GMAT List 24-30 – 250 Words

reception

the act of taking in

receptive

able to absorb liquid (not repellent)

receptor

a cellular structure that is postulated to exist in order to mediate between a chemical agent that acts on nervous tissue and the physiological response

recession

the act of returning control

recipe

directions for making something

recipient

a person who is sent something

reciprocal

concerning each of two or more persons or things

reclaim

reassert one’s right or title to

recommend

express a good opinion of

reconcile

come to terms

reconvene

meet or cause to meet again

recoup

regain or make up for

recourse

act of turning to for assistance

recreation

an activity that diverts or amuses or stimulates

recruit

cause to assemble or enlist in the military

rectangle

a parallelogram with four right angles

recur

happen or occur again

redress

make reparations or amends for

reef

a submerged ridge of rock or coral near the water’s surface

referendum

a legislative act referred for approval to a popular vote

referral

the act of sending or directing something to someone

refine

reduce to a pure state

reflex

an automatic instinctive unlearned reaction to a stimulus

refrain

resist doing something

refugee

an exile who flees for safety

refund

pay back

refutation

the act of determining that something is false

refute

overthrow by argument, evidence, or proof

regenerate

reestablish on a new, usually improved, basis

regime

the governing authority of a political unit

regiment

army unit smaller than a division

regressive

opposing progress; returning to a former less advanced state

reign

royal authority; the dominion of a monarch

reimburse

pay back for some expense incurred

reinforce

strengthen and support with rewards

rekindle

arouse again

relativity

the quality of having significance vis-a-vis something else

relay

passing something along from one person or group to another

release

grant freedom to; free from confinement

relentless

never-ceasing

reliable

worthy of trust

relic

an antiquity that has survived from the distant past

relieve

free from a burden, evil, or distress

religious

having or showing belief in and reverence for a deity

relinquish

turn away from; give up

reluctant

not eager

remainder

something left after other parts have been taken away

remedy

a medicine or therapy that cures disease or relieves pain

remnant

a small part remaining after the main part no longer exists

Renaissance

period of European history at the close of the Middle Ages

renal

of or relating to the kidneys

render

give or supply

renegade

someone who rebels and becomes an outlaw

renounce

turn away from; give up

renovation

the act of improving by renewing and restoring

renown

the state or quality of being widely honored and acclaimed

repeal

cancel officially

repertory

a collection of works that an artist or company can perform

replete

filled to satisfaction with food or drink

replicate

reproduce or make an exact copy of

representative

serving to typify

reptile

a cold-blooded vertebrate including snakes and lizards

repudiate

refuse to acknowledge, ratify, or recognize as valid

rescind

cancel officially

resemble

be similar or bear a likeness to

resent

feel bitter or indignant about

reserve

hold back or set aside, especially for future use

reservoir

lake used to store water for community use

reside

live in

residue

matter that remains after something has been removed

resign

accept as inevitable

resist

withstand the force of something

resolve

find a solution or answer

resonance

having the character of a loud deep sound

resort

have recourse to

respective

considered individually

respire

draw air into, and expel out of, the lungs

resplendent

having great beauty

responsible

worthy of or requiring trust; held accountable

responsive

reacting to a stimulus

restitution

the act of restoring something to its original state

restore

bring back into original existence, function, or position

restrain

hold back

resume

take up or begin anew

resurgence

bringing again into activity and prominence

retail

the selling of goods to consumers

retain

secure and keep for possible future use or application

retaliation

action taken in return for an injury or offense

retention

the act of keeping something

reticent

reluctant to draw attention to yourself

retrieve

get or find back; recover the use of

revamp

patch up or renovate; repair or restore

revenue

the entire amount of income before any deductions are made

reverence

a feeling of profound respect for someone or something

reverse

change to the contrary

revert

go back to a previous state

revise

make changes to

revitalize

give new life or vigor to

revive

cause to regain consciousness

revolution

a single complete turn

rhetoric

study of the technique for using language effectively

rheumatic

of or pertaining to arthritis

rhinoceros

massive powerful herbivorous odd-toed ungulate of southeast Asia and Africa having very thick skin and one or two horns on the snout

rib

any of the 12 pairs of curved arches of bone extending from the spine to or toward the sternum in humans (and similar bones in most vertebrates)

ridge

a long narrow natural elevation or striation

ridicule

language or behavior intended to mock or humiliate

rigid

incapable of or resistant to bending

rigor

excessive sternness

rim

the shape of a raised edge of a more or less circular object

rinse

wash off soap or remaining dirt

ripple

a small wave on the surface of a liquid

ritual

the prescribed procedure for conducting religious ceremonies

rival

the contestant you hope to defeat

rodent

relatively small placental mammals

roost

a perch on which birds or bats rest or sleep

rotate

turn on or around an axis or a center

roughly

with rough motion as over a rough surface

round

having a circular shape

rudder

(nautical) steering mechanism consisting of a hinged vertical plate mounted at the stern of a vessel

rudimentary

being in the earliest stages of development

rug

floor covering consisting of a piece of thick heavy fabric

rugby

a form of football played with an oval ball

rugged

having long narrow shallow depressions in the surface

ruin

an irrecoverable state of devastation and destruction

rumor

gossip passed around by word of mouth

runner

someone who travels on foot by running

rupture

the act of making a sudden noisy break

sacred

made or declared or believed to be holy

sacrifice

the act of killing in order to appease a deity

saleable

capable of being sold; fit for sale

salient

conspicuous, prominent, or important

saline

containing salt

salvage

rescuing a ship or its crew from a shipwreck or a fire

sample

a small part intended as representative of the whole

samurai

feudal Japanese military aristocracy

sanction

official permission or approval

sanctuary

a consecrated place where sacred objects are kept

sandbar

a bar of sand

sane

mentally healthy; free from mental disorder

sanitary

free from filth and pathogens

saturated

unable to dissolve still more of a substance

scale

an ordered reference standard

scapegoat

someone who is punished for the errors of others

scarce

deficient in quantity or number compared with the demand

scatter

cause to separate and go in different directions

scent

any property detected by the olfactory system

scheme

an elaborate and systematic plan of action

scorn

lack of respect accompanied by a feeling of intense dislike

scorpion

arachnid of warm dry regions having a long segmented tail ending in a venomous stinger

scour

rub hard or scrub

scout

explore, often with the goal of finding something or somebody

scramble

move hurriedly

scrap

a small fragment of something broken off from the whole

scrape

cut the surface of; wear away the surface of

screen

partition consisting of a decorative frame or panel that serves to divide a space

scribe

someone employed to make written copies of documents

scrub

wash thoroughly

scrupulous

characterized by extreme care and great effort

scrutinize

examine carefully for accuracy

sculpture

a three-dimensional work of plastic art

scurrilous

expressing offensive reproach

secluded

hidden from general view or use

secrete

generate and separate from cells or bodily fluids

secure

free from danger or risk

sedentary

requiring sitting or little activity

sediment

matter that has been deposited by some natural process

seedling

young plant or tree grown from a seed

seesaw

a plaything consisting of a board balanced on a fulcrum

segment

one of several parts that fit with others to make a whole

segregate

divide from the main body or mass and collect

seismic

subject to or caused by an earthquake or earth vibration

semicircle

a plane figure with the shape of half a circle

seminal

containing seeds of later development

seminar

a course offered for a small group of advanced students

senate

assembly possessing high legislative powers

sensation

an unelaborated elementary awareness of stimulation

sensible

able to feel or perceive

sensitive

responsive to physical stimuli

sensitize

make sensitive or aware

sentient

endowed with feeling and unstructured consciousness

sentinel

a person employed to keep watch for some anticipated event

separate

standing apart; not attached to or supported by anything

sequence

a following of one thing after another in time

session

a meeting for execution of a group’s functions

severe

unsparing and uncompromising in discipline or judgment

sewage

waste matter carried away in drains

shareholder

someone who holds shares of stock in a corporation

shatter

break into many pieces

shed

cause or allow to flow or run out or over

sheer

so thin as to transmit light

shelter

covering that provides protection from the weather

shield

armor carried on the arm to intercept blows

shortfall

the property of being an amount by which something is less than expected or required

shrill

having or emitting a high-pitched and sharp tone or tones

shrink

wither, as with a loss of moisture

shroud

burial garment in which a corpse is wrapped

shrub

a low woody plant usually having several stems

shuttle

bobbin that passes the weft thread between the warp threads

sibling

a person’s brother or sister

sidestep

avoid or try to avoid fulfilling, answering, or performing

siege

an action of an armed force that surrounds a fortified place

signify

denote or connote

simulate

reproduce someone’s behavior or looks

simultaneous

occurring or operating at the same time

sinew

a band of tissue connecting a muscle to its bony attachment

single entry

a simple bookkeeping system

singular

being a single and separate person or thing

sinus

an abnormal passage leading from a suppurating cavity to the body surface

sip

drink in sips

skeleton

the structure providing a frame for the body of an animal

skeptic

someone who habitually doubts accepted beliefs

skeptical

marked by or given to doubt

sketch

preliminary drawing for later elaboration

skull

the bony skeleton of the head of vertebrates

slam

close violently

slice

a thin flat piece cut off of some object

slick

made smooth, as by ice, grease, or water

slight

small in quantity or degree

slip

move obliquely or sideways, usually in an uncontrolled manner

slope

be at an angle

slot

a small slit (as for inserting a coin or depositing mail)

sloth

a disinclination to work or exert yourself

sluggish

moving slowly

slump

fall or sink heavily

smear

smudge or soil by smudging

smog

air pollution by a mixture of smoke and fog

smokestack

a large, tall chimney

smuggle

import or export without paying customs duties

snap

separate or cause to separate abruptly

sniper

a marksman who shoots from a concealed place

snout

a long projecting or anterior elongation of an animal’s head

snuff

inhale audibly through the nose

soar

rise rapidly

sodium

a silvery soft waxy metallic element of the alkali metal group; occurs abundantly in natural compounds (especially in salt water); burns with a yellow flame and reacts violently in water; occurs in sea water and in the mineral halite (rock salt)

solar

relating to the sun or utilizing the energies of the sun

solidarity

a union of interests or purposes among members of a group

solitary

not growing or living in groups or colonies

solvent

capable of meeting financial obligations

sophisticated

having worldly knowledge and refinement

sovereign

a nation’s ruler usually by hereditary right

span

the distance or interval between two points

sparse

not dense

spate

a sudden forceful flow

spatial

pertaining to the expanse in which things are located

spawn

the mass of eggs deposited by fish or amphibians or mollusks

specialize

become more focused on an area of activity or field of study

species

taxonomic group whose members can interbreed

specific

stated explicitly or in detail

specify

be particular about

specimen

a bit of tissue or fluid taken for diagnostic purposes
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