GMAT P-S – 387 Words

preside

act as executive officer

presume

take to be the case or to be true

pretentious

creating an appearance of importance or distinction

prevail

be larger in number, quantity, power, status or importance

previous

just preceding something else in time or order

primate

any placental mammal of the order Primates

prime factor

the prime factors of a quantity are all of the prime quantities that will exactly divide the given quantity

prime number

an integer that has no integral factors but itself and 1

primer

an introductory textbook

primitive

characteristic of an earlier ancestral type

primordial

having existed from the beginning

prism

a polyhedron with two congruent and parallel faces

pristine

immaculately clean and unused

privatize

change from governmental to private control or ownership

proactive

causing something to happen rather than waiting to respond

probate

act or process of proving that a will was properly executed

probe

an exploratory action or expedition

problematic

making great mental demands

proceeds

the income or profit arising from a transaction

proclaim

declare formally

proctor

someone who supervises (an examination)

procure

get by special effort

prodigious

great in size, force, extent, or degree

proficient

having or showing knowledge and skill and aptitude

profile

an outline of something, especially a face from the side

profound

situated at or extending to great depth

profusion

the property of being extremely abundant

prohibitive

tending to discourage, especially of prices

proliferate

grow rapidly

prolific

intellectually productive

prolong

lengthen in time; cause to be or last longer

prominent

conspicuous in position or importance

prompt

according to schedule or without delay

pronounce

speak or utter in a certain way

prop

a support placed beneath or against something to keep it from shaking or falling

propaganda

information that is spread to promote some cause

propagate

multiply through reproduction

propensity

a natural inclination

proper fraction

a fraction with a numerator smaller than the denominator

property

something owned

propitious

presenting favorable circumstances

proponent

a person who pleads for a cause or propounds an idea

proportionate

being in due magnitude or extent

propound

put forward, as of an idea

proprietary

protected by trademark or patent or copyright

prosecute

conduct legal proceedings against a defendant

prospective

of or concerned with or related to the future

prospectus

a document that sets forth a plan for a business enterprise

protagonist

the principal character in a work of fiction

protein

an organic compound essential to living cells

protocol

forms of ceremony and etiquette observed by officials

proton

a stable particle with positive charge

protoplasm

the substance of a living cell

prototype

a standard or typical example

provenance

where something originated or was nurtured

provision

the activity of supplying something

provocative

serving or tending to excite or stimulate

prowl

move about in or as if in a predatory manner

proximity

the property of being close together

proxy

a person authorized to act for another

prudent

marked by sound judgment

prudery

excessive or affected modesty

pry

be nosey

pseudoscience

an activity resembling science but based on fallacious assumptions

psyche

that which is responsible for one’s thoughts and feelings

psychiatric

relating to the diagnosis and treatment of mental disorders

psychoactive

affecting the mind or mood or other mental processes

psychosis

severe mental disorder in which contact with reality is lost

psychotherapy

the treatment of mental or emotional problems by psychological means

publicity

a message issued in behalf of some product or cause or idea

pull away

pull back or move away or backward

pulsation

the rhythmic contraction and expansion of the arteries with each beat of the heart

punctuation

the use of marks to clarify meaning of written material

purge

rid of impurities

purify

distill or remove contaminants from

puritan

someone who adheres to strict religious principles

pyramid

a polyhedron having a polygonal base and triangular sides

quadrant

any of the four areas into which a plane is divided

quadratic

of or relating to the second power

quadrilateral

a four-sided polygon

quadrupedal

having four feet

quandary

state of uncertainty in a choice between unfavorable options

quarantine

isolation to prevent the spread of infectious disease

quiescent

being quiet or still or inactive

quintessential

representing the perfect example of a class or quality

quota

a prescribed number

quotation

a passage or expression that is cited

quotient

the number obtained by division

raccoon

an omnivorous nocturnal mammal native to North America and Central America

racist

a person with a belief in the superiority of one people

radial

relating to or near the radius

radiant

emanating or as if emanating light

radiate

send out rays or waves

radioactive

exhibiting or caused by emissions in nuclear decay

radius

a straight line from the center to the perimeter of a circle

radon

a radioactive gaseous element formed by the disintegration of radium; the heaviest of the inert gasses; occurs naturally (especially in areas over granite) and is considered a hazard to health

rage

a feeling of intense anger

raid

a sudden short attack

rally

gather or bring together

ramification

a consequence, especially one that causes complications

ranch

farm consisting of a large tract of land along with facilities needed to raise livestock (especially cattle)

ransom

the act of freeing from captivity or punishment

rapidity

a rate that is rapid

ratify

approve and express assent, responsibility, or obligation

ration

a fixed portion that is allotted

rationale

an explanation of the fundamental reasons

reactive

participating in processes changing substances into others

reactor

apparatus to maintain and control a nuclear reaction

rear

the side of an object that is opposite its front

rebut

overthrow by argument, evidence, or proof

recapture

the act of taking something back

recast

mold again

receptive

able to absorb liquid (not repellent)

receptor

a cellular structure that is postulated to exist in order to mediate between a chemical agent that acts on nervous tissue and the physiological response

recess

a state of abeyance or suspended business

recession

the act of returning control

recipient

a person who is sent something

reciprocal

concerning each of two or more persons or things

reclaim

reassert one’s right or title to

reconcile

come to terms

recoup

regain or make up for

recreation

an activity that diverts or amuses or stimulates

recurrent

happening again and again

reduction

the act of decreasing something

redundant

more than is needed, desired, or required

reef

a submerged ridge of rock or coral near the water’s surface

referendum

a legislative act referred for approval to a popular vote

referent

something referred to; the object of a reference

refinery

an industrial plant for purifying a crude substance

reflective

capable of physically throwing back light or sound

reflex

an automatic instinctive unlearned reaction to a stimulus

refraction

the change in direction of a propagating wave

refute

overthrow by argument, evidence, or proof

regain

get or find back; recover the use of

regime

the governing authority of a political unit

regiment

army unit smaller than a division

regressive

opposing progress; returning to a former less advanced state

regulate

bring into conformity with rules or principles or usage

rehabilitation

treatment of physical disabilities by massage and exercises

rehash

present or use again, with no or few changes

reign

royal authority; the dominion of a monarch

reinforce

strengthen and support with rewards

reiterate

say, state, or perform again

rekindle

arouse again

relay

passing something along from one person or group to another

release

grant freedom to; free from confinement

relegate

assign to a lower position

relentless

never-ceasing

relevant

having a bearing on or connection with the subject at issue

reliable

worthy of trust

reliance

the state of depending on something

religious

having or showing belief in and reverence for a deity

relinquish

turn away from; give up

reluctant

not eager

remainder

something left after other parts have been taken away

remarkable

unusual or striking

remedy

a medicine or therapy that cures disease or relieves pain

reminiscence

a mental impression retained and recalled from the past

remove

take something away as by lifting, pushing, or taking off

render

give or supply

rendition

a performance of a musical composition or a dramatic role

renovate

restore to a previous or better condition

renowned

widely known and esteemed

repayment

payment of a debt or obligation

repeal

cancel officially

repel

force or drive back

repellent

serving or tending to cause aversion

repercussion

a remote or indirect consequence of some action

repertory

a collection of works that an artist or company can perform

repetition

the act of doing or performing again

replacement

the act of substituting one person or thing for another

replenish

fill something that had previously been emptied

replete

filled to satisfaction with food or drink

replica

copy that is not the original

replicate

reproduce or make an exact copy of

repress

conceal or hide

reprisal

a retaliatory action against an enemy in wartime

reproach

express criticism towards

reproduce

make a copy or equivalent of

reptile

a cold-blooded vertebrate including snakes and lizards

repudiate

refuse to acknowledge, ratify, or recognize as valid

requisite

necessary for relief or supply

rescind

cancel officially

resemble

be similar or bear a likeness to

resent

feel bitter or indignant about

reservation

the act of setting aside for some future occasion

residue

matter that remains after something has been removed

resign

accept as inevitable

resolve

find a solution or answer

respective

considered individually

respiratory

pertaining to the act of breathing

respire

draw air into, and expel out of, the lungs

respondent

replying

responsive

reacting to a stimulus

restitution

the act of restoring something to its original state

restrain

hold back

resurgence

bringing again into activity and prominence

retain

secure and keep for possible future use or application

retaliate

make a counterattack and return like for like

retard

cause to move more slowly or operate at a slower rate

retention

the act of keeping something

retentive

having the capacity to hold something

revere

regard with feelings of respect

reversible

capable of being returned to the original condition

revert

go back to a previous state

revise

make changes to

revitalize

give new life or vigor to

revive

cause to regain consciousness

revoke

cancel officially

rhetoric

study of the technique for using language effectively

rhinoceros

massive powerful herbivorous odd-toed ungulate of southeast Asia and Africa having very thick skin and one or two horns on the snout

rhombus

a parallelogram with four equal sides

rhythmic

recurring with measured regularity

rhythmical

recurring with measured regularity

rib

any of the 12 pairs of curved arches of bone extending from the spine to or toward the sternum in humans (and similar bones in most vertebrates)

ribosome

a particle in a cell that helps synthesize proteins

rigorous

rigidly accurate; allowing no deviation from a standard

rinse

wash off soap or remaining dirt

rodent

relatively small placental mammals

routine

an unvarying or habitual method or procedure

rubbery

having an elastic texture

rudimentary

being in the earliest stages of development

rule of thumb

a principle that provides guidance to appropriate behavior

runner

someone who travels on foot by running

rupture

the act of making a sudden noisy break

sabotage

a deliberate act of destruction or disruption

salient

conspicuous, prominent, or important

salinity

the relative proportion of salt in a solution

saliva

a clear liquid secreted by glands in the mouth

sanction

official permission or approval

sanctuary

a consecrated place where sacred objects are kept

sanitary

free from filth and pathogens

sanitation

the state of being clean and conducive to health

sap

a watery solution in the vascular system of a plant

sapience

ability to apply knowledge, experience, or understanding

sapless

destitute of sap and other vital juices; dry

saturate

infuse or fill completely

scalable

capable of being scaled; possible to scale

scale

an ordered reference standard

scarcity

a small and inadequate amount

scatter

cause to separate and go in different directions

scavenger

someone who collects things discarded by others

scour

rub hard or scrub

scramble

move hurriedly

scrub

wash thoroughly

scrupulous

characterized by extreme care and great effort

scrutinize

examine carefully for accuracy

sear

become superficially burned

secular

someone who is not a clergyman or a professional person

sedentary

requiring sitting or little activity

sediment

matter that has been deposited by some natural process

seductive

tending to entice into a desired action or state

segregate

divide from the main body or mass and collect

seismic

subject to or caused by an earthquake or earth vibration

seismology

the branch of geology that studies earthquakes

selective

characterized by very careful or fastidious choice

semicircular

curved into a half circle

seminar

a course offered for a small group of advanced students

seniority

higher rank especially by reason of longer service

sensational

relating to elementary awareness of stimulation

sensible

able to feel or perceive

sensory

relating to or concerned in sensation

sensual

marked by the appetites and passions of the body

sentient

endowed with feeling and unstructured consciousness

sentiment

a personal belief or judgment

sentinel

a person employed to keep watch for some anticipated event

sequel

something that follows something else

sequence

a following of one thing after another in time

servitude

state of subjection to an owner or master

session

a meeting for execution of a group’s functions

severance

the act of cutting

sewage

waste matter carried away in drains

sewer

a conduit that carries away waste water or surface water

sexist

discriminatory on the basis of gender roles

shatter

break into many pieces

sheathe

enclose with a protective covering

shelter

covering that provides protection from the weather

shield

armor carried on the arm to intercept blows

shift

move very slightly

shoplift

steal in a store

shrewd

marked by practical hardheaded intelligence

shut off

block off the passage through

shuttle

bobbin that passes the weft thread between the warp threads

sickle

an edge tool for cutting grass or crops

sidestep

avoid or try to avoid fulfilling, answering, or performing

siege

an action of an armed force that surrounds a fortified place

signify

denote or connote

silkworm

the commercially bred hairless white caterpillar of the domestic silkworm moth which spins a cocoon that can be processed to yield silk fiber; the principal source of commercial silk

similarity

the quality of being alike

simultaneously

at the same instant

skeleton

the structure providing a frame for the body of an animal

sketch

preliminary drawing for later elaboration

sketchy

giving only major points; lacking completeness

skim

remove from the surface

skull

the bony skeleton of the head of vertebrates

slant

incline or bend from a vertical position

slice

a thin flat piece cut off of some object

slip

move obliquely or sideways, usually in an uncontrolled manner

sloth

a disinclination to work or exert yourself

sluggish

moving slowly

smallpox

a highly contagious viral disease characterized by fever and weakness and skin eruption with pustules that form scabs that slough off leaving scars

smear

smudge or soil by smudging

smog

air pollution by a mixture of smoke and fog

smuggle

import or export without paying customs duties

sniper

a marksman who shoots from a concealed place

sodium

a silvery soft waxy metallic element of the alkali metal group; occurs abundantly in natural compounds (especially in salt water); burns with a yellow flame and reacts violently in water; occurs in sea water and in the mineral halite (rock salt)

sojourn

a temporary stay

solicit

request urgently or persistently

solidarity

a union of interests or purposes among members of a group

solvent

capable of meeting financial obligations

soundness

a state or condition free from damage or decay

sovereign

a nation’s ruler usually by hereditary right

span

the distance or interval between two points

Spaniard

a native or inhabitant of Spain

spark

a small fragment of a burning substance

sparse

not dense

spatial

pertaining to the expanse in which things are located

specify

be particular about

specimen

a bit of tissue or fluid taken for diagnostic purposes

specious

plausible but false

spectator

a close observer; someone who looks at something

spectrum

a broad range of related objects, values, or qualities

speculate

reflect deeply on a subject

speculative

not based on fact or investigation

sphere

a round three-dimensional closed surface

spherical

relating to a round, three-dimensional closed surface

spill

flow, run or fall out and become lost

spin

revolve quickly and repeatedly around one’s own axis

spinach

plant cultivated for its succulent edible dark green leaves

spiny

having spines

spiral

something wound in a continuous series of loops

spleen

a large oval organ between the stomach and the diaphragm

split

separate into parts or portions

spoilage

the act of spoiling something by causing damage to it

spray

water in small drops in the atmosphere

sprinkle

scatter with liquid; wet lightly

spruce

any coniferous tree of the genus Picea

spurious

plausible but false

squash

any of numerous annual trailing plants of the genus Cucurbita grown for their fleshy edible fruits

squirrel

a kind of tree-dwelling rodent with a long bushy tail

stab

poke or thrust abruptly

stabilize

support and make steadfast

stagger

walk with great difficulty

stagnant

not growing or changing; without force or vitality

stakeholder

someone entrusted to hold the stakes for betting

stale

lacking freshness, palatability, or showing deterioration

stamp

walk heavily

stance

a rationalized mental attitude

standpoint

a mental position from which things are viewed

staple

material suitable for manufacture or use or finishing

startle

surprise greatly

static

not in physical motion

stationary

not capable of being moved

status quo

the existing state of affairs

statute

an act passed by a legislative body

steep

having a sharp inclination

steerage

the act of steering a ship

stem

cylinder forming a long narrow part of something

stench

a distinctive odor that is offensively unpleasant

stereotype

a conventional or formulaic conception or image

sterile

incapable of reproducing

stiff

incapable of or resistant to bending

stigmatize

condemn or openly or formally or brand as disgraceful

stinging

(of speech) harsh or hurtful in tone or character

stipend

a sum of money allotted on a regular basis

stipulate

make an express demand or provision in an agreement

stitch

a link or loop made by sewing, knitting, or needlework

stockpile

something kept back or saved for future use

strain

exert much effort or energy

stratigraphy

the branch of geology that studies the arrangement and succession of strata

stratosphere

atmospheric layer between the troposphere and the mesosphere

stray

wander from a direct course or at random

strenuous

taxing to the utmost; testing powers of endurance

stride

walk with long steps

strife

bitter conflict; heated often violent dissension

stringent

demanding strict attention to rules and procedures

stroke

a single complete movement

stubby

short and blunt

stun

make senseless or dizzy by or as if by a blow

stunt

check the growth or development of

sturdy

having rugged physical strength

subconscious

just below the level of awareness

subcontract

a contract assigning to another party some obligations of a prior contract

subdivision

the act of subdividing

subdue

put down by force or intimidation

submerge

put under water

submission

the act of surrendering power to another
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