GMAT Learning – 108 Words

predator

any animal that lives by preying on other animals

Some animals have no natural predators.
the relationship between predator and prey
prey

animal hunted or caught for food

The lion often stalks his prey for hours.
birds of prey
striking prey
demeanor

the way a person behaves toward other people

He maintained a professional demeanor throughout.
proponent

a person who pleads for a cause or propounds an idea

A free trade agreement would be advantageous to both countries.
advantageous

giving a benefit

sensory organs
sensory deprivation
sensory

relating to or concerned in sensation

There were several simultaneous attacks by the rebels.
simultaneous translation/interpreting
simultaneous

occurring or operating at the same time

The account offers a paltry 1% return on your investment.
paltry sum
excessive

beyond normal limits

This site has been excavated by archaeologists.
pottery and weapons excavated from the burial site
radically

in an extreme or revolutionary manner

outrageous behaviors
archaeology

the branch of anthropology that studies prehistoric people

plan an expedition to the North Pole
paltry

contemptibly small in amount or size

There is little inducement for them to work harder.
financial inducement to mothers to stay at home
excavate

recover through digging

an ethos of public service
outrageous

greatly exceeding bounds of reason or moderation

the clandestine sales of weapons
expedition

an organized group of people undertaking a journey

Sleep has often been thought of as being in some way analogous to death.
artifact

a man-made object

a culture in which women are segregate from men
a racially segregate community
inducement

a positive motivational influence

The local economy has been revitalized.
ethos

the distinctive spirit of a culture or an era

terrestrial planet
clandestine

conducted with or marked by hidden aims or methods

There are still a few residual problem with the computer program.
residual income
stratigraphy

the branch of geology that studies the arrangement and succession of strata

The choice of players for the team seemed completely arbitrary.
He makes unpredictable, arbitrary decisions.
analogous

similar or equivalent in some respects

Nineteenth-century feminists demanded equal education and employment opportunities for single women.
crater

a bowl-shaped geological formation at the top of a volcano

The novel contains too much dialogue and not enough narrative.
oral narrative
narrative fiction
asteroid

a small celestial body composed of rock and metal

Both sides affirmed their commitment to the ceasefire.
segregate

divide from the main body or mass and collect

His speech was dismissed as mere rhetoric by the opposition.
constituency

the body of voters who elect a representative for their area

She had broken the law unwittingly, but still she had broken it.
anthropologist

a social scientist specializing in the study of humanity

a painting depicting the Virgin and Child
revitalize

give new life or vigor to

Please refrain from smoking.
They appealed to the protesters to refrain from violence.
terrestrial

of or relating to or characteristic of the planet Earth

He gave me very explicit directions on how to get there.
cardiovascular

of or pertaining to or involving the heart and blood vessels

With technology changes many traditional skills have become obsolete.
arboreal

of or relating to or formed by trees

a feasible plan/suggestion/idea
It’s just not feasible to manage the business on a part-time basis.
circulation

the movement of blood through the heart and blood vessels

Savings have been disposed of in order to meet the growing gap between income and expenditure.
a reduction in public/government/military expenditure
wiggle

move to and fro

a zealous reformer
torso

the body excluding the head and neck and limbs

The chimney pots are purely ornamental
residual

relating to or indicating a remainder

We had inadvertently left without paying the bill.
janitor

someone employed to clean and maintain a building

a debilitate disease
The troops were severely debilitate by hunger and disease.
arbitrary

based on or subject to individual discretion or preference

bolster sb’s confidence/courage/morale
Falling interest rates may help to bolster up the economy.
feminist

a supporter of equal rights for women

if you are ensconced or ensconce yourself somewhere, you are made or make yourself comfortable and safe in that place or position.
narrative

an account that tells the particulars of an act or event

a deliberate and cynical foul
affirm

declare solemnly and formally as true

The hand-woven textiles were made by skilled local artisans.
rhetoric

study of the technique for using language effectively

All the students were asked to assemble in the main hall.
She then addressed the assembled company (all the people there).
unwittingly

without knowledge or intention

American expatriate in Paris
depict

give a description of

Pollution can aggravate asthma.
Military intervention will only aggravate the conflict even further.
refrain

resist doing something

Most people considered him a harmless eccentric.
explicit

precisely and clearly expressed or readily observable

Could your kitchen do with a revamp?
municipality

a local district having powers of self-government

obsolete

no longer in use

feasible

capable of being done with means at hand

expenditure

the act of spending money for goods or services

zealous

marked by active interest and enthusiasm

ornamental

serving an esthetic rather than a useful purpose

inadvertently

without knowledge or intention

debris

the remains of something that has been destroyed

boisterous

full of rough and exuberant animal spirits

malign

speak unfavorably about

fanaticism

excessive intolerance of opposing views

annotate

add explanatory notes to or supply with critical comments

pestilence

any epidemic disease with a high death rate

malignant

dangerous to health

repel

force or drive back

buckle

fastener that fastens together two ends of a belt or strap

castaway

a shipwrecked person

guise

an artful or simulated semblance

schistosomiasis

an infestation with or a resulting infection caused by a parasite of the genus Schistosoma; common in the tropics and Far East; symptoms depend on the part of the body infected

debilitate

make weak

drain

emptying something by allowing liquid to run out of it

bolster

support and strengthen

sagging

hanging down (as from exhaustion or weakness)

treatise

a formal exposition

ensconce

fix firmly

cynical

believing the worst of human nature and motives

ardent

characterized by intense emotion

artisan

a skilled worker who practices some trade or handicraft

contemporary

occurring in the same period of time

conveyor belt

a moving loop of material that transports objects

assemble

create by putting components or members together

expatriate

a person who is voluntarily absent from home or country

consolidate

form into a solid mass or whole

sacred

made or declared or believed to be holy

truce

a state of peace agreed to between opponents

aggravate

make worse

sediment

matter that has been deposited by some natural process

buffer

protect from impact

eccentric

conspicuously or grossly unconventional or unusual

miniature

being on a very small scale

vertebrate

animals having a bony or cartilaginous skeleton

fungus

an organism of the kingdom Fungi lacking chlorophyll and feeding on organic matter; ranging from unicellular or multicellular organisms to spore-bearing syncytia

crystalise

cause to form crystals or assume crystalline form

veneration

a feeling of profound respect for someone or something

revamp

patch up or renovate; repair or restore

synthesize

combine and form a complex whole

amass

collect or gather

pollinate

fertilize by transfering pollen

render

give or supply

irritate

cause annoyance in

adhere

stick to firmly

bequest

a gift of personal property by will

alleviate

provide physical relief, as from pain

religious doctrine

the written body of teachings of a religious group that are generally accepted by that group

shoddy

of inferior workmanship and materials

cliche

a trite or obvious remark

predicament

an unpleasant or difficult situation

appeasing

intended to pacify by acceding to demands or granting concessions

recurring

coming back

propensity

a natural inclination

ardent

characterized by intense emotion

immaculate

completely neat and clean

sullen

showing a brooding ill humor

gregarious

temperamentally seeking and enjoying the company of others

boisterous

full of rough and exuberant animal spirits
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