GMAT List 20-23 – 250 Words

overflow

flow or run over (a limit or brim)

overlap

extend over and cover a part of

overlay

put something on top of something else

overlie

lie upon; lie on top of

overlook

have a view of something from above

overlord

a person who has general authority over others

overpayment

a payment larger than needed or expected

overrun

seize the position of and defeat

overstock

stock excessively

overt

open and observable; not secret or hidden

overview

a general summary of a subject

overwhelm

overcome, as with emotions or perceptual stimuli

ovulate

produce and discharge eggs

ozone

a colorless gas that is a screen for ultraviolet radiation

pacemaker

a horse used to set the pace in racing

pact

a written agreement between two states or sovereigns

pad

a flat mass of soft material used for protection, stuffing, or comfort

pagination

the system of numbering pages

painstaking

characterized by extreme care and great effort

palatable

acceptable to the taste or mind

Paleolithic

second part of the Stone Age beginning about 750,00 to 500,000 years BC and lasting until the end of the last ice age about 8,500 years BC

pall

burial garment in which a corpse is wrapped

pallid

deficient in color suggesting physical or emotional distress

palm

the inner surface of the hand

paltry

contemptibly small in amount or size

pamphlet

a small book usually having a paper cover

panacea

hypothetical remedy for all ills or diseases

panel

sheet that forms a distinct section of something

pang

a sudden sharp feeling

pant

breathe noisily, as when one is exhausted

pantheon

a temple to all the gods of antiquity

par

the standard number of golf strokes

paradigm

a standard or typical example

paradox

a statement that contradicts itself

parallel

being everywhere equidistant and not intersecting

paralysis

loss of the ability to move a body part

paramount

having superior power and influence

parasite

an animal or plant that lives in or on a host

parish

a local church community

parity

functional equality

parliament

a legislative assembly in certain countries

parlor

a room in a private house or establishment where people can sit and talk and relax

parole

a conditional release from imprisonment

partial

being or affecting only a segment

participatory

affording the opportunity for individual involvement

particle

(nontechnical usage) a tiny piece of anything

particular

unique or specific to a person or thing or category

particulate

composed of distinct particles

partisan

a fervent and even militant proponent of something

passbook

a record of deposits and withdrawals and interest held by depositors at certain banks

passive

lacking in energy or will

pastoral

devoted to raising sheep or cattle

pasture

a field covered with grass and suitable for grazing

patch

a small contrasting part of something

patent

a document granting an inventor sole rights to an invention

paternalism

attitude that people should be controlled in a fatherly way

pathogenic

able to cause disease

patriotic

inspired by love for your country

patrol

the activity of going around or through an area at regular intervals for security purposes

patron

someone who supports or champions something

payroll

a list of employees and their salaries

peak

a V shape

peculiar

beyond or deviating from the usual or expected

pecuniary

relating to or involving money

peddle

sell or offer for sale from place to place

pedestrian

a person who travels by foot

peel

the rind of a fruit or vegetable

peer

look searchingly

pelvis

the structure of the skeleton supporting the lower limbs

penalty

the disadvantage or painful consequences of an action

penetrate

pass into or through, often by overcoming resistance

peninsular

of a mass of land projecting into a body of water

pension

regular payment to allow a person to subsist without working

perceive

become aware of through the senses

perceptible

capable of being grasped by the mind or senses

perennial

lasting an indefinitely long time

perfunctory

hasty and without attention to detail; not thorough

perimeter

a line enclosing a plane area

periodical

happening or recurring at regular intervals

periphery

the outside boundary or surface of something

permanent

continuing or enduring without marked change in status

permeate

spread or diffuse through

permit

allow the presence of or allow without opposing

pernicious

exceedingly harmful

perpendicular

intersecting at or forming right angles

perpetrator

someone who commits wrongdoing

perpetuate

cause to continue or prevail

perplex

be a mystery or bewildering to

persecute

cause to suffer

persist

refuse to stop

personnel

group of people willing to obey orders

perspective

a way of regarding situations or topics

pertinent

being of striking appropriateness

perturb

disturb in mind or make uneasy or cause to be worried

pervasive

spreading or spread throughout

perversion

the action of corrupting something

pesticide

a chemical used to kill destructive insects or animals

petition

a formal request that something be submitted to an authority

petroleum

a dark oil consisting mainly of hydrocarbons

pharmacy

a retail shop where medicine and other articles are sold

phase

any distinct time period in a sequence of events

philanthropic

of or relating to charitable giving

philosophy

the rational investigation of existence and knowledge

photon

a quantum of electromagnetic radiation

photosynthesis

synthesis of compounds in plants aided by radiant energy

physiology

the science dealing with the functioning of organisms

pigment

dry coloring material

pinpoint

the sharp point of a pin

pirate

someone who robs at sea or plunders the land from the sea without having a commission from any sovereign nation

placate

cause to be more favorably inclined

plague

any large-scale calamity

plaintiff

a person who brings an action in a court of law

plateau

a relatively flat highland

platform

a raised horizontal surface

plausible

apparently reasonable and valid, and truthful

plead

appeal or request earnestly

pledge

a binding commitment to do or give or refrain from something

plot

a small area of ground covered by specific vegetation

plow

a farm tool for breaking up or turning over soil

plummet

drop sharply

plunge

dash violently or with great speed or impetuosity

plywood

a laminate made of thin layers of wood

pneumonia

respiratory disease characterized by lung inflammation

pneumonic

relating to or affecting the lungs

poacher

someone who hunts or fishes illegally on the property of another

polar

of or existing within the Arctic or Antarctic Circles

poll

the counting of votes (as in an election)

pollen

the fine spores that contain male gametes and that are borne by an anther in a flowering plant

pollinate

fertilize by transfering pollen

polygraph

a medical instrument that records several physiological processes simultaneously (e.g., pulse rate and blood pressure and respiration and perspiration)

porcelain

ceramic ware made of a more or less translucent ceramic

portfolio

a large, thin case for loose papers or drawings or maps

portrait

any likeness of a person, in any medium

portray

represent abstractly, for example in a painting

posit

take as a given; assume as a postulate or axiom

positive

characterized by or displaying affirmation or acceptance

possess

have ownership of

posterity

all future generations

potent

having or wielding force or authority

potter

a craftsperson who makes ceramic objects

practitioner

someone who carries out a learned profession

pragmatic

concerned with practical matters

prairie

a treeless grassy plain

precise

sharply exact or accurate or delimited

precursor

something indicating the approach of something or someone

predate

be earlier in time; go back further

predation

the act of preying by a predator who kills and eats the prey

predator

any animal that lives by preying on other animals

predecessor

one who precedes you in time

predicament

an unpleasant or difficult situation

predicate

involve as a necessary condition of consequence

predict

tell in advance

predisposition

an inclination to interpret statements in a particular way

predominantly

much greater in number or influence

predominate

be larger in number, quantity, power, status or importance

preeminent

greatest in importance, degree, or significance

preferential

manifesting partiality

prefigure

imagine or consider beforehand

pregnancy

the state of being pregnant

prejudice

a partiality preventing objective consideration of an issue

premature

too soon or too hasty

premise

a statement that is held to be true

premium

having or reflecting superior quality or value

preoccupation

the mental state of being obsessed by something

prepay

pay for something before receiving it

preponderance

exceeding in heaviness; having greater weight

prerequisite

something that is needed or obligatory in advance

prescribe

issue commands or orders for

presentation

the activity of formally giving something, as a prize

preserve

keep in safety and protect from harm, loss, or destruction

preside

act as executive officer

prestige

a high standing achieved through success or influence

presume

take to be the case or to be true

presuppose

take for granted or as a given

prevalent

most frequent or common

previous

just preceding something else in time or order

prey

animal hunted or caught for food

priest

a clergyman in Christian churches who has the authority to perform or administer various religious rites; one of the Holy Orders

primary

of first rank or importance or value

primate

any placental mammal of the order Primates

primitive

characteristic of an earlier ancestral type

primordial

having existed from the beginning

princely

having the rank of or befitting a prince

principal

main or most important

priority

status established in order of importance or urgency

privilege

a special advantage or benefit not enjoyed by all

probability

a measure of how likely it is that some event will occur

probe

an exploratory action or expedition

procedure

a particular course of action intended to achieve a result

proceed

move ahead; travel onward in time or space

proceeds

the income or profit arising from a transaction

proclaim

declare formally

procreative

producing new life or offspring

procure

get by special effort

proficient

having or showing knowledge and skill and aptitude

profile

an outline of something, especially a face from the side

profound

situated at or extending to great depth

prognosis

a prediction of the course of a disease

progression

the act of moving forward, as toward a goal

progressive

favoring or promoting modern or innovative ideas

project

a planned undertaking

projection

the act of expelling or ejecting

prokaryote

a unicellular organism lacking membrane-bound nuclei

proliferate

grow rapidly

prominent

conspicuous in position or importance

promise

a verbal commitment agreeing to do something in the future

prompt

according to schedule or without delay

pronounce

speak or utter in a certain way

propagandistic

of or relating to or characterized by propaganda

propagate

multiply through reproduction

propel

cause to move forward with force

property

something owned

prophet

someone who speaks by divine inspiration

propitious

presenting favorable circumstances

proponent

a person who pleads for a cause or propounds an idea

proportion

relation with respect to comparative quantity or magnitude

proportional

having a constant ratio

proprietary

protected by trademark or patent or copyright

prorate

make a proportional settlement or distribution

prose

ordinary writing as distinguished from verse

prosecute

conduct legal proceedings against a defendant

prospect

the possibility of future success

prosper

make steady progress

protege

a person who receives support from an influential patron

protein

an organic compound essential to living cells

protestant

expressing opposition through action or words

protocol

forms of ceremony and etiquette observed by officials

proton

a stable particle with positive charge

prototype

a standard or typical example

provenance

where something originated or was nurtured

provision

the activity of supplying something

proviso

a stipulated condition

provoke

provide the needed stimulus for

proximity

the property of being close together

prudent

marked by sound judgment

prudery

excessive or affected modesty

pseudonym

a fictitious name used when performing a particular role

psyche

that which is responsible for one’s thoughts and feelings

psychopath

a person with an antisocial personality disorder

pugnacious

ready and able to resort to force or violence

pulp

any soft or soggy mass

pup

young of any of various canines such as a dog or wolf

puritan

someone who adheres to strict religious principles

purport

have the often specious appearance of being or intending

pursue

follow in an effort to capture

purview

the range of interest or activity that can be anticipated

putty

a dough-like mixture of whiting and boiled linseed oil

pyramid

a polyhedron having a polygonal base and triangular sides

quadrant

any of the four areas into which a plane is divided

quadruple

having four units or components
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