GMAT List 8 Geography & Phytology – 70 Words

algae

primitive chlorophyll-containing aquatic organisms

cashew

a kidney-shaped nut

coriander

Old World herb with aromatic leaves and seed resembling parsley

escarole

variety of endive having leaves with irregular frilled edges

flora

all the plant life in a particular region or period

foliage

the aggregate of leaves of one or more plants

forage

collect or look around for, as food

hemp

any plant of the genus Cannabis

husk

material consisting of seed coverings and small pieces of stem or leaves that have been separated from the seeds

intracellular

located or occurring within a cell or cells

laurel

a small aromatic tree with shiny dark green leaves

maize

corn

membrane

a sheet of tissue that lines or connects organs or cells

mitochondrion

an organelle containing enzymes responsible for producing energy

organelle

a specialized part of a cell; analogous to an organ

organic

having properties characteristic of living beings

palm

the inner surface of the hand

photosynthesis

synthesis of compounds in plants aided by radiant energy

pollen

the fine spores that contain male gametes and that are borne by an anther in a flowering plant

pollinate

fertilize by transfering pollen

protoplasm

the substance of a living cell

rib

any of the 12 pairs of curved arches of bone extending from the spine to or toward the sternum in humans (and similar bones in most vertebrates)

runner

someone who travels on foot by running

species

taxonomic group whose members can interbreed

spinach

plant cultivated for its succulent edible dark green leaves

squash

any of numerous annual trailing plants of the genus Cucurbita grown for their fleshy edible fruits

stem

cylinder forming a long narrow part of something

sugarcane

tall tropical southeast Asian grass having stout fibrous jointed stalks; sap is a chief source of sugar

tissue

part of an organism consisting of an aggregate of cells

unicellular

having a single basic functional unit, of an organism

vegetation

the process of growth in plants

alluvial

relating to deposits carried by rushing streams

arctic

extremely cold

clay

water-soaked soil; soft, wet earth

delta

the 4th letter of the Greek alphabet

desert

leave someone who needs or counts on you; leave in the lurch

domain

a particular environment or walk of life

epicenter

a point on the Earth’s surface directly above an earthquake

equator

an imaginary line around the Earth forming a great circle

Eurasian

relating to, or coming from, Europe and Asia

geography

study of the earth’s surface

geology

science of the history of the earth as recorded in rocks

hemisphere

half of a sphere

latitude

an imaginary line around the Earth parallel to the equator

leeway

a permissible difference

limestone

a sedimentary rock consisting mainly of calcium that was deposited by the remains of marine animals

longitudinal

relating to lines that bisect the globe through the poles

lunar

of or relating to or associated with the moon

magma

molten rock in the earth’s crust

magnitude

the property of relative size or extent

marine

of or relating to the sea

meteorite

a stony or metallic object from space that hits the earth

peninsula

a large mass of land projecting into a body of water

prairie

a treeless grassy plain

ranch

farm consisting of a large tract of land along with facilities needed to raise livestock (especially cattle)

rapid

characterized by speed

salinity

the relative proportion of salt in a solution

seismic

subject to or caused by an earthquake or earth vibration

seismology

the branch of geology that studies earthquakes

slant

incline or bend from a vertical position

solar

relating to the sun or utilizing the energies of the sun

stratigraphy

the branch of geology that studies the arrangement and succession of strata

theodolite

a surveying instrument for measuring angles

topographical

concerned with topography

topsoil

the layer of soil on the surface

transatlantic

crossing the Atlantic Ocean

tributary

a branch that flows into the main stream

tropical

relating to part of the Earth’s surface with hot climate

terrain

a piece of ground having specific characteristics

zone

an area or region distinguished from adjacent parts
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