GMAT List 7-9 – 224 Words

contradict

prove negative; show to be false

control

power to direct or determine

controversy

a dispute where there is strong disagreement

convection

transfer of heat caused by molecular motion in liquid or gas

conversion

the act of changing from one use or function to another

convert

change the nature, purpose, or function of something

convey

transmit or serve as the medium for transmission

conviction

an unshakable belief in something without need for proof

convince

make realize the truth or validity of something

convoluted

highly complex or intricate

coordinate

of equal importance, rank, or degree

copper

a ductile malleable reddish-brown corrosion-resistant diamagnetic metallic element; occurs in various minerals but is the only metal that occurs abundantly in large masses; used as an electrical and thermal conductor

coral

a very small ocean creature that often forms reefs

cord

a line made of twisted fibers or threads

coronary

surrounding the heart like a crown

corporate

of or belonging to a business firm

corps

an army unit usually consisting of two or more divisions

corral

a pen for cattle

correlate

bear a reciprocal or mutual relation

correspond

take the place of or be parallel or equivalent to

corroborate

give evidence for

corrosion

erosion by chemical action

corruption

use of a position of trust for dishonest gain

cortex

the tissue forming the outer layer of an organ or structure in plant or animal

cosmetic

serving an esthetic rather than a useful purpose

cosmic

pertaining to or characteristic of the universe

council

a body serving in an administrative capacity

counteract

act in opposition to

counterfeit

not genuine; imitating something superior

countermeasure

an action taken to offset another action

counterpart

a person or thing having the same function as another

countervail

oppose and mitigate the effects of by contrary actions

coupon

a certificate that can be redeemed for value as needed

courier

a person who carries a message

courtesy

a considerate and respectful manner

cowhide

the hide of a cow

crack

a narrow opening

cramped

constricted in size

crass

so unrefined as to be lacking in discrimination

crate

a rugged box (usually made of wood); used for shipping

creativity

the ability to bring something into existence

credence

the mental attitude that something is believable

credit

an estimate of ability to fulfill financial commitments

creditworthiness

trustworthiness with money as based on a person’s credit history; a general qualification for borrowing

crest

the top or extreme point of something

criminology

the scientific study of crime and criminal behavior and law enforcement

cripple

deprive of the use of a limb, especially a leg

criterion

the ideal in terms of which something can be judged

critic

a person engaged in the analysis and interpretation of art

critique

appraise or judge in an analytical way

crossbred

bred from parents of different varieties or species

crucial

of extreme importance; vital to the resolution of a crisis

crude

belonging to an early stage of technical development

crusade

a series of actions tending toward a particular end

crust

a hard outer layer that covers something

cryptic

having a secret or hidden meaning

cube

a three-dimensional figure with six equal squares as faces

cue

a reminder for some action or speech

cuisine

the manner of preparing food or the food so prepared

culminate

end, especially to reach a final or climactic stage

culpability

a state of guilt

cult

a system of religious beliefs and rituals

cultivated

developed by human care and for human use

cumbersome

difficult to handle or use because of size or weight

cupidity

extreme greed for material wealth

curb

the act of restraining power or action or limiting excess

currency

the metal or paper medium of exchange that is presently used

curriculum

an integrated course of academic studies

curtail

terminate or abbreviate before its intended or proper end

customize

make to specifications

customs

money collected under a tariff

cutback

a reduction in quantity or rate

cyclic

marked by repeated series of events

cylinder

a surface generated by rotating a line around a fixed line

cylindrical

having the form of a cylinder

cynical

believing the worst of human nature and motives

debase

make impure by adding a foreign or inferior substance

debate

a discussion with reasons for and against some proposal

debris

the remains of something that has been destroyed

debunk

expose while ridiculing

decade

a period of 10 years

decay

the organic phenomenon of rotting

decimal

a number in a system based on ten

decimate

kill in large numbers

decipher

convert code into ordinary language

declension

the inflection of nouns and pronouns and adjectives in Indo-European languages

decorate

make more attractive, as by adding ornament or color

decorous

characterized by propriety and dignity and good taste

dedicated

devoted to a cause or ideal or purpose

deduce

reason from the general to the particular

deduct

make a subtraction

deem

judge or regard in a particular way

default

an option that is selected automatically

defendant

someone against whom an action is brought in a court of law

deferential

showing courteous regard for people’s feelings

defiant

boldly resisting authority or an opposing force

deficit

the property of being less than expected or required

definitive

clearly formulated

deflect

turn from a straight course or fixed direction

deform

assume a different shape

defrost

make or become free of frost or ice

degrade

reduce in worth or character, usually verbally

dehydrate

remove water from

deleterious

harmful to living things

deliberate

carefully thought out in advance

delicate

developed with extreme subtlety

delineate

represented accurately or precisely

delinquent

a young offender

delta

the 4th letter of the Greek alphabet

deluxe

rich and superior in quality

delve

turn up, loosen, or remove earth

demobilization

act of changing from a war basis to a peace basis including disbanding or discharging troops

democrat

an advocate of rule by and for the people

demography

the study of the characteristics of human populations

demonstrable

capable of being proved

demonstrate

give an exhibition of to an interested audience

denote

have as a meaning

dense

having high compaction or concentration

denunciatory

containing warning of punishment

depart

go away or leave

depict

give a description of

deplete

use up, as resources or materials

deposit

the act of putting something somewhere

deprecate

express strong disapproval of; deplore

depreciation

a decrease in price or value

depress

push down

depression

a sunken or lowered geological formation

deprivation

the disadvantage that results from losing something

derive

come from

descend

move downward and lower, but not necessarily all the way

description

the act of depicting something

desegregation

incorporation of a formerly excluded group into a community

deserve

be worthy

designate

design or destine

desire

the feeling that accompanies an unsatisfied state

despise

look down on with disdain

detach

cause to become separated

detached

no longer connected or joined

detection

the perception or discovery that something has occurred

deter

turn away from by persuasion

deteriorate

become worse or disintegrate

devastate

cause extensive destruction or ruin utterly

devise

arrange by systematic planning and united effort

devoid

completely wanting or lacking

dexterity

adroitness in using the hands

diagnose

subject to a medical analysis

diagonal

having an oblique or slanted direction

dialect

the usage or vocabulary characteristic of a group of people

diameter

the length of a straight line through the center of a circle

diaper

item worn by infant to catch excrement

dichotomy

a classification into two opposed parts or subclasses

dictate

a guiding principle

diesel

an internal-combustion engine that burns heavy oil

dietary

a regulated daily food allowance

differentiate

acquire a distinct character

digest

convert food into absorbable substances

digit

a finger or toe, or a corresponding body part

dilemma

state of uncertainty in a choice between unfavorable options

dilute

lessen the strength or flavor of a solution or mixture

dimension

a construct distinguishing objects or individuals

diminish

decrease in size, extent, or range

dinosaur

an extinct terrestrial reptile of the Mesozoic era

dioxide

an oxide containing two atoms of oxygen in the molecule

diploma

a document certifying the completion of a course of study

diplomatic

relating to negotiation between nations

dire

fraught with extreme danger; nearly hopeless

disaster

an event resulting in great loss and misfortune

discard

anything that is cast aside

discern

detect with the senses

discharge

remove the unbalanced electricity from

disciple

one who believes and helps spread the doctrine of another

discipline

a system of rules of conduct or method of practice

discord

lack of agreement or harmony

discount

an amount or percentage deducted

discrepancy

a difference between conflicting facts or claims or opinions

discrete

constituting a separate entity or part

discretionary

having the ability to act according to your own judgment

discriminate

marked by the ability to see or make fine distinctions

disdainful

showing arrogant superiority to those one views as unworthy

disenchanted

freed from enchantment

disenfranchise

deprive of voting rights

disinclined

unwilling because of mild dislike or disapproval

dislocation

an event that results in a displacement or discontinuity

dislodge

remove or force from a position previously occupied

dismal

causing dejection

dismantle

take off or remove

dismay

the feeling of despair in the face of obstacles

disparaging

expressive of low opinion

disparate

fundamentally different or distinct in quality or kind

dispel

to cause to separate and go in different directions

dispense

administer or bestow, as in small portions

disperse

move away from each other

dispose

give, sell, or transfer to another

disproportionate

out of proper balance

disrupt

make a break in

disseminate

cause to become widely known

dissent

a difference of opinion

dissipate

cause to separate and go in different directions

dissociate

part; cease or break association with

distill

undergo condensation

distinct

constituting a separate entity or part

distinguish

mark as different

distort

twist and press out of shape

distribute

give to several people

district

a region marked off for administrative or other purposes

disturb

move deeply

diverge

move or draw apart

diverse

distinctly dissimilar or unlike

divest

take away possessions from someone

dividend

a number to be divided by another number

divisible

capable of being or liable to be divided or separated

division

the act of partitioning

divisive

causing or characterized by disagreement or disunity

divulge

make known to the public information previously kept secret

doctorate

one of the highest earned degrees conferred by a university

doctrine

a belief accepted as authoritative by some group or school

dogma

a doctrine or code of beliefs accepted as authoritative

domain

a particular environment or walk of life

domestic

of or relating to the home

domesticate

make fit for cultivation and service to humans

dominate

be in control

donate

give to a charity or good cause

dormant

inactive but capable of becoming active

dose

a measured portion of medicine taken at any one time
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