GMAT List 10-12 – 224 Words

dough

a flour mixture stiff enough to knead or roll

downplay

understate the importance or quality of

downstream

in the direction of a stream’s current

drab

a dull greyish to yellowish or light olive brown

dramatize

put into a form intended for performance

drastic

forceful and extreme and rigorous

drift

be in motion due to some air or water current

drizzle

very light rain

dropout

someone who quits school before graduation

drought

a shortage of rainfall

dubious

fraught with uncertainty or doubt

ductile

capable of being shaped or bent or drawn out

dump

a piece of land where waste materials are dumped

duplicate

a copy that corresponds to an original exactly

durability

permanence by virtue of the power to resist stress or force

dwarf

a person who is markedly small

dwelling

housing that someone is living in

dye

a usually soluble substance for staining or coloring e.g. fabrics or hair

dynamic

characterized by action or forcefulness of personality

ease

freedom from difficulty or hardship or effort

echolocation

determination of the position of objects by reflected sound

eclipse

the phenomenon when one celestial body obscures another

ecology

the environment as it relates to living organisms

ecosystem

organisms interacting with their physical environment

edge

a line determining the limits of an area

edible

suitable for use as food

effect

a phenomenon that is caused by some previous phenomenon

efficiency

skillfulness in avoiding wasted time and effort

effigy

a representation of a person

effluent

water mixed with waste matter

egalitarianism

the doctrine of the equality of mankind

egoistic

limited to or caring only about yourself and your own needs

eject

put out or expel from a place

elaborate

marked by complexity and richness of detail

elective

not compulsory

electorate

the body of enfranchised citizens; those qualified to vote

electron

an elementary particle with negative charge

element

a substance that cannot be separated into simpler substances

elevate

raise from a lower to a higher position

elicit

call forth, as an emotion, feeling, or response

eligible

qualified for or allowed or worthy of being chosen

eliminate

end, take out, or do away with

elite

a group or class of persons enjoying superior status

elliptical

rounded like an egg

elongate

make long or longer by pulling and stretching

eloquent

expressing yourself readily, clearly, effectively

elude

escape, either physically or mentally

embalm

preserve a dead body

embargo

a government order imposing a trade barrier

embark

go on board

embarrass

cause to feel self-conscious

embed

fix or set securely or deeply

embellish

make more attractive, as by adding ornament or color

embrace

squeeze tightly in your arms, usually with fondness

embryo

an animal organism in the early stages of growth

emerge

come out into view, as from concealment

emergency

a sudden unforeseen crisis that requires immediate action

eminent

standing above others in quality or position

emission

the act of causing to flow forth

empirical

derived from experiment and observation rather than theory

emulate

strive to equal or match, especially by imitating

enact

order by virtue of superior authority; decree

encephalitis

inflammation of the brain usually caused by a virus

enclose

surround completely

encode

convert information into code

encompass

include in scope

encounter

come together

encroach

advance beyond the usual limit

encyclopedia

a reference work containing articles on various topics

endanger

pose a threat to

endeavor

attempt by employing effort

endemic

native to or confined to a certain region

endorphin

a neurochemical occurring naturally in the brain and having analgesic properties

endorse

approve of

endothermic

occurring or formed with absorption of heat

enforce

compel to behave in a certain way

engage

consume all of one’s attention or time

engender

call forth

engulf

flow over or cover completely

enhance

increase

enlightened

having knowledge and spiritual insight

enlist

join the military

enormous

extraordinarily large in size or extent or degree

enrich

make better or improve in quality

enroll

register formally as a participant or member

ensemble

an assemblage of parts considered as forming a whole

entail

have as a logical consequence

enterprise

a purposeful or industrious undertaking

entertainment

an activity that is diverting and that holds the attention

enthusiastic

having or showing great excitement and interest

entice

provoke someone to do something through persuasion

entitle

give the right to

entity

that which is perceived to have its own distinct existence

entrant

someone who comes in

entrapment

missing

entrepreneur

someone who organizes a business venture

entry

the act of going in

enumerate

specify individually

envelop

enclose or enfold completely with or as if with a covering

envelope

a flat container for a letter or thin package

envision

imagine, conceive of, or see in one’s mind

enzyme

a complex protein produced by cells that acts as a catalyst

epic

a long narrative poem telling of a hero’s deeds

epidemic

a widespread outbreak of an infectious disease

episode

a happening that is distinctive in a series of events

epochal

highly significant, especially bringing about a new era

equalize

make equal, uniform, corresponding, or matching

equip

provide with, usually for a specific purpose

equity

conformity with rules or standards

equivalent

being essentially equal to something

era

a period marked by distinctive character

eradicate

destroy completely, as if down to the roots

erase

remove by or as if by rubbing

erode

remove soil or rock

errand

a short trip taken in the performance of a necessary task

erratic

liable to sudden unpredictable change

escalate

increase in extent or intensity

eschew

avoid and stay away from deliberately

essence

the choicest or most vital part of some idea or experience

estate

extensive landed property retained by the owner

esteem

the condition of being honored

estimate

judge tentatively

et al

and others

etch

carve or cut a design or letters into

eternal

continuing forever or indefinitely

ethanol

the intoxicating agent in fermented and distilled liquors

ethic

the principles of right and wrong for an individual or group

ethnic

distinctive of the ways of living of a group of people

ethnographic

of or relating to ethnography

euphoria

a feeling of great elation

evacuation

the act of leaving a dangerous place in an orderly fashion

evade

avoid or try to avoid fulfilling, answering, or performing

evaporate

change into gas or steam

eventual

expected to follow in the indefinite future

evident

clearly revealed to the mind or the senses or judgment

evil

morally bad or wrong

evolve

undergo development

exacerbate

make worse

exaggerate

enlarge beyond bounds or the truth

excavate

recover through digging

exceeding

far beyond what is usual in magnitude or degree

exceptional

surpassing what is common or usual or expected

excerpt

a passage selected from a larger work

excessive

beyond normal limits

exclude

prevent from entering; shut out

exclusively

without any others being included or involved

excrete

eliminate from the body

excursion

a journey taken for pleasure

execute

put in effect

exemplary

worthy of imitation

exemplify

be characteristic of

exempt

freed from or not subject to an obligation or liability

exert

put to use

exhaust

wear out completely

exhaustive

performed comprehensively and completely

exile

the act of expelling a person from their native land

exodus

a journey by a group to escape from a hostile environment

exonerate

pronounce not guilty of criminal charges

exotic

characteristic of another place or part of the world

expatriate

a person who is voluntarily absent from home or country

expedient

appropriate to a purpose

expedition

an organized group of people undertaking a journey

expertise

skillfulness by virtue of possessing special knowledge

expire

lose validity

explicit

precisely and clearly expressed or readily observable

explode

burst and release energy as through a violent reaction

exploit

use or manipulate to one’s advantage

explore

travel to or penetrate into

export

sell or transfer abroad

expound

add details, as to an account or idea

expulsion

the act of forcing out someone or something

extend

stretch out over a distance, space, time, or scope

exterminate

kill on a large scale

external

happening or arising outside some limits or surface

extinct

no longer in existence

extinguish

put out, as of fires, flames, or lights

extract

remove, usually with some force or effort

extracurricular

outside the regular academic course of studies

extraneous

not belonging to that in which it is contained

extrapolation

an inference about the future based on known facts

extraterrestrial

originating, located, or occurring outside Earth

extreme

of the greatest possible degree, extent, or intensity

fabric

artifact made by weaving or felting or knitting fibers

facial

of or concerning the front of the head

facilitate

make easier

faction

a dissenting clique

factor

anything that contributes causally to a result

faculty

an inherent cognitive or perceptual power of the mind

faith

complete confidence in a person or plan, etc.

fallow

left unplowed and unseeded during a growing season

fatal

bringing death

fatality

the quality of being able to cause death

fault

an imperfection in an object or machine

feasible

capable of being done with means at hand

fecundity

the state of being fertile or capable of producing offspring

federal

of a government with central and regional authorities

feminist

a supporter of equal rights for women

ferrous

of or relating to or containing iron

fertility

the state of being capable of producing offspring

fertilize

provide with fertilizers or add nutrients to

fervent

characterized by intense emotion

fetal

of or relating to a fetus

fetch

go or come after and bring or take back

feudal

relating to a system where vassals are protected by lords

fiber

a slender and elongated substance that can be spun into yarn

fickle

liable to sudden unpredictable change

fierce

marked by extreme and violent energy

filament

a thin wire heated by the passage of an electric current

file

record in a public office or in a court of law

filibuster

a tactic for delaying legislation by making long speeches

finite

bounded in magnitude or spatial or temporal extent

fiscal

involving financial matters

fivefold

having five units or components

fixture

an object firmly secured in place, especially in a household

fjord

a long narrow inlet of the sea between steep cliffs

flat

having a surface without slope

flavor

the taste experience when a savoury condiment is taken into the mouth

fledgling

young bird that has just become capable of flying

flexible

able to bend easily

flippant

showing an inappropriate lack of seriousness

flock

a group of birds

flourish

grow vigorously

fluctuate

move or sway in a rising and falling or wavelike pattern

fluctuation

an instance of change
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