress

tout

advertise in strongly positive terms

boast

talk about oneself with excessive pride or self-regard

ruthless

without mercy or pity

canny

showing self-interest and shrewdness in dealing with others

industrious

characterized by hard work and perseverance

shrewd

marked by practical hardheaded intelligence

cursory

hasty and without attention to detail; not thorough

perfunctory

hasty and without attention to detail; not thorough

relish

vigorous and enthusiastic enjoyment

witty

combining clever conception and facetious expression

witty

combining clever conception and facetious expression

serendipitous

lucky in making unexpected and fortunate discoveries

fortuitous

occurring by happy chance

foresight

seeing ahead; knowing in advance; foreseeing

prescient

perceiving the significance of events before they occur

iconoclastic

characterized by attack on established beliefs

heterodox

characterized by departure from accepted standards

elated

exultantly proud and joyful; in high spirits

keen

intense or sharp

prolix

tediously prolonged or tending to speak or write at length

long-winded

using or containing too many words

outbreak

a sudden occurrence or increase of something undesirable

curb

the act of restraining power or action or limiting excess

whereabouts

the general location of someone or something

soreness

a pain that is felt (as when the area is touched)

naughty

badly behaved

advocate

a person who pleads for a person, cause, or idea

unwarranted

incapable of being justified or explained

soak up

take in, also metaphorically

tissue

part of an organism consisting of an aggregate of cells

crook

a long staff with one end being hook shaped

burrow

a hole made by an animal, usually for shelter

litter

rubbish carelessly dropped or left about

owl

nocturnal bird of prey with hawk-like beak and claws and large head with front-facing eyes

secluded

hidden from general view or use

hatchling

a young bird or animal that has just emerged from an egg

rear

the side of an object that is opposite its front

tadpole

a larval frog or toad

puddle

a small body of standing water (rainwater) or other liquid

bearing

characteristic way of holding one’s body

outlawed

contrary to or forbidden by law

bark

the sound made by a dog

sprawl

sit or lie with one’s limbs spread out

sprawl

sit or lie with one’s limbs spread out

ploughing

tilling the land with a plow

plow

a farm tool for breaking up or turning over soil

rill

a small stream

gully

a deep ditch cut by running water

lure

provoke someone to do something through persuasion

wilderness

a wild and uninhabited area left in its natural condition

dexterity

adroitness in using the hands

stall

a small area set off for special use

straightforward

pointed directly ahead

thrust

push forcefully

grasp

hold firmly

buttress

a support usually of stone or brick

tow

drag behind

deceitful

marked by deliberate deceptiveness

fallow

left unplowed and unseeded during a growing season

gravitation

the force of attraction between all masses in the universe

tout

advertise in strongly positive terms

attrition

the act of rubbing together

downward

extending or moving from a higher to a lower place

shortcoming

a failing or deficiency

alike

having the same or similar characteristics

eroded

worn away as by water or ice or wind

erosion

the process of wearing or grinding something down

cohesive

well integrated

seep

pass gradually or leak or as if through small openings

disheartening

destructive of morale and self-reliance

foreshock

a tremor preceding an earthquake

scarp

a long steep slope or cliff at the edge of a plateau or ridge; usually formed by erosion

subtly

in a manner difficult to detect or grasp

resentment

a feeling of deep and bitter anger and ill-will

instill

impart gradually

whirling

the act of rotating in a circle or spiral

restrain

hold back

reckless

marked by defiant disregard for danger or consequences

relentless

never-ceasing

accountability

responsibility to someone or for some activity

account

a record or narrative description of past events

settlement

the act of colonizing; the establishment of colonies

confine

place limits on

sour

one of the four basic taste sensations

stain

make dirty or spotty, as by exposure to air

gear

a toothed wheel that engages another toothed mechanism

buffeted

pounded or hit repeatedly by storms or adversities

bust

a sculpture of the head and shoulders of a person

buffeted

pounded or hit repeatedly by storms or adversities

bust

a sculpture of the head and shoulders of a person

tweak

adjust finely

uproot

move forcibly from a homeland into a new foreign environment

buoyant

tending to float on a liquid or rise in air or gas

wreck

something or someone that has suffered ruin or dilapidation

shrug off

minimize the importance of, brush aside

herring

a commercially important fish that is often eaten as food

squabble

a quarrel about petty points

bliss

a state of extreme happiness

foster

providing nurture though not related by blood or legal ties

hatred

the emotion of intense dislike

tablecloth

a covering spread over a dining table

crockery

ceramic dishes used for serving food

underpin

support with evidence or authority or make more certain or confirm

enfranchisement

the act of certifying or bestowing a franchise on

hoard

a secret store of valuables or money

capitalize

write in large alphabetic characters

sought

that is looked for

bereaved

sorrowful through loss or deprivation

coffin

a box in which a corpse is buried

grid

a pattern of regularly spaced horizontal and vertical lines

pole

a long rod of wood, metal, or plastic

rip

tear or be torn violently

kin

a person related to another or others

pliers

a gripping hand tool with two hinged arms and serrated jaws

upbeat

pleasantly optimistic and cheerful

thoroughness

conscientiousness in performing all aspects of a task

lift off

depart from the ground

sake

the purpose of achieving or obtaining

appalled

struck with fear, dread, or consternation

ravage

cause extensive destruction or ruin utterly

grime

thick or ingrained dirt

defiant

boldly resisting authority or an opposing force

escort

accompany

abiding

unceasing

rattled

thrown into a state of agitated confusion;

loom

a textile machine for weaving yarn into a textile

sluggish

moving slowly

unflattering

not showing or representing in a favorable way

scholarship

profound learned knowledge

reinvigorated

with restored energy

reinvigorate

impart new strength, vitality, or energy

dairying

the business of a dairy

sow

place seeds in or on the ground for future growth

reap

get or derive

conniving

acting together in secret toward a fraudulent or illegal end

span

the distance or interval between two points

ore

a mineral that contains metal valuable enough to be mined

reckon

expect, believe, or suppose

impeachment

a formal document charging a public official with misconduct

defeat

an unsuccessful ending to a struggle or contest

oust

remove from a position or office

cue

a reminder for some action or speech

pinpoint

the sharp point of a pin

compelling

driving or forcing

outraged

angered at something unjust or wrong

sluggish

moving slowly

pitch

the high or low quality of a sound

slam

close violently

backlog

an accumulation of jobs not done or materials not processed

woefully

in an unfortunate or deplorable manner

unleash

turn loose or free from restraint

unleash

turn loose or free from restraint

burgeon

grow and flourish

bot

botfly larva

shad

bony flesh of herring-like fish usually caught during their migration to fresh water for spawning; especially of Atlantic coast

milldam

dam to make a millpond to provide power for a water mill

culvert

a transverse and enclosed drain under a road or railway

baboon

large terrestrial monkeys having doglike muzzles

inmate

a resident of a dwelling or institution

tilt

lean over; tip

appeasement

the act of acceding to demands

whatsoever

one or some or every or all without specification

shogunate

a form of government in which the ruler is an absolute dictator (not restricted by a constitution or laws or opposition etc.)

droplet

a tiny drop

step

the act of changing location by raising the foot and setting it down

leap

move forward by bounds

preparedness

the state of having been made ready or prepared for use or action (especially military action)

debar

prevent the occurrence of; prevent from happening

alloy

a mixture containing two or more metallic elements

cumbersome

difficult to handle or use because of size or weight

cumbersome

difficult to handle or use because of size or weight

airburst

an explosion in the atmosphere

hitter

someone who hits

innings

the batting turn of a cricket player or team

intersperse

introduce into one’s writing or speech (certain expressions)

endeavor

attempt by employing effort

bolster

support and strengthen

plunge

dash violently or with great speed or impetuosity

thickly

with a thick consistency

bolster up

support and strengthen

fleet

group of aircraft operating under the same ownership

assail

attack someone physically or emotionally

encroach

advance beyond the usual limit

ascribe

attribute or credit to

cling

hold on tightly or tenaciously

dipped

having abnormal sagging of the spine (especially in horses)

dip

immerse briefly into a liquid so as to wet, coat, or saturate

bug

general term for any insect or similar creeping or crawling invertebrate

film

a series of moving pictures that tells a story

blueprint

something intended as a guide for making something else

blob

an indistinct shapeless form

lattice

an arrangement of points in a regular periodic pattern

circumvent

surround so as to force to give up

backlash

a movement back from an impact

gobble

eat hastily without proper chewing

rejoice

feel happiness or joy

implausible

highly imaginative but unlikely

airing

the act of supplying fresh air and getting rid of foul air

rot

break down

overlap

extend over and cover a part of

tissue

part of an organism consisting of an aggregate of cells

overriding

having superior power and influence

pervasive

spreading or spread throughout

plunge

dash violently or with great speed or impetuosity

whiplash

an injury to the neck (the cervical vertebrae) resulting from rapid acceleration or deceleration (as in an automobile accident)

spurious

plausible but false

ricochet

spring back; spring away from an impact

forerunner

something that precedes something or someone

breath

the process of taking in and expelling air during breathing

breadth

the extent of something from side to side

misstatement

a statement that contains a mistake

infringement

an act that disregards an agreement or a right

adherence

the property or act of sticking together

gambling

the act of playing for stakes in the hope of winning

scramble

move hurriedly

keen

intense or sharp

novelty

originality by virtue of being refreshingly new

apprehension

fearful expectation or anticipation

forethought

planning or plotting in advance of acting

cardboard

a stiff moderately thick paper

trickle

run or flow slowly, as in drops or in an unsteady stream

coated

having or dressed in a coat

preclude

make impossible, especially beforehand

endeavor

attempt by employing effort

squandered

not used to good advantage

torn

unable to choose between two contrary options

myopic

unable to see distant objects clearly

cursory

hasty and without attention to detail; not thorough

bemused

perplexed by many conflicting situations or statements

stir up

provoke or stir up
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