GMAT List 4 Medical1 – 75 Words

acupuncture

treatment of pain or disease by inserting the tips of needles at specific points on the skin

adrenal

relating to the glands near the kidney or their secretions

ambulance

a vehicle that takes people to and from hospitals

amphetamine

a central nervous system stimulant that increases energy and decreases appetite; used to treat narcolepsy and some forms of depression

analgesic

capable of relieving pain

anesthetic

a drug that causes temporary loss of bodily sensations

antipsychotic

tranquilizer used to treat psychotic conditions when a calming effect is desired

astringent

tending to draw together or constrict soft organic tissue

cancerous

relating to or affected with cancer

clinical

relating to or based on direct observation of patients

diagnose

subject to a medical analysis

dope

street names for marijuana

dosage

a measured portion of medicine taken at any one time

do

engage in

function

what something is used for

erythromycin

an antibiotic (trade name Erythrocin or E-Mycin or Ethril or Ilosone or Pediamycin) obtained from the actinomycete Streptomyces erythreus; effective against many Gram-positive bacteria and some Gram-negative

immunology

the branch of medical science that studies the body’s immune system

infection

the invasion of the body by pathogenic microorganisms

infirmary

a health facility where patients receive treatment

influenza

an acute febrile highly contagious viral disease

inherited

occurring among members of a family usually by heredity

inhibitor

a substance that slows or stops an activity

inoculate

inject or treat with the germ of a disease to render immune

inpatient

a patient who is residing in the hospital where he is being treated

insomnia

an inability to sleep

insulin

hormone secreted by the isles of Langerhans in the pancreas

intestine

the part of the alimentary canal between the stomach and the anus

irritant

something that causes discomfort and annoyance

kidney

either of two bean-shaped excretory organs that filter wastes (especially urea) from the blood and excrete them and water in urine

liver

large and complicated reddish-brown glandular organ located in the upper right portion of the abdominal cavity; secretes bile and functions in metabolism of protein and carbohydrate and fat; synthesizes substances involved in the clotting of the blood; synthesizes vitamin A; detoxifies poisonous substances and breaks down worn-out erythrocytes

malady

impairment of normal physiological function

malaria

a disease caused by parasites transmitted by mosquito bite

marijuana

a plant from whose dried leaves drugs are prepared

marrow

network of connective tissue filling the cavities of bones

measles

a contagious viral disease marked by distinct red spots

medication

something that treats or prevents the symptoms of disease

migraine

a severe, recurring headache

morphine

an alkaloid narcotic drug extracted from opium

narcotic

a drug that produces numbness or stupor

nausea

the state that precedes vomiting

nicotine

an alkaloid poison that occurs in tobacco

off-the-shelf

(especially of clothing) made in standard sizes and available from merchandise in stock

opiate

a narcotic drug

outpatient

a patient who does not reside in the hospital where he is being treated

panacea

hypothetical remedy for all ills or diseases

paralysis

loss of the ability to move a body part

pediatric

of or relating to the medical care of children

penicillin

antibiotic used in the treatment of infections and diseases

pharmaceutical

relating to preparing and dispensing drugs and medicines

pharmacy

a retail shop where medicine and other articles are sold

physician

a licensed medical practitioner

plague

any large-scale calamity

plaque

a memorial made of brass

pneumonia

respiratory disease characterized by lung inflammation

prescription

the action of issuing authoritative rules or directions

proprietary

protected by trademark or patent or copyright

psychiatric

relating to the diagnosis and treatment of mental disorders

psychoactive

affecting the mind or mood or other mental processes

psychological

mental or emotional as opposed to physical in nature

psychosis

severe mental disorder in which contact with reality is lost

psychotherapy

the treatment of mental or emotional problems by psychological means

quarantine

isolation to prevent the spread of infectious disease

remedy

a medicine or therapy that cures disease or relieves pain

respiratory

pertaining to the act of breathing

respire

draw air into, and expel out of, the lungs

sanitary

free from filth and pathogens

sanitation

the state of being clean and conducive to health

smallpox

a highly contagious viral disease characterized by fever and weakness and skin eruption with pustules that form scabs that slough off leaving scars

spleen

a large oval organ between the stomach and the diaphragm

surgeon

a physician who specializes in surgery

surgical

of or relating to a medical operation

sustenance

the act of providing a means of subsistence or survival

syndrome

a pattern of symptoms indicative of some disease

tablet

a small flat compressed cake of some substance

tardive

late-occurring
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